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found knowledge of the law, he was considered one of the outstanding members of the committee, loved and respected by all; and

Whereas the committee is only too keenly aware of the great loss to the public generally, the citizens of North Carolina, the Congress of the United States, and the committee in particular, occasioned by the untimely demise of this fine legislator and gracious gentleman; and

Whereas the committee desires to express its deep feeling to the Senate of the United States and to the family of the Honorable WILLIS SMITH, late a Senator of the United States from the State of North Carolina: Therefore be it

Resolved, That this resolution be spread upon the minutes of the Committee on the Judiciary and published in the Congressional Record; and be it further

Resolved, That we, the members of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary, do hereby voice to his loved ones our deep sense of sorrow at his passing and our heartfelt sympathy on the loss of a beloved husband and father; and that a copy of this resolution be transmitted to the family of the deceased.

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 1953.

The Chaplain, Rev. Frederick Brown Harris, D. D., offered the following prayer:

Our Father God, who art in heaven and in all Thy works, we pause in the midst of thronging duties and confused issues to commune with Thee, who alone art our rock and our salvation. As workers together with Thee, teach our hearts and our hands to build that city where Thou shalt dwell with man, where darkness and sorrow and pain and want shall be no more. Solemnize us with the vivid realization of how swift to its close ebbs out our own little day, as we think tenderly this hour of one who so recently stood in this Chamber, so able and faithful, with the consecrated powers of his strong manhood serving the Nation he loved and who has now fallen on sleep in the full strength of his days. Help us to work valiantly while it is called day, knowing that so soon the night cometh when no man can work. We ask it in the dear Redeemer's name. Amen.

Mr. KNOWLAND. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that the legislative business of the Senate be suspended to permit an opportunity for memorial addresses on the life, character, and public service of the late Senator from North Carolina, Hon. WILLIS SMITH.

The VICE PRESIDENT. Without objection, it is so ordered.

Mr. HOEY. Mr. President, on Sunday afternoon, June 28, 1953, in the capital city of Raleigh a vast throng of friends from throughout the State of North Carolina assembled in Edenton Street Methodist Church to attend a simple but beautiful funeral service for Senator WILLIS SMITH, late a United States Senator from North Carolina.

The Vice President of the United States, together with a fine group of Senators and Members of the House of Representatives, attended this service and joined the bleeding heart of North Carolina in paying tribute to this well beloved son who had fallen far out in front in service to his State and Nation.

Senator SMITH left the Senate on Monday afternoon, June 22, 1953, when the Senate adjourned, a comparatively well man. In the early hours of the following morning he suffered a heart attack and was promptly removed to the naval hospital at Bethesda. Notwithstanding all that medical science could do to stay the advance of this disease, he died 3 days thereafter on Friday morning at 5:40 a. m., and his immortal spirit returned to the God who gave it.

Senator SMITH was sworn in as a Senator from North Carolina on November 27, 1950, and therefore had served for 2 years and 7 months in this greatest deliberative body and the one open legislative forum in the world.

WILLIS SMITH was born in Norfolk, Va., on December 19, 1887. His father died when he was only 2 years of age, and his mother immediately moved back to her native North Carolina and established a neighborhood private school in Elizabeth City, which was later attended by her son. He

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graduated from Elizabeth City High School in 1905, and began work immediately owing to the necessity of helping with the family finances.

Later he was granted a $50 scholarship and entered Trinity College. He had to work to supplement his income, and he became campus manager for a New York tailoring firm and earned about $1,000 selling clothes. He received his degree from Trinity College, now Duke University, in 1910, and studied law, being admitted to the bar in 1912, and at once began the practice of his chosen profession, in which he won such high distinction.

WILLIS SMITH enlisted in the Army in World War I, and after the war closed he moved to Raleigh, the State capital, and reentered the practice of law. He was elected to the State house of representatives in 1926 and reelected in 1928 and 1930, and because of his outstanding record of achievement in legislative matters he was elected speaker of the house in 1930.

