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susceptibility is often increased by the additional irritation of teething.

The general character of the diseases has been much the same as in the preceding month. The leading complaints have been fevers of different kinds; hepatic derangements; and disorders of the primæ viæ, as evinced by the titles cholera, dysenteria, diarrhea, dyspepsia, gastrodynia, enterodynia, colica, &c. These have amounted, conjointly, to almost half of the total number of patients treated at the Dispensary. Of the class of intestinal affections, the Dysenteric form has been the most prevalent, or at least the most fatal.

Disorders of the first passages, and of the hepatic functions, tending to jaundice, have been occasionally observed. Serious consequences sometimes arise from inflammations of the stomach and bowels, that occur in the hot season, being mistaken for the effects of indigestion, Blatulence, or acrimonious bile, and treated merely as cases of Gastrodynia, Eterodynia, Colica, or similar gastric and intestinal affections.

Rheumatic complaints,chiefly of the chronic sort,have been somewhat frequent, considering the season of the year. They were much aggravated by the sudden diminution of temperature, that took place towards the termination of the month.-Acute diseases of the thoracic viscera haye nearly disappeared.-One of the cases of croup, reported in the list, yielded to the operation of an emetic, which remedy will not unfrequently, alone, succeed in effecting a removal of this disorder, in its early or forming stage, whilst the disease is yet local; but when it is fairly seated, and general excitement has supervened, the use of the lancet becomes indispensable.

The relaxing and enervating effects of the summer heats have produced much general languor, or idiopathic debility, which has increased the predisposition to many morbid symptoms, that are more peculiarly connected with different kinds of fevers, of which a considerable augmentation is evident. The autumnal intermittent has already begun to prevail; and remittents, as well as synochus and typhus, are more general. The nature and character of fevers have differed according to local circumstances, and to the constitutions of the individuals in whom they occurred. In some they were coa

nected with gastric and hepatic derangements. A typhoid tendency was evident in many cases of synochus, and seemed only to require confined rooms and stimulant diet, with the early exhibition of bark, wine, and other heating things, to render them intractable and highly dangerous. Cathartics, antimonials, diluent drinks, and cooling diet, during the first few days, generally arrested the complaint. Remittents, in some cases, assumed an inflammatory character-while, in other instances, they manifested all the symptoms of the true bilious fever, and were attended with nautia, vomiting, and spontaneous discharges of bile.-Of the cases of intermittents, contained in the foregoing catalogue, one half were produced during the latter part of the month, subsequent to the sudden reduced temperature of the atmosphere. Two cases of intermittents were transformed into remittents; and remittents have, in some instances, degenerated into typhus.

Many cutaneous diseases have been prevalent in this, as well as in the preceding months: but those, usually accompanied with much fever, such as Scarlatina, Variola, and Rubeoía, were not observed.— Cases of Prurigo have been common, and, in several instances, occurred in persons considerably advanced in life.

The following deaths, from different diseases, are reported in the New-York Bills of Mortality, for the month of August

Apoplexy, 3; Asphixia, 1; Asthma, 2; Abscess, 1; Child-bed, 1; Cholera Morbus, 14; Colic, 1; Consumption, 51; Convulsions, 24; Diarrhea, 11: Drinking cold water, 1; Dropsy, 8; Dropsy in the Head, 3; Dropsy in the Chest, 1; Drowned, 6; Dysentery, 23; Fever, 2; Inflammatory Fever, 1; Intermittent Fever, 1; Remittent Fever, 3; Typhus Fever, 11; Herpes, 1; Hives, 2; Inflammation of the Bladder, 1; Inflammation of the Bowels, 4; Inflammation of the Liver, 1; Jaundice, 1; Insanity, 1; Intemperance, 3; Killed, 4; Marasmus, 10; Nervous Disease, 1; Old Age, 7; Obi, 1; Palsy, 2; Peripneumony, 1; Rupture, 1: Scrophula, 2; Small Pox, 1; Spasms. 2; Sprue, 1; Still Born, 6; Syphilis, 4; Teething, 4; Worms, 7; Ulcer, 1; Unknown, 3-Total 241,

JACOB DYCKMAN, M. D.
New-York, August 31, 1817.

