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Of God's singular Chap. iii. love to mankinui. that he hath promised us, even but we know that, when he eternal life.

shall appear, we shall be like 26 These things have I him; for we shall see him as written unto you concerning he is. them that seduce you.

3 And every man that hath 27 But the anointing,h which this hope in him, purifieth ye have received of him, abid- himself, even as he is pure. eth in you; and ye need not 4 Whosoever committeth that any man teach you; but sin transgresseth also the law; as the same anointing teach- for sin is the transgression of eth you of all things, and is the law. truth, and is no lie, and even 5 And ye know that he was as it hath taught you, ye shall manifested to take away our abide in him.

sins; and in him is no sin. 28 And now little children, 6 Whosoever abideth in abide in him; that, when he him sinneth not;a whosoever shall appear, we may have sinneth, hath not seen him, confidence, and not be asham- neither known him. ed before him at his coming. 7 Little children, Jet no man

29 If ye know that he is deceive you; he that doeth righteous, ye know that every righteousness is ri teous, eone that doeth righteousness, ven as he is righteous. is born of him.

8 He that committeth sin is

of the devil; for the devil CHAP. III.

sinneth from the beginning 1 lle cleclareth the singular For this purpose the Son of

love of God toward us, in God was manifested, that he making us his sons ; 3 who might destroy the works of therefore ought obediently to the devil. ki ep his commandments. 11 9 Whosoever is born of is also brotherly to love one God doth not commit sin ;b Qooiker.

for his seed remaineth in him; BEHOLD what manner of and he cannot sin, because he love the Father hath bestow- is born of God. ed upon us, that we should be 10 In this the children of called the sons of God! there- God aro manifest, and the fore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him uot. a Sirneb not; this must mean,

2 Beloved, now are we the sinneth not wilfully and habitually, sous of God; and it doth not or continueth not in the practice of ir appear what we shall be; sin far there is no man that sinneth

Rot. See 1 Kings viii. 46. Eccles vi.

20. Rom. üi. 22. The oneixtises, the aspiration of 6 Datb si cassit six habitually. the Holy Spiri.

See preceding note

God commandeth us to Chap. iv. believe on Jesus Christ. children of the devil; whoso 20 For if our heart condemn ever doeth not righteousness us, God is greater than our is not of God, neither he that heart, & knoweth all things.c loveth not his brother.

21 Beloved, if our heart 11 For this is the message condemn us not, then have we that

ye heard from the begin- confidence toward God. ning, that we should love one 22 And whatsoever we ask, another.

we receive of him, because we 12 Not as Cain, who was keep his commandments, and of that wicked one, and slew do those things, that are pleashis brother. And wherefore ing in his sight. slew he him? Because his 23 And this is his commandown works were evil, and his ment, that we should believe brother's righteous.

on the name of his Son Jesus 13 Marvel not, my brethren, Christ, and love one another, if the world hate you.

as he gave us commandment. · 14 We know that we have 24 And he that keepeth his passed from death unto life, commandments dwelleth in because we love the brethren. him, and he in him; and hereHe that loveth not his brother by we know that he abideth abideth in death.

in us, by the Spirit which he 15 Whosoever hateth his hath given us. brother is a murderer; and ye know that no murderer hath

CHAP. IV. eternal life abiding in him. 1 He warneth them not to be.

16 Hereby perceire we the lieve all teachers who boast love of God, because he laid of the Spirit, but to try them down his life for us ; and we by the rules of the catholic ought to lay down our lives faith ; 7 go by many reasons for the brethren.

exhorteth to brotherly love. 17 But whoso hath this BELOVED, believe not evworld's good, and seeth his ery spirit, but try the spirits brother have need, and shut whether they are of God; beteth up

his bewels of compas cause many false prophets are sion from him, how dwelleth gone out into the world. the love of God in him ?

2 Hereby know ye the Spir18 My little children, let it of God; Every spirit,a that us not love in word, neither in confesseth, that Jesus Christ tongue; but in deed and in is come in the flesh, is of God: truth. 19 And hereby we know

c God is greater than our hearts, and that we are of the truth, and

knowing all things, will much more

condemn us. shall assure our hearts before

a Every spirit, here means, every him.

teacher, who pretends to be inspired.

Exhortations to

I. Joha.

brotherly love. 3 And every spirit that con 12 No man hath seen God fesseth not, that Jesus Christ at any time. If we love one is come in the flesh, is not of another, God dwelleth in us, God; and this is that spirit of and his love is perfeeted in us. antichrist, whereof ye have 13 Hereby know we that heard that it should come ; we dwell in him, and he in us, and even now already is it in because he hath given us of the world.

his Spirit. Ye are of God, little chil. 14 And we have seen, and dren, and have overcome them; do testify, that the Father sent because greater is he that is the Son, to be the Saviour of the in you, than he that is in the world. world.

15 Whosoever shall confess 5 They are of the world; that Jesus is the Son of God, therefore speak they of the God dwelleth in him, and he world and ihe world heareth in God. them.

