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• conviction that the chief end of the schools is to study can speak out first. In such cases it very often happens
text-books, and the approved methods of testing this study that a smart pupil in the class does all the prompting, so is by frequent examinations. These tests shows to the teach- that it is sometimes hard to tell whether the one standing er what the superintendent thinks the children ought to or the prompter is reading. With certain restrictions this know, and they govern the range of their instruction. is a very good device; as all are anxiously watching for an
The idea of examination is never to go out of the schools, opportunity to prompt, while the one reading is just as but we must break some new ground in our method of anxious not to need prompting, and the interest and attenusing it. For the present, it will be an improvement if the tion are very marked. formal examination be wholly omitted for a year or two, and A device to interest little folks, is teaching recognition superintendents devoted their energies to devising ways of words at sight. Have the children stand with their backs and means to induce the teachers to study the child's to you while you place a word on the board; then at a possessions and needs, and to use the suggestions of the given signal let them turn and see who can name the word course of study in supplying them, so far as they are first. Only familiar words should be used. When one applicable. It may break up the “uniformity” that now pupil does too much of the answering, direct him to remain
" exists, but uniformity is not the chief end of the school. --quiet and give the others a chance. Public School Journal.
Not long ago I visited a school in which the teacher before asking any one to read aloud, required the class to read
the paragraph silently. The advantages of this can hardly DEVICES IN RECITATIONS.
be overestimated; because after all have read it carefully to
themselves, they have some idea of the modulation and exSUPT. CLAUDE MELLOTT.
pression to be used. They assimilate, as it were, the
sense which is to be conveyed, and will read it more naturDevices in recitation should secure attention and at the ally. Some teachers make a point of silent reading. Let same time not detract from the learner's progress.
the class read a paragraph, topic or story silently, ' at the As reading is one of the fundamental branches that soon same time with the teacher, and then call upon some one to become monotonous unless the teacher resorts to various tell in his own words what he read. This device is useful methods, I shall treat of that first. Some teachers in con. in geography, physiology, history and other branches, as ducting a reading class permit one pupil to read until he well as in reading. makes a mistake. This pupil then takes his seat and the
One of the most useful adjuncts to the reading class, is pupil who corrects the mistake reads, commencing where supplementary reading. But until school boards and pathe other stopped. Others allow the pupil to read until trons become more liberal, I shall not discuss it. Let us the teacher sees fit to stop him; and in order to insure the as teachers educate the coming generation (the coming attention of the class, generally stops him in the middle school boards and patrons) in this one particular—liberalor before the end of a paragarph, telling another pupil to ity. read on; while others divide the time given for the recita
A device that costs comparatively nothing, and one that tion equally among the pupils, giving to each as many will recommend itself to every teacher is this: Take a minutes as the size of the class and the time will admit.
story from an old book or paper, and cut the story up into The most common way is to commence at the head of a convenient number of pieces, and distribute them among the class, each pupil reading a paragarph in turn; and with the members of your class. If the paragraphs are numbernever a variation, so continue from day to day.
This ed, so much the better; if not, you had better number them method is bound to lead to oppressive monotony, unless so as to avoid confusion during the recitation.
You can the teacher, instead of taking the pupils in regular order, call by number upon your pupils to read. The advantages does like the old pedagogue in teaching the alphabet, of this device are: "skip around occasionally."
1. Each child has only a verse or two and he gets it well, A great many teachers in conducting a reading class thus being able to read his part intelligently. give licence to any member of the class to prompt a
2. No one will know what the story is until each recites scholar when he hesitates at a word. Some teachers re
Hence the attention of the whole class quire the would-be prompters to raise hands and gain per- will be centred on the one reciting so as to get the story as mission by a nod before telling; others let anyone tell who a connected whole.
If you have many primary pupils, try to procure for each girl friend, was headstrong and fighty and not doing well, one a box of word cards. They cost but a trifle, and I claim the wayward sister. The teacher told Martha the
and asked her to exert her influence over her and help re. verily believe that any school board, after seeing the little same thing about Mary and exacted her help to recover ones at work with them, would be willing to pay double their the other sinner from destruction. Neither of the girls price. If the board will not, I know parents will; because was in danger. The teacher did not think they were. She
probably meant well enough. She intended to profit each parents manifest more interest in the little tots than in the girl by getting her interested in helping the other. But larger ones. And again, during the first years of a child's she did not think far enough or as truly as she ought. The school life the book bill is very small, hence you will gen-element of deception about the matter and the result was
girls compared notes. They discovered that there was an erally find parents not merely willing, but anxious to make not particularly helpful to the teacher. small investments for these beginners.
