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or railroads by Nature's own hand, the reservoirs of water for canals to use them. Already, the farmer, far in the inpods of Ohio or Indiana, may ship his produce at his own
reach Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore or New , and every mile of its transit shall be by canal, steamboat -car.-North American Review.
THE PEARL OF GREAT PRICE.
BY ISAAC P. SHEPARD.
I ask not Fame; 'tis fleeting
As breath of balmy eve;
'Twill naught but sadness leave:
A joy that liveth ever;
Despair may seize me never.
To earth the spirit down;
Save but a demon's frown.
Immortal minds tormenting,
Ere life's last hour repenting!
The soul's best thoughts of God;
And sways an iron rod.
For which are millions sighing;
Along the sea shore dying?
But few who bear the name;
A swift, unstable fiame:
Men smile, with others smiling;
They pass away reviling!
That satisfies ihe soul;
From north to southern pole.
Its keeping well might covet,
In Fleaven, is prized above it!
(Translated from the German.)
THE WORTH OF WOMAN.
Man, on Passion's stormy ocean,
Tossed by surges mountains high,
Springs at Reason's feeble cry.
Louder still it roars within ;
Stuns him life's incessant din.
Man, with fury stern and savage,
Persecules his brother man,
Action-action-still his plan.
Ceaseless wishes tear his breast;
Still to be-but never blest.
Coldly to himself sufficing,
Man disdains the gentler arts,
From the interchange of hearts.
Flows the genial current on,
It is hardened into stone.
Through the range of man's dominion,
Terror is the ruling word,
Is the temper of the sword.
From the scene despairing flies,
Brother upon broiher dies.
CHYMIFICATION OF FOOD.
Dr. Castle, of New York, has presented some facts on the powers of the digestive apparatus. He says
“ Roasted meats are more nourishing than boiled meats, and these afford more nourishment than salted or prepared meats. In the culinary preparation of fresh meats, beef should be roasted till just a rare spot, as minute as practicable, is left in the centre. So with boiled meats, with the exception of veal and pork, which should be well done.'
I will here mention how long a time different meats, variously cooked, remained in the stomach before they are digested. Dr. Beaumont for several years had an ample opportunity to ascertain this fact,---of which he availed himself, in the case of a man named St. Martin, who had received a gunshot wound in the stomach, by which means, for several years, he was a close observer of the process of digestion or chymification of the food in the stomach of this man. The time occupied in digesting each article of food was as follows: Roasted beef, 3 hours and 30 minutes; broiled beef, 3 hours; boiled beef, 4 hours; showing that boiled meat occupies a longer period to be digested than the others : -and the reason may be accounted for in the fact that the nourishing portion is boiled out, leaving a large mass of excrementitious matter to be acted upon. Thus is the period extended upon salted meats:-salted beef requiring 5} hours; pork recently salted, 61 hours; fresh roasted pork, 6 hours; fresh pork boiled, 3 hours; roasted mutton, 3 hours; boiled mutton, 4 hours; broiled mutton, 3 hours; veal, fresh, 5 hours. These meats were eaten with a due proportion of bread and vegetables. This table shows that broiled meats digest quickest, and the most easily, occupying from 3 to 34 hours; next, roasted meats; next, boiled and salted meats, requiring from 6 to 6} hours.”
SALE OF DEAD LETTER CONTENTS.
We learn from the Washington correspondent of the Baltimore Clipper, that, on the 16th instant, was sold by auction, in Washington, at least a cart load of contents of dead letters and bundles. Among the many articles were, a beautiful badge made of cassia seed, fish hooks and lines, stockings, gloves, nightcaps, hats, razors and straps; paints, in bottles and boxes; sacking for beds, aprons, spectacles, suspenders, vest buttons, bead bags and purses, miniatures, gold and brass breastpins and rings, a pack of cards, a box of tools (rather small), silver crucifixes, handkerchiefs, book markers, calicoes, from a yard to a frock pattern; medicines, from a box of “golden Is” to a box of castor oil and a bottle of Bull's Sarsaparilla. Books, including two copies of “Mother Goose,” and a dozen Bibles and Testaments, in German and in English; Prayer Books, Graham's Magazine, grammars, sheet music, &c.
A Dutchman's pipe was in the collection of curiosities; also, a garment, similar to a robe de chambre with a black velvet belt, sewed fast and trimmed at the edges with gold paper. It was, doubtless, a theatrical costume, intended for an amateur. Who would think such masses found their way into the mails?
THE CAPACITY OF THE WEST.
From the Alleghanies to the Rocky mountains, from the frozen lakes of the North to the tepid waters of the Gulf of Mexico! Every soil, every climate, every variety of surface. Of all the great products of the world, coffee is the only one which does not, or may not, grow there. Take the people of Britain, Ireland, France, Holland, Germany, Italy and Spain, and place the whole in the valley beyond the Appalachians, and it would continue to ask for “ more.” Ohio alone, without sinking a pit below the level of her valleys, could supply coal equal to the amount dug from the mines of England and Wales for twenty-five hundred years, and Ohio is but a pigmy, in the way of bitumen, compared with Western Pennsylvania and Virginia. Iron abounds from Tennessee to Lake Erie, and forms the very mountains of Missouri and Arkansas. Salt wells up from secret store-houses in every northwestern state. Lead enough to shoot the human race extinct, is raised from the great metallic dykes of Illinois and Wisconsin. Copper and silver beckon all trusting capitalists to the shores of Lake Superior. And mark the water-courses, the chain of lakes, the immense plains