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loyal to his God and to the country; he was loyal to his friends, in an almost selfless way; and he was loyal to the great ideas which had captured him, as great ideas capture all great men.

His word was good. It was never necessary to worry about tricks of phrasing in reaching agreement with him. He always knew the substance of the thought he was conveying and the boundaries of the assurance he was giving; and one knew he would never quibble over a commitment once given, though informally, any more than he would have repudiated his pledged word-an act which, to WILLIS SMITH, would have been unthinkable.

WILLIS SMITH had a tremendous capacity for work. It was bound up, somehow, with the cheerful willingness to serve which was so characteristic of him. He would take on a job as part of his duty, or to please a friend; to right a wrong, or just because it needed doing. Whatever he undertook, he carried forward with rare skill, fine tact, and an energy and industry which seemed boundless. He was almost the epitome of the busy man who can always find time for one more worthwhile task.

Mr. President, the words we speak at the passing of a friend are only random readings from the memoranda etched on the tablets of our hearts; they never tell the whole story. So I know that the few brief remarks I have made here today are woefully inadequate to do justice to the life and character of WILLIS SMITH. That would still be true even if I were to talk at much greater length. He was a true patriot, a fine American; his was a fine mind, a noble spirit, a great heart; he was a true friend. His passing leaves in each of many lives a void which shall not again be filled.

Mr. President, in closing, let me say that I am reminded of the lines by Sir Thomas Moore, when he wrote:

You may break, you may shatter the vase if you will,
But the scent of the roses will hang round it still.

So, in this Chamber there will be reminder after reminder of the great character and of the great man who has been called away from us.

Mr. MARTIN. Mr. President, I rise to join in the sentiments expressed by my colleagues on the tragic loss we have suffered in the untimely passing of WILLIS SMITH.

I did not have the honor of knowing Senator SMITH until he became a Member of this body. However, I knew that he was an outstanding lawyer and that he had been honored by the American Bar Association by being elected its president. Senator SMITH had been with us only a short time when we began to appreciate his outstanding Americanism, his thorough understanding of our form of government, and his courage to stand up for its ideals.

Senator SMITH served his State in its legislature and his Nation in the armed services.

Senator SMITH was a busy man, a very able man, and an extremely good man. He respected the rights of others, regardless of their position in life.

I share the profound sense of sorrow that fills this chamber. I shall always cherish the memory of my association with WILLIS SMITH and the inspiration I received from his patriotic Americanism.

The sincerity and loyalty of his distinguished service to his State and Nation were outstanding characteristics which we shall always remember.

My deepest sympathy goes out to those who are near and dear to him. I pray that the burden of their woe may be lightened by the courage and strength that God alone can grant in this time of their great bereavement.

Mr. HOLLAND. Mr. President, I arise to express briefly but from a full heart my sense of great personal loss because of the sudden and untimely passing of our late colleague, Senator WILLIS SMITH, of North Carolina. His distinguished career as a soldier, lawyer, civic servant, public oficial and

splendid Christian gentleman is so well known that I shall mention only a few of the high lights. As a truly great lawyer and leader of his profession, his high stature was recognized in many ways, but particularly by his elevation to the office of Presdent of the American Bar Association, in which he rendered outstanding service. In the civic and educational field he found many opportunities to leave indelible impressions of his usefulness and his high character. I mention only one illustration: His occupancy since 1946 of the responsible post of chairman of the board of trustees of Duke University. In State government he held a high place, serving years ago as Speaker of the House of Representatives of the North Carolina Legislature. In the last 2 years and 7 months as a United States Senator he has earned a permanent place of high regard in the Halls of Congress. That he was not only respected but also dearly loved by his friends and neighbors was clearly manifest to those of us who were present at his home city, Raleigh, N. C., where he was laid to rest last Sunday afternoon in the presence of thousands of his sorrowing fellow citizens.

