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will on a given subject had first to square with the principles in which he believed; otherwise, he could not follow it.

WILLIS SMITH was a true patriot, according to my understanding of that word, in that he looked upon his country as something to love and to serve, not something which afforded an opportunity to better his own position, or an opportunity to barter or traffic for personal gain. He placed first the eternal principles of service to our Nation, and reflected those principles in the Senate to the encouragement and inspiration of all of us.

I wish to mention, too, how impressed I have been with his family, particularly with Mrs. Smith, whose maiden name was Anna Lee. For almost 35 years Senator SMITH and Mrs. Smith walked the path of life together, sharing all its burdens and triumphs. I know that Mrs. Smith was a source of constant inspiration and help to him during his career. mind, as a wife, as a mother, and a lady, she represents the very finest in American womanhood.

As we visited in their home on Sunday, I was most favorably impressed with the three fine sons, Willis, Lee Créecy, and Alton Battle, and also with the charming daughter, Anna Lee. I thought that even though individual life comes and goes, the stream of life flows on; and in those fine representatives of our dear friend the stream of life will continue to flow on with character, with new vigor, and new vitality, all worthy representatives of their parent. They give us encouragement as our country faces the future.

I shall mention something of the spirit of the funeral service. The two ministers who led our thought on that occasion reflected the sentiments of the occasion in speaking briefly on some of the noble virtues of Senator SMITH, and in a most elevating, inspiring way presented to us his lofty ideals and paid tribute to his high character.

This was the second occasion on which I have looked into the faces of the people of North Carolina at a time of sadness among them. I saw in them well-marked lines of character


and an affirmation of faith in our way of life. I saw people who are not excelled anywhere in the Nation, people who believe in our form of government and its basic principles. I thought how well our friend reflected those great principles in which they and he believed. Those same people are fortunate to have their ideals and principles so well and ably represented and reflected here by the senior Senator from North Carolina (Mr. Hoey).

I join with all in expressing our profound sympathy to the family of WILLIS SMITH, but I believe we can assure them that in some respects they will continue to have him with them. In many ways, the children will be more influenced since the passing of their father than they were during his lifetime, because they will cherish and heed even more the fine, cardinal principles he represented and taught to them.

I feel certain that the God whom WILLIS SMITH served so faithfully and manfully affords an eternal resting place for his soul. We can well follow his matchless example.

Mr. HENDRICKSON. Mr. President, like my colleagues, I rise today with a heavy heart, but I rise also, as the Senator from Virginia has so well said, a better American for having had association and companionship with WILLIS SMITH.

Before today's eulogies have faded into these historic walls—but not, I know, from our collective memories—there will be a great deal said about WILLIS SMITH'S great record of service to his people, to his country, and to his legal profession.

WILLIS SMITH, the renowned attorney, the former head of the American Bar Association, the representative of his country at international conferences—all these accomplishments and others have been and will be eloquently discussed by his colleagues today and in the years to come.

I would direct a few moments of the Senate's time this morning to the memory of the WILLIS SMITH whom we all knew as the gracious, kindly Christian servant and gentleman who had been with us too few years.

His devotion to the task before him; the care with which he performed his duties to his beloved people of North Carolina and to the country at large, will always remain in the memory of those of us who worked intimately with him.

Mr. President, the Raleigh News and Observer on Monday morning, June 29, reported the funeral services for this gentle friend with real simplicity.

There were two things about that newspaper account which I found particularly striking. One was the reference to the brief and simple service conducted by Dr. Howard Powell, pastor of the Edenton Street Methodist Church, of which Senator SMITH was a member.

The other reference was to the flag-draped casket as it moved up the church aisle.

The flag referred to, Mr. President, points up WILLIS SMITH'S great devotion to country—the church, his dedication to Christian service; "the brief and simple service,” recalls to mind the simplicity of person, and, all too remindfully, Mr. President, the brevity of his life on this troubled earth.

His people needed his vigor and dedication to purpose so badly that he will be surely missed by them. How valuable that vigor has been to us, Mr. President, and how difficult it is for us to lose him when his rich and able service was only beginning.

WILLIS SMITH and the junior Senator from New Jersey were members of the Committee on the Judiciary.

It was while on an official visit to the countries of Western Europe as members of the Subcommittee on Immigration that I came to know WILLIS SMITH and his charming wife intimately.

We were together in France, Germany, Italy, Switzerland, and England.

That trip, during which we studied the refugee situation in Free Europe and the overcrowded conditions which abound there, clearly reflected the differences in approach to several public questions which separated WILLIS SMITH and myself on issues.

We differed on immigration questions, and we differed on other policy matters as well.

But, Mr. President, there never was a more understanding companion and more able student of government than the WILLIS SMITH who shared the burdens of that tiring journey with the members of the Immigration Subcommittee.

His contributions to the outcome of that mission were many. Always challenging, stimulating, and just-his counsel and advice were both profound and inspiring. It could not be otherwise, Mr. President, for it was dedicated by a scrupulous conscience.

I shall always carry with me, Mr. President, the wonderful memory of a man and his good wife who comported themselves with great dignity, kindness, and charity in all their personal relationships during a long and arduous trek.

We who knew him and served with him are aware of what his loss means.

Mr. President, the courage of the soldier which he was during World War I; the great legal mind which made WILLIS SMITH stand out in the proud ranks of his fellow lawyers, were only part of the makeup of dignity and kindliness which was the real mark of a man and a great public servant.

Mrs. Hendrickson joins the junior Senator from New Jersey today as he endeavors to convey to the lovely wife and splendid family of our departed colleague our deepest sympathy.

Mr. President, I say again that we shall all be better Americans, better Christians, and better Senators for having had in our midst the inspiring presence of WILLIS SMITH, whose memory will ever remain in our hearts.

Mr. MCCLELLAN. Mr. President, it is with a sad heart that I join in and associate myself with the beautiful sentiments and the eloquent tributes which have been paid this morning to our departed friend and colleague. I cannot add greatly to what has been said, but I join in all the beautiful expressions, so true and so sincere, of those who have spoken so eloquently before me.

It was not my good fortune or privilege to know Senator SMITH before he came to the Senate, as some other Members of this body knew him. But one did not require a long acquaintance with Senator WILLIS SMITH to know and appreciate the true values of solid character and high ideals and principles which marked his daily life and conduct.

I did not have the opportunity to work with him on committees, not being a member of any committee on which he served, but our acquaintance soon ripened into friendship. I was with him on many social occasions in his home, and he visited in my home. We frequently talked about the important measures being considered by the Congress, particularly the legislation being considered by the Judiciary Committee of which he was a member-measures which affected the security of our country, measures which were designed to protect our security.

I have never talked with anyone who was more devoted or more consecrated to the task of enacting legislation which he thought was for the good of his country, and the welfare of the people.

I shall not dwell at length upon my feelings, but I may say that, by reason of having known him, and by reason of association with him, I feel—as I am sure every other Member of this body feels—that I have been inspired with greater devotion to country and to higher ideals of service. The memories of his sterling qualities and his warm friendship are enshrined in the hearts of all of us. To his widow and family Mrs. McClellan and I extend our profound sympathy. They are remembered in our prayers.

Mr. WELKER. Mr. President, I shall speak briefly and extemporaneously. There is nothing I can say which would add to the heartfelt tributes which have been paid to the

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