There is a mathematical accuracy about the truth. It I have seen parents actually disappointed when told by always fits together. There is no safe compromise ground. the teachers to get only a slate and perhaps a primer, for a truth may be acted as well as spoken. It is not necessary
The danger signal is upon the border line.
Truth or un little one for whom they would gladly spend two or three at all times to tell all that is true. But whatever is said dollars.- Educational Gazette.
and whatever is done in the schools, is to be open and
.THEEARLY OWL, you are uncertain. Even a child does not expect a teacher to be the embodiment of all wisdom. If she claims it, he An owl once lived in a hollow tree knows she is masquerading; if she admits a doubt, he
And he was as wise as he could be.
The branch of learning he didn't know knows she is acting truly; he sees that he and his teacher
Could scarce on the tree of knowledge grow. have some things in common; she has a stronger hold up- He knew the tree from branch to root,
And an owl like that can afford to hoot, A boy handed up his written spelling lesson for correc- And he hooted-until, alas! one day, tion. The teacher marked a word as incorrect, which he
He chanced to hear in a casual way, thought was spelled correctly. He gathered up his cour.
An insignificant little bird
Make use of a term he had never heard. age and told her he thought she had made a mistake. She
He was flying to bed in the dawning light brushed him aside with an indignant remark about doubt
When he heard her singing with all her might, ing her ability to spell. In ten minutes he saw her engaged “Hurray! hurray! for the early worm !" in profound communion with the dictionary. He gained "Dear me," said the owl, "what a singular term !
I would look it up if it weren't so late, confidence. She said nothing, but seemed dejected. He
I must rise at dusk to investigate. put his paper in his pocket and went home, and consulted
Early to bed and early to rise bis dictionary. He had spelled the word correctly. She Makes an owl healthy and stealthy and wise !" had lost his good opinion forever. It was a serious loss,
So he slept like an honest owl all day, but who shall say that she did not pay the proper penalty
And rose in the early twilight gray,
And went to work in the dusky light for her act.' She had made a mistake. It was not serious
To look for the early worm at night. at the outset. It was a comparatively small matter that
He searched the country for miles around, she had an erroneous impression about the spelling of the
But the early worm was not to be found, word. But persistence after she knew better was acting So he went to bed in the dawning light an untruth. It was utterly inexcusable. It was impolitic And looked for the "worm" again next night,
And again and again and again and again too. Suppose she had given him only what was his due
He sought and he sought, but all in vain. and said, "My boy, I was hasty and wrong about that;
Till he must have looked for a year and a day you were right; I will have to be more careful next time.” For the early worm in the twilight gray. He would have been exultant, but that would not have
At last in despair he gave up the search, humiliated her. She would have gained his respect as And was heard to remark as he sat on his perch
By the side of his nest in the hollow tree: well.
“The thing is as plain as night to meIn another case, a teacher in this city told Mary, a
Nothing can shake my conviction firm, young miss among her pupils, that Martha, her intimate
There is no such a thing as an early worm."
ALBERT N. RAUB,
The College of New Jersey has spoken through its A WEEKLY EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL
students on the question of hazing, and spoken in
such a way as to claim honor for itself in taking a THE EDUCATIONAL NEWS CO.,
positive step forward in college reform. Lock Box 1258. Philadelphia, Pa.
At a mass-meeting of undergraduates last week it Editor was decided by a unanimous vote to abolish hazing,
and a practice which seems to have been more comRATE OF SUBSCRIPTION.
mon at Princeton than at most other institutions of (Postage prepaid by Publisher.) Single Subscription, per year, in advance,
$1 50 learning is now believed to be a thing of the past Single Subscription, per half year,
there. Entered at the Post-Office at Philadelphia, Pa., as Second-Class Matter.
This action of the students will have the effect
doubtless of leading other institutions to take similar e Office 1020 Chestnut Street, Room 2.
action. No government is so strong as that which a SEE THIS OFFER.
body of students assume to control for themselves,
and nothing presents so strong evidence of their dePREMIUM BOOKS. termination to prove themselves gentlemen as this We give below the names of twenty-six extra good stand-voluntary action to suppress the practice of hazing. ard books, any one of which will be sent free as a premium Parents and prospective pupils both have hesitated to each subscriber to the WEEKLY EDUCATIONAL NEWS who will send $1.50 in advance for the paper for one year and 10 about patronizing colleges in which hazing is incents to pay postage on the book.
dulged in,and this progressive step at Princeton, which 1. Robinson Crusoe. 2. Arabian Nights Entertainments.
will surely be followed by other institutions, will -8. Swiss Family Robinson. 4: Don Quixote.
greatly elevate public opinion in favor of college edu6. Vicar of Wakefield.
cation. Let the good work go on and may the good 6. Dickens' Child's History of England. 7. Last Days of Pompeii.
example be followed by every other college in the 8. Ivanhoe. 9. Tom Brown's School Days at Rugby.
land. 10. Grimm's Popular Tales. 11. Grimm's Household Stories. 12. Pickwick Papers. 13. Speeches of Webster.
