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EVANGELICAL ALLIANCE. which the Rev. J. Turner, lately a Wesleyan tails of the revival. Dr. Steane presided, minister at Malvern, made a short address and gave a short exposition, after which on John xv. 7. This address produced a Captain Young prayed. Some very invery solemn effect, which was never lost. teresting facts regarding the revival were It was hardly an address, but remarks elicited in reply to some questions by Dr. welling up from the deep experiences of a Steane, one of which appears to me espeChristian who appeared to live very near to cially worthy of notice, viz., that there are his Saviour. Mr. Turner prayed in the scarcely any exceptions to the rule that the same tone; after which numerous requests physical demonstrations only occur among for prayer were read from different people, awakened persons who are totally ignorant of who desired the conversion of unconverted the way of salvation. In the evening the relatives or friends. Silent prayer was meeting was crowded to excess. After requested, during the reading of these peti- silent prayer, and an opening prayer by the tions, and thanksgiving was afterwards Rev. W. Pennefather, the Rev. B. Noel made for answers to prayer offered at the addressed the unconverted. I understand Conference last year. The two subsequent that it was blessed to the awakening of morning meetings were of a similar charac- two persons who were present. The Rev. ter, and were conducted by Captain Trotter, S. Arnold read Rom. v., and the Rev. A. Rev. J. Turner, Rev. J. Cox, Baptist mi- Kelly concluded with prayer. nister, Rev. A. Hunter, Presbyterian minis- On the 12th, after the devotional meetter, from the county of Derry, Hon. and ing, during which many persons Rev. Baptist Noel, and Major Straith. The affected to tears, the Communion was adtone and spirit of these devotional meetings ministered in the adjacent church. Nearly were extremely delightful. The addresses 300 persons belonging to eight different were of the most solemn and spiritual kind; denominations received it together, and the hymns were sung as if they were praise after its celebration a hymn of praise was indeed, and the prayers were truly the out- sung.

It was

a beautiful sight to see pouring of the heart, with the desire of Jacob people of the various branches of Christ's

"I will not let thee go except thou bless scattered family meeting around His table as me.” There seemed to be “ an entering into one brotherhood. In the afternoon, the Rer. the holiest by the blood of Jesus,” in a way A. Hunter addressed 500 children in the

had never experienced before, school-room on the work of the Holy Spirit, and His presence in a peculiar manner was illustrating his address by incidents from with His praying servants.

the Irish Revival. In the evening, the On the afternoon of the 10th, the Rev. Conference assembled for the last time, and A. Hunter gave an account of the Irish feelings of very deep solemnity pervaded Revival and of the remarkable physical the crowded meeting. The Rev. W. Pennephenomena connected with it. The even- father made an address, after which the ing meeting was begun by silent prayer, Rev. – Dickenson, a Moravian minister, after which the Rev. c. Skrine gave an offered up a very earnest prayer, invoking address on the subject which had been the presence and power of the Holy Spirit announced, “What special encouragements in eloquent and thrilling language. Vaare now given to the Church to labour for rious requests for prayer were then read, her Lord ?” He was succeeded by the Rev. and Mr. Pennefather urged the establishA. Hunter, who gave a very interesting ac- ment of small prayer meetings. The Rev. count of the awakening in his own neigh- John Cox made an address on the subject of bourhood in Derry, and the transformation of “The second coming and personal presence what had been one of the most wicked districts of the Lord Jesus Christ." Bearing in mind in the North of Ireland. The general view the differences of opinion on prophecy which which he gave, as well as the details, were exist, he avoided entering into controversy very encouraging; and the interest which in support of his own pre-millennial views, attached to the report of one who had and concluded by some very earnest words been on the spot from the beginning, was to the unconverted. Captain Trotter offered enhanced by the fiery energy and the air a very fervent prayer, and pronounced the of truth and reality with which he spoke. parting benediction ; thus closing a season The Rev. W. Pennefather concluded with which had been to very many who were prayer.

present, one of the highest and purest enOn the 11th, after the morning meeting, joyment. and a due interval, an extra meeting was This mceting was a practical carrying held in the school-room to hear further de- out of the principles of the Evangelical

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which many


Alliance, and much benefit would result to Scriptures, which were held at different the Church of Christ by a multiplication of houses between the meetings, produced a such gatherings, which bind men together genial Christian social intercourse, which in brotherly love, and which give to prayer had an additional tendency to promote the strength of union. Differences did not Christian friendship. appear to be recognised or thought of; at all The meetings were all characterised by events they were not alluded to; all met as three things—a spirit of union, a spirit of brothers and sisters in Christ, children of prayer, and an ardent desire for the conone Father, heirs of one inheritance, pil- version of unbelievers.

