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the need of any special ventilation. A means of maintain- pupil was on her dignity now-pouting a little, you know ing good health is by the free use of fruits and green vege--and answered quietly, but firmly: "I don't understand tables. There may not be very much nourishment in some you. I don't know what you mean." vegetables and fruits, but there exists in them some food I began to think a little-a rare occupation, I know, for elements not in preserved or dried articles, and these a school teacher to engage in—but I did. I am glad I did elements are of great use to the body. Thus often a few not "speak out”; for if I had done so, how those children barrels of apples placed in the cellar may be the means of would have laughed at me. But I thought, "that's a very keeping the whole family in vigorous health all winter. good answer. Cranberries may be expensive, but doctors and medicine The teacher made some little apology for the pupil, are more expensive. This winter, when all fruits are so which I understood to mean that this pupil was one of the very expensive, we shall have to depend more largely upon unfortunates, inasniuch as she was not in this particular our garden products; viz., potatoes, beets, carrots, pars, school, or under the care of this particular teacher "last nips, salsify, turnips and cabbage. At the earliest possi- year.” I forget which it was. I do not blame the teacher ble moment in the spring a lettuce bed should be started for this. No teacher should ever blame herself for what under glass. The writer has taken up a lot of rhubarb children do not know. If I had the power I would disroots and stored them in boxes of earth in the cellar, to be charge any teacher who would admit that she was wrong forced in January and February. Try eating more vege- about anything. I say this because I am quite sure I tables and less meat this winter.—Dr. G. G. GROFF, in would never have occasion to use such a power. The Cultivator.
After the little apology the teacher turned to the room
and up went forty or Afty hands. Things were getting FUNNY THINGS.
serious. I felt ashamed of myself. There were only two
people in that room who could not tell what part of speech BY E. L. M'NABB, BAINBRIDGE, GA.
a girl was, and I was one of the two. Anyway I would
find out, and this would be a little piece of grammatical inThis is not "A how to teach article. If it's any- formation I had never before stumbled on, as it were. thing, it is a "How not to teach
I will tell facts The teacher selected a bright boy, one who held his only, but I will call no names, and at the outset apologize hand up high, and said: "Can you tell us?” I am glad if anyone becomes offended.
she included me in the "us”'; for I was dying to know By chance I was in the city of - As I am not often what part of speech that girl was. Girls, I had thought, there, I concluded to improve the occasion and visit the were generally a whole grammar, bad syntax and all. N— street school, said to be the best in the city system. The answer came proudly from the bright boy—"A
I saw many good thing there, and one very funny thing. noun,"--and down went forty or fifty hands, which meant
I wish to talk about this funny thing; because I have that's right, wish it had been me." I tried hard to catch since found out that this funny business is not confined to the grammatical inspiration which was abroad, but I could this particular school, nor to this particular city.
not. There is some utility in funny things. They serve to en- The teacher asked: “If you do anything, what parto tertain visitors who are in search of pedagogical novelties, spech will it be?” I heard the question distinctly, but I even if they damage children.
did not catch the idea. I was not sure about the anteceI was in the eighth grade room; about fifteen pupils dent of the word "it.” Perhaps "it" referred to the thing were on their feet. The teacher, a very fine one, or she done, perhaps not. The fact is—if I must tell the truth--I I would never have been in that school, selected a handsome was so glad that I had found out that a girl was "a noun," girl, one of the largest in the grade, and asked: “What that I could not think of things of minor importance. part of speech are you?" The pupil hesitated and asked I began to reflect—for sometimes, under peculiar cirto have the question repeated. The teacher complied, and cumstances, even a school teacher may be guilty of a asked: “What part of speech are you—you yourself?'' strange act—and these are my reflections: “The little old The pupil became confused, turned red-blushed, I should grammar they used to make me study, though not larger have said—and answered: I don't know what you mean." than a third reader, I am sure, had between its lids a thousThe teacher administered a delicate rebuke and for the and nouns. But here is a large school room, packed full, third time asked: "What part of speech are you?" The and yet it will accomodate only about fifty or sixty such nouns as this. But then there were no electric lights in
Elocutionary. those days, consequently no such nouns. The books were not large enough to hold them their fathers and
THE JOLLY OLD PEDAGOGUE. mothers could not spare them--and so they were left out. But in the old books, or out of the old books, I deter
BY GEORGE ARNOLD. mined to parse the noun if it should prove the last act of 'Twas a jolly old pedagogue, long my grammatical existence.
