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but one inside first, and let this be the only permanent bit problems given for the lesson. The teacher looked the of decoration. We made ours before the days when a astonishment she felt, for this child was noted for her want school-flag became fashionable, and found it not more dif- of perseverence. Mary arose, her face shining; "I was goficult than the patchwork quilt of our infancy.

ing to give up when I looked on the wall and it said: Autumn leaves and ferns should be used sparingly. 'You Can if You Will,' and I said, 'I will, then!' and I Gather them, press them and forget them, until the day of did.” the first snow-storm. Then tuck in a few around the edge Another teacher began decorating her room with a few of your pictures and watch the effect. You will find out pictures. She overheard this conversation between three who are the observing children.

of her pupils. "What are you going to bring?" "Nothing, A large spray of autumn leaves (pressed under news- the teacher will do that." "Well, if teacher wants the

” papers) is effective on a white wall--for a time. The room to look pretty, I do, and I shall bring something." same is true of pussy willows, clematis, cat.tails and bitter- "So shall I," said the third. Others absorbed the same sweet.

spirit, and this room was made "pretty” without a word A word now about maps and drawings. We know a being said on the subject by the teacher. room where, with occasional restorations, the same draw- The personal appearance of the teacher has its influence ing has been on the board for ten years. The best work also; becoming dresses, outlined aprons, ribbons and dainty should never be allowed to remain longer than a week. handkerchiefs have their moral uses. When it is erased have that done thoroughly. A partially Would you make your room attractive—think on these cleaned board will spoil the looks of an otherwise pretty things.- Popular Educator. room.

Cards and specimens of paper-work, have their place in boxes or scrap books. Do not litter the walls with them.

THE USE OF TUBERCULIN. A pasteboard palette covered with tin foil, or bright paper, with straight ferns arranged around it, with the ends of the stems glued to the back makes a pretty change.

A few years ago Dr. Koch, a German physician and A Japanese panel may be turned and something more

scientist, was heralded the world over, as the discoverer of

a medicine that would cure tuberculosis. Dr. Koch had artistic painted on the other side. Ours has

an orange branch.

made a special study of that disease, and, although he did Some fans are beautiful for decoration.

not claim that tuberculin, the new medicine, would cure

disease, he believed he had made a valuable discovery. The boys will be glad to make corner brackets. Have the colors of your room harmonize. If you have

The medicine did not prove a cure for tuberculosis, but not the artistic faculty there is always some one in every

it has proven a help in detecting the presence of the dis

the

ease in the system. The medicine has no effect on village who has, and who may be called upon to assist,

where the Watch nature. Then you will put a few

system that is from this disease, but in a
spears

of
grass

disease could not otherwise be detected this medicine will in your vase on the bracket, and the abomination known as a grass bouquet will not be seen. It is also to be hoped

cause a high fever and rapidly develop the disease. The that you have never even heard of a wall

experiment was given up, as far as the human race is confan. paper

disSee advertisements and pass by on the other side. How cerned, as no one wished to hasten the ravages of a can a teacher give a lesson on the evil effects of using to ease that human skill could not cure. bacco, for fifteen minutes a week, leaving in sight all the

However, a field has been found for the medicine which time a large panel of an old man, who with evident delight, will doubtless prove of great benefit to humanity. Domes• is discoursing on the merits of his favorite weed to an ad- tic animals, especially cattle, are subject to tuberculosis,

and the disease is believed to be transferred to people miring group of boys? Our feeling against soap advertisements is less strong, through the flesh and milk that is used for food.

The State Board of Health of New York is applying but no doubt personal talk would have a better effect.

All animals Do not fall into the habit of supposing that any worn out, this test to catile everywhere in the state.

,

found to be infected are killed. Many cattle supposed to broken article is good enough for school.

The appearance of a room has a direct moral force, and be perfectly healthy are found, by administering tuberculin, aids or hinders discipline.

to be diseased. The state proposes to pay for all animals For example: Only one of a class finished correctly the Ithus killed. — Exchange.

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ALBERT N. RAUB,

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EDITORIAL NOTES.
EDUCATIONAL NEWS.

Are we to have a new era ? It looks like it. Judge A WEEKLY EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL A. S. Draper, late State Superintendent of Public In

struction in New York and at present City SuperinPUBLISHED BY

tendent of the schools of Cleveland, Ohio, has just THE EDUCATIONAL NEWS CO.,

been selected as President of the University of Illinois, Lock Box 1258. Philadelphia, Pa.

at a salary of $7000 a year. Judge Draper is not a

college graduate, we think, his alma mater being the RATE OF SUBSCRIPTION.