The last was, grims through one wilderness. Several doubtless, stimulated by the encouraging circumstances mentioned in the special accounts from Ireland and other places, requests for prayer showed how much the which gave all a blessed certainty that “the previous meetings of this kind had done to Lord's hand is not shortened that it cannot cement the unity of the Church. A letter save.” There was, however, one all-per-, from New York was received, stating that vading characteristic, which I will conclude Christians in that city were praying for a by mentioning, and that was the presence blessing on the Conference; and a letter of the Holy Spirit and of Him who has was received from New Zealand, saying promised to be with those who gather in that the writer had seen a notice in the His name. The human element seemed New York Evangelist of the meeting of almost entirely absent, and in place of it an Christians, at Barnet, last year, and begged indescribable glow of devotion, a filial the

prayers of the Conference” for the reverence, a reality of communion, & someconfirming and revival of Christians in New thing rarely before met with, which seemed Zealand. Ministers and laymen of five to make the place of meeting holy ground, different denominations took part in the to touch each heart with a coal from the meetings; and I observed that Mr. Penne- altar, and to make Christians love to linger father, with true Christian delicacy, allotted where they had met their Lord in more the most prominent parts, including the intimate communion than some of them three evening addresses, to his Noncon- had ever enjoyed before. formist brethren. The small gatherings

I remain, yours very truly, for prayer, conversation, and reading of the


European Intelligence.


to the

sq. mile. 59,000,000 5 2,000,000 1


THE POPULATION OF THE WORLD. A recent paper, prepared by C. F. W.

Square miles.

Inhabitants. Dieterici, Director of the Statistical Department of Berlin, on the present popula- 4. America... 12,000,000 tion of the globe, presents some carious 5. Australia.. 2,600,000 facts. Some of the leading results of this Round totals 39,000,000 1,288,000,000 exceedingly important document, can hardly

The greatest density of population in a fail to be of interest to our readers. We kingdom is exhibited in Belgium, where it suppose, of course, that the author bases is 538 to the square mile; single districts his figures on the last official reports.

in Rhenish Prussia show as high as 700 to The author adopts three different modes

the square

mile. of classification :

Political economy has not yet found a First, by Totals of the several countries ; gange by which to determine how densely Second, by Races; and

people can be crowded, and make a living. Third, by Creed or Religion. According to the first mode of classifica- In civilised Europe the density is steadily

increasing. America promises a similar tion, the mass of detail given sums up in development in future. The fertility of the following round numbers :

her soil, and the concentration of mind

Square miles. Inhabitants.

upon the utilisation of her resources, pro

mise a high capacity of sustaining popula2,900,000 272,000,000 2, Asia

tion. Civilised emigration to Polynesia 12,700,000 755,000,000 60 3. Africa

8,700,000 200,000,000 22 may tend to a similar development in Aus.

to the
sq. mile.


1. Europe


EUROPEAN INTELLIGENCE. tralia. East India and China, although

Upright Faces. Receding Faces. In Europe

272,000,000 now densely peopled, incline, after a period

In Asia

224,000,000 531,000,000 of stability, toward a decrease rather than

In Africa.........

200,000,000 an increase, owing to the peculiarities of In America...... 58,000,000 1,000,000 their civilisation.

In Australia 1,000,000 1,000,000 The chapter on Distribution by Races is

Total ...... 555,000,000 728,000,000 prefaced by an interesting sketch of Retzius's new system of Craniology, with its two The excess of the latter is attributable divisions of Oval Heads and Broad or to the population of Africa, which, although Cubic Heads—the former including, in Oval Heads, must be classed entirely with Europe, all the Latin and German tribes, the Receding Faces, the same as the dense 157 millions; the latter, the Slavonic, population of China and Eastern Asia in Magyar, Turkish, and some of the Romanee general. tribes of the South, 115 millions; in Asia, The preceding strictly scientific classifithe Chinese, Hindoos, Arian Persians, cation is followed by the popular classificaArabs, Jews, and Tungusians are Oval tion of races according to the colour of the Lleads610 millions; all the rest Broad skin and the formation of the features, the Heads-145 millions. The estimate of hair, &c., established by Blumenbach. The America is, of course, based on aborigines five races thus established, are distributed only. In regard to them, the opinion is as follows: advanced, that from the islands around Behring's Straits, along the West Coast, 1. THE CAUCASIAN (28.85 per cent.)

In Europe, the entire population, including the Russian Colonies, Oregon, with the exception of the Fins Mexico, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chili, and Laplands

.... 270,000,000 Argentina, Patagonia, and Fire Island, the In Asia. -Turks, 15; Arabs, 5;

Persians, &c., 11; Siberians, in
population consists principally of Broad
Heads, while on the East Coast, from

part, 3; foreigners in Eastern
Asia, 2.....

