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were lhe riches of his mind; such was south."* He knew not that “letharthe active employment of all its facul- gy of indolence" that follows the inorties ; so constant was his habit of giving dinate gratifications of the table. His expression to his thoughts in an exten- ciesto did not consist in indulgence upon sive correspondence, in the preparation the bed or in the armed chair, to reof his public discourses, and in his cover those powers which had been paradaily intercourse with the world, that lyzed or suspended by an excessive meal, few persons ever left his society with, or the intemperate use of vinous or spiout receiving instruction, and expres- riluous drinks. sing their astonishment at the perpetual Dr. Jobuson, during his tour to the stream of eloquence in which his Hebrides, when fatigued by his jourthoughts were communicated.

ney, retired to his chamber and wrote "It has frequently been the subject of his celebrated Latin ode addressed to surprise, that amidst the numerous avo- Mrs. Thrale.t Dr. Rush, in like mancations of Dr. Rush, as a practitioner ner, after the fatigues of professional and a teacher of medicine, that be found duty , refreshed his mind by the perusa! leisure for the composition and the of some favourite poet, some work of publication of the numerous medical taste, some volume of travels, biogra. and literary works which have been phy, or history. These were the piltbe production of his pen.

lows on which he sought repose. Although Dr. Rush possessed by na- But the virtues of the heart, like the ture an active and discriminating mind, faculties of his mind, were also in conin which were blended great quickness tinual exercise for the benefit of his fel. of perception, and a retentive memory ; low men ; while the numerous humane, although he enjoyed the benefits of an charitable, and religious associations, excellent preliminary and professional which do bonour to the city of Phila. education, it was only habits of un- delphia, bear testimony to the philancommon industry, punctuality in the thropy and piety which animated the performance of all his engagements, the bosom of tbeir departed benefactor, let strictest tenperance and regularity in it also be remembered, that, as with bis mode of life, that enabled him to the good Samaritan, the poor were the accomplish so much in his profession, objects of his peculiar care; and that and to contribute so largely to the medic in the latter, and more prosperous cal literature of his country. Dr. Rush, years of his life, one seventh of bis inlike most men who have extended the come was expended upon the children boundaries of any department of human of affliction and want. Dr. Boerbaave knowledge ; who have contributed to said of the poor, that they were bis the iniprovement of any art or science, best patients, because God was ibeir was in habits of early rising, by which paymaster. he always secured what Gibbon has Let it also be recorded, that the last well denominated the sacred portion act of Dr. Rush was an act of charity, of the day."

and that the last expression which tell • The great moralist* justly observes, from his lips was an injunction to his that“ to temperance every day is bright, son, “ Be indulgent to the poor.' and every hour is propitious to dili- “ Vale egregium academiæ decus! gence.” The extreme temperance of tuum nomen mecum semper durabit; Dr. Rush, in like manner, enabled him et laudes et honores lui in æternum mato keep his mind in continual employ- nebent." I ment, thereby " setting at defiance the *Boswell, vol. I. p. 260. morning mist and evening damp-the + Boswell. blasts of the east, and the clouds of the These words were addressed by Dr. Rush,

to his particular friend and preceptor, Dr. * Dr. Johnson.

Cullen.

Art. 5. TRANSACTIONS OF LEARNED SOCIETIES.

NEW-YORK HISTORICAL SOCIETY. " Magazines, Reviews, Newspapers, and

other Periodical Publications, particularly Silting of June 10.

siich as appeared antecedent to the year CIRCULAR.

1783;

- Biographical Memoirs and Anecdotes of THE Committee who had that dnty in

eminent and remarkable Persons in America, 1 charge, reported the following Circular.

or who have been connected with its setileNew-York, March 1817.

