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PATENTS A Tonic

FOR BRAIN-WORKERS, the WEAK and

DEBILITATED.

FOR INVENTIONS.

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Horsford's Acid Phosphate

is without exception, the Best Equal with the interest of those having claims against the government is that of INVENTORS, who often lose the benefit of valuable inventions because Remedy for relieving Mental and of the incompetency or inattention of the attorneys employed to obtain their Nervous Exhaustion ; and where patents. Too much care cannot be exercised in employing competent and reliable solicitors to procure patents, for the value of a patent depends greatly, if the system has become debilitated not entirely, upon the care and skill of the attorney. With the view of protecting inventors from worthless or careless attorneys, by disease, it acts as a general

, and of seeing that inventions are well protected by valid patents, we have

tonic and vitalizer, affording susretained counsel expert in patent practice, and therefore are prepared to Obtain Patents in the United States and all Foreign

tenance to both brain and body. Countries, Conduct Interferences, Make Special Dr. E. Cornell Esten, PhiladelExaminations, Prosecute Rejected Cases, Register phia, Pa., says: “I have met with the

greatest and most satisfactory results in Trade-Marks and Copyrights, Render Opinions as

dyspepsia and general derangement of to Scope and Validity of Patents, Proseoute and

the cerebral and nervous systems, caus. Defend Infringement Suits, Eto., Etc.

ing debility and exhaustion." If you have an invention on hand send a sketch or photograph thereof, to

Descriptive pamphlet free. gether with a brief description of the important features, and you will be at once advised as to the best course to pursue. Models are seldom necessary. If others are infringing on your rights, or if you are charged with infringement by Rumford Chemieal Works, Providence, R. I. others, submit the matter to us for a reliable OPINION before acting on the

Beware of Substitutes and Imitations. matter.

THE PRESS CLAIMS COMPANY, 618 F STREET, NORTHWEST,

WASHINGTON, D, C.

If you desire to go South

to teach send 2c. stamp for blanks, P.O. Box 385. JOHN WEDDERBURN, Managing Attorney.

TO TEXAS TEACHERS' BUREAU, This Company is managed by a combination of the largest and most influential news. papers in the United States, for the express purpose of protecting their subscribers

TYLER, TEXAS. against unscrupulous and incompetent Patent Agents, and each paper printing this adver. tisement vouches for the responsibility and high standing of the Press Claims Company FREE

Teachers' vacation, to Europe, the

seashore or mountains, with all exCut this out and send it with your inquiry,

Trip to

penses paid, Address EUROPE,

JAMES D. BALL, 36 Bromfield St., Boston, Mass.

PALLISER'S

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the planning of Mod. Of the National School of Elocution and Oratory, will be held at Grimsby Park, on Lake

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Buildings and their July 5-August 15.

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ventilating and safe, Geo. B. Hyrison, Principal, 1110 Walnut Street, Phila., Pa.

sound and sanitary

construction, for 206888

Cities, Towns and
Villages, contains

about 100 plates of il

lustrations, 11X14 inches in size, giving plans,

TO TEACHERS. elevations, perspective views, inciudng. 19 For only 10 cents to pay for a subscription to

plates of detail drawings of Model Public

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EDUCATIONAL NEWS,

BY THE

payment only, and not tor acceptance. It is otherwise

with a bill of exchange; for, unless the bill be made payPUBLISHED WEEKL"

able on demand, or on a certain day in the future, it must

be presented for acceptance within a reasonable time, or EDUCATIONAL NEWS COMPANY,

the drawer and indorsers will be discharged from liability

thereon. If the bill be payable on demand, or on a certain Philadelphia, Pa.

number of days after date, it need not be presented except

for payment, but in order to hold the drawer and indorsers CONTENTS. COMMUNICATIONS:

this presentment for payment must be made promptly on COMMERCIAL PAPER

323 the day on which the bill is due. If acceptance or payJUNE BIRTHDAYS..

324 ment is refused the holder must give prompt notice to REPRODUCTION EXERCISES

325 those persons who are secondarily bound, else they will be How AMERICA WAS DISCOVERED............

325

discharged and the holder will lose not only his remedy on HINTS TO COUNTRY SCHOOL TEACHERS..

.326

the bill itself but as well his right of action on the original THE USE OF TUBERCULIN..

327 EDITORIAL:

debt or contract. The theory of the bill of exchange is EDITORIAL NOTES......

328 that the drawer has money in the hands of the drawee PERSONAL ITEMS...

.329 which he directs to be paid over to the payee or to his orHINTS..............