Tall and slender, and sallow and dry. . And so I began: A noun, but the reason given by the His form was bent, and gait was slow, books would not fit. That girl was no name, no combina
His long, thin hair was as white as snow:
But a woriderful twinkle shone in his eye; tion either of letters or sounds, she was flesh and blood, And he sang every night, as he went to bed, and handsome too, with a conscious blush of dignity on the living should live, though the dead be dead,”
"Let us be happy down here below; her fair young cheek.
Said the jolly old pedagogue, long ago.
He taught his scholars the rule of three,
Writing, and reading, and history, too;
And the wants of the littlest child he knew. you mean." A proper noun. No. Five feet, two inches
“There's much to enjoy, down here below; high-in length alone, not to speak of diameter, circum- Life for the living, and rest for the dead !" terence and avoirdupois, she would fill eighteen lines or
Said the jolly old pedagogue, long ago. half a page of any grammar, and be absolutely unpro. With the stupidiest boy he was kind and cool, nounceable. It makes one shudder to think of carrying the rod was hardly known in his school
Speaking only in gentlest tones; around a visiting card or envelope with a proper noun on Whipping, to him, was a barbarous rule, it weighing ninety-five pounds, and it not grown.
And too hard work for his poor old bones; A collective noun. Hardly. She represented but one Besides, it was painful, he sometimes said. and not being over fourteen years old, I am sure she was | The living need charity more than the dead,”
"We should make life pleasant, down here below: single-she was singular too, no one in that large room Said the jolly old pedagogue, long ago. would stand up with her. I call this noun her, as a mat
He lived in the house by the hawthorn lane, ter of personification. When she answered: "I don't un- With roses and woodbine over the door. derstand you. I don't know what you mean,” she was a His rooms were quiet and neat and plain; collected noun, but I could not remember such a class of
But a spirit of comfort there held reign,
And made him forget he was old and poor.
“I need so little,” he often said; I am sure she was not an abstract noun, she was too ma- "And my friends and relatives here below terial for that. I concluded at last that she must have Won't litigate over me when I am dead,”
Said the jolly old pedagogue, long ago. been a kind of special noun, invented and copyrighted by the public schools of the city of — Any way a
He smoked his pipe in the balmy air,
Every night, when the sun went down, Singular number—but her teacher called her "thirty-five,” While the soft wind played in his silvery hair, so she may have been plural, but she looked single and Leaving his tenderest kisses there, singular to me. Feminine gender, I could not be mis
On the jolly old pedagogue's jolly old crown.
And feeling the kisses, he smiled and said, taken in this. I could tell by her dress and dainty white
“ 'Tis a glorious world, down here below; apron, by her bonny blue eyes and bright sunny hair. In Why wait for happiness till we are dead?” the objective case. The object of her teacher's passionate
Said the jolly old pedagogue, long ago. commiseration, an object of ignorance in the eyes of her He sat at his door one midsummer night, classmates, and the object of my sincere sympathy and
After the sun had sunk in the west;
And the lingering beams of golden light unqualified admiration, and “governed by” a defective sys. Made his kindly old face look warm and bright, tem of grammatical perception, which does not distinguish
While the odorous night-wind whispered, “Rest!" between an object, and the name of the object, "according Gently, gentiy, he bowed his head. to rule.” (Number forgotten.) "All teaching must be He was sure of happiness, living or dead,
There were angels waiting for him, I know; reduced to object lessons,” however ridiculous the conclu- This jolly old pedagogue, long ago! sion arrived at."-Southern Edacational Journal.
- Educational Courant.
We beg to acknowledge our indebtedness to the Ohio A WEEKLY EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL, Educational Monthly for its indorsement of one of our
editorials on the Grube Method. The Grube Method THE EDUCATIONAL NEWS CO.,
was largely a fad, and it was so recognized by the Lock Box 1258. Philadelphia, Pa.
abler mathematicians from the start, but like all other
educational fads and hobbies it was heartily endorsed ALBERT N. RAUB,
by the sensationalists. How absurd must a theory RATE OF SUBSCRIPTION.
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"If teachers generally would strive as hard to make Entered at the Post-Office at Philadelphia, Pa., as Second-Class Matter for themselves a reputation for level-headed common ffice 1020 Chestnut Street, Room 2.
sense, for good judgment, as many do the first in
every new thing, fewer mortifying mistakes would be SEE THIS OFFER.