March 1817. ment or history: SIR,

« Original Essays and disquisitions on the Being appointed a committee of the Natural, Civil, Literary, or Ecclesiastical NEW YORK HISTORICAL SOCIETY (in- History of any State, City, Town, or Dis. stituted in the year 1804) for the collection trici.”' of Manuscripts and scarce Books, relating As the object recommends itself to the atto the History of this Country, and hoping tention of every gentleman who sees the imthat it may be in your power to aid our re- portance of preserving, by such means as searches, and to contribute to our collection, are now adopled, the otherwise perishing we beg leave to subjoin an extract from the records of this country, we forbear any oiber first Report of the Society, which will explain remarks. Whatever information you can the object. It is as follows:

give, or Manuscripts and scarce Books you " Manuscripts, Records, Pamphlets, and can contribute, be pleased to address to the Books relative to the History of this Country, care of Mr. JAMES EASTBURN, in this city, and particularly to the points of inquiry sub- and your conmunications will be thankfully joined;

acknowledged by the Society. "Orations, Sermons, Essays, Discourses,

We are, Sir, very respectfully, Poems, and Tracts; delivered, written, or

Your most obedient servants, published on any public occasion, or which concern any public transaction or remarka. JAMES EASTBURN.) Commillee of the N.Y. ble transaction or event;

i Historical Society, "Laws, Journals, Copies of Records, and JOHN W.FRANCIS, { for collecting ManProceedings of Congresses, Legislatures, Gen- JAMES SMITH,

uscripls and scarce eral Assemblies, Conventions, Committees

Books. of Safety, Secret Committees for General Objects, Treaties and Negotiations with any Indian Tribes, or with any State or Na The Hon. Egbert Benson, late President of tion ;

the Society, at the request of Isaac Van "Proceedings of Ecclesiastical Conventions, Wart, deposited with the Society, for the Synods, General Assemblies, Presbyteries, more safe preservation of it, the medal preand Societies of all denominations of Chris- sented to him by Congress, as one of the lians;

captors of Major Andrè. " Narratives of Missionaries, and Proceed John Pintard, Esq. recording secretary, ings of Missionary Societies;

cominuvicated to the Society the minutes of Narratives of Indian Wars, Battles and the astronomical observations, taken for Exploits; of the Adventures and Sutterings determining the latitude of the City of Newof Captives, Voyagers, and Travellers; York, made in October, 1769, by Mr. David

" Minutes and Proceedings of Societies for Rittenhouse of Philadelphia, and Capt. Jolina Political, Literary, and Scientific Purpo- Montresor, of the British corps of engineers, ses;

at that time stationed in this city, at the re" Accounts of Universities, Colleges, Aca: quest of the Chamber of Commerce, and demies, and Schools; tbeir origin, progress, which have never been published. The and present state;

ineau of the different observations, gave 40° “ Topographical descriptions of Cities, Coun- 42' 8" for the latitude of Fort George, near ties, and Districts, at various periods, with the present Battery. Maps, and whatever relates to the progressive It was resolved, that application should be Geography of the County;

made to the Corporation of this city, to as. “ Siatistical Tables;Table of Diseases, Biribs certain the site of the south-west bastion of and Deaths, and of Population ; of Meteoro- Fort George, on which spot the above obserlogical Observations, and Facts relative to vations for determining the latitude of this Climate;

city were made, and to perpetuate the same, “ Accounts of Exports and Imports at various by erecting a monument with suitable inperiods, and of the progress of Manufactures scriptions. and Commerce ;

At was further resolved, that the Corpora

tion should be solicited, in behalf of the So- tuber has weighed thirty or forty pounds. ciety, to have a new series of observations The common opinion entertained of lbis submade, for the purpose of determining with stance is, that it is the root of the erythrina precision the latitude of this city, and to herbacea, or convolvulus panduratus. The cause an appropriate column and monument usual Indian name for it is tuckahoe, or Indian to be erected, with suitable inscriptions to polato. It was used by the Indians as an perpetuate the same.

article of food, as their name for it is said to The President of the United States being imply. expected to arrive in this city on the ensuing Dr. Mac Bride considers this fungus as paday, it was moved by Col. Gibbs, and second- rasitic. Like other fungi, it may emanate, be by J. G. Bogert, Esq. that the ordinary torms thinks, from dead wood; but the smallest spe. be dispensed with, and that, as a tribute of cimens which he has seen were attached to respect, JAMES MONROE, President of the living roots. Dr. M. in his interesting me. United States, be elected an honorary mem moir noticed at some length its peculiarstrucber of this Society, which was unanimously ture: from chemical and other experiments agreed to.