.320 der; and the reason that such prompt notice of dishonor EDUCATIONAL INTELLIGENCE......

331

must be given, is that the drawer may at once take the QUERY COLUMN.....

.333

necessary steps to protect himself and to recover his money LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC,.

.334

from the drawee. But the refusal of a drawee to accept a

bill creates no liability against him in favor of the payee or Original and Selected.

any other holder. The holder's remedy must be against

the drawer and indorsers; and in order to avail himself of For the EDUCATIONAL News.

this remedy he must give them notice as required by law. COMMERCIAL PAPER. V.

On the other hand, the acceptance of a bill by the drawee

admits the genuineness of the drawer's signature, and his PRESENTMENT AND DEMAND.

competency to draw a bill. It is, further, an engagement It has been said in the preceding papers of this series, debtor, to any lawful holder, according to the terms of the

on the part of the acceptor tu pay the bill as the principal that the drawer of a bill of exchange, and the indorsers of bills, notes, and checks, by their acts in becoming parties acceptance. The acceptance impliedly acknowledges that

the aeceptor has the drawer's money, and that so much of to these instruments, impliedly contract with subsequent holders that they will pay the same if the persons primarily

this money as the bill calls for shall be paid to the order of bound thereon refuse to do so when legally requested, and

the payee as directed by the drawer in the bill. notice of that refusal is properly given. It will be noticed

WHERE MUST DEMAND BE MADE ? that this liability is only conditional-conditioned upon Presentment and Demand may be made at either the the proper presentment and demand of payment from the drawee's place of business or at his dwelling house, unles person primarily bound, his refusal, and legal notice of the bill itself requires that it be presented at some particuthese facts. It has been said that a check is presented tor'lar place therein named. The proper place to present a

bill is, of course, at the drawee's place of business. When June 6, 1755.- Nathan Hale. one bas business to transact with another, he should

re

“I regret that I have but one life to give to my counmember that his place of business is maintained for that try." purpose; his dwelling house is not. It may be necessary, June 8, 1813.-David D. Porter. however, to seek him at his dwelling house. Demand at A celebrated commander in the U. S. Navy. What the drawee's place of business must be made during ordi- engagements in the late Civil War brought him renary business hours. If the drawee be absent demand may nown? be made of his bookkeeper or chief clerk in charge. If June 9, 1792.- John Howard Payne. demand be made at the drawee's dwelling house it may be

“There's no place like home.” made at any time before the customary hour of retirivg. | June 10, 1672.—Peter the Great. In making the demand, the paper itself should be exhibited A remarkable ruler. Did much to advance the interto the payee, and a formal demand of payment made. De- ests of his empire. He learned the art of ship-buildmand of payment should of course be made on date of ing in order that he might improve his navy. Read maturity, and if payment be refused the holder of the bill his life-there is much inspiration in it. hands it to a notary public for demand and protest. A June 11, 1741.-Joseph Warren. foreign bill of exchange must always be protested if dis- A noble patriot. Where did he lose his life? honored Domestic bills, checks, etc., are not, strictly June 13, 1786.-Winfield Scott. speaking, protestable. Protest is not necessary in order to Name the principal military achievements of this hold their indorsers or drawers. Mere notice of dishonor general. is sufficient. But protest is such a convenient method of June 14, 1812.-Harriet Beecher Stowe. proving dishonor that it is sometimes allowed by local Name her great literary production. What effect did usage or by statute in the case of inland bills.

it produce? Is Mrs. Stowe living yet? KINDS AND FORMS OF ACCEPTANCE.

June 17, 1703.—John Wesley.

"The World is my parrish." The acceptance of the drawee may be either expressed

June 19, 1834. - Charles H. Spurgeon. in words, or implied from his conduct. It should be in

A noted London preacher. Is he living? writing, but, unless forbidden by local statute, it may be oral. It may be by telegraph, or even by telephone. As June 21, 1774.-— David D. Tompkins. .

From what state? What high office did he hold ? to time, it may be before the bill is drawn or after it has

When? been put in circulation.

June 24, 1813.-Henry Ward Beecher. The ordinary mode of accepting a bill is for the drawee

A great orator and a pleasiog writer. For many years to write acıoss the face of the bill the word "accepted,"

pastor of Plymouth Church, in Brooklyn. Every and subscribe his name with the date of the acceptance.

youug man should read his "Industry and Idleness." Equivalent words will do; and the writing may be done

June 28, 1712.-Jean Jacques Rousseau. with either pen or pencil. It is, furthermore, not neces

A peculiar genius who wrote many interesting things. sary that the acceptance be upon the face of the bill, or

Author of “Emile." even on the bill at all, for uneis it be forbidden by statute, June 29, 1577.-Peter Paul Rubens. or objected to by the holder of the bill, the acceptance may

Who was he? For what noted? be on a separate paper, as by letter. If a bill be drawn on

June 30, 1819.-Wm. A. Wheeler. a firm, acceptance by one of the partners is sufficient.

