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through a prescribed formula even in handling the im- show what my thought is, here are questions for you to portant etymological elements. The same may be said answer: about analysis. In the high school, especially, a few Did you know that a person is warmer riding on a white questions skilfully directed will often lay open the whole horse than on a black one ? Why? structure of a sentence,and thus enable the class to move on. How can you tell the difference between a maple tree

To guard against possible misapprehension it may be and an ash tree, when the leaves are oft? well to say explicitly that parsing has educational value. How are hailstones formed ? Pupils should be taught the fact and relations that are ex- Why are cats thin ? pressed by inflections and by position, and the best way to When was the first issue of postage stamps authorized by do it is to require them to describe the words, telling what act of congress ? they are and naming their properties, for that is what pars- Who can tell how the jingle gets inside of a sleigh-bell? ing is. Observation and reflection are also cultivated. Are lead pencils made of lead? VI. Some pupils tend to think that the world of gram


know that a tumbler brim full of water can bear mar is an unreal world, invented by authors and teachers the addition of one-half or a whole teaspoonful of sugar to confuse and distract them. Hence it is important, as without overflowing ? Why? Professor Laurie says, that the method shall be as real as Where, or how, does a dog sweat? possible. Emphasize the fact that grammar deals with Do a horse and a cow rise from the ground in the real things and properly taught is not artificial. Definitions same manner? And does a horse eat grass toward or and rules, if good ones, express facts just as much as the away from him? How differently from a cow? definitions and rules of mathematics; and to teach grammar Did you know there never was a white colt foaled? is to teach these facts. Nowhere is it more important than How many upper teeth has a cow? here to prevent the pupil from filling his mind with merely Do a cat and a squirrel come down a tree the same way? verbal knowledge. Verbal knowledge about material facts Did you know that three-fourths of the moss on trees is bad enough;verbal knowledge about words and sentences grows on the north side, and the heaviest boughs on spruce is even worse. Stress must be laid upon the principle that trees are always on the south side? Explain why. use, sense, or meaning is the basis of the grammatical

Is it true that the topmost twig of every uninjured hemclassification of words.

lock, tips to the east? If so, one never need get lost in the VII. In teaching grammar to elementary pupils no time woods. should be given to controverted points, or really difficult

Do you know that chickweed always closes its blossoms points; the discussion of idiomatic construction is wholly before a rain? out of place; instruction should deal only with what is plain What are the habits of other flowers in relation to time and simple ,or at least relatively so. In the high school, and weather? of course, more difficult work may be entered upon; but What is the difference between a star and a planet? even here it will be a waste of time to crack the hard gram- Which way is the moon moving? matical nuts that so much delight the experts. Such work Will a thermometer show mercury lower if we fan it, and as this belongs to a more mature state of mental develop if not, why not? ment.-- Intelligence.

Where does water go to when it evaporates?

American Agriculturist.


German methods are quite different from our own, as Suppose the young folks of your neighborhood meet in Mrs. Paustian found when she visited the Freebel house at one of your big kitchens one evening a week these long Hamburg last summer, and took occasion to explain to the evenings, and have a "general information club,” to learn Philadelphia kindergartners lately. She was surprised to and 10 impart all the knowledge possible concerning the find so few children in the kindergartens of the city, because common things about us, putting questions and facts in a the wealthy families seek to secure kindergarted training for clear, concise way. I think our good editor will perhaps their children at home, and that members of training classes publish them for the mutual benefit of the readers. To are expected to spend a year in teaching in some family before they are granted a certificate of competence. One Encourage parallel reading and interest the pupils in the result of this plan is that many of these kindergartners investigation of some few selected subjects thoroughly. remain governesses through their lives. Consequently, it I 2. Don't imagine that everything in a complete school is really more common to find a child enjoying kindergar. history is to be mastered. Advance histories are works of ten training in the sense that we understand it here in the reference as well as class-books. The thorough study of United States than it is in Hamburg. The children do a successive lessons may be insisted upon as a means of cul. great deal of hand work there and prepare many decora- ture. tions for the ceiling and the walls. And they make a variety of pieces of furniture of the sticks, the latter being

Elocutionary. colored in the different tints and shades, as well as the six standard colors. They also make round mats,

A VISION OF SANTA CLAUS. which are very pretty, and pictures formed of paper cut

Oh, Santa Claus, our friend so dear! ting which are formed of paper folding. The kindergartner in charge inquired earnestly of her visitor how the cause

You're coming soon I know.