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plexity and confusion. 1. Robinson Crusoe. 2. Arabian Nights Entertainments.
“It may be added that trial was made of the system 3. Swiss Family Robinson. 4. Don Quixote.
for one year in Akron, twenty years ago. It was 5. Vicar of Wakefield.
condemned and discarded by unanimous vote of the 6. Dickens' Child's History of England. 7. Last Days of Pompeii.
teachers, mainly on the ground that the young minds 8. Ivanhoe. 9. Tom Brown's School Days at Rugby.
were perplexed and confused by the effort to learn 10. Grimm's Popular Tales. 11. Grimm's Household Stories.
too many processes at once.” 12. Pickwick Papers.
In this connection it may not be out of place to 13. Speeches of Webster. 14. Life of Daniel Webster
quote directly from the Report of Supt. Brooks of the 15. Lifeof Washington. 16. Life of Patrick Henry.
Philadelphia Schools, on this question. In speaking 17. Jane Eyre.
of the Grube Method he says, 18. Lucile. 19, Anderson's Fairy Tales.
"The system of combining four or five operations 20. Tom Brown at Oxford. 21. John Halifax, Gentleman.
from the beginning of instruction in arithmetic is op22. Tennyson's Poems. 23. Plain Thoughts on the Art of Living.
posed alike to the philosophy of the science of num. 24. Æsop's Fables. 25. Swineford's Literature for Beginners.
bers and the natural development of the mind of the 26. Hints ad Helps on English Grammar.
child. Addition and subtraction are fundamental These books are all bound in cloth and well printed. They processes of arithmetic, while multiplication and diviswill grace any one's library. EDUCATIONAL NEWS CO.,
ion are derivative processes from the fundamental Box 1258.
Philadelphia. ones. The old writers on arithmetic were correct in
saying that multiplication is a short process of addi For $4.00, we will send the Forum and the weekly tion, and division is a short process of subtraction. EDUCATIONAL News one year, the cash must acc (m To attempt to teach these four processes simultapany the order.
neously is thus to attempt to teach derivative processes For three dollars, we wiadcand the EDUCATIONAL NEWS weekly for one year, and Macaulay's History of England before the child has a clear idea of the fundamental vole, cloth, worth alone $3.75
ones. In the historical development of the science
there is no doubt that the fundamental processes an- pays the teacher his regular salary for the week of tedated the derivation processes, and the historical the institute if he attend, is not only more liberal but order of development usually indicates the correct also better for the schools. order of primary instruction. Besides, in the natural development of a child, it will be seen that it obtains If you want a weekly educational journal that is sums and differences long before it begins to derive helpful and reliable at the price of a monthly, subproducts and quotients, and its operations with frac-scribe for the EDUCATIONAL News. Four weeks on tions are still longer delayed."
trial free if you desire it.
A trial subscription, one year for one dollar, or We are sorry to learn that Editor Brown of the six months for fifty cents. Public School Journal is incapacitated for work, temporarily we hope. Mr. Brown in a brief editorial note
Have you some friends to whom you would like to says in speaking of himself,
have us send the News a few weeks free? If so send in "The editor of this magazine has been forbidden by the names and addresses. his physician to do any literary work for two months past. He has been confined to his room nursing his Call the attention of your friend to our liberal tired out nerves. This will account for the temporary special offers. discontinuance of some work already begun, and for
Reader, do you owe us anything for subscription ? the non-appearance of other work that he had planned. But the friends of The Journal are too numerous and we are surprised to find on our books subscription
money due from delinquents amounting in the aggretoo generous to permit the absence of the editor's pen
gate to thousands of dollars. Some of these accounts to be felt by the readers.”
run back even six and seven years. Do you wonder
that we desire the delinquents to pay up? Suppose From the Southern Educational Journal we learn that
your salary stood for long a time. It may mean only the Legislature of Georgia has amended the law re
a few dollars to each of the debtors ; to us it means garding county teachers' institutes of that state by thousands. Please pay us what you owe. abolishing the Saturday or monthly institutes. This leaves only the week's annual session. The provis- Read all our special offers. ion of the old institute law allowing teachers pay for attendance on the annual institute was stricken out.