A correspondent asks, Should we read 203,641,017, 14. Life of Daniel Webster Lifeof Washington.
two hundred three millions, six hundred forty-one 16. Life of Patrick Henry. 17. Jane Eyre.
thousand, seventeen, or should we read it two hun18. Licile.
dred and three million, six hundred and forty-one 19, Anderson's Fairy Tales. 20. Tom Brown at Oxford.
thousand, and seventeen! 21. John Halifax, Gentleman. 22. Tennyson's Poems.
Some of our later arithmetics give the first of the 23. Plain Thoughts on the Art of Living.
two readings, and limit the use of and to the decimal 24. Æsop's Fables. 25. Swineford's Literature for Beginners.
point. Why they do so is not clear, either gram26. Hints and Helps on English Grammar. These books are all bound in cloth and well printed. They matically or otherwise. These groups are units as will grace any one's library.
much as if we said two hundred three cows, six hunEDUCATIONAL NEWS CO.,
dred forty one sheep, seventeen hens. Box 1258.
Certainly the majority and the best of authorities
would read the expression two hundred and three For $400, we will send the Forum and the weekly cows, six hundred and forty-one sheep, and seventeen EDUCATIONAL NEws one year, the cash must accom-hens; or, in the case given, "two hundred and three pany the Orrier. For three dollars, we wii u9nd the EDUCATIONAL NEWS seventeen,” the word ones or units being understood
million, six hundred and forty-one thousand, and weekly for one year, and Macaulay's History of Englan i Ao le., slotb, worth alone $3.75.
It has been supposed by some that limiting the use locate a building at Hollidaysburg at a cost of $40,of and to the decimal point; as 416.05, (four hundred ooo, maintain it at a cost of $13,000 a year and give sixteen and five hundredths) would simplify the read-instruction to students at an expenditure of $45 per ing of numbers. This is not true, when, as every one capita. knows, that ones, or units, is understood as the basis “If the new factor in the system assumes shape of every number. Thus, whether we say seventy-five certain legislation will be necessary and a general tax or one hundred and seventy-five, we mean units only levy or some other method must be devised to proat the close of the reading of a whole number. There vide support. State educators find the topic fruitful seems no necessity therefore for the distinction which in interest and the county institute season just beginlimits the use of the word and to the decimal point. ning will find in its consideration a welcome relief to Most people would say, and say correctly, my horse the customary routine programme.” cost me one hundred and forty dollars, not one hun- This is a move in the right direction. Pennsylvadred forty dollars. But even allowing this latter form nia prides herself on her school system, but there is to be correct, certainly the former is not incorrect. still room for improvement, and the county high
school, or still better, a number of them should be We clip the following from the Press of this city : established, so that
every country child may "The subject of a higher form of education to be have the same educational privileges the secured in the establishment of county high schools city child. The movement ought not to stop with is attracting attention among some of the institutes of a single high school for
a county, but a the State, the discussion of a proposition of that cen- sufficient number of such schools to accommodate all tral character receiving an indorsement recently from who may wish to avail themselves of their advantages the Teachers and Directors' Union of Blair. The ad should be provided. visability of a departure from current methods has
The News is published at a loss and has been for long suggested itself to progressive educators, and
the past ten years. Its editor has given his services this new avenue to results appears to be an open way gratuitously in order that the paper might live. He to advancement that may lead to greatest perfection in
has hoped and still hopes that there are enough prothe present system if to nothing else. "The district and graded school outside the limitsgressive teachers and school officers to sustain an
inexpensive weekly educational journal like this, but of cities and boroughs, where the high school cannot his hopes thus far have not been realized. He re
. confer advantages, have had all the drawbacks and
ceives many kind words, but words without works are none of the opportunities of the free school system. vain. He hopes that every subscriber will do somePupils have been able to reach the secondary or gram thing towards securing another. Why not help to
. mar departments and there find the course at an end.
realize these hopes, dear reader, by securing one or Meritorious students, with ambition to gratify and desire to occupy every chance in its bearing on the fu- more subscribers at our low special or premium rates?