Jack Frost's arrived, and Winter's here, is progressing on the side of the water, and added: "In

To cover all with snow. America you put everything through.” In concluding the summary of the impressions received from her trip, Mrs. Last night I saw a golden gate Paustian said: “We do not need to go abroad to learn the Opening the sunset sky kindergartən system, the instruction which we have here I thought, it I just sit and wait, is adequate.”Kindergarten News.

Dear Santa may pass by.

I saw his reindeer draw his sleigh

Right over banks of cloud,

And on and on they took their way;

I heard the sleigh bells loud.

But then the dark came down the west,
Don't require the text to be memorized.

And hid them in the gold.
Don't follow a strictly chronological order. The A twinkling star just smiled his best;

To me this tale he told:
idea of time is a poor one about which to group events that
are otherwise unrelated.

“I am dear Santa's eye so bright;

I watch away up here 3. Don't burden the mind with unimportant dates.

All through the day, all through the night Beyond the memorizing of twelve important dates no speciaj For all earth's children dear.".- Child Garden. effort in this direction should be required. It is only nec essary to know the relative and approximate time of most

CHRISTMAS IS HERE, events mentioned in history.

BY MAUD L. BETTS. Don't assign lessons by pages. Let the lessons be upon subjects or topics.

Hark! how the bells do ring! 5. Don't assign long lessons.

Glad news to us they bring;

Christmas is here; 6. Don't fail to make preliminary exposition of the les

Santa Claus came last night, sons assigned

Over the snow so white, 7. Don't explain to much. Quality of intellect depends

With his reindeer, upon concentrative mental effort. Too much explanation

Quick down the chimney crept, frequently imbues the pupil with the idea that he knows

While all the children slept

Dreaming of joy; the lesson without further study.

Packed all the stockings tight 8. Don't be afraid to make the recitation interesting.

With what would give delight 9. Don't fail to review frequently. Thoroughness is in

To girl or boy. dicated not in what is learned, but in what is remembered.

Left, too, a lot of love: 10. Don't neglect to keep posted upon current events.

Then oft again he drove,

So much to do. Read the newspaper, call frequent attention to the connec

Now, though he isn't near, tion between present and past events.

Yet still I think he'll hear. 11. Don't confine yourself to one text-book or authority,

"Santa, thank you!"







One of our city dailies has the following on the

subject of Reading Aloud. There is food for thought PUBLISHED BY

in the article. THE EDUCATIONAL NEWS CO.,

"Accomplishments there are to day 'a-many,' but Lock Box 1258. Philadelphia, Pa.

that of reading aloud has been given the cold shoulder. ALBERT N. RAUB,

Editor Indeed, it may almost be considered a lost art. We do

not refer to elocution. There are plenty to delight RATE OF SUBSCRIPTION. (Postage prepaid by Publlaber.)

our ears by that accomplishment. For our money Single Subscription, per year, in advance, Single Subscription, per half year,

$15 there is always some one within reaching distance

who 'elocutes' for public delectation. But to find in Entered at the Post-Office at Philadelphia, Pa., as Second-Class Matier.

our own family, or among those of our friends, one or hice 1020 Chestnut Street, Room 2.

who can read a simple statement in the newspaper

intelligently and effectively, is rare. indeed. SEE THIS OFFER.

"Just where the fault lies it is difficult to say positively, but there are two reasons, any way, for the change. One is that there is not nearly so much at

tention paid to this class of work in our schools of toWe give below the names of twenty-six extra good standard books, any one of which will be sent free as å premium day, and another is that the parents are so much taken to each subscriber to the WEEKLY EDUCATIONAL NEWS who will send $1.50 in advance for the paper for one year and 10 up with other things that they do not call upon their cents to pay postage on the book.

children to exercise their voices in this manner. 1. Robinson Crusoe. 2. Arabian Nights Entertainments.

"In Boston they long ago waked up to the fact that 3. Swiss Family Robinson. 4. Don Quixote.

there was a decadence of intelligent and intelligible 8. Vicar of Wakefield, 6. Dickens' Child's History of England.

reading aloud and introduced into many of their 7. Last Days of Pompeii.

schools a system of reading from the newspaper or 8. Ivanhoe. 9. Tom Brown's School Days at Rugby.

other periodicals instead of from the conventional 10. Grimm's Popular Tales. 11. Erimm's Household Stories.

