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Good for 60 Days. We will send the weekly Educational News, a trial subscription, one year for one dollar; six months for 50 cents.

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HINTS AND HELPS ON ENGLISH GRAMMAR, a book of 302 pages, bound in cloth, is practically a key to the difficult sentences for parsing and analysis in the grammars of Harvey, Reed & Kellogg, Swinton, and Raub. It is designed for teachers and private students, and will prove of great benefit on all doubtful points.

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Learn to write well.

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For use in Common Schools, High Schools, Business Colleges, Academies and Self Instruction. It is a Progressive, Educational, Scientific work based upon Scientific Principles, which are actually applied to the Science and Art of studying and Teaching Penmanship. It is decidedly a new and complete course in the science and study of the art of arts, nothing heretofore having appeared on this plan of teaching writing. Only Three Principles. Simple and easily understood-get full and comprehensive. It contains 200 elegant illustrative penmanship plates,,140 pp. in Pennanship and Writing, including lessons on the "Science and Art,” “Material," "Positions," "Form," "Movement," "Speed,” “Muscle," "Measurement,” “Angle,?*Slant,” Copies for Practice, Outline of Courses of Study for all grades of schools. Directions to Teachers, Description, Analysis, and explanation of all the Figures, Small Letters and Capitals with Rules” for same. 24 pp. in Correspondence; 57 pp. in Business Forms and 100 Models, and a complete course in the Elements of Book-keeping, making a total of 300 pp. It has 100 questions and answers and other questions for review, class use, and study preparatory for examination in Penmanship. Any system of writing can be analyzed by these “Principles and Rules. It is a business course within itself, which no student, teacher or business man can well afford to be without. Size : 54 inches by, 9 inches, substantially bound, large plain print, heavy paper and beautiful throughout every page. Owing to a large "outlay” for the plates, manuscripts, etc., we cannot send out Free Copies; but in order to introduce this work into the schools and colleges of the United States, at once, we will send it post-paid, to any address at the above Special Price.

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Vol. X., No. 20.


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Vacancies for September.



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go od account. This is of especial interest and value openings. During the spring and summer months we are asked by School Boards, Superintend to teachers Never mind about sending stamp. Adents, College Presidents and Principals to recommend-often having as high as 25 or 30 in a

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literature itself, as a whole. In American Literature we'll

find much hidden beauty, and much that is elevating, PUBLISHED WEEKLY

creating within us a taste for reading the best literature,

which taste we will retain to the end of life's journey. EDUCATIONAL NEWS COMPANY,

The reading of American Literature in our schools will

also create a taste for the best and most enduring literary Philadelphia, Pa.

productions; such a taste will prove to the pupils through

life a strong means for self education. CONTENTS. COMMUNICATIONS:

There is great power in American Literature, and should THE ADVANTAGES OF HAVING AMERICAN LITERA- the time now occupied in our schools by reading such fragTURE READ IN OUR SCHOOLS...

.......307 mentary selections as the school readers contain, bu devo!. HISTORICAL RECREATIONS.....

308 ed to reading and studying some undying, life-giving mas PLANT STUDY........



ter-piece of American Literature, our boys and girls would CARE OF THE EYES......


become better men and women. ÆSTHETICS IN THE SCHOOLS...


American Literature contains springs of pure sparkling ELOCUTIONARY A REGULAR Boy...

311 waters and if our boys and girls are lead to drink of EDITORIAL:

these piire waters they will become more Americanized, EDITORIAL NOTE8....


We all want the breath of life, and there is no reading, PERSONAL ITEMS...

.313 HINTS.........

but literature that will give us that breath of life to the



fullest extent. American Literature is ennobling and inQUERY COLUMN

..317 spiriting. American Literature stimulates the young mind LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC,..

.318 to a broad and generous culture. American Literature is

developing in character, and opens a broad avenue to hisOriginal and Selected.

tory, geography, science, and general intelligence.

Reading, we are told, is getting thought, and American For the EDUCATIONAL News.

Literature furnishes the best means to get thought. THE ADVANTAGES OF HAVING AMERICAN Good, pure literature will never be read in mature life, LITERATURE READ IN OUR PURLIC SCHOOLS. unless the taste for it is cultivated during childhood.

If good literature is taught to our children by the right The theme is a broad one, as the advantages to be de- methods, they will in after life prefer it to the trashy rived from having American Literature read in our schools dime-novels now read so largely by our youth. The love are many.

for good literature can never be attained but by thorough Our school reading, as a whole, is dry and uninteresting teaching and studying it in our public schools. and fails to produce good effective readers.

