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Neat Cattle.—Number in 1847, 18,265,334; increase and value of cattle sold for beef, $40,000,000.

Swiné.-Number in 1847, 35,000,000; two-thirds slaughtered annually, say 23,000,000, valued at $5 each animal, $115,000,000.

Horses, Mules and Asses.—Number in 1847, 5,289,516; value of increase, (labor not estimated) $7,934,250.

Poultry.—Value in 1840, $9,344,410; increase 22 per cent., $2,055,770; total, $11,499,180.

Produce of the Dairy-Value in 1840, $33,787,008; increase 22 per cent., $7,433, 141; total, $41,220,149.

Total amount of live stock and its products, $246,054,579.

Products of the Forest—Including timber, surs, skins, game, &c., $21,599,628; fire wood, 25,000,000 cords, at $1.50 per cord, $37,500,000; total, $59,099,628.

Products of the Fisheries-Including whale, cod, mackarel, and all other fisheries, $17,069,262.

Capital-Employed in commerce, trade and internal transportation, $390,972,423; profits at 6 per cent., $23,458,345.

Manufacture-Value of, $550,000,000.

Mines— Products of, including iron, lead, gold, silver, marble, granite, coal, &c., $74,170,500.

Banking and Insurance-Bank capital, $208,216,000; capital of insurance companies not known; profits of, $25,000,000.

Money Loaned at Interest-Profits of, $25,000,000.
Rentals Of houses and lands, $50,000,000.
Professions-Profits of, $50,000,000.

Grand total of the value of the products of labor and capital in the United
States, $1,985,293,535.
Table,* exhibiting the population and property (real and personal) of each State and
Territory in the United States, in 1847.

Total amount of Population,

property, real States and Territories.

including

and personal, free and

of each state of slaves.

the Union

$400 per head. Maine

600,000

$240,000,000 New Hampshire

300,000

120,000,000 Massachusetts

850,000

340,000,000 Rhode Island

130,000

52,000,000 Connecticut

330,000

132,000,000 Vermont

302,000

· 120,000,000 New York

2,780,000 1,112,000,000 New Jersey

416,000

166,400,000 Pennsylvania

2,125,000

850,000,000 Delaware

80,000

32,000,000 Maryland

495,000

198,000,000 Virginia

1,270,000

508,000,000 North Carolina

765,000

306,000,000 South Carolina

605,000

242,000,000 Georgia

800,000

320,000,000 Alabama

690,000

276,000,000 Mississippi

640,000

256,000,000 Louisiana

470,000

188,000,000 Tennessee

950,000

380,000,000

.

* See page 109 for statistics of population, and where this table appropriately be.

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Total

20,746,000 $8,294,360,000 In France the annual production of every kind of grain, at several periods, is given as follows: Period. Quantity

For every inhabitant. 1760 92,836,000 hectolitres*

472 litres 1760 94,500,000

450 1788 115,816,000

484 1813 132,435,000

441 1840 182,546,000

541 The total value of the annual product of grain of different kinds raised in France is 2,055,469,836 francs. (The franc is equal to 18:6 cts., or 5 francs equal :93 cents.)

The foreign wheat imported into France in 1846 was 4,845,552 hectolitres, valued at 115,568,981 francs. In nine months of 1847, it was 8,031,023 hectolitres valued at 289,116,000 francs.

In the statistical tables of France for 1848, we find the following estimate of the quantity and value of the wheat produced in Europe :Countries.

Quantity.

Value. England

27,000,000 hectolitres. 675,000,000 francs. Scotland

1,540,000

38,500,000 Ireland

40,600,000

265,000,000 Sweden

239,000

5,500,000 Prussia

7,400,000

111,000,000 France

70,000,000

1,400,000,000 Austria

2,943 000

377,000,000 Holland and Belgium

3,426,000

51,405,000 Spain

17,860,000

360,360,000 The increase or multiplication of the seed of grain has been a subject of inquiry. The following results have been gathered principally from official documentsIn Sweden and Norway, the increase of seed is stated at 4} for 1.

In Denmark 6 Prussia 6 Belgium 11
Russia
5 Austria 71 Bavaria

8 Poland

8 Hungary 4 Portugal 10 England 9 Scotland 8

Jreland 10
Spain

8
ance 71 Italy

10 Tuscany 10 Lucca 15

Malta

22 In the United States the average increase of wheat is 8—Indian corn 10.

* A hectolitre is 22 gallons or 23 bushels, and a litre 1pints.

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If, on this subject, we consult the writers of antiquity, we have, on the authority of the most distinguished of them, results so immense, as to exceed very far the increase of the present day. Countries. Multiplication or

Authority. increase of corn. Ancient Egypt

100 for one

Pliny, 18, 10. Palestine (lime of Isaac) 100

Genesis, 26, 12. Syria

100

Varron-1. Libya

300

Herod., 4, 189. Lucania

100

Varron-1,

47. Prov. Carthage

100

Idem., 2, 44. Attica

50

Theoph--8, 7. Judea

60

Matth., 13. Spain

40

Merula, 2d part. Babylon

300

Herod-1.

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STATISTICS OF BANKS.
Bank Capital of the United States.