Albany Academy. He later also took a course at the (Postage prepaid by Publisher.)

Albany Law School. The University of Illinois single Subscription, per year, in advance, Single Subscription, per half year,

::

$15, wisely has recognized the fact that what it needs at its

head is a business man and a man of strong executive Entered at the Post-Office at Philadelphia, Pa., as Second-Class Matter

ability. Judge Draper possesses both these qualificaDer Office 1020 Chestnut Street, Room 2.

tions and with fair treatment and active support on

the part of his trustees and faculty he will lift the UniSEE THIS OFFER.

versity to a higher plane than it has ever before

occupied. It is simply history repeating itself. It PREMIUM BOOKS.

has been wholly the executive ability of its president We give below the names of twenty-six extra good stand- in each case that bas given such wonderful progress ard books, any one of which will be sent free as a premium and advancement to Johns Hopkins under President to each subscriber to the WEEKLY EDUCATIONAL NEWS who will send $1.50 in advance for the paper for one year and 10 Gilman, the University of Pennsylvania under Provost cents to pay postage on the book. 1. Robinson Crusoe.

Pepper, Harvard under Dr. Elliot, and Columbia 2. Arabian Nights Entertainments. 3. Swiss Family Robinson.

College under President Low. 4: Don Quixote.

Other colleges may be slow to learn the lesson but 5. Vicar of Wakefield. 6. Dickens' Child's History of England.

they must come to it, that what every college needs 7. Last Days of Pompeii. 8. Ivanhoe.

at its head is not a worn-out, superannuated clergy9. Tom Brown's School Days at Rugby. 10. Grimm's Popular Tales.

man, or a dignified scholarly pedagogue who has lost 11. Grimm's Household Stories.

his touch with youth, but a man with warm blood in 12. Pickwick Papers. 13. Speeches of Webster.

his veins, a sympathetic heart for his students, 14. Life of Daniel Webster 15. Lifeof Washington.

power to manage with the least assumption of au16. Life of Patrick Henry. 17. Jane Eyre.

thority, and executive ability that will enable him to 18. Lucile.

manage men as well as boys. The new era will bring 19, Anderson's Fairy Tales. 20. Tom Brown at Oxford.

in the college president who has both a tender 21. John Halifax, Gentleman. 22. Tennyson's Poems.

heart and a business head, who will think less of his 23. Plain Thoughts on the Art of Living. 24. Æsop's Fables.

dignity and more of the manhood that he ought to 25. Swineford's Literature for Beginners.

instil into his students. When we get this president 26. Hints and Helps on English Grammar. These books are all bound in cloth and well printed. They the boys will forget to nickname him Prex and play will grace any one's library.

all sorts of college pranks to add to his discomfort; EDUCATIONAL NEWS CO.,

rowdyish conduct will be forgotten, and the students in Box 1258.

Philadelphia. their efforts to show their appreciation of the professor

and the president who has a heart for the boys will For $4.00, we will send the Forum and the weekly become gentlemen in the highest sense of the term. EDUCATIONAL News one year, the cash must accom- May the day come rapidly when we shall recognize

the important truth that the work of the college is not For three dollars, we win jind the EDUCATIONAL NEW, weekly for one year, and Macaulay's History of England so much to make scholars as it is to make thinkers 5 vole.. cloth, worth alone $3.75.

and to make men.

pany the order.

As is known to most of our readers, the editor of friends, the readers of this journal and others, should this journal has for the past six years been acting as know the truth. President of Delaware College. He took charge of the College when the number of students was sixteen.

New York, it is reported, has adopted a compulThe attendance has since risen to nearly one hundred, sory education law. Will her experience be that of which ought to be considered creditable when the the majority of states that have passed such a law? sparseness of population of the State is taken into con- Probably. sideration, as also the additional fact that Johns Hop- An exchange in speaking on this question says, kins is within easy reach on one side and the Univer- "Out of sixteen states that have adopted such a law sity of Pennsylvania, Princeton, Lafayette, Swarthmore fourteen find it a dead letter on their statute books. and Haverford on the other, all of which attract What is the trouble with compulsory education ? students from Delaware.