Children are lovers of the beautiful and welcome anything The reading fails to cultivate a taste for that which is that will produce beauty. American Literature contains beautiful and life inspiring. The literary selections given nothing but beauty, and by reading and right methods it in our school-readers are but shadows of literature, and, as can be revealed to the children in such a way as to make such, they fail to inspire the children with the real beauty them not only see the beauty but feel it as well. that lies in the reading and study of American Literature. The beauties and inspirations in American Literature can We do not want to begin with fragments, but with the real' never be exhausted. The more we read and study it the


more beauty is revealed and the more inspiration we re- Indies that Commodore Perry was sent to subdue them in ceive.

1819. Perry died there soon after, and in 1823 CommoDuring the past forty or fifty years the sentiment in favor dore Porter made their destruction complete. of literature has been constanily increasing. May such a 7. When was Florida bought of Spain ? sentiment continue to grow and expand until all the chil- Ans. Feb. 22, 1819. The United States did not obtain dren of our land are taught American Literature.

full possession, however, before 1821. Jackson was ap. Childhood days are very precious and in the school- pointed its first governor. room the children have no choice. They must take what 8. Mention Monroe's cabinet officers. we feel like giving them, therefore let us give them pure, Ans. John Quincy Adams as Secretary of State; Willife-giving American Literature, which will create a taste liam H. Crawford as Secretary of the Treasury; John C. for that which is pure and beautiful.

Calhoun as Secretary of War, and William Wirt as Attor. Pure American Literature is the production of the best ney-General. American minds and the same principles that controlled 9. What noted general visited this country during this these master-minds can be instilled into the children's administration ? minds by the reading and studying of these productions. Ans. La Fayette, in 1824.

Most children close their school lives without knowing 10. Who invented the cotton.gin? what pure literature is. They have learned to read toler- Ans. Eli Whitney, of Connecticut, in 1793. ably well, but have not been taught what to read. Is not 11. What is a protective tariff? such a state of affairs altogether wrong in this progressive Ans. A duty imposed on imported goods for the purcountry of ours? The studying of American Literature pose of encouraging the manufacture of the goods at home. would give not only individual benefit, but the influence 12. What party was in favor of a protective tariff at this derived from its study would be felt throughout the whole time? land.

E. ELLSWORTH BEAMS. Ans. The Whig, as it was called at this time. It also Chester, N. J.

encouraged internal improvements.

13. When did the Democrats begin to be called “LocoFor the EDUCATIONAL News.


Ans. In 1834, because the lights in Tammany Hall,

when extinguished, were relighted with locofo matches. MONROE'S ADMINISTRATION, TWO TERMS: 1817-1825. 14. Mention the states that were admitted during this

administration. 1. What did Jefferson say of James Monroe?

Ans. Mississippi, in 1817; Illinois, in 1818; Alabama, in Ans. "If his soul were turned inside out, not a spot 1819; Maine, in 1820, and Missouri, in 1821. would be found on it."

15. Give a sketch of the two great parties now in power. 2. What was The Missouri Compromise?

Ans. The great Republican party was now divided into Ans. It was an agreement that Missouri should be ad- the Whig party and the Republican, or Democratic party. mitted as a slave state, and that slavery should be pro- 16. Who were the champions of the Whigs ? hibited in all other territories west of the Mississippi and Ans. John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay. north of parallel 36° 30'.

17. Who were the champions of the Democrats ? 3. Mention the first Trans-Atlantic steamship.

Ans. Andrew Jackson and John C. Calhoun. Ans. The Savannah, in 1819.

18. What was the result of the election of 1824? 4. What was the Monroe Doctrine?

Aps. No one received a majority of the electoral votes, Ans. Monroe in his message in 1823, declared that any the election went to the House of Representatives, by attempt by a foreign nation to gain authority in America whom John Quincy Adams was chosen. would be looked upon as a hostile act.

19. Who was Gregor McGregor ? 5. Who was the last president to wear the cocked hat? Ans. He was the leader of a company of “buccaneers," Ans. James Monroe.

who acted under a commission from the authorities of New 6. Tell something about the sea robbers in the West Granada and Venezuela. They fortified the island of Indies during this administration.

Amelia, as a rendezvous of slave traders and South Amer. Ans. The sea robbers became so annoying in the West ican privateers. When they got so far as to proclaim a

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