'Reader,' all of which was an excellent move." 12. Pickwick Papers.

The article then proposes to substitute the newspa13. Speeches of Webster. 14. Life of Daniel Webster

per for the ordinary reader, which might be well if 15.

Lifeof Washington. 16. Life of Patrick Henry.

newspapers confined themselves to such reading as 17. Jane Eyra. 18. Lucile.

might properly be given in the presence of children 19, Anderson's Fairy Tales.

of both sexes. 20. Tom Brown at Oxford.

But under present conditions the plan 21. John Halifax, Gentleman.

must prove a little doubtful. The article further says, 82. Tennyson's Poems. 23. Plain Thoughts on the Art of Living.

"Proper training in reading aloud will do another 24. Esop's Fables. 25. Swineford's Literature for Beginners.

thing. It will soften and modulate the speaking voice. 26. Hints and Helps on English Grammar.

It will also cultivate away diffidence. It will These books are all bound in cloth and well printed. They hesitancy of speech. It will in a great measure cure will grace any one's library. EDUCATIONAL NEWS CO.,

awkwardness and secure to a great degree poise of Box 1258.

Philadelphia. manner.

“But a little time each day devoted to reading a For 84 30, we will send the Forum and the weekly daily paper aloud upon the part of an intelligent child EDUCATIONAL NEws one year, the cash must accomp- to an intelligent parent will produce this most desirapany the ordor

ble result, and when illness or some other circumFor thre' dollars, 9 wlai and the EDUCATIONAL NEW8 stance makes such a thing desirable, there may be weekly for one year, and Maos ulay's History of England ound in one's own household a member who not 5

VO'B., 'ot'?, worth alone $3.75.

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only can perform acceptable service in this line, but funds for tuition, books, and apparatus. As a result who likes to do it. To be able to read aloud accept- the College offers free tuition to all students from ably is quite as necessary as to be able to sing well, Delaware and offers graduating courses in Classics, more so in fact, for many who cannot sing may learn A. B., Latin and Science, A. B., Modern Language to read delightfully.”

and Science, B. S; also graduating courses in

Mechanical, Electrical and Civil Engineering with The following from the Contemporary Review meets their corresponding degrees and a course in Agriculwith our unqualified indorsement, and we gladly give ture. it place in our journal. The Review says:

"If courtesy to parents is a duty, it is not less a Dear Reader, are you sufficiently interested in the duty to pupils. Everybody knows how Luther's News to ask some of your acquaintances to subschoolmaster, the famous Trebonius, used to take off scribe? We hope so. his hat when he entered his school room. 'I uncover my head,' he would say, 'to honor the consuls, chan- Have you friends to whom you would like to have cellors, doctors, masters, who shall proceed from this us send sample papers? If so, kindly send us their school.' Dr. Arnold won his way to the hearts of names. Rugby boys by the simple respect which he showed in accepting their word as true. A master's success If you would like to secure subscribers for the has sometimes been imperiled by so slight a matter as News, we are prepared to offer you a commission. the mistake of not returning boys' salutes in the streets, for courtesy begets courtesy—it is a passport to

We are now making arrangements by which each popularity. The way in which things are done is of our subscribers can secure a binder for his News often more important than the things themselves. One at a cost of 30 cents postpaid. We will also agree to special point of personal courtesy you will let me send one binder free to any of our present subscribers mention-it is punctuality. To keep a class waiting who will send us a new subscription with his own at is to be rude and to seem to be unjust, for a sense of either our clubbing or premium rates. speculation arises when a master is apt to be late. If he is generally four minutes late, the boys will count We shall be glad to send a binder free to any one the chance of his being one minute later, and the re- who will send us at least two subscribers at our club sult will be disappointment, disaster, and then dislike." or premium rates. This offer should be accepted


If all games of football could be played in as gen

Personal Items. tlemanly a manner as that between the Senior Medical class of the University of Pennsylvania and the Dela

Mrs. A. J. Peavey, who has just been elected State ware College eleven, on the grounds of Delaware College, Dec. 5th, we should feel inclined to withdraw Superintendent of Public Instruction in Colorado, is

a sister of Major W. H. Upham, governor elect of all opposition to the game. Not a sign of slugging or ill feeling was apparent at any time during the con-Wisconsin. She was educated in Racine, Wis. test. We do not think that the score, Delaware Col.