36,000,000 Canada downwards, including the United In Africa.-Foreigners in the coStates, the Caribbean Islands, the West lonies, and Arabs

4,000,000 Indies, Venezuela, Guiana, and Brazil, the In America.-All except the In•

dians Oval Heads predominate. This would


In Australia.- Foreigners on all coincide with Humboldt's theory, that the


1,000,000 West Coast of America was peopled from Asia. The aborigines would now, pro


369,000,000 bably, not exceed one million. All the 2. THE MONGOLIAN (40.61 per cent.)

- Principally in Asia, including rest are emigrants and their descendants,

China, the greater part of India, including, perhaps, half a million of Broad

Central Asia, and part of Siberia 522,000,000 Heads; one half of the aborigines being 3. THE ETHIOPIAN (15.08 per cent.) — Oval Heads, one million is, therefore, the The entire population, with the extent of the Broad Heads of America, and

exception of the Caucasians, as

above fifty-eight millions of Oval Heads.

196,000,000 In

4. THE AMERICANS (0.08 per cent.) Australasia, the Broad and Oval Heads are The Indians of America

1,000,000 probably evenly divided, being one million 5. THE MALAY (15.38 per cent.)-In each. The totals are, therefore, as fol- the Indian Islands, 80; East Inlows:

dia, 84; Japan, 35; and Aus-
tralia, 1

200,000,000 In Europe...... 157,000,000 115,000,000 610,000,000

Grand Total........ In Asia ... 145,000,000

. 1,288,000,000 In Africa 200,000,000

The division according to creeds is full In America 58,000,000 1,000,000 In Australia...

The leading sums, of interesting detail. 1,000,000 1,000,000

taken on the round number of 1,300,000,000 Total...... 1,026,000,000 262,000,000 as the total population of the earth, are :The same Swedish ethnologist makes still Christians, 335,000,000, or 25.77 percent. another division of the human race, accord- Jews, 5,000,000, or 0.38 per cent. ing to the facial angle, into Orthognathes Asiatic Religions, 600,000,000, or 46.15 and Prognathes the former with an erect face, the latter with protruding jaws and Mohammedan, 160,000,000, or 12.31 receding foreheads. Both classes are found both among Oval and Broad Heads. The Pagans, 200,000,000, or 15.39 per cent. figures stand thus :

Total, 1,300,000,000, or 100 per cent.



Oval heads.

Broad heads.

per cent.

per cent.

EUROPEAN INTELLIGENCE. The 335,000,000 of Christians are again elaborate paper from which we have made divided into

these extracts is of opinion that although 170,000,000 Roman Catholics, 50.7 per much uncertainty attaches to the positive cent.

numbers given under the various heads, yet 89,000,000 Protestants, 26.6 per cent. so manifold have been his sources of compa76,000,000 Greek Catholics, 22.7 per risons, that the general results in proporcent.

tions of population, race, or creed, may be Total, 335,000,000, 100 per cent. adopted as correct. - The Century. The conscientious author of the very








France, August, 1859. sophisms. Every reader of good sense will DEBATES ON THE TEMPORAL POWER OF THE easily find all the refutation they need. PAPACY.

But a journal which has 50,000 subscribers, The affairs of Italy still occupy the first Le Siècle, has thought well to reply by the place in the public mind; and among the pen of one of its most able editors, M. questions agitated by the organs of public Louis Jourdan, to the double charge of opinion, that of the Government of the impiety and ignorance. This reply is solid States of the Church is the most pro and energetic. minent. All understand that there the M. Jourdan does not disguise his convicgreatest obstacle has arisen to the complete tions. " We are,” says he,“ among that emancipation of the Peninsula, and that multitude of persons who think that the the success of this noble cause will be sus- Papacy makes a very ill use of its tempended so long as the Pope remains abso- poral power; and this is evident enough lute ruler of three millions of Italians. since the people governed by the Pope

Naturally, the Ultramontane journals put would dethrone him if he were not susforth all the efforts of their dialectics and tained by foreign bayonets. We think, their rhetoric to prove that it would be and we say, that this temporal power is no sacrilege to cut off the smallest portion of less injurious to the Papacy than to religion. the Papal power. They accompany their We can understand that the clerical corpoarguments with very gross insults, as is ration, which finds in this state of things their constant habit. Thus, among other honours, influence, riches, dignities, should amenities, they say that their adversaries value it highly; but this proves nothing. are persons ignorant of the very first ele- Religion is one thing, and the clergy are ments of theology and history, and so another. In certain circumstances the impious that they seek to overthrow the clergy are the greatest enemies of religion. aathority of God himself. They add that ... The Jesuits think they have said everythe subjects of Pius IX. are the happiest thing, when, after having accused us of in the world, and governed with paternal impiety, they add that we are ignorant. ... tenderness, and that the existing agitation We avow willingly our ignorance; the in the Roman States is the work of miser- wisest of men is ignorant of a thousand able demagogues. In fine, when the Ultra-things. But I can read, and perhaps I montanes are driven within their last en- have studied religion as well as Cartrenchments, they declare that the cause of dinal Antonelli, or the Pope himself.”. the temporal sovereignty of the Popes is The editor of the Siècle applies himself that of civilisation itself, that the fate of to prove that the temporal power of the all other Crowns is subordinated to this, and Papacy is not a Divine institution. He that if the subjects of the pontifical do- quotes the words of Christ to Pontius minion are discontented, so much the worse Pilate-"My kingdom is not of this for them; their particular interests ought world.”. Ho appeals to the testimony of to yield to the general welfare of Chris- the ancient doctors. “ The most illustrious tendom.

