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edition, will place it within the reach of every student of this noble science. The elaborate and minute accuracy of the details described in these Plates, renders it an invaluable text-book, presenting a series of working drawings of the most perfect character; as in every instance the measurements are ascertained and inserted with the most scrupulous precision. The re-issue of this magnificent work, to be completed in Eighty Parts, at Five Shillings each, will be continued with as much rapidity as a due attention to careful workmanship will permit: it will form four folio volumes. It is stipulated, on the part of the Proprietor, that the Work shall not exceed the above-mentioned number of Parts, even including the additional Plates and Text. Any Part may be procured, separate. This celebrated Work will contain upwards of Four Hundred Plates, (many engraved expressly for this Edition,) by eminent artists; accompanied by Essays, architectural, classical, historical, explanatory, and descriptive, elucidating, by a research of many years' arduous labour and great expense, the purest examples of Grecian Architecture, several of which no longer exist, and the traces of them can be found only in this elegant and elaborate publication. The Sculptures, &c. marked B. M. are now in the British Museum, or casts from them: those marked D. have been utterly destroyed since these drawings were taken. The Engravings are by Aliamet, Basire, Baxter, Blake, Couse, Dadley, Davis, Fourdrinier, Grignion, Hall, Harding, Landseer, Lerpiniere, Wilson Lowry, Mazel], Medland, Moses, Newton, Record, Rooker, Sharp, Skelton, Smith, Stothard, R.A., Strange, Taylor, Thornwaite, Turrell, Walker, Wollett, &c.

Shortly will be published, in imperial 4to, price Two Shillings and Sixpence, Part I. of Grecian Sculpture; a Series of Engravings of the most celebrated specimens of ancient Art, (a great portion of which is now in the British Museum,) in numerous instances exhibiting the tigures as they were previously to their present state of mutilation; also comprising accurate copies of many subjects which have been totally destroyed subsequently to these representations having been delineated. Originally published in Stuart and Revett's Antiquities of Athens, with numerous important additions. Engraved on upwards of two hundred and fifty plates, and exhibiting more than one thousand figures, forming a matchless collection of exquisite examples for the student of the Fine Arts, of pictorial authorities for the classical scholar, and of the most interesting specimens of Antiquity which can engage the attention and excite the investigation of the Dilettante. With historical, descriptive, and explanatory remarks. The Statues, Bassi-relievi, &c., in this Collection, are principally from the following Edifices. The Parthenon, at Athens ; —the Temple of Theseus, at Athens ;-the Temple of Aglauros, at Athens ;—the Tempie of the Winds, at Athens ;-the Choragic Monument of Lysicrates, frequently denominated the Lanthorn of Demosthenes ;-the Choragic Monument of Thrasyllus ;-the Monument of Philopappus ;-the Incantada at Salonicha: with a considerable variety of detached subjects, statues, bassi-relievi, figures, vases, altars, arms and armour, crowns, inscriptions, medals, views, architectural details and ornaments, &c. The drawings are by James Stuart, and Nicholas Revett, Painters and Architects, Wm. Pars, Travelling Professor of the Fine Arts, under the patronage of the Dilettante Society, Willey Reveley, Esqu; Architect, and Sir F. L. Chantrey, R.A. Engraved by Aliamet, Basire, Baxter, Blake, Grignion, Hall, Landseer, Moses, Newton, Sharp, Skelton, Stothard, R.A., Strange, Taylor, &c.

Roman Architecture.— The Architectural Antiquities of Rome, accurately measured and delineated, by Antoine Desgodetz, Architect Royal to the King of France, and Professor of Architecture in the Royal Academy of the Fine Arts, at Paris. The Text translated and the Plates engraved by George Marshall, Architect: this Publication has arrived at the completion of the First Volume. It will contain One Hundred and Forty-one Plates ; the subjects are selected from the most esteemed specimens of Roman architectural magnificence, with descriptions and explanations. To be completed in Twenty-one Parts, at Five Shillings each, forming two folio volumes. The original price was Ten Guineas, The present mode of publication is intended to place it wit

the reach Students. Any Part may be procured, separate. Parts I. to X. contain Vol. I. -Parts XI. to XXI. will contain Vol. II.-so that the possessors of incomplete sets may perfect their copies. The scientific merits of these highly esteemed representations of the architectural treasures of the Empress of the World are well known, and have occupied a prominent situation in literature ever since their publication; they have constantly been resorted to as models for our public edifices, and as furnishing highly esteemed details for the decorations of domestic architecture. The Pupil who wishes to avoid many modern architectural barbarisms, will find this work indispensable. In size it ranges with Stuart's Athens.