There are several obstacles in the way of the enforceThe progress the College has made in this direction ment of compulsory laws, but the most serious one is as well as in the enlarged courses of study from two that the average American citizen looks upon this as to seven, and the increased number of buildings from a free country and objects to being compelled to do one to six, seems to have awakened jealously in cer- anything he doesn't want to do. He may be indiffertain directions. Various charges were trumped up ent about the education of his children; he may find against the President, among others that the disci- himself too poor to clothe them in the style prevailpline was not good, that the standard was lowered, ing among the mass of children attending school; he that the President gave too much attention to his may need their services at home to help care for the private business. The Board of Trustees ordered an younger children or to perform other light labor, and investigation, to satisfy themselves and to satisfy the whatever his reason he thinks it a good one with critics. Five of the most prominent and reliable gen- which the iaw should not interfere. He won't obey tlemen of the State, members of the Board, were ap- the law if he is not compelled to, and in fourteen of pointed as that committee, with Hon. L. C. Vande-sixteen states with compulsory laws he hasn't been grift, U. S. District Attorney, as chairman.

compelled to." The committee spent three days on the investiga

Personal Items. tion, examining 34 witnesses, including the Faculty, present students, alumni, and the critics who preferred

J. F. Knight has been re-elected superintendent of the charges.

the schools of La Porte, Ind., with a substantial in: After a most thorough investigation and cross

crease in salary for a term of two years. questioning the committee made a unanimous report, showing that no reliable evidence whatever was

Prof. George F. Wells, for eighteen years one of presented to establish the truth of any one of the the instrnctors in the Reading High School, died charges. This report was presented at a meeting of Saturday, May 12, aged about 55 years. He was a the Board of Trustees, on Wednesday, May 9th, native of Bath, Me., and had also been engaged in twenty-two members being present, and after a full teaching in New York, Brooklyn and in the West. discussion it was unanimously adopted and ordered to

Supt. L. H. Jones was recently re-elected superinbe printed in the newspapers of the State as the best tendent of the Indianapolis schools, at an increased advertisement the College and its President could salary. have. Of course the vindicated President and his Superintendent Davidson of Topeka, Superintendfriends rejoice.

ent Klock of Leavenworth, and Superintendent BenOur readers will pardon us for referring to this ton of Ft. Scott have been re-elected. matter; but the charges of those who have made the J. H. Garber has been re-elected superintendent of attacks have been such malicious and bare-faced the Pella schools, Ia., at an increase of $100 in his falsehoods, that we have felt it necessary that our yearly salary.

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Supt. L. B. Carlisle, of Chariton, becomes the new ces of the latter, the autocrat of the breskfast table superintendent of Decorah, Ia.

was as witty then as now. One day the two Leland O. Howard has been appointed entomologist talking of metaphysics, when the right-tongued little of the Department of Agriculture, to succeed Professor man exclaimed, “I'll tell you, James, what I think C. V. Riley, who recently voluntarily tendered his metaphysics is like. It is like a man splitting a log. resignation. Mr. Howard had been Prof. Riley's first When it is done, he has two more to split.” assistant for fourteen years and has achieved an ex- Mr. Robinson, the head master of the Vancouver cellent reputation in his scientific specialty. He is a High School, has received a communication from Cornell graduate and president of the International McGill University, Montreal, offering to affiliate with Association of Economic Entomologists.

the Vancouver school, but allowing art students to Major Powell, whose resignation as Director of the complete two of their four years' art course in VanGeological Survey was made · public recently, couver. will retain the office of Chief of the Bureau of Eth

Prof. H. G. Hunter, principal of the Birdsboro, Pa., nology, a branch of the Smithsonian Institution. Prof. schools, a position which he has so ably filled for 20 Walcott, who succeeds Major Powell, is a young years, has resigned. man, but he has achieved a good reputation as the

G. A. Garrard, recently appointed superintendent Chief Geologist of the Survey. He was born near of the State Industrial School at Golden, Colo., was Utica, N. Y., forty-four years ago, and is one of the at one time principal of the schools of Eldora, Hardin few scientists of this day who did not have the benefit

county, Iowa. of a college education. He went through the public

Prof. J. C. Hockenberry, of the South Chester, Pa., schools, was connected with the New York State Geological Survey for three years and then entered public schools, is preparing to spend a year in Euthe bureau of which he now becomes the head. He rope, during which he will take special studies in the

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German schools and travel on the continent. is a personal friend of the President, and had the recommendation of Director Powell for his new office,

Prof. S. J. Griffin has closed his school at Bremen, which pays $6,000 a year.

Ala., and assumes charge of the West Cullman School,

Cullman, Ala.
Prof. Henry Morley, LL. D., died May 14, at
Carisbrooke, Isle of Wight.

