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AWEEKLY JOURNAL OF EDUCATION.
Vol. X., No. 7.
PHILADELPHIA PA., FEBRUARY 17, 1894
$1.50 A YEAR
young would seem to be a proposition too clear to ren
der any argument necesaary in support of it. Intellectual PUBLISHED WEEKLY
knowledge alone does not fully qualify men for the duties
of life. It is not a panacea for all the evils which afflict soEDUCATIONAL NEWS COMPANY,
ciety. Learned men are sometimes very immoral and
wicked, while illiterate men are often good and upright.
Moral culture is essential to the right formation of a char-
acter and the promotion of good citizenship. Education, COMMUNICATIONS:
to be symmetrical and complete, must include the harmoMORALS AND MANNERS....
.99 nious development and culture of the physical, intellectual MARCH BIRTHDAYS.... .............................
and moral faculties of man. FOR THE HISTORY CLASS....
..100 THE TRUE EDUCATION AND THE FALSE................ ..101
Of course the teacher should not burden his pupils with A TRICK IN SPELLING AND HOW IT WORKED.............102 old homilies that are dull and incomprehensible to them. WANTED-A MAN......
103 He should not teach any sectarian theology in a public free ELOOUTIONARY
school, need not give oftense to any religious denomination TAE POPCORN MAN...........
by any apparent infringement of the freedom of conscience. EDITORIAL:
But he can, and should, inculcate those fundamental prinEDITORIAL NOTES.....
104 ciples of virtue which are essential to the production of a PERSONAL ITEMS...........
pure and noble manhood and womanhood. He can even HINTS.................
....106 EDUCATIONAL INTELLIGENCE.........
present the morality of the scriptures in substance, and yet
.107 QUERY COLUMN............
in language that will be equally acceptable to the Jew and
..109 LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC...........
..110 the Christian, to the Catholic and the Protestant.
But the question might arise, “What particular princi-
ples of morality are properly the subjects of instruction in
the public schools ?” I should say that such virtues as For The EDUCATIONAL NEWS.
truthfulness, honesty, kindness, patience, temperance, in. MORALS AND MANNERS.
dustry, and frugality should be recommended and urged.
Unless the coming men and women are well grounded in
these principles, they are unqualfied for the duties of life.
A profound thinker has well said that, “Whatever we The subject of morals and manners in the public schools would have appear in the citizen or in the nation we must has not received the attention which its importance de- put into the school." We certainly desire that these carmands. One reason is the different religious views and dinal virtues should appear in our individual and national the dread of sectarianism. Another reason is the want character; they ought, therefore, to be carefully taught in of suitable text books on the subject. And perhaps the common schools. another reason is that some teachers do not feel mentally
As to manners, it has been well said that. “A man's and morally qualified to give instruction on the cardinal manners make his fortune.” No person who is rude and virtues and the reasons for them.
disagreeable to others can appear to advantage in society. The importance of moral training in the education of the Only by good manners and personal qualities can he win
the friendship and admiration of bis associates. Politeness March 16, 1751.- James Madison. costs nothing, and affords much pleasure and happiness when March 17, 1777.-Roger B. Taney. exercised. Pupils in schools tould be taught the value of What high office did he hold ? good breeding, and trained to practice it. It is chiefly this March 18, 1837.-Grover Cleveland. that makes one person more popular than another. Let it “A true American sentiment recognizes the dignity of be impressed on the minds of boys and girls in school that labor and the fact that honor lics in honest toil." in every day life, ard urder all circumstances, good manners March 19, 1813.-David Livingstone. are the gateway to success and happiness.
A remarkable man. A great explorer. By what methods, then, are we to teach morals and March 20, 1834.--Charles W. Eliot. manners in the public schools ? One way is by the use of One of the world's great educators. President of a text books, with daily recitations in assigned lessons. For
great university. Where? this purpose, I have sometimes used Gow's "Good Morals March 22, 1688.-- Alexander Pope. and Gentle Manners.” Another method is by short, in
"With mean complacence ne'er betray your trust, formal lectures on appropriate subjects, at suitable times.
Nor be so civil as to prove unjust. Pupils should also be encouraged to read books on the
Fear not the anger of the wise to raise; subject of social relations and laws of polite society. In March 23, 1823.--Schuyler Colfax.
Those best can bear reproof, who merit praise." this way many good impressions may be made that wil,
From what state ? Politics? What offices did he fill ? elevate their morals, improve their manners, and give them
March 26, 1850.-Edward Bellamy. a higher appreciation of the true, the beautiful and the
Name and discuss his remarkable book: good.
March 29, 1790.- John Tyler.
March 30, 1842.- John Fiske. For the EDUCATIONAL NEWS.
Author of “The Unseen World,” “Myths and MythMARCH BIRTHDAYS.
makers," and other good books. "The future is
lighted for me with the radiant colors of hope. Strife March 1, 1837.-Wm. Dean Howells.
and sorrow shall disappear. Peace and love shall Venetian Life. Their Wedding Journey. Mr. How
reign supreme." ells writes for some of our most popular magazines. March 31, 1732.-Joseph Hayden. Where does he reside? Is he a poet ?
An eminent composer of music. March 2, 1769.-DeWitt Clinton.