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ART. 18. CABINET OF VARIETIES.

From Northcote's Memoirs of Sir Joshua Reynolds.

IN

N the Dedication of his "Deserted Village" to Sir Joshua Reynolds, already noticed, Goldsmith alludes to the death of his eldest brother, Henry, the clergyman; and his various biographers record another, Maurice, who was a younger brother, and of whom it is stated, by Bishop Percy, that having been bred to no business, he, upon some occasion, complained to Oliver that he found it difficult to live like a gentleman. To this Oliver wrote him an answer, begging that he would, without delay, quit so unprofitable a trade, and betake himself to some handicraft employment. Maurice wisely, as the Bishop adds, took the hint, and bound himself apprentice to a cabinetmaker, and when out of his indentures set up in business for himself, in which he was engaged during the viceroyalty of the late Duke of Rutland; and his shop being in Dublin, he was noticed by Mr. Orde, since Lord Bolton, the Lord Lieutenant's Secretary, who recommended him to the patronage of the Duke, out of regard to the memory of his brother.

In consequence of this, he received the appointment of inspector of licenses in that metropolis, and was also employed as mace bearer, by the Royal Irish Academy, then just established. Both of these places were compatible with his business and in the former he gave proof of great integrity by detecting a fraud committed on the revenue in his department ; and one by which he himself might have profited, if he had not been a man of principle. He has now been dead not more than fifteen years; I enter more particularly into his history, from having seen the following passage in one of Oliver's letters to him: "You talked of being my only brother-I don't understand you. Where is Charles ?"

This, indeed, was a question which Maurice could not answer then, nor for many years afterwards; but as the anecdote is curious, and I have it from a friend on whose authority I can rely, I shall give it a place here nearly in his own words.

My friend informed me, that whilst travelling in the stage coach towards Ireland, in the autumn of 1791, he was joined at Oswestry by a venerable looking gentleman, who, in the course of the morning, mentioned that his name was Goldsmith; when one of the party ob

served, that if he was going to Ireland that name would be a passport for him.. The stranger smiled, and asked the reason. why? to which the other replied, that the memory of Oliver was embalmed amongst his countrymen. A tear glistened in the stranger's eye, who immediately answered, "I am his brother." The gentleman who had first made the ob servation on the name, looked doubtingly, and said, "He has but one brother living; I know him well." "True, replied the stranger, for it may be said that I am risen from the dead, having been for many years supposed to be no longer in the land of the living. I am Charles, the youngest of the family. Oliver I know is dead; but of Henry and Maurice I know nothing."

On being informed of various particu lars of his family, the stranger then told his simple tale; which was, that having heard of his brother Noll mixing in the first society of London, he took it for granted that his fortune was made, and that he could soon make a brother's also; he therefore left home without notice; but soon found, on his arrival in London, that the picture he formed of his brother's situation was too highly coloured; that Noll would not introduce him to his great friends, and, in fact, that, although out of a jail, he was also often out of a lodging.

Disgusted with this entrance into high life, and ashamed to return home, the young man left London without acquainting his brother with his intentions, or even writing to his friends in Ireland; and proceeded, a poor adventurer, to Jamaica, where he lived, for many years, without ever renewing an intercourse with his friends, and by whom he was, of course, supposed to be dead; though Oliver may, at first, have imagined that he had returned to Ireland. Years now passed on, and young Charles, by industry and perseverance, began to save some property; soon after which he married a widow lady of some fortune, when his young family requiring the advantages of further education, he determined to return to England, to examine into the state of society, and into the propriety of bringing over his wife and family; on this project he was then engaged, and was proceeding to Ireland to visit his native home, and with the intention of making himself known to such of his relatives a might still be living. His plan, howeve was, to conceal his good fortune until E

should ascertain their affection and esteem for him.

On arriving at Dublin, the party separated; and my friend, a few weeks after wards, returning from the north, called at the Hotel where he knew Mr. Goldsmith intended to reside. There he met him; when the amiable old man, for such he really was, told him that he had put his plan in execution; had given himself as much of the appearance of poverty as he could with propriety, and thus proceeded to the shop of his brother Maurice, where he inquired for several articles, and then noticed the name over the door, asking if it had any connexion with the famous Dr. Goldsmith.