Once Vice President. When? Under whose adminThe drawee may demand one day to consider whether

istration? From what State? he will accept the bill or dishonor it.

S. W. Normal, California, Pa.
Scranton, Pa.
JAS. J. H. HAMILTON.

J. D. M.

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JUNE BIRTHDAYS.

REPRODUCTION EXERCISES.

RHODA LEE,

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June 2, 1816.-John G. Saxe.
Author of "The Proud Miss McBride."

"I have tried to get this new class of mine to reproduce June 4, 1738.-- George III.

How many years did he rule Tingland? Was he of the stories of their reading books and I have failed,” said a English descent?

teacher of a senior first grade the other day. A serious

was

admission of this kind from one more than ordinarily suc. During intermission the following questions were written cessful in her work surprised me somewhat.

We talked on the board:over some of the difficulties, and on asking what prepara

1. What do you know about Tommy's birth place? tory training she had given her scholars, I learned that

2. What were some of the things he did when a little they had been taught the new and unphonetic words, and boy? could read the lesson quite readily, but in reproducing in

3. What accident happened to him? their own words, important parts would be omitted and

The curtain was drawn over this until all the children

the facts mixed up in such a way as to render the story almost were in their seats and ready for work. As this unrecognizable. I was not surprised that such was the first exercise of this kind, Miss B — made certain that

Time was then case, and I tried to convince my friend before parting that the questions were clearly understood. she was expecting far too much when she looked for any given for writing. The answers were definitely written, thing else than an extremely imperfect and distorted ac- and covered the whole story in the majority of cases. count of the lesson, when they had had no further prepara

This was certainly more reasonable work for beginners, tion than a mere knowledge of the words. It suggested and the plan, if persevered in, cannot fail to bring satisfacthe impossible fact of reaching the top of a ladder without tory results. — The Educational Journal. the aid of the steps. There are steps that must be taken

HOW AMERICA WAS FIRST DISCOVERED BY A before we can reasonably expect any such work from chil

SCANDINAVIAN BOY.. dren. Of course from the time the child enters school he has had training in oral language, and as soon as he was

Almost 450 years before Christoper Columbus was born, able to write he had, in addition, written exercises, but we America was discovered by a Scandinavian boy named are not discussing the means whereby we can get our chil- Biorn, son of Hergolf. He was known by no other title, dren to express intelligently the thoughts they have gleaned for in those days sons did not share the father's name. from silent reading. First, I would suggest that in the

In the year 1002, Hergoll, an Iceland colonist, fitted sight reading on the blackboard or in the "cut out" stories, out two small vessels for a trading voyage to the Greenyou question as io the thought or story rather than ask the land settlement and placed one of these under the child to read the words as written. Then when we come mand of his son Biorn, a youth of 16 years, who, having to the book reading, alter the new words have been taken been bred to the sea almost since infancy, had mastered the up and time both at home and school given for silent read details of his profession by the time that he arrived at an ing, question to see what they have really gained. When age when other boys commence their apprenticeship the answers cannot be given fully, or if there be any doubt When near the southern coast of Greenland, Biorn's ship as to some particular, allow time to re-read. Occasionally encountered a heavy northeasterly gale, which lasted sevvary the exercise by giving the question first and ask the eral days and drove his vessel far to the south and west. class to read within a certain time a paragraph in a new The storm broke in the night and when morning dawned lesson in which the answer may be found. Following oral he discovered a strange land close aboard. Sailing along questioning comes that of the blackboard. A step in ad- the coast for some distance he found a large bay into which vance is the writing of a brief outline on the board. This he steered and dropped anchor. Upon landing, the counthe children follow in reproducing the story. After abun- try was seen to be clothed with vegetation and the streams dant exercise has been given in all these preliminary steps, swarming with fine salmon. Trees of large growth grew and when the work can be done readily, the class will be in great numbers just back of the shore, and the climate able to do without the aid of outlines or questions and may was balmy and delightful. Of natives they saw nothing produce the story as a whole.

and believed the land uninhabited. The next time I saw Miss B- she had tried new

Rejoiced over his important discovery, Biorn returned plan and was better pleased with the results. I will give to Iceland and communicated the news to his friend Lief, you her method just as I heard it. The lesson was, No. son of Eric the Red, who had founded the colony on the VIII. in the First Book, part II., that in which Tommy coast of that island. The two ambitious young men imasks his father to tell him of his young days. Before re-mediately entered into an agreement to share the expense cess the children read the lesson silently. Then

books of equipping a suitable vessel, sailing to this newly diswere closed and returned, and the teacher asked a number covered land and bringing back whatever cargo promised of questions, bringing out the facts in the proper order. to reimburse them for fitting out the ship.

