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AWEEKLY JOURNAL OF EDUCATION.
Vol. X., No. 38.
PHILADELPHIA, PA., OCTOBER 20, 1894
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Great writers are necessarily diligent readers and close ob.
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hieroglyphics. Illegibility of handwriting is not a mark of BY B. W. WILLIAMS,
genius. This fatal defect consigns many otherwise valuable The Patriarch Job exclaimed, “O that my words were productions to the waste basket. A plain hand, not too written, O that they were printed in a book.” Mapy in small, is best. Typewritten manuscripts possess many our day likewise desire the preservation of their thoughts advantages, and are greatly preferred. In literature as in literature. The uumber of literary aspirants is constantly elsewhere, anything that is worth doing at all is worth increasing, and their productions are legion. Success is doing well; and no writer should offer a poor sloven, illegusually attained only by close, careful, and continuous ible manuscript to any editor. application. Failure results more frequently, perhaps, from
Good writing materials and convenient arrangement are lack of certain acquirements than from want of natural a manifestly essential in the preparation of "copy." Write bility. A few words, therefore, concerning the essential with black ink, on good, white paper, using sheets not conditions of literary success may be of interest and profit. larger than 6 X 9 inches, and write, of course, on only one
The first requisite of a successful writer for the press is side of the paper. Punctuate carefully, paragraph correctly, a thorough knowledge of his subject. This can be ac- number the pages consecutively, and use only such quired only by a diligent use of all available information. abbreviation as you wish to appear in print. Be especially
careful in the writing of proper names. Underscore one straw. Leaving his vessel he entered the American lines line for italics; two for small capitals; and three for capitals. and shortly after midnight met Arnold in a dense thicket To send a manuscript flat is best; to fold it is admissible; to at the foot of Clove Mountain. There in the gloom of the roll it is inexcusable. It will pay to look well to these de- night Andre first heard Arnold's voice. Thus hidden from tails of arrangement.
human eyes by the darkness among the trees, they plotAfter an article has been properly prepared it should be ted the ruin of the patriot cause. Ere the plans were sent to the right market. Manuscripts, to be acceptable, completed it began to grow light over the wooded mounmust be adapted to the character and design of the pub- tains, and they repaired to a house near by. lication to which they are offered. An article describing Arnold gave the British officer papers containing a dea new process of tanning leather should be sent to some scription of West Point; its defenses, cannon, stores and the paper like the Shoe and Leather Reporter. Religious matter best mode of attack. It was agreed that the British fleet would be better suited to the Christian Advocate. Comic should ascend the Hudson, and that the garrison and the stories might find acceptance in the columns of Puck, etc. fortress should be given up without a struggle. An article which would be promptly rejected by one paper While the two men were talking, the Vulture was fired might be accepted by another. It requires some expe- upon from Teller's Point and it had dropped down the rience on the part of a writer to enable him to judge river, so that Andre was forced to cross the river and go correctly as to the best market for his productions.—by horse to New York. Arnold gave him a pass and
pro. Weatherford, Texas.
vided him with a farmer's suit of clothes.
He had passed
the American lines and had reached Tarrytown; before For the EDUCATIONAL NEWS.
night he would be in camp and the plan of surrender be in FOR THE HISTORY CLASS.
Clinton's hands—but suddenly in a lonely spot in the road
where a small stream crossed and ran into a woody dell, ANDRE'S LAST REQUEST.
three men appeared and called "halt.” Had Andre shown
Arnold's pass the men would have allowed him to go on, The summer of 1780 was marked by a strange and dis
but seeing that one of the men wore a British uniform graceful event in American history. Benedict Arnold, who
which had been given him when a prisoner among the had shown much bravery at Quebec, Saratoga and elsewhere, had been given command at Philadelphia, but English, Andre was led to think he was a friend and asked
“Where do you belong"? "Down below," answered one. while there married the daughter of a Tory, lived in great style and acted dishonestly with the Government's money. his guard said, “I am from below also; I am a British offi
Andre took this to mean New York and being thrown off By order of Congress, he was reprimanded by Washington. This punishment excited in Arnold's soul a fierce cer on important business, do not detain me.” “Then you
are our prisoner” answered the men. Andre then prothirst for revenge and he did not rest until he had devised
duced the pass, but it was too late, he had already cona plan for betraying his country.
Under the assumed name of “Gustavus” he entered into tessed that he was a British officer. He offered them his a correspondence with a British officer under the assumed watch, his purse or to deliver to them the day following, a name of John Anderson." For more than a year this cargo of English dry-goods if they would allow him to go correspondence was carried on. Arnold, still suffering from on. They refused to release him even for 10,000 guineas. his wound received at Saratoga, asked to be placed in com- be searched, -but finding nothing to warrant suspicion,
They obliged him to remove his saddle-bags and coat, to mand at West Point,- the most important fort on the Hud. son. Washington never doubting his loyalty, had him they were about to let him go when Paulding said, "Boys, .
I am not satisfied; his boots must come off.” Andre said appointed to the place. This was Arnold's opportunity, they were hard to get on and off and asked that he might and he immediately wrote to General Clinton to send an
not be subjected to the inconvenience.
His boots were English officer to hold a secret interview and agree upon drawn, however, and as they came of the men heard the terms for surrendering West Point to the British.
rustle of paper in his stockings. These were removed In September 1780 Major Andre (an-dra), a brilliant
also, and there were found drawings of the fort and an enyoung officer in Clinton's army; a man of fine character and with elegant accomplishments, was sent to meet Ar- gineer's report of its strength, all in Arnold's writing.
Paulding exclaimed, "He is a Spy.” The men took nold and arrange for the surrender of the fort. He went
him to North Castle and delivered him to Colonel Jamison. up the Hudson in the vessel Vulture to a place near Haver