Here in the Senate, WILLIS SMITH was always and in the fullest sense a Senator of the United States, placing foremost the interest of our Nation and translating into words and action his deep concern because of the grave dangers, internal and external, which he sensed were assailing the prosperity and the essential character of American institutions, and threatening the continued existence of his beloved country. One who later analyzes his infrequent but able and convincing speeches on the floor of the Senate and his tireless work in committee must come inescapably to the conclusion that he felt that his highest duty as a Senator of the United States was to oppose vigorously every national trend which he felt in his heart was paving the way for our internal decay or our external destruction. Keenly conscious of the dangerous days in which he lived, his every thought and act was concerned with serving our Nation in those

vital fields where he felt its prosperity, its best traditions and its very existence were in danger.

It was my great privilege that our Washington apartment homes were under the same roof, which gave to Mrs. Holland and I the opportunity to know him well and to observe his high mindedness, his devotion to duty, and at the same time his exemplary qualities as a husband and father who lived up to the finest traditions of American family life. Our heart-felt sympathy and affection go out to his devoted wife, his three splendid sons and his lovely daughter, whose loving devotion to each other and to the head of the family made their home one of which we shall always have tender and appreciative memories. Knowing as I do, the bonds of friendship and mutual esteem which existed between WILLIS SMITH and his distinguished senior colleague (Mr. Hoey] who has always been my next neighbor on the floor of the Senate, I voice also my deep sympathy to him in what I know has been his grievous personal loss.

Mr. WILEY. Mr. President, I was in New York when the news came that our colleague, WILLIS SMITH, had passed on. I could not believe it at first, since it was only last summer that he and I were engaged on behalf of this body in the inspection of a number of refugee camps in Europe. We traveled in an open boat up the Adriatic Sea to Trieste. The boat was nearly swamped. Throughout Europe there was an inimitable sense of humor evidenced by Senator SMITH. So the sad news that WILLIS SMITH had gone to his everlasting reward came as a shock to me. He is no longer with us, but we can stand in the Senate and reiterate our faith that there is no death, that this little journey on earth for a few years more or less is but a kindergarten to prepare us for the graduating class, perhaps eons and eons from now.

Mr. President, I should like to add my word of tribute to this fine friend, statesman, and Senator. In the little less than 3 years I had known him, I had not only come to have

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respect for him, but also, on our trip abroad, we became so friendly and close that our relationship was more like that of brothers. We had no trouble about anything. In him there was always a bubbling overtone of confidence and joy and health and vigor; and there was always a sense of humor. He loved life and lived it to the full.

As has been said, WILLIS SMITH was a very able lawyer, a very great American, a fine Senator. I first came in contact with him in the Senate Judiciary Committee. His work on the Internal Security Subcommittee, the Alien Property Subcommittee, and the Immigration Subcommittee contributed immeasurably to the progress made by those groups.

I had the pleasure of serving with WILLIS SMITH as a delegate to the Interparliamentary Union Conference in Berne, Switzerland, last year, at which time I noted his keen understanding of our foreign problems and his wonderful ability to mix with people. I often think that what we need in our foreign relations is to have representatives abroad who, like WILLIS SMITH, have the common touch, the ability to reach the heartstrings of people, as it were, to exchange at first, perhaps, merely commonplace ideas, and then to go on to a discussion of principles. In all my contacts with WILLIS SMITH, I did not always agree with him; and in America it is a good thing that there is a difference of opinion. If we were all to agree, if we were all to hold to one line of thinking, whether political, economic, or religious, there would be lacking that clarification which comes as a result of the impact of ideas upon ideas.

Yes, Mr. President, WILLIS SMITH was, as has been said so eloquently today, a gracious, courteous, and polite man, a wonderful father, a devoted husband, and a legislator who was always willing and eager to hear the facts when any subject was under discussion. Then he was ready to weigh the facts, and to comment judiciously upon them. It has been said that WILLIS SMITH possessed the finest type of legal

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