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The power and station he so oft declin'd,
(Communicated.) Baboo Rajinda Dutt, a native physician of Calcutta, is distinguished by his great ability, learning and humanity. His wealth enables him to practice gratuitously, and to become an extensive patron of science and improvement. Fitz Edward Hall, of Troy, New York, a graduate of Cambridge College, is now studying Sanscrii, and devoted to oriental literature at Calcutta, and was introduced to Bishop Wilson, of Calcutta, to whom he was kindly commended by letters from Bishop Potter, of Pennsylvania, Bishop Hopkins, of Vermont, and the Hon. Edward Everett, President of Harvard College. At the siggestion of Mr. Hall, this learned native, with whom he had become acquainted, united with him in June 1847, and sent to the librarian of Cambridge College, a box of curious books and manuscripts. An American Bible; a Bengali Bible, translated by the celebrated missionary Carey; the Gulistán, by Sádi of Shiraz, a Persian manuscript; the celebrated tale of the Four Dervishes, by Amér Khushrú; and other rare works, are contained in this collection.
The letter of Mr. Hall to the librarian, shows his deep devotion to science. He is a member of the Bengal Asiatic Society, which was founded, we believe, by Sir William Jones, the great pioneer in oriental literature.
The letter of the distinguished native Baboo Rajinda Dutt, written in English, and accompanying the box, is here annexed. Mr.
He at different times was elected by the counties of Hanover, Louisa, Prince Edward, Henry and Charlotte, and is the only man who was ever thrice chosen governor of the state.
Hall remarks of him that “besides being an excellent scholar and writer of his own language, he possesses a really critical knowledge of English, and has read all our best writers. His acquaintance with those of the age of Elizabeth, and of the last century, is particularly thorough. He has the largest library of any native in Calcutta, and he is well acquainted with its contents." His letter is as follows: T. W. HARRIS, M. D.,
Librarian of Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. Sir— The assiduity and perseverance, not to speak of devotedness, with which Mr. Hall is studying the Oriental languages, evinces a growing desire on the part of your nation,—which is not behind any in the advancement of learning,—to stand in the same high position, as Sanskrit scholars, which the German and other European nations have reached. That this is practicable to the Americans, there is not the least doubt; since you possess facilities and advantages equal, if not superior, to the learned of Europe: and your enterprising character enables you to overcome every difficulty which is supposed to attend the study of Sanskrit-acknowledged to be more complex than Greek,-in a country where there is not much, if any chance of getting a native tutor. I hope, therefore, the time is not distant when the Sanskrit with its cognate tongues, and other Oriental languages, will be recognized by your Universities; and allowed a place in the curriculum of their studies. With this fond expectation, I do myself the honor to send, through my friend Mr. Hall, some Sanskrit books and manuscripts: and I am now collecting some standard works in Bengali which I intend to place at your disposal at my earliest convenience. I can assure you, as you will ere long hear from Mr. Hall, that any labor undertaken or time spent in the study of Sanskrit will be amply rewarded by the profundity and inexhaustible richness of that learned language.
Allow me to express the deep interest I take in the progress which science and the arts, and specially the healing art, are making in your country. For America I entertain the warmest hopes and the highest expectations, and fain would I visit that land,—the land of liberty and the best constitution of government now existing upon earth, and be the bearer of this my humble present to your university, were I not, to my infinite mortification, impeded by restraints which it is superfinous to specify. Happily for us, we have the earnest of better and felicitous days; and those not too far distant. The school-master is also abroad here, as elsewhere, doing his sacred duty: and the march of intellect is advancing in India, beyond the most sanguine expectations of her well-wishers. It is my earnest hope, that ere long, the people of this country will resort to Europe and America, which are now forbidden ground to Hindu pilgrims, for the purposes of intellectual and commercial intercourse, and thus, by oft repeated communion, cement and confirm that fellowship which, as members of the same species, rank us together as brothers.
As my time has been principally employed in commercial pursuits, you will kindly excuse the defective mode in which I have endeavored to convey my cordial attachment to your institutions and country, and permit me to subscribe,
Sir, your most obedient servant, Calcutta, 9th June, 1847.
DR. THOMAS CHALMERS.
The death of this eminent divine, during the past year, called forth a universal tribute of respect. No clergyman of Scotland, since the days of John Knox, had so strong and pervading a hold on the national mind, as Chalmers. The attendance at the funeral ceremony by men from every part of the country, without distinction of sect, was evidence of their love and admiration. The homage was real—the affectionate regret manifested, was that of a whole people.
Dr. Chalmers was born in a small town in Fife, in the year 1780, and after studying at the University of St. Andrews, was ordaineil assistant to a clergyman in the south of Scotland in 1802, and to a parochial charge in his native county in 1803. In 1809, the treatise, afterwards expanded into his Evidences of Christianity, was prepared for Brewster's Encyclopedia. In 1814, he received a call to the Tron Church, of Glasgow, from which he was removed in 1819 to the newly erected parish of St. John's in the same city. In 1823, he was appointed professor of moral philosophy in the University of St. Andrews. In 1828 he was elected professor of divinity in the University of Edinburgh. In 1843 he relinquished that charge, on the occasion of the Free Church secession, and became Principal of the New College of Edinburgh, instituted by that body for the education of its clergy, an appointment which he retained till his death.