fathers of the Church," he says, “the most It would be perfectly superfluous to re- venerated saints, the councils of primitive fute, point by point, these poor and puerile times, are of one mind with the doctrine of


their Master. St. Ambrose, St. Augustine, | great honour on our country. It is, say St. Chrysostom maintain that the Church the Jesuits, a distinguished mark of his ought not to have any temporal power. . . august benignity. The Apostle St. Peter, who probably was competent to speak on these subjects, since he had received his instructions from Jesus Christ himself, has enjoined the shepherds to feed the flock of God which is committed to them, not by constraint, but willingly, not as being lords over God's heritage, but as ensamples to the flock.'" (1 Peter v. 2.)

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The same writer mentions Tertullian, Origen, Lactantius, and St. Bernard, and concludes with this vehement apostrophe to the Ultramontanes:

"Burn, then, all books or prevent our learning to read, if you wish us to believe your words. The Gospel condemns you in every page, the Fathers contradict you, history is against you. We are in your opinion impious persons. But who then merits the reproach of impiety? Who are those who violate the laws of Christianity? The establishment of any temporal power in the bosom of the Church is opposed to the will of Jesus Christ; all use of material force is impious. Put up again thy sword into his place,' said Christ to Peter. It is plain, not only to us, but to all rightminded men, that if the Papacy wishes to return to the character and to the letter of its institution, it must be purely and simply a spiritual power, without temporal dominion, without the sword, without cannon, rifled or unrifled, without foreign regiments which, in its name, massacre inoffensive people. It is well that everybody should know this!"

M. Louis Jourdan, as you see, steps firmly on his way. He has read the Bible; he introduces texts from it judiciously; and the numerous readers of the Siècle, almost all Roman Catholics, may learn in its columns that the Papacy is not in harmony with Christianity. Unhappily, the editor of the Siècle, and his friends, have neither the piety nor the courage to go one step further. They separate themselves from the communion of Rome without entering any other, and on all important occasions submit to what the clergy impose. What lasting victory can they expect with such illogical conduct?

The individual recently beatified, or canonised, was called Benoit Joseph Labre. He lived in the last century, in the north of France. What were the virtues which have raised him to this high distinction? We find them detailed in the Decree of Canonisation laid down by the Pontifical Court of Chancery. This Benoit Joseph Labre, instead of devoting himself to honest and regular labour, spent his whole life in begging. He refused, from motives of abstinence and mortification, to live in a house. He slept on the bare earth in the open air. His garments consisted of dirty rags, fastened with an old girdle, and he never changed them at any season. nourishment he picked up the refuse which had been thrown into the mud of the streets, and so on.


What sanctity! A being, disgusting, unclean, covered with filth, feeding like the brute, living in idleness, useless to others and degrading himself! Such are the Saints after Rome's own heart; and Pius IX. seriously proposes this man to the French for imitation!! Is it not evident, as one of the religious journals has remarked, that a pious workman, laboriously earning bread, with a suitable lodging, wearing clean clothes, and eating thankfully the nourishment that his work has procured him, answers, much better than this pretended saint, the end for which man has been created and redeemed by Jesus Christ? What a system is that which proposes as models men whose virtue consists in being idle and dirty mendicants.

I will make one other little observation. Since the Pope and his counsellors exalt so highly this extreme poverty, why do they not themselves set the example of it? Why do they live in sumptuous palaces, sit at magnificent banquets, ride in pompous equipages, and live in all the enjoyments of worldly luxury? They do not seek apparently for beatification and canonization like the worthy Benoit Joseph Labre!


There is in France a weekly journal, bearing the name of Rosier de Marie (the "Rose-tree of Mary.") This publication, patronised by the high and low clergy, circulates in a large number of hands. It takes the place of the Holy Scriptures with devout Catholics. It is a meritorious work to read the Rosier de Marie, which conand thinks he is in this way conferring a tains the quintessence of the doctrines

While these grave questions are agitated, the Pope and the Cardinals employ their time in Rome in singular extravagances. Pius IX. has just added


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