Principal A. W. Dassler, of Two Rivers, Wis., has lege, 12; University Medicals, o; has anything to do been elected superintendent of schools for Manitowoc with our good opinion of the contest. The students county, and J. B. Mohler, from Ohio, has been chosen certainly were very gentlemanly on both sides, principal of the high school in his place.

Prof. John R. Sweeney, who has been musical inDelaware College will have an income from the structor for a number of years at the Pennsylvania Government this year, directly and indirectly of Military Academy has resigned, and Prof. Temple has 20,980 dollars. This will be applied wholly to the been appointed to fill the position.

Robert C. Winthrop, the venerable statesman, died Hon. 0. T. Corson, has been re-elected with the at his home in Boston, November 10, aged 85 years. largest plurality ever received by any candidate for

S. S. Milligan, late of the Wooster High School, any state office in Ohio. His plurality was about 700 O., is now superintendent of schools at Springville, more than that of any other candidate on his ticket. Iowa.

Governor Atkinson, of Georgia, has appointed ProProf. Edmund P. Harris, of Amherst succeeds Prof. fessor Gustavus R. Glenn State School Commissioner. Woodin as instructor in Chemistry in the Pennsyl- P. D. Pollock, of Atlanta, Ga., declined the office vania Military College.

of State School Commissioner, to which he was Miss Sara A. Meek, a gradute of the Central State recently nominated. Normal School at Lock Haven, and a sister of P. Clinton D. Smith, professor of agriculture at the Gray Meek, Surveyor of the Port at Philadelphia, is Michigan Agricultural college, has been tendered the teaching at Port Allegeny, Pa.

directorship of the Illinois Experiment station at an Mr. W. H. Keeny, one of the first graduates of the annual salary of three thousand dollars, and will State Normal School, Lock Haven, Pa., is Secretary doubtless accept. of the School Board at Port Allegeny, Pa.

Supt. Wm. M. Sinclair, of Coffeyville, Kans., has Supt. W. J. Wise, of South Denver, was superin- been appointed superintendent of the Ottawa schools, tendent of the city schools of Seward, Neb., for three to fill the vacancy made by the resignation of Supt. years, then of Pawnee City, five years, and has been F. P. Smith. superintendent of the schools of South Denver, for the past two years, at an annual salary of $2000. He

Hints. has now under his charge, 27 teachers, a special teacher of Music, also a special teacher of Drawing, a

Thought-Problems, reference library of over 500 volumes, two kindergartens, a gymnasium and physical laboratories. Supt. Wise writes, “I have been for ten years a reader

Primary arithmetic is supposed to cover the four simple of the EDUCATIONAL News and I have decided that it rules and thought-problems involving these, Roman noit too late to discard it now."

tation and the writing of numbers in words. The two last Dr. G. W. Macon, Professor of Biology in Howard mentioned are easily taught and require no discussion, but College, is engaged for a course of Scientific lectures on inquiry I have found the problem work rather neglected. at East Lake Atheneum, Ala. He gave his first lec- It is certainly necessary that a great deal of time be given ture on Nov. 16. on “Physiology and Hygeine."

to addition and multiplication; subtraction and division re

quire less, but they too must receive considerable atten Supt. Frank P. Smith, of the Ottawa schools, hastion. Pupils must be familiar with these fund ineatal proc been elected superintendent of the Lawrence schools, esses before attempting more advanced work, and for this Kans., to succeed E. Stanley, state superintendent must have constant practice in the rules, but proficiency in elect.

this mere mechanical work should not be allowed to usurp Miss Mary F. Hall, formerly of Minneapolis, has the place of the thought-problem. Too often the latter is been appointed by Superintendent Peckham director reserved only for spare time, or as recreation, instead of of primary grades of the public schools of Milwaukee. taking its proper place inevery arithmetic lesson. If a child

We Rev. A. Kupfernagel, formerly a teacher of Barton is ever going to think he must begin when young.

hear teachers in second and third-book classes complaincounty, Kansas, is now preaching to a German con

ing that the children will not or cannot think; that when gregation at Gregg, Texas.

given a simble problem they will ask questions as to which Mr. C. B. Gamble has been elected by the School process they will use, multiplication or division, addit.on Board, Greenville, Ga., to fill the vacancy caused by or subtraction. We trust this is not of frequent occurrence the death of Prof. J. M. Thigpen.

but I am afraid that in some cases the junior classes have


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