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CHAPTER XIV.

PAGE

HAHNEMANN.

Hahnemann-His Birth-Early Education-Life at Leipzig–His Wander-

ings-Chemical Discoveries-Experiments with Cinchona-Medicines
cure Diseases like those they produce—Arsenic-Ipecacuan-Sulphur-
Tartar Emetic-Tea-First Trial of Homoeopathy--Belladonna in Scar-
letina Fever- Compared with Vaccination-Action of Small Doses-
Döppler's Theory - Jörg's Theory-Hahnemann's TripodProving of
Aconite-- Testimony in favour of Aconite--The Organon—The word Ho-
meopathic first used–Homeopathy defined--Opposed by the Druggists
-Brunnow's Sketch of Hahnemann-His Domestic Life-Richter's
Description of Hahnemann-His Materia Medica— Aconite proved
by Dr. Gerstel-Camphor in Cholera-Dr. Quin at Tischnowitz-Dr.
Flieschmann at Vienna-Hahnemann's Life at Coethen-Letter to
Stapf-Insists on Purity of Doctrine-Death of his first Wife-Second
Marriage -Life in Paris-Death-Diffusion of Homeopathy-In Ger-
many-Discussed in Baden Parliament-In Austria-In Naples - Brought
to England by Dr. Quin-Correspondence between College of Physicians
and Dr. Quin-Opposition it encountered—Sir W. Hamilton's Opinion. —
EPILOGUE.—Rasori-Broussais-Expectant Medicine-Baptism of Apollo
-Water-Cure-Mesmerism-Clairvoyance—Movement-Cure - Alison on
Specifics--Medical Education- Abercrombie's Opinion-A Liberal Edu-
cation defined.

383

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

PAGE

1

19

ÆSCULAPIUS, from a Statue in the Louvre
HIPPOCRATES, from a Bust
GALEN, from an ancient Dioscoridian Manuscript in the Imperial Library of

Vienna .
DIOSCORIDES, ibid.
JEROME CARDAN
PARACELSUS.

67

91

127

.

157

.

LORD BACON

177

.

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VAN HELMONT, from a Print prefixed to his Works, 1682 .
HARVEY, from a Picture by Rennel, in the Collection of Dr. Mead
SILVIUS DE LA Boe, from a Picture by Van Dalen, junior .
SYDENHAM, from the copy of the Bust prefixed to his Works
BOERHAAVE, from a Painting by Mandelaar
HALLER

247

277

307

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ERRATA.

Page 12, last line, for theme-honoured, read thence honoured, Page 34, line 6 from top, for The, read She.

[graphic][merged small][merged small]

Adam a Physician- Darius and Democêdes—Cure of Telephus— Value of Pedi

gree— Æsculapius and his Sons—Surgeons at the Siege of Troy—How Germans Acted— Rome versus Greece—The Wise Men-Philosophers and Atheists.

THANKS to the labours of the great modern historians, the idea of progress has now become an essential element in the very conception of history. Any period, however long it may have lasted, in which no progress was made, is beyond the pale of historical investigation. Like Chaos, as described by Milton, it is

“ A dark
Illimitable ocean without bound,
Without dimension, where length, breadth, and light,
And time, and place, are lost. * * *

The womb of nature, and perhaps her grave.”.
Medicine, regarded as an art, remained in this chaotic

"2

i From a statue in the Louvre.

? Paradise Lost, Book II.

B

1

*

condition till the dawn of the Grecian era. Le Clerk, indeed, carries us back as far as the time of Adam, the title of his fourth chapter being “Le premier Homme a été, en certain sens, le premier Médicin."

* That Adam, when ill or hurt, employed such appliances to relieve himself as his instinct or reason suggested, may be admitted ; but in this he did not differ from a dog which, when sick, eats grass ; and we might just as well claim the title of Doctor for “ Cæsar” or “ Dash," as for our great progenitor.

” Even among the Egyptians, the most civilized nation of remote antiquity, the art of medicine seems to have been kept in a state of restraint so abject, as effectually to prevent its progress. Egypt, in its very youth, seems to have had all the rigidity of old age, and where everything was regulated by stringent and severe rules, medicine was not exempted from the stiffening process.

“Doctors received their salaries from the treasury ; but they were obliged to conform in the treatment of a patient to the rules laid down in their books, his death being a capital crime, if he was found to have been treated in any other

So says Herodotus. How this system worked is best illustrated by a fact related by the same unexceptionable authority. The following occurrence took place after medicine had existed as a state-art for at least five hundred years. " It happened that King Darius, as he leaped from his horse, sprained his foot. The sprain was one of no common severity, for the ancle-bone was forced out of the socket.” In fact, it was a dislocation. “Now Darius had already at his court certain Egyptians, whom he reckoned the best skilled physicians in all the world ; to their aid,

2

way.

1 Histoire de la Medicine, par Daniel Le Clerk, Amsterdam, 1723. This is considered by the most competent authorities a very learned and trustworthy history of the period to which it refers.

? The History of Herodotus. A new

English version, edited, with copious
Notes, &c., by George Rawlinson,
M.A., assisted by Colonel Sir Henry
Rawlinson, and Sir J. G. Wilkinson,
F.R.S. London : 1858. Vol. II.
Note to page 136, by Sir G. Wil-
kinson.

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