16 And we have known and 6 We are of God; he that believed the love that God knoweth God heareth us; he bath to us. God is love; and that is not of God heareth not he that dwelleth in love, dwell. us. Hereby know we the eth in God, and God in him. Spirit of truth, and the spirit 17 Herein is our love made of error.

perfect, that we may have Beloved, let us love one boldness in the day of judg. another; for love is of God; ment; because as he is, so are and every one that loveth is we in this world. born of God, & knoweth God. 18 There is no fear in love;

8 He that loveth not, know- but perfect love casteth out eth not God; for God is love. fear; because fear hath tor

9 In this was manifested ment. He that feareth is not the love of God toward us, be- made perfect in love. cause that God sent his only 19 We love him, because begotten Son into the world, he first loved us. that we might live through 20 If a man say, I love him.

God, and hateth his brother, 10 Herein is love, not that he is a liar; for he that love we loved God, but that he lov- eth not his brother whom he ed us, and sent his Son to be hath seen, how can he love the propitiationb for our sins. God whom he hath not seen?

11 Beloved, if God so loved 21 And this commandment t's, we ought also to love one have we from him, That he another.

who loveth Ged love his brothb Propitiation, a sacrifice, whicla procures pardon and forgiveness.

er also.

in one.

Of Jesus being the Clap. v. Son of God, &c. CHAP. V.

hy For there are three that 1 He that loveth God loveth bear record in heaven, the Fa

his children, and keepeth his ther, the Word, and the Holy commandments $;

3 which to Ghost; and these three are one. the faithful are light, and 8 And there are three that not griev us. 9 Jesus is bear witness in earth, the the Son of God, able to save spirit, and the water, and the us, 14 and to hear our pray- blood; and these three agree ers which we make

for ourselves and for others.

9 If we receive the witness WHOSOEVER believeth of men, the witness of God is that Jesus is the Christ is born greater; for this is the witness of God; and every one that of God which he hath testifi. loveth him that begat, loveth ed of his Son. him also that is begotten of 10 He that believeth on the him.

Son of God hath the witness 2 By this we know that we in himself; he that believeth love the children of God, when not God hath made him a liar; we love God, and keep his because he believeth not the commandments.

record that God gave of his Son. 3 For this is the love of 11 And this is the record, God, that we keep his com- that God hath given to us mandınents; and his con eternal life, and this life is in mandments are not grievous. his Son.

4 For whatsoever is born 12 He that hath the Son of God overcometh the world; hath life; and he that hath and this is the victory that not the Son of God hath not life. overcometh the world, even 13 These things have I our faith.

written unto you that believe 5 Who is he that overcom on the name of the Son of eth the world, but he that be- God; that ye may know that lieveth that Jesus is the Son ye have eternal life, and that of God?

ye may believe on the name of 6 This is he that came by the Son of God. water and blood,a even Jesus 14 And this is the confi. Christ; not by water oply, dence that we have in him, but by water and blood. And that, if we ask any thing acit is the Spirit that beareth cording to his will, he heareth witness, because the Spirit is us: truth.

15 And if we know that he a This is be that came attested to

hear us, whatsoever we ask, be the Son of God, by the water of

we know that we have the pebaptism, and by his blood and death, titions, that we desired of him. followed by his resurrection.

16 If any man see his bro.

Concerning the

II. John.

Son of God, &c. ther sin a sin, which is not un- er is born of God sinneth not ;d to death,b he shall ask, and but he that is begotten of God he shall give him life for them, keepeth himself, and that that sin not unto death. There wicked one toucheth him not. is a sin unto death ;c I do not 19 And we know that we say that he shall pray for it. are of God, and the whole

17 All unrighteousness is world lieth in wickedness. sin; and there is a sin not un 20 And we know that the to death.

Son of God is come, and hath 19 We know that whosoev- given as an understanding,

that we may know him that is 6 A sin not unto death is supposed true; and we are in him that is to be one, which a good man com true, even in his Son Jesus mits through infirmity or surprise, and Christ. This is the true God, of which he repents.

and eternal life. - A sin unto deatb is one willingly

21. Little children, keep and obstinately committed, against


yourselves from idols. Amen. light and knowledge, and continued d Sinnetb not babitually. See chap. in without repentance.

iii, note a.



Wro the person was to whom this Epistle was addressed is not known. The design of it was to guard her and her chilIren against the errors of one Basilides and his followers, who ailirmed that Jesus Christ had not come in the flesh, that is, that he was not a real man, but only a man in appearance ; consequently, that he neither did nor suffered what he appear, ed to do and suffer. This was one of the errors against which John wrote his first Epistle; and as it was subversive of the whole scheme of the Gospel, and robbed the Christians of their best hopes, he thought it expedient to guard this elect lady against the same error, as by her distinguished hospitality, she was peculiarly exposed to the arts of false teachers.


1 He exhorteth a certain hon

ourable matron, with her children, to persevere in Christian love and belief, 8

lest they lose the reward of their former profession; 10 and to have nothing to do with seducers,

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