"I am his brother, his sole surviving brother," said Maurice.

"What then," replied the stranger, "is become of the others ?"

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Henry has long been dead; and poor Charles has not been heard of for many years."

"But suppose Charles were alive," said the stranger, "would his friends acknowledge him ?"

"Oh yes!" replied Maurice, "gladly indeed!"

"He lives, then; but as poor as when he left you."

Maurice instantly leaped over his counter, hugged him in his arms, and weeping with pleasure, cried, "Welcome-welcome-here you shall find a home and a brother."

It is needless to add, that this denouement was perfectly agreeable to the stranger, who was then preparing to return to Jamaica to make his proposed family arrangements; but my friend having been engaged for the next twenty years in traversing the four quarters of the globe, being himself a wanderer, has never, since that period, had an opportuni

ty of making inquiries into the welfare of the stranger, for whom he had, indeed, formed a great esteem, even on a few days acquaintance.

James Mac Ardell, the mezzotinto engraver, having taken a very good print from the portrait of Rubens, came with it one morning to Sir Joshua Reynolds, to inquire if he could inform him particularly of the many titles to which Rubens had a right, in order to inscribe them properly under his print; saying, he believed that Rubens had been knighted by the kings of France, Spain, and England; was secretary of state in Flanders, and to the privy council in Spain; and had been employed in a ministerial capacity from the court of Madrid to the court of London, to negotiate a treaty of peace between the two crowns, and that he was also a magistrate of Antwerp, &c.

Dr. Johnson happened to be in the room with Sir Joshua at the time, and understanding Mac Ardell's inquiry, interfered rather abruptly, saying, “Pooh! pooh! put his name alone under the print, Peter Paul Rubens: that is full sufficient and more than all the rest."-ib.

Several ladies being in company with Dr. Johnson, it was remarked by one of them, that a learned woman was by no means a rare character in the present age: when Johnson replied, “I have known a great many ladies who knew Latin, but very few who know English."

A lady observed, that women surpassed men in epistolary correspondence. Johnson said, "I do not know that." "At least," said the lady," they are most pleasing when they are in conversation."

No, Madam," returned Johnson "I think they are most pleasing when they hold their tongues."-ib.

ERRATA.

These are numerous, we fear, this month, from the great hurry with which this number has been put to press. Page 453, col. 1, we notice the following-steel tyle for steatite; 'Caroa' for larva.

the department occupies double the space which we had assigned to it. Whilst we are desirous of rendering our work a valuable repository for the learned, we shall not suffer ourselves to forget that We shall not pretend to specify it is on the great body of our fellow-citiall the errors that we have noticed. We zens that we depend for support, and that may observe, however, under this head, their amusement and instruction are that from a mistake in giving out the co- principally to be consulted in our py of the Museum of Natural Science, pages.

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ON completing the first volume of their work, the Editors cannot
withhold their acknowledgments for the distingu'shed encourage-
ment they have received in an undertaking which is immediately de-
pendent on the favourable opinion and liberal dispositions of the
public. The unprecedented support which they have obtained in
a few months, renders the establishment of at least one literary jour-
nal, in our country, on a broad and permanent basis, no longer pro-
blematical. Already the number of subscribers to this publication in
the Northern and Middle States amounts to nearly three thousand,-
three fourths of whom are citizens of the State of New-York. But
the AMERICAN MONTHLY MAGAZINE and CRITICAL REVIEW is intend-
ed for general circulation, and addresses itself to national patronage.
The experience of the Editors assures them that this appeal will not
be in vain. There is not a State, nor a Territory in the Union from
which they have not received subscriptions. They trust that their
exertions will secure not only a continuance, but an increase of fa-
vour. That they may be enabled to give a greater quantity of light
reading without curtailing the other departments of the work, they
contemplate adding another sheet, in another year, to each Number,
to be devoted to miscellaneous selections of an amusive cha
zacter.

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