Personal Items No pay for attendance upon institutes is now allowed
J. C. Conway has resigned the superintendency of under any circumstances. A teacher who is forced to suspend his school in order to attend the week's schools at Dennison, O., to take a similar position at session of the institute is required under the new law Miamisburg. to make up the time thus lost, so that all the children Supt. A. S. Draper, of Cleveland, delivered two of the state may have an opportunity to attend school addresses before the Michigan State Teachers' Assofor full public term.
ciation, at Lansing, holiday week. We think this provision of the Georgia law will State Supt. Lewis of West Virgina has prepared strike our readers as being illiberal to the teachers. a course of study for the schools of the state, parThe truth is the benefits of the institute if properly ticularly applicable to the ungraded country schools. conducted are not designed so much for the teachers Supt. S. T. Dial, of Lockland, Hamilton county, as they are for the schools, and the teachers ought has recently completed a course of study in the Latin not to be required to pay for the improvement of their language and literature and in English literature, schools by a forfeiture of salary. The provision of under the Faculty of Syracuse University, and after the Pennsylvania law which not only requires the an examination lasting eleven days he received the schools to be closed during institute week, but also degree of Ph. D.
Ex-Superintendent M. E. Hess, of Mercer County, pursued graduate studies in France and Germany in Pa., is located at Sandy Lake, in that county. pedagogy and modern literature, and after his return
Miss Nina L. Ransom, of the Michigan State Nor- was for one year principal of the Public High School mal, is preceptress of the Galien, Mich., high school. at Decatur, Ill., and for two years Professor of Peda
gogy at the Peabody Normal School at Nashville, George A. Hill, United States Naval Observatory,
Tennessee, Washington, D. C., has been appointed to the position of assistant astronomer in the observatory. He
Hints. is now at work with the Prime vertical transit instrument.
ADVICE TO TEACHERS. Prof. John Turrentine, of Marionville, Missouri,has accepted the principalship of the Central Public 1. Gain the confidence of the people of your sub-district. School in Carthage, Mo.
2. Deserve the respect and confidence of your sub
director. Prof. William Libbey, of the College of New Jer
3. Comply cheerfully with the requests and wishes of sey, has been elected vice-president of the American
your county superintendent. Society of Naturalists. Upon invitation of Professor
4. Gain the love and respect of your pupils by your exMark Baldwin, the American Psychological Society ample and precepts. will hold its third annual convention at Princeton
5. Make your school room attractive and pleasant. during the next Christmas holidays.
Give the room a homelike appearance as far as possible. President Adolph L. Sanger, of the New York city
5. Study to make the recitations of each day interesting board of education, died from pneumonia, January 3,
and profitable. Do something more than merely hearing
the scholars recite. at the age of fifty-one. He was born in Baton Rouge,
7. Strive to exert such an influence as will tend to make La., was graduated from the Columbia College Law
your pupils better men and better women. School in 1864, and has been serving on the board of
8. Keep your records in a neat, workman-like manner, education since 1887. The schools paid a tribute to so that they will be a credit to you and a guide to your his memory.
successor.–Public Schools. Prof. Geo. N. Carman is chosen dean of the Preparatory Department, Chicago University.
School Mottoes. J. G. Smith succeeds Prof. A. C. Lee at Russellville,
Among the many methods effectually tested for the Ark., the latter having accepted the position of in
moral advancement of pupils in my care I heartily recomstructor in Latin in the Fort Smith High School.
mend the following: Prof. C. H. Guerney, of Hillsdale, was elected
Each morning place a, motto, which advocates the de. secretary of the college section, of the Michigan State sired lesson to be taught, upon the front board, informing Teachers' Association.
the pupils that we are to endeavor to live up to the truth Mr. George F. James, General Secretary of the therein contained. Realizing that we are individually reAmerican Society for the Extension of University sponsible for the successful termination of our project, we Teaching, has resigned his position, to take effect cheerfully work together for “our motto.”
If, at the close of the session, the result has been satisJanuary 1. He expects to leave immediately for Europe, to carry out a long cherished desire to make factory, a colored line—the first of a star-is placed in a
corner of the front board. The following day a new motto certain investigations in the field of pedagogy and is chosen and the result noted. Occasionally a pupil who modern literature. Mr. James is a brother of Prof. has shown marked interest in the subject, is allowed to Edmund J. James, of the University of Pennsylvania, write a motto for the class. and is a native of Illinois. He attended
He attended college at When a star has been formed by the "good marks,” a the Northwestern and Michigan Universities, taking story is read by the teacher, or some special privilege is the degree of A. B. from the latter institution. He granted to the school.