he is led to conclude that the inner part is To the absence of his excellency, De Witt wliviy, or in a great measure, composed of Clinton, L. L. D. president of the Society, gluten, but differently modified from that David Hosack, F.R.S. one of the vice presi which we obtain from the cerealia. He has dents, was deputed in behalf of the Society not procured from it any starch or fibrous to wait on the President of the United States, matter. The communication was accompa. and present, in their name, the certificate of nied with numerous specimens of this singu. his election.

lar vegetable, which were exhibited to the Sitting of June 13. members; and the thanks of the society were The ceremony of inducting the Prevident Voled to its author. of the United States as an honorary member Dr. Mitchill read an extensive memoir of this Society, took place this day, at an ex. on organic remains, an abstract of which was traordinary meeting beld for that purpose. given in our last Magazine.

His excellency De Wilt Clinton, governor elect of this state, and president of the So

Silling of June 12. ciety, delivered a pertinent address on the occasion, to which the President of the A memoir on the Geography of Africa, by United States made an appropriate and elo Mr. John H. Eddy, was read. In this pa. quent reply.

per the author attempted to reconcile some

of the more apparently variant statements of LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL SO- modern travellers respecting this portion of

the globe, and took particular notice of the CIETY OF NEW-YORK.

interesting narratives of Riley and Adams in Silling of May 8.

connexion with the publications some time A letter, addressed to Dr. D. Hosack by before the public from the pens of Rennell, Dr. Mac Bride of South Carolina, was read. In Park, and Barrow. The author evinced rethis conmunication Dr. Mac Bride gave an search and ingenuity, and the greater confi. account of the Lycoperdon luber of Clayton, dence was placed in bis view's, from bis well a subterranean fungus, found in the southern known accuracy and excellence as a geogra. Slates. According to Dr. M. this vegetable is pher. most frequently dug up in lands, which have Information heing received that the Execunot been cleared of their original wood more tive of the Union, now in this city on a tour ihan three or four years, in the preparation through the country, intended to visit the for planting. It is found at various depths, apartments of the New York Institution, on from a few inches to two feet, and it is some- motion of Dr. Francis, it was resolved, in times met with partly above ground. Di. testimony of the high respect entertained by Mac Bride has seen it in every variety of soil this Society for the talents, virtues, and pubexcept the swamps; it seems to attain its lic services of JAMES MONROE, President greatest size in loose rich lands, the forest of the United States of America, that he be trees of which were the different species of forthwith admitted an honorary member of oak, the juglans alba of Lino:and pinus tæda. this Association, and that the usual forms of It is very common in the sonthern states, but balloting be dispensed with. Whereupon rarely found farther north than Maryland. Dr. Hosack and Dr. Mitcbill were appointed Its shape is irregular; the largest specimens a Committee to wait upon the President, and approach the globular forin: or the cylindri- communicate to him the intentions of the cal with globular ends. Dr. Mac Bride has Society; and further, it was determined, that seen a specimen which weighed fifteen an extra meeting be beld on the following pocnds, and has been informed that a single day.

Silling of June 13. “ It was the good fortune of the commission

ers to find another skeleton of that huge creaAn extra meeting of the Literary and Phi- ture the Elephas Mastodon, which though aplosophical Society being convened this day parently extinct, was formerly an inhabitant at 12 o'clock, upon the Chief Magistrale of of New York. This happened on the 27th the Nation's being conducted into the Philo. and 29th of May, upon the farm of Mr. Yelsophical Hall,the following Address was made verton, near Chester, a village in the town to him by his Excellency De Witt Clinton, of Goshen. The soil is a black peat or turf, LL.D. the President of the Institution. sufficiently inflammable to be employed for “SIR,

fuel. Its surface is overgrown with grass, " As it has been the usage of this Society