Isn't it your duty? The News is by far the cheapest ture, have been denied the essentials to a complete
educational paper published, counting the amount of education, unless they could enter the normal and
material it furnishes weekly, and there is certainly other colleges. It is this large and growing class
room for it on your list whether you take a monthly that the new movement will benefit.
or a weekly educational journal. “The advocates of a county high school argue for a central point in the county system where students
Personal Items. may be admitted to the same advantages as those provided for in the cities. In Blair county, for example, Mr. P. S. Good is the principal of the Graded where the school property is valued at $254,150, an School at Lacy Spring, Va. aggregate independent of Altoona, where the invest- Mr. J. A. Fiedler, of Williamsport, has suspended ment amounts to $422,248 more, the proposition is to publication of the Daily Journal of that city.
Mr. J. M. Stradling, of 1326 Chestnut St., Phila- Prof. J. W. Farris, of Bannock, is the Democratic delphia, is agent for the Werner Company, for the nominee for superintendent of public instruction in states of New Jersey, Maryland, Delaware and the Idaho. City of Philadelphia.
James D. Horne, of Brattleboro, Vt., has been Mr. L. G. Firestine is agent of the Werner Com- elected principal of the Lawrence high school, Mass., pany for the State of Pennsylvania.
at a salary of $2500 per year. Mr. Horne' was forT. Bayard Heisel, Esq., late a Delaware teacher, merly sub-master of the Haverhill high school. He has been nominated on the Democratic ticket in New went from Haverhill to accept the position of principal
of the Brattleboro high school, from which position Castle county, Del., for the Delaware House of Rep
he is called to Lawrence. resentatives. Walt P. Conoway, a former Delaware teacher, and
Dr. Dongan Clark, Professor in the Theological
School of the Friends' College at Earlham, Ind., who, a graduate of Delaware College, has taken up the
, study of medicine and will attend lectures this winter. with ten other advanced Quakers, was baptized last
Summer, has been suspended. Lieut. Jas. H. Frier, of the 17th U. S. Infantry, in
Prof. Harry Pattison steps from the principalship addition to his work as Commandant of cadets at Delaware College does full duty as a teacher of math of the New Whatcom, Wash., high school into the
city superintendency. ematics in that institution.
Miss Helen Gladstone has been nominated as one Mr. John D. Chipman, of Laurel, Del., has abandoned teaching to take a graduating course of study in
of the governors of the Flintshire county schools
under the Welsh intermediate education act. Delaware College.
Prin. Charles F. King of the Dearborn school, who Mr. Raymond DuHadway, valedictorian of the
originated the idea of a "summer school of methods," graduating class of Delaware College, 1894, has re
and has been actively engaged in the management of turned to college to take up post graduate work.
the National Summer School of Methods of Saratoga Mr. W. H. Keeny, a graduate of the first-class, and Glen Falls for ten years, has retired from this fea1878, of the State Normal School at Lock Haven, ture of professional work and will give his attention Pa., is secretary of the School Board at Port Alle
more and more to methods.
Supt. W. F. Hoffman of Washington, Ind., has Miss Ella Herrick, County Superintendent of
resigned. He has been connected with the Washschools, Cameron county, Pa., is a graduate of the
ington schools for the past fourteen years. first class of the Lock Haven State Normal School.
J. M. Garrett of Des Moines, Iowa, has been elected State Supt. J. M. Carlisle of Texas has been renom- superintendent of the Centralia schools, Wash. Prof. inated by the Democrats of that state for the position w. H. Thompson succeeds himself as principal of of State Superintendent.
the high school. Miss Anna Bomberger formerly of Strausstown has
Louise Crouse, a full-blooded Indian, is working removed to Portland, Oregon.
her way through the Normal School in Oswego,N.Y., Supt. Jones M. Clapp, of Banner county, Nebr., is by sewing, scrubbing, washing, &c. Her purpose is also Principal of the Harrisburg schools of the same to complete the course, help. her younger sister county.
through school, and then study medicine that she Chas. J. Majory, Ph. D., is principal of the public may work among her own people. schools of Newton, N. J.
Mr. Morgan T. Gum of Frankford, formerly prinMiss Alice Catlin, the nomince for Superintendent cipal at Selbyville, is now principal at Ocean View, of Public Instruction for the State of Colorado, ac- teacher added, and the course of study in principal's
Del. A new school house has been built, another companies Governor Waite on his stumping tour. department has been improved.