S. W. State Normal School.
J. D. MEESE. March 5, 1825.-J. P. Wickersham. The teachers in Pennsylvania will always revere the
For The EDUCATIONAL News. name of this noted educator.
FOR THE HISTORY CLASS.
STORY OF WHITTIER.
John Greenleat Whittier. a descendant of the Puritans, March 9, 1451.-Amerigo Vespucci.
was born at Haverhill, Mass., December 17, 1807. His March 12, 1822.-T. B. Read.
parents belonged to the Society of Friends and he was A charming poet. Notice the sweet melody of these brought up strictly in accordance with their belief. His lines:
birthplace was an old fashioned New England farm-house, Here Ischia smiles
plain and bare. In front of it stood two poplar trees and O'er liquid miles: And yonder, bluest of the isles,
across the grassy country road was the barn. Not far away Calm Capri waits,
stood the little red school house where he received the Her sapphire gates
greater part of his education and which he speaks about in Beguiling to her bright estates.
his writings: March 14, 1782.--Thomas H. Benton.
"Still sits the school house by the road He was a member of the U. S. Senate for thirty years.
A ragged beggar sunning; From what state? Did he write anything?
Around it still the sunachis grow March 15, 1767.--Andrew Jackson.
And blackberry-vines are running."
Whittier spent two years at the Haverhill Academy ative ones are starved. It is not right; it is not just. What where he acquired a love for the study of literature, and are you doing to develop and preserve the dignity of manfrom reading Burns' poems he developed a taste for writ- ual labor ? Have you set aside on your playground a site ing verses. His father wanted him to be a farmer and did for a carpenter's shop, or a blacksmith's forge, or a cheminot like to have him spend his time in thus writing poetry. cal laboratory, or a machine shop? Many of our children His sister Elizabeth was the only one in the family who have a contempt for manual labor, and it is our fault that it seemed to appreciate his eflorts, and when he was nineteen is so. The greatest moral teacher in the world was not she persuaded him to send one of his poems to William ashamed to be a carpenter; and Elihu Burritt planned the Lloyd Garrison, editor of the "Free Press" at Newbury. good of mankind as he stood by his glowing forge. A man The one by whom he sent the poem, slipped the manu- never falls so low but that he may be dignified by some script under the door of Mr. Garrison's office, where it was kind of manual labor. All this discernment must come, found and the editor was so well pleased with the poem not alone through mathematics, but through a harmonious that he rode over to the Whittier's farm to see the young drawing out of those faculties which bring the child, and poet and urge him to devote his time to literary work. later the man, into relationship with his environment.
The poems of Whittier have been inspired by current Emerson may well say that "Things are in the saddle, and events and their patriotic spirit gives them a strong hold ride mankind;” but are we not alive to-day to grapple upon the public. He was an earnest opposer of slavery with these obstinate "things," and to turn them into their and some of his poems bearing on that subject are fiery and own proper paths ? bitter, yet cloihed in gentle and pathetic words.
It is a part of the whole wrong thinking about education "Snow-Bound,” his greatest peom, in which a beautiful that study alone will make a boy great or develop his winter scene of his country home is pictured, is ore of the higher nature. Phillips Brooks once stopped the writer in sweetest idyls in our language.
the street, and said a man might study until he became a Whittier loved his home so much that he never visited a grayhead and not be great. It was not in the grammar foreign country, and traveled but little in his own. He school at Stratford that Shakespeare learned the lessons never married. Modest and retiring in disposition, he which were to make him the articulate voice of England. never cared for notoriety. He was surprised that people The little Latin and Greek he got there would have made would spend so much time reading and memorizing his him at best but a sorry pedagogue. Still, no man poems which he said he could not remember. Once he ever wise by chance. The whole country round about was went to hear a noted orator. The speaker ended with a his schoolhouse. Some fine spirit led his mind out of the poetical quotation, Whittier applauded with the others. narrow grooves of mere book knowledge into the way of Some one touched him on the arm and asked, "Do you looking upon the world as his workshop; whether by the know who wrote that poem?" "No," said Whittier, "but dreamy Avon side, in misty vales, by winding hedge roads, it's good,” The poem was one of his own.
or in the stately churchyard, -no matter where,—the boy In his declining years he lived at Amesbury, Mass., the learned to bring himself into relationship with every living object of much veneration, and respected by the thousands thing, and to him everything was alive. It was a world of . who had read and admired his beautiful writings.
spirit. If the Stratford school did not furnish this order
of education, it was not the child Shakespeare's fault. When and where was Whittier born? Describe his old
Let us learn to look upon every child face that comes home.
before us as a possible Shakespeare or Michael Angelo or Where was he educated? Tell about his first writings. Beethoven; believe me, every child that comes up before Name a number of his poems. Give some quotations. you has hidden somewhere in its being this precious capacHow was his love for home shown?
ity for something creative. We must change our attitude What is the date of his death?
toward the common children. When we look upon each Slippery Rock Normal, Pa.
as a possible genius, then shall we add new dignity to
human life. Wordsworth well said, THE TRUE EDUCATION AND THE FALSE.
Not in entire forgetfulness,
And not in utter nakedness, Regarding the creative faculties of your children--who
But trailing clouds of glory do we come. is taking care of these? The age is putting the receptive Why do we neglect the words of our poet seers? The arfaculties of the child to their utmost tension, while the cre- istic world is rejoicing over the discovery in Greece of