forming a luxuriant meadow for grazing.-to euro among its members, such charac. The herbage and the bottom in wbich it fers as are distinguished for their virtues, grows, have a near resemblance to the turt their intellectual powers, and their literary meado

d their literary meadow of Newton, in Queen's County, altainments, it affords me great pleasure to Long Island. The sward and turf covering inform you that you have been unanimously

the skeleton are about four feet deep. Beadmitted an honorary meinber--the highest neath these is a stratum of coarse vegetable honour in our power to bestow-and it is ve. stems and films, resembling chopped straw culiarly gratifying to find that on this occa or drift stuff, along the sea-shore, about a foot sion the honour wbich is conferred is reflect.

moont and a halt thick; and under this is a stratum

of fine bluish and soft clay. Specimens of ed on the institution.

these are brought away, and are herewith pre“Viewing, in the course of your past life, the certain pledge of an able and patriotic ser

triotin sented. The bones raised were parts of a administration, we are fully persuaded that lower jaw with its teeth, of a scapula, of a you will always keep steadily in view the humerus, of an ulna and radius, of the bones great interests of literature and science, as

of the feet, of ribs, and of vertebræ. The inseparably identified with the honour, the upper maxillary bone was found, with its glory, and the prosperity of our country.”

1 grinders and tusks, in their natural situation,

Dr. Townsend and Dr. Seely, who had from To which Mr. Monroe replied immediately the beginning aided with their own hands in substance, -That he was highly gratified the acquisition of these curious remaios, now by the honour which had been conferred on laboured with the greatest assiduity in the him by a society distinguished for the learn- pit to uncover completely, and elevate coning and patriotism of its members, and that nectedly, these important parts of the animal. he had also a due sensibility to its favourable The unparalleled association of bones, teeth, anticipations of his future conduct, which and ivory prongs, were, after much exertion, had been announced in such kind and Cat- denuded of their mud and developed to view. tering terms by its president.—That with They lay upside down, or, in other words, them he thought that the honour, glory, and their natural position was inverted, as if the prosperity of our country were intimately creature had died in a supine posture. The connected with its literature and science; palate bones were perfectly in sight, with and taking, as he did, a deep interest in the the huge molares on each side. From the success of our Republican Government, he point forward where the palate joins the up. begged to assure them that the promotion of per maxillary bone in otlrer animals, two ivoknowledge to the utmost of his feeble abili. ry tusks proceeded. These were not inserted ties, would always be an object of his atten- in sockets; at least no such holes or sockets lion and solicitude.

could be found; but they seemed to be formed by a gradual change of bone to ivory, or

of osseous to eburneous matter. In this reLYCEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY.

spect the conversion resembled - the jaw Sitting of May 26.

and tooth of the Saurian reptile of NeveMr. Pierce read to the society a narrative

siok, already in the cabinet of the Profesof his excursion to the Catskill Mountains,

aine sor of Natural History; in which organigiving the natural history and topography

zation the jaw is converted gradually to tooth. of that district of country.

Their direction was forward, with a bold

curvature outward and upward. Between Sitling of June 2. the tusks could be seen and felt the nasal Dr. Mitcbill, the president of the Lyceum, processes to which the proboscis had formerand Dr. Townsend, the committee appointed, jy been attached. They were short and unby a resolve of the society, to visit and ex- gular. On attempting to loosen the left tusk plore the tract between the Highlands and from its clayey bed, it broke across, though the Catskill Mountains, made a report in touched in the most delicate manner. Though part; from which report the following is an approached with the gentlest touch, it faked extract:

off in considerable portions, and cracked

through in several other places. Finding it ed in a leaden box, which had been sent to wholly impossible to preserve its entirety, re- New-York for an experiment. The eggs course was had to measuring the relics as were laid on the 21st Feb. at Antwerp, and they lay, and of making drawings from them were put under a sitting ben of Mr. Cie. as accurately as possible. And as the frag- ments of New York on the 29th April. They ments of the tusk were banded up, Dr. Mit did not hatch. They were evidentiy, on their chill measured them by a rule, and found arrival, in a living state, that is, their vitality their amount, reckoning within bounds, to be was.not extinct, but the animating principle eight feet and nine inches; or taking into calo was nevertheless too much enfeebled and culation the space of connexion with the exhausted to be stimulated to growth and jaw as being three inches, or perhaps more, evolution. This experiment, though unsucthe length of the tusk was nine feet, or up. cessful, was, nevertheless, he observed, full wards, of solid ivory.* The circumference at of physiological instruction. It bad a great The base was two feet and two inches, making analogy to the Penguin's eggs, presented to a diameter of eight inches and two-thirds! Dr. M. lately, by Capt. Fanning; unfit, inThe taper was easy, gradual, and smooth, like deed, for hatching, but yet sound and good the tusks of other elephants. Dr. Townsend for eating. made a sketch of the parts in silu, before Dr. Mitchill also presented a letter which they were removed; by which it will be he hadr eceived from H. A. S. Dearborn, seen how the grinders are situated in rela. Esq.of Boston,accompanying two perfect spetion to the tusks, and how tusks are to be cimens of the fresh water Kusk, as it is called, considered as holding a middle place, in their taken in Sebago pond, in the district of anatomical structure and use, between teeth Maine ; on examining them, Doctor M. and horns. The various parts of the animal found reason to believe, that these individuais which were disinterred, and the drawings belonged to a species of fresh water cod; that and illustrations, are herewith submitted to this was not the gadus lola, or eel-pout of the society.

Europe, but another species not known to “ Although the fragile and friable nature of trans-atlantic naturalists. He also stated, these bones might render it impossible ever that he had observed, in this fish, an apto connect them into a complete skeleton, pearance of an external organ of bearing, in the commissioners state it as a matter of the the form of concave and pointed appendices bighest probability, that at the aforesaid place, to the anterior pair of orifices, commonly the remainder of a mammoth, as huge per called nostrils, and actually having a resem: baps as ever walked the earth, reposes in the blance to outward ears. swamp, not more than fifty-four miles from On motion of Mr. Francis, resolved, unanithe site of this institution.-He has already mously,- That the members of this Society, heard the resuscitating voice of the Lyceum.” wear the usual badge of inourning, for one

month, in testimony of their respect for their Dr. Mitchill reported, that he had written lale fellow member, JAMES S. WATKINS, an answer to Professor Sommè of Antwerp, M. D. deceased. concerning the incubation of the hen's eggs, ,

Silling of June 16. dipped in mucilage of gum arabic, packed A letter was received from Sylvanus Milin powdered charcoal, and hermetically seal. ler, Esq. member of the lyceum, giving in

* The tusks, though solid, are changed in their formation that another skeleton of the Mamnature. Professor Mac Neven, honorary member moth had been discovered in Ulster County, of the Lyceum, mentioned, in the society, that he and offering facilities in procuring it for the had found their substance to be converted into society, for which purpose measures were carbonate of line.

accordingly taken.

Art. 6. LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE.

GREAT BRITAIN.

and to send up to him any fossil bones that

might be found. The fossil bones described in THE following very extraordinary account this paper occurred in a cavern in a lime-stone

1 of the discovery of fossil bones of the rock on the south side of the Catwater. This Rhinoceros in a lime-stone cavern near Ply: lime-stone is decidedly transition. This ca. mouth, in England, by Mr Whitby, was con- vern was found afier they had quarried 160 feet municated to the Royal Society, by Sir into the solid rock. It was 45 feet long, and Everard Home, on the 27th of February, filled with clay, and had no communication 1817.

whatever with the external furnace. Tbe “ Sir Joseph Banks had requested Mr. bones were remarkably perfect specimens. Whitby, when he went to superintend the They were all decidedly bones of the Rhino. breakwater constructing at Plymouth, to in- ceros; but they belonged to three different spect all the caverns that should be met with animals. They consisted of teeth, bones of in the lime-stone rocks during the quarrying, the spine, of the scapula, of the fore legs, and

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