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Their first sight of the new land was not calculated to Besides books it should have just such bright little knickimpress Lief with a promise of its fruitfulness, for it was knacks as she would have on her writing table at home. rocky, barren and gloomy. This gave rise to openly ex- Paper-knives, pen-wipers, blotters, inkstands and calendars pressed dissatisfaction on his part, but Biorn assured him --ornamental ones--are easily provided. A glass or vase that farther south they would meet with green fields and for flowers (a whole one) or a small easel for a favorite picwoodlands. After the fashion of the early navigators in ture should find room here. naming geographical discoveries according to the features The walls should be the next point of attack. first presented, this place they called Helleland, and to the The Art Amateur and The Interchange make special low, sandy shore which they observed beyond it and which offers of studies of fruit, flowers, animals, marines, etc.was covered in spots with clumps of small trees they gave eight or more for one dollar. These are admirably adapted the name of Markland. Two days later they fell in with a to our needs. new line of coast, and sailing along this for several hours Large uncolored copies of noted pictures may be had Biorn made out the bay in which he had anchored on his for a small sum. “Thoroughbred," "Pharaoh's Horses,"

” previous voyage. Into this harbor they brought the ship and "Can't you Talk?” will supplement the lessons on and moored her.

kindness to animals. This Vinland of the early voyagers is known at the For several years we have obtained calendars for the present day as Newfoundland. After making several short doors, from the New England Mutual Insurance Co. The cruises to the southward and westward and sailing through result has been an awakened interest in American history. the Gulf of St. Lawrence until the river of that name had We would urge that a careful selection be made, if the been reached, the ship returned to her first anchorage, panels given by the various manufacturing companies are where the explorers passed the winter.

used. Fleischmann & Co. published a fine one, the head In the account of this remarkable voyage, made five of a St. Bernard dog. (No 11.) centuries before King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella bade

All these pictures, if unframed, may be tacked to the godspeed to the Italian navigator in the Spanish harbor of walls

. (The holes thus made are easily filled with plaster Palos, it is recorded by Biorn and Lief that the length of Of-Paris when the pictures are removed.) the shortest day, during the winter of the year 1002–3 was

A dado can be made from a strip of dark blue cambric, eight hours. This proves conclusively that this Vinland twelve inches wide, and as long as the space to be covered. of theirs was no farther north than Newfoundland; other- From Babyland, Wide Awake and St. Nicholas cut full wise the length of the day would have been shorter. - paged pictures. Having trimmed them to a uniform size,

. Harper's Young People.

tack them to the cambric, leaving the same space above,

below and between them. The effect is pleasing, and you HINTS FOR COUNTRY TEACHERS ON SCHOOL have added to your material for picture stories and other ROOM DECORATION.

language work.

After these have been in place a few weeks let the chilBY CLARA C. FARNHAM, East Saugus, Mass. dren vote, on paper, for their favorite picture. The result

will be apt to furnish the teacher food for thougbt. The pictures and casts recommended for city schools A few plants will add greatly to the home-like appearmay be beyond our means, but have we fewer opportuni-ance of the room, if fires are kept throughout the week. ties for training the children's love for the beautiful?

As we are not thus favored, we settle the difficulty in this Let us start with the belief that any room may be made way. In the spring chrysanthemum slips are started at a pleasant place.

home. They are taken to the school-room in the autumn Cleanliness is the first thing to be considered. Who can and for several weeks gladden us with a profusion of flow. explain why so many teachers accept a dirty room

A fernery is kept all the time, and it is here that the necessity? A true lady will make and keep the place early spring wild flowers are planted and coaxed to blosin which she spends so many of her waking hours, both som two or three weeks earlier than out of doors. Hyaclean and sweet. "Amy" in the realistic story of "Dodd,"cinths and other bulbs are started at home and brought showed one of the finest instincts of her nature, when she when ready to flower. Thus we have our material for washed the school room floor.

plant lessons at hand. Next let the attention be turned to the teacher's desk. Have a flag in the room-one outside also if you wish,

as

alers.

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