K. C. Davis, principal of the schools at Austin, Prof. Morley was born in London on September

Minn., has been re-elected. 15, 1822. In 1851 he was associated with Houschold Prof. Paul H. Hanus, formerly of Colorado, is said Words and with the Examiner, of which paper he to be the leading spirit in the Harvard University afterwards became editor. From 1857 to 1865 Prof. Teachers' Club. Morley was English lecturer at King's College ; from Mr. F. R. Strayer, a Senior of Bucknell, has been 1865 to 1889 he was professor of the English lang-elected Professor of Mathematics in the John B. Stetuage and literature at the University College, London, son University, DeLand, Fla. and upon his retirement to Carisbrooke in 1889 he

Dr. George T. Ettinger, of Muhlenberg College, was made emeritus professor. From 1878 to 1889 will have charge of the classics at the Pennsylvania Professor Morley was also professor of the English Chautauqua this suinmer. language and literature at Queen's College, London ; in 1879 the honorary degree of LL. D. was conferred

Hints. upon him by the University of Edinburgh, and from 1882 to 1889 he was principal of University Hall,

Think Questions. London,

Children should be led to observe every-day phenomena Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes was a classmate of Dr. and to look for their underlying principles. Let a few Clarke at Harvard, and, according to the reminiscen-questions about an ordinary lamp, for instance, serve

as a

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starter. Why those little round holes in the burner? Manual training as a factor in school education dates What happens when a piece of light paper is held above back for its origin to our Centennial Exposition, when for the lamp? What makes the air rise? Give the pupils the first time a systematic course of instruction in this line some days to find out the why.

of work was shown by the Technical School of Moscow, Follow these with other questions allied to them. When Russia. It was a marked feature throughout the educathe door of a warm room is opened on a cold day, where tional exhibits at the Chicago Exposition. The opening of does the cold air come in and the warm air go out? When the Louisville and Denver Manual Training High Schools a fire burns briskly, what causes the draft? Why does the recently on a magnificent scale would indicate that this is wheel-wright heat the tire before placing it on the wheel? to be a permanent factor in the school curriculum of the Let the children test by experiment. Make haste slowly. future.-Ex. At last the principle, that heat is usually an expansive force, is discovered.

Mr. Pattengill, state superintendent of Michigan, has the Did you ever think how many doors of understanding professional sympathy of the fraternity. His salary has are unlocked by this little key? The child who has mas- been absurdly low-$1,000—and the last legislature contered the principle and who has a goodly number of illus- sidered the advisibility of raising it to $1,500, and the imtrations at hand, does not have serious difficulty when he pression was that the bill passed and he proceeded to draw comes to study ventilation, winds, ocean currents, the his salary on the advance basis, but after nine months it steam-engine, the thermometer, and a hundred other sim- was discovered that the bill failed to pass and he must reple things.

turn the money. We append a few questions that may be used as similar starters.

A Newnam professor, writing to one of the faculty of the Where does the snow melt first-on the upper surface or Taylor College for Women at Bryn Mawr concerning one of next to the earth? Why does the snow disappear from the European fellows at that institution, says: “There are around the base of trees? Place three pieces of cloth on no Greek scholars among our college women such as you the snow some cold, bright morning. Have one black,

Americans send over.” one white, and one light brown. What happens during the day? What shapes have snow flakes. Why do some

The first-rate teacher, with or without pedagogics, must winter days seem so much colder than they really are? How do a cat's teeth differ from those of a cow? Why?

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be a first rate man or woman when you begin.-Edward

Everett Hale. How do a cat's eyes differ from your own. Do the stars move in the heavens? In what direction? Do they all move?

An ANCIENT PROVERB.--He who knows and knows Some of these may be systematically followed by others that he knows, is master. while a few of them are best used to arouse an investigating

He who knows and does not know that he knows, needs spirit. If a question cannot be answered by the children, a teacher. let it remain with them. Years may elapse before the

He who does not know and knows that he does not answer is found; but the solution will bring a greater sense know, needs love. of achievement, when it does come. We wrong the child He who does not know and does not know that he does when we rob him of the joy of discovery and the sense of not know, is lost. achievement.

The Toronto School of Pedagogy, of which Dr. McLellan Educational Intelligence. is the principal, is to be affiliated with the University of

Toronto. Degrees in pedagogy will be conferred. OnWhen school savings banks were started in France, tario is bound to keep at the head of the column as far as most people considered them childishness, and thought the professionalizing of teaching is concerned. that the fashion would soon pass away. The fact is that in 1878 there were 10440 banks, 224580 accounts, and The high school and the eighth grade of the burned out $720,000 saved against 19631 banks, 438967 accounts and Ypsilanti school occupy temporary quarters in Cleary Col. $2,650,000 saved in 1891.

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