One of the best evidences of his greatness, is the fact that his popularity never waned. He did not acquire his position by overtaxing his powers at any one period of his life, but by doing from the first what his heart prompted, and what his genius fully enabled him to do. The time never came to him, when, with a mind and body enfeebled by over-work, he found himself burdened with a
reputation too mighty to be sustained. Great as was the fame which he acquired, he did not go beyond himself in the labors which acquired it. He got it naturally. He acted out what was in him, and the fame came to him. Had Dr. Chalmers ever been troubled about his reputation, had he ever come to that pinching place in the paths of ordinary great men, and found it necessary to substitute the keeping up of his name for the honest, true-hearted and Christian motives that had actuated him in the efforts by which he made it, there would certainly have been an abatement, before he died, of the interest, which, as a preacher, he excited. But he was above this evil, above this folly.
“ I admired him for more than thirty years,” says Merle D'Aubigné. “I saw him two years ago, and I was immediately subdued by one of the grandest natures which grace ever sanctified. Few men have had, even on the continent, an influence as extensive and as blessed as Chalmers.
From his youth, there was found in him, as in Pascal, the liveliest imagination, with the most wonderful mathematical capacity. What man in the church, united as he did, to so profound a philosophical spirit, such an admirable synthetical power, such marvelous benevolence? You have read his discourses. But I will say to you as the Athenian rhetorician said to Demosthenes : what if you had heard him? Nowhere, either in Germany, or in Switzerland, or in France, or in England, have I felt so transported as by the sublime eloquence of Chalmers. And what characterizes his eloquence is, that it is always subordinate to a great purpose. He was not only the first of modern orators; but he was in the full extent of the word, a Reformer.”
The aspect and attitude of Chalmers during the few last years of his life were beautiful in the extreme. Any harshnesses of his earlier days had been rounded off by time,“ like the high leaves upon the holly-tree.” His hopeful, enthusiastic benevolence was pure, unsophisticated, as in youth: he was to the last, a child in heart. He was the great apostle in this age of the infinite superiority of the living benevolence of a good man to the fossilized benevolence embodied in statutes. Himself full of intense life and benevolence, he communicated the contagion to all who came into contact with him. He must not be judged of by the forms in which his mind was cast in youth, and from which they were never emancipatedor by the controversies in which he was engaged-these all were local and sectarian. But he must be judged by the universality of his mind, which over-informed those outward visible appearances, and from its own redundant vitality imparted life and energy to others.
The family of this distinguished man can be distinctly traced back to Richard O'Connell, who, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, made submission of his lands to the crown.
Daniel O'Connell, the subject of the present memoir, was the eldest son of Morgan O'Connell, one of twenty-two children, onehalf of whom lived to upwards of eighty years.
This Morgan O'Connell, or Morgan O'Connell, Esq., as he was called as he grew prosperous in the world, in the early portion of his life combined the occupations of a farmer and that of a shopkeeper at Cahirciveen, and having amassed a competency, he retired to a little estate he purchased at Carhen, about a mile distant from the scene of his early labors; and here Daniel was born, on the 6th of August, 1775, the
very date in which hostilities were commenced against the American colonies. The education of the future agitator was not much attended to in his early years; his first instructor being a poor hedge-schoolmaster, one David Mahony, who, happening to call at Carhen House in one of his rounds in quest of charitable assistance, took young Dan, then four years old, upon his lap, and was playing with him, when perceiving that the child's hair, which was long, had got much entangled, he took out a box-comb, and combed it thoroughly without hurting him ; in gratitude for which the child readily consented to learn his letters from the old man, and perfectly and permanently mastered the whole alphabet in an hour and a half. His father's eldest brother, Maurice O'Connell, of Derrynane, being childless, he adopted Daniel and his brother Maurice, and, when of a proper age, their education was intrusted to the Rev. Mr. Harrington, one of the first priests who set up a school after the repeal of the penal laws. At fourteen years of age, their uncle sent them to the continent, to finish their studies.
He entered upon the profession of the law in 1798, and soon attained distinction. In 1809, he made his first appearance in poli tics, and was placed among the leaders of the movement for Catholic Emancipation. In 1813, he killed Alderman D'Esterre in a duel, and soon after made a vow never again to fight a duel, but did not, at the same time, resolve to desist from the use of personal and insulting language.
In 1821, when George IV. paid his royal visit to Ireland, O'Connell received him on his bended knee when he touched the shore of Ireland, and presented him with a laurel crown.
In 1823, he conceived the idea of the Catholic Association.
According to the statutes of the Association in embryo, every ecclesiastic was, ipso facto, a member. Mr. O'Connell had invited