Preparing for Publication, A History of British India, from the Termination of the War with the Mahrattas in 1805 to the Renewal of the Company's Charter in 1833. By Edward Thornton, Esq., Author of “ India; its State and Prospects.” The work will be completed in two volumes, 8vo. The first volume will be published immediately, and the second shortly afterwards.

A Volume of Sermons, by Richard Whately, D.D., Archbishop of Dublin, is in the Press, and shortly will be published.

ART. XV. WORKS RECENTLY PUBLISHED.

Wanderings and Adventures in the InTRAVELS.

terior of Southern Africa; with an Apa Scenes and Characteristics of Hindos. pendix, containing some Account of the tan, with Sketches of Anglo-Indian So- recent Irruption of the Caffres. By Anciety. By Emma Roberts, Author of drew Steedman. With a Map, and nume“ Memoirs of the Rival Houses of York rous Engravings, 2 vols. 8vo, 24s. and Lancaster,” “ Oriental Scenes,” &c., Journal of a Visit to Constantinople, &c. 3 vols. post 8vo, 27s.

and some of the Greek Islands, in the Greece and the Levant; or Diary of a Spring and Summer of 1833. By John Summer's Excursion in 1834.

By the

Auldjo, Esq., F.G.S., Author of Asa Rev. Richard Burgess, B.D., of St. John's cent of Mount Blanc.” In 8vo, with College, Cambridge. 2 vols. fcap. 8vo, Plates, from Drawings by the Author, 145.

10s, 6d.

THE

ECLECTIC REVIEW,

For OCTOBER, 1835.

Art. I. 1. The Rambler in North America: MDCCCXXXII

NDCCCXXXIII. By Charles Joseph Latrobe, Author of the Alpenstock, &c. 2 vols. sm. 8vo. pp. 658. Price 16s. London,

1835. 2. Tour of the American Lakes, and among the Indians of the North

West Territory in 1830: disclosing the Character and Prospects of the Indian Race. By C. Colton. In two volumes. 12mo. pp.

xxxij. 704. Price 18s. London, 1833. 3. New England and her Institutions. By One of her Sons. Sm. 8vo.

pp. 393. London, 1835. 4. The American Almanack and Repository of Useful Knowledge for

the Year 1835. Boston, U.S. IF F the influence of public opinion in this country is to be

brought to act with any force or beneficial effect upon the Transatlantic community, it must be public opinion competently informed as to the real state of things, and directed by a judicious discrimination of the good and evil which are found co-existing, as every where else, in American Society and American Institutions. The aspect of the Federal Republic at this moment is one which might seem almost to menace the breaking up of the social system. All the powers of government seem to be weakened. Popular tumults, oligarchical atrocities, negro conspiracies, commercial embarrassments, party conflicts, and general agitation seem to have overspread the whole of the Union; and the more intelligent and thoughtful of her citizens are beginning to express their doubt and wonder where all this is to end. of Republicanism,' says one wiseacre in this country. Such are the consequences of having no ecclesiastical establishment,' says another. Yes, see what it is to have no house of lords, and a senate without bishops,' says a third ! Now, gentlemen,' said Sir Robert Peel, at the recent Tamworth dinner, after adverting

This comes

VOL. XIV.N.S.