Senator SMITH soon took first rank with the lawyers of the State and achieved such prominence that he was elected president of the North Carolina State Bar and president of the American Bar Association in 1946, and while president went to Nuremberg, Germany, as an observer of the trials of German war criminals. He was also at this time elected chairman of the board of trustees of Duke University, which position he held at the time of his death.

Senator SMITH was called upon to fill many important posts. President Truman appointed him in 1947 to serve on the Amnesty Board, which passed upon 16,000 cases of persons convicted under the Selective Service Act. He also served on the Attorney General's Committee on Citizenship and as Chairman of the President's Memorial Commission.

Previously he had served as chairman of the Democratic State convention and attended several Democratic National Conventions as a delegate.

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When the late lamented Senator J. Melville Broughton died in March 1949, then Gov. Kerr Scott appointed Dr. Frank P. Graham, president of the University of North Carolina and one of the most popular men in the State, to succeed him in the United States Senate. WILLIS SMITH entered the Democratic primary against him in 1950 and was nominated, and later elected in November, and immediately began his service in the Senate. He was placed on the Judiciary Committee and made a great record on this important committee and on special subcommittees. He was elected to represent the Senate at the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization which was to meet in September 1953, which was a distinct honor. In 1951 he was the United States delegate to the Interparliamentary Union meeting in Istanbul, Turkey, and was a member of the American delegation to the Union meeting in 1952.

Senator SMITH was a Methodist, a Kiwanian, a member of the American Legion, of the Society of Forty and Eight, of Sigma Phi Epsilon, of Omicron Delta Kappa, of Phi Delta Phi, and the Order of the Coif.

Senator SMITH had a beautiful home life and is survived by his devoted wife and loved companion, Anna Lee Smith, 3 splendid sons and 1 fine daughter. The whole State shares their sorrow. I am sure I speak for every Member of this body in expressing our profound sympathy for them and the fervent hope that the everlasting arms of a gracious Heavenly Father shall be underneath and round about them.

The service of Senator SMITH was so extensive and his activities so varied that it is impossible to summarize his achievements and accomplishments in a short space of time such as is available today. Any appraisal of his character and life should take into account some of the outstanding virtues and attributes which marked his everyday service. The virtues of an ideal citizen flowered in him. He was a man every day in the year and every hour of the day.

Among the attributes which so impressed themselves on all with whom he came in contact might be classified as, first, loyalty; second, courage; third, integrity; fourth, ability; fifth, patriotism.

Senator SMITH was loyal always to the best he knew and he knew the best. He was a loyal friend, as a lawyer he was loyal to his client, as a citizen he was loyal to his State and Nation, as a humble believer in a great God he was loyal to his faith and to his profession. He was so intensely loyal to America that he could not tolerate disloyalty in anyone, and he believed with all his heart in liberty and freedom.

Courage was one of the outstanding virtues of Senator SMITH. He was utterly unafraid. So many men in public positions hesitate about championing an unpopular cause or running counter to mass movements. They are frequently responsive to pressure groups, because they do not wish to withstand aggressive adverse action, and they yield sometimes against their better judgment in order to avoid a hot controversy. Senator SMITH dared always to stand for his convictions regardless of the attitude of the multitude.

No public man can long remain a success if he lacks integrity, and throughout his career of 65 years as a legislator, a lawyer, a public servant, and a statesman, the integrity of Senator SMITH was so well defined and so fully established that no one ever questioned it. He attained a large and lucrative law practice and had very important clients, but whether he was representing the poor and friendless or the great and strong there was never any question about his integrity and that he would fully discharge his duty.

Ability provides the means by which great public service can be rendered and furnishes the basis upon which to build a strong and enduring character. Senator SMITH'S ability was recognized by people in all walks of life and manifested itself in a striking way in the diversified service which he

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