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requires for its daily growth and nourishment, the presence of sulphur and salt.” Again, “every body (corpus) consists of three things, mercury, sulphur, salt.”! Now disease he looked upon as a corpus or entity, and it likewise consisted of these three things, or in other words, was the resultant of three co-operating forces. Perhaps under this verbal mystification, the meaning at the bottom of his mind was, that disease required for its production the combination of an external influence and an internal susceptibility; or, in modern phraseology, an exciting and predisposing cause, and that when these two met a third force, or what we call the proximate cause, the corpus delicti or body of offence, was generated.

The reference to the stars represents the notion out of which his pathology grew into a therapeutic system. This microcosm, this body of disease, was subject to its own laws of birth, growth, and death, like any other body, and it stood in the same relation to the external world as other separate, independent, immaterial entities. This relation was one of correspondence, there being some mysterious connection between the phenomena of external nature and these spiritual bodies. As an example of his strange illustrations and analogies, we find him describing epilepsy as the earthquake of the microcosm,' caused by the ebullition of the vital spirit, and apoplexy as the thunderbolt. The reason that lunacy is increased at the period of new and full moon, is, that the brain is the microcosmic moon.

Jaundice arises from astral impressions, and through the .imaginative power of the siderial body (durch Einbildingskraft des syderischen Leibes), whatever that may be ! In short, if we are to perform radical cures, we must study the physiognomy of disease, as we read the character of a man by perusing his counSchultz, s. 31, 32.

3 The microcosm here is the body of 2 Morb. Ament., lib. 1, p. 487. De man, not the body of disease. Caduc., p. 596.

* Von den Farbsuchten, s. 522.


tenance. We must know—become personally acquainted with diseases—not only with their symptoms, but with themselves ; so that by an intimate knowledge of them we may become acquainted with the whole of their cosmical affinities.

The pathology of Paracelsus, we thus see, assumed, on the part of the physician, a power of direct, intuitive knowledge of a disease as a whole ; and hence he maintained that the true physician, the man gifted with the power of healing, was, like the poet, born, not made ; that human instruction could do little for such an one, and nothing at all for a man who had no such natural, or rather preternatural gift. This power, however, was to be kept alive and cultivated by the physician's keeping himself responsive to nature ; for so long as he was in this relation, he saw and knew a disease at a glance, and he could tell with equal facility and certainty to what plant or mineral this spiritual existence bore the closest resemblance; so that, being similar in kind, but stronger in degree, the one might subdue the other. “Thus, ” he says, “go the arcana," by which he means the specific antidotes, “ against the enemy, as one combatant against another, like two champions ranged one against another; both cold or both hot, both armed with the same weapons, so they engage in their deadly duel. What is this arcanum? Simply the curing power, whatever that is. If the disease be of a mechanical nature, so must the remedy be. What is the arcanum of the stone ? We shall not find it in the humours, or in the hot or cold character of the disease, but in the knife. The knife is the arcanum of the stone. What is the arcanum of mania ? It is neither coffee nor saliva, but bloodlettting; that is the arcanum of mania. Every disease has its own proper arcanum.

That is the thing to be discovered, and diseases should be studied and registered according to their arcana ; that is, every disease

of the safety lamp which goes by his name, so far were the speculations of Paracelsus, about the possibility of finding specific antidotes for diseases, removed from the patient research by which Hahnemann realized and put into practical working order the system which now goes by the name of homeopathy. That Hahnemann achieved what he did is owing to the general advancement of the method of philosophy first proclaimed and explicitly propounded by Lord Bacon. Before the rise of this great luminary, the ghosts of the Middle Ages withdrewsplendid gigantic figures vanishing with the morning mists -receding into the remote regions peopled by the demigods of antiquity. Let Paracelsus pass too.

His life was none of the purest, but he had something of the giant nature. He was a prodigal son, but a scion of a royal race.

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