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to the distressing statements contained in the American papers *,

if you will only bear in mind what has been the issue of similar ' e operiments, you will not very much indulge with a popular

government. What, then ! have similar disorders never occurred under monarchical and despotic governments ? There have been riots at Baltimore: have there not been riots in Berlin? Lynch-law has been inflicted upon a gang of gamblers at Vicksburg: were there not as lawless and atrocious proceedings against the Jews, the other day, at Hamburg ? Or, to come nearer home, does Sir Robert forget the church and king mob of Birmingham in 1791, or the No-Popery riots of 1780 ? How shallow and delusive, then, is the declamation-argument we cannot call it—which makes the popular constitution of the American government chargeable with evils occurring under every form of government, but which, in the American Republic, are confessedly a phenomenon.

When we come to look a little more closely into the origin and nature of the disorders referred to, we shall find that they are neither directed against the Government, nor indicative of any weakness or relaxation of the governing power. The civil feuds in the North find their parallel in the fierce contest which was excited in this country by the first efforts of a virtuous band of philanthropists to obtain the legislative abolition of the Slave Trade. The treatment which Mr. Clarkson, in particular, met with from the people of Liverpool and Bristol fifty years ago, was not very different from that which Mr. Thomson has had to encounter from the Anti-abolitionists on the other side of the Atlantic. His life was repeatedly threatened ; and on one occasion, he appears to have had a narrow escape of being thrown over the pier-head at Liverpoolt. Next, as to the servile wars in the South. The governments of South Carolina and Georgia are as popular,' and about as enlightened, as the legislatures of Jamaica and Barbadoes; and the Federal Government of the United States is not one whit more responsible for the atrocious legislation of those vile aristocrasies of slave-holders, than the British Government is for the murder of the Missionary Smith, the burning of the Baptist chapels in Jamaica, or the iniquities

« With civil feuds in the North, tumultuous proceedings of anarchical and fatal character in the West, and a servile war in the South, to say nothing of the factious and incendiary spirit which has lately broken out in the various parts of our Atlantic border, the country does in truth exhibit a spectacle to the European nations, which, we fear, will be commented upon in a way not calculated to recommend the example of a popular government.'' New York Evening Post, as cited by Sir Robert Peel.

+ Clarkson's History, Vol. I. p. 409.

of the colonial penal code. The squabble between the two States of Ohio and Michigan about their respective boundaries, might, in old Europe, with a standing army on either side, especially if the belligerent principalities were backed by neighbouring powers, grow into a very pretty seven years' war; but, on the other side of the Alleghanies, such an affair is not likely to breed more serious consequences to the Federal Union, than could result to the crown of Great Britain from a dispute between the Hudson's Bay Company and the people of Canada about their frozen territories.

Ignorance or inconsideration alone can adduce these occurrences as a proof that, in America, there is any deficiency of the controlling power which belongs to what is termed a strong government. Those who imagine that the power of the people is absolute in the United States, will find it difficult to reconcile with that notion, the conduct of the present President, who put the strength of the constitution to a severe test in opposing, on the Bank question, the decision of the Congress, and, by the sole force of his prerogative, defeated the most powerful combination that ever arrayed itself against the Executive since the formation of the Union. Imagine a similar exertion of the prerogative on the

part of the Minister of the Crown in this country, in opposition to Parliament and the commercial interest ! What an outcry would it occasion against the Minister! Or, if it were known to be the personal act of the King, what murmurs would be heard against the stretch of prerogative! Old Hickory' has shewn himself

, as to the power of government, 'every inch a king'; and we discover in recent occurrences no proofs of any disloyalty on the part of the American people towards the executive.

But the want of governing power, it may be said, is to be seen, not so much in the general government as in that of the several States. We ask for the evidence. Is it to be found in the tyrannical edicts, rigidly enforced, against freedom of religious worship, the liberty of the press, and the education of the slaves in the southern States ? Even in the northern States, the laws are sufficiently severe, and the authority of the executive has always been respected. It

It is true, there have been riots. In some parts of New York and New England, we are told, 'Irish Papists have been hunted and mobbed '; and in Washington, the houses of some free negroes have been demolished by the anti-abolitionists. But an American might justly retort, that we have had Spa-fields riots, and Bristol riots, and Nottingham riots, and Dublin riots, in the old country; and the spirit of our Orangemen is very much like that which has broken out against the countrymen of O'Connell in America. Lawlessness and insubordination of this character, however, prove nothing more than a defective police, which does not necessarily imply either

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