(From the Banker's Magazine.) The following table comprises from the latest official tables, a correct exhibit of the number of banks, amount of bank capital, circulation and specie in each of the states. A few only are estimates, and these from correct data. States. No. of Banks. Capital.

Circulation. Specie. N. Y. Country

144 19,356,000 19,270,000 2,533,000 New York City

25 24,003,000 6,967,000 6,574,000 Penn. Country

34 7,866,000 6,400,000 2,900,000 Philadelphia

14

9,222,000 4,500,000 4,200,000 Ohio

48 5,706,000 8,321,000 2,604,000 Virginia

36 10,502,000 9,308,000 2,990,000 Tennessee

20 8,056,000 3,000,000 1,206,000 Kentucky

16 7,018,000 5,483,000 2,920,000 North Carolina

18 3,525,000 3,070,000 1,290,000 Mass. Country

83 13,249,000 10,988,000 658,000 Boston City

26 18,863,000 7,208,000 3,286,000 Georgia

20 5,109,000 3,200,000 1,448,000 Indiana

13 2,082,000 3,900,000 1,084,000 South Carolina

14 11,431,000 2,442,000 681,000 Alabama, Mobile 1

1,500,000 2,311,000 1,097,000 Maine

33 2,959,000 2,536,000 260,000 Maryland Country, 12

1,877,000 1,510,000 600,000 Baltimore

11 6,973,000 2,104,000 1,832,000 Missouri

6 1,201,000 2,404,000 2,314,000 New Jersey

3,750,000 2,700,000 636,000 Louisiana

6

17,663,000 3,514,000 7,252,000 Connecticut

33 8,705,000 4,437,000 462,000 Vermont

32 2,959,000 2,536,000 260,000 New Hampshire 20 1,800,000 1,512,000 144,000 Michigan

3 7,660,000 600,000 200,000 Rhode Island

62 11,023,000 2,842,000 325,000 Delaware

8

1,390,000 500,000 150,000 District of Columbia 4

1,328,000 500,000 150,000 Wisconsin

1
225,000

180,000 120,000

25

768

209,331,000

125,233,000

49,270,000

States and Territories without Banks.*

Illinois.
Mississippi
Iowa -
Florida
Arkansas

Population. 476,000 376,000 43,000 54,000 98,000

* A new bank has lately gone into operation at Galveston, Texas, with a capital of $300,000.

From the same source we have also a list of the banking capital in all the cities which possess over one million of capital each. Cities. No. of Banks.

Capital. 1. New York

25

$24,003,000 2. Boston

26

18,863,000 3. New Orleans

6

17,663,000 4. Philadelphia

14

9,222,000 5. Charleston, S. C.

7

9,153,000 6. Providence

23

8,040,000 7. Baltimore

11

6,973,000 8. Nashville, Tenn.

3

6,180,000 9. Hartford, Conn.

5

3,732,000 10. Louisville, Ky.

3

2,960,000 11. Pittsburgh, Pa.

4

2,755,000 12. Augusta, Geo.

6

2,625,000 13. Albany, N. Y.

7

2,462,000 14. Richmond, Va.

3

2,115,000 15. Savannah

4

1,890,000 16. Salem .

7

1,750,000 17. New Haven

4

1,678,000 18. Cincinnati

6

1,660,000 19. Lexington, Ky.

2

1,517,000 20. Mobile,

1

1,500,000 21. Troy, N. Y.

5

1,475,000 22. Newark, N.J.

1,408,000 23. New Bedford

4

1,300,000 24. Utica

4

1,260,000 25. Petersburgh, Va.

3

1,170,000 26. Rochester, N. Y.

5

1,160,000 27. Washington, D. C.

3

1,029,000 28. Wilmington, N. C.

3

1,000,000

Total in 28 cities

194

$136,547,000 Total in other parts of the U. S. 574

73,000,000 Total in U. States

768

$209,831,000 The amounts of banking capital above stated are by no means indicative of the relative wealth or of business done at the several places named. There are several cities and towns not mentioned where there is a large export and import trade, and much wealth. Among these, we may especially mention Buffalo, Cleveland, St. Louis, Brooklyn, Charlestown, Mass., Norfolk, Nantucket, and New London. The amount of bank capital at Mobile is very small, while its exports are equal to ten millions annually. The 28 cities named above, it will be observed, have about two-thirds of the banking capital of the union;

and it may be added, that they have also continually in their vaults a still larger proportion of the specie in the country. While the country banks enjoy the largest share of the circulation, in proportion to their capital, the city banks, it is well known, have much the greatest proportion of deposits, which are equally a source of profit and advantage with the circulation.

From the preceding tables, it appears that the circulation of bank notes in the United States on the 1st January, 1818, was $209,831,000.

In 1830, the circnlation was $61,323,898. On the 1st January, 1840, it was $116,572,970. In 1843, it had sunk to $58,563,688.

In addition to the foregoing general statement, we are enabled to give some statistics of more recent date. We hope to have special returns hereafter from every state.

The report of the comptroller of the State of New York exhibits the condition of the banks of that state in 1847, to be as follows:

Resources. Loans and dividends,

$76,012,891 Loans, dividends and discounts to directors;

4,588,259 Loans and discounts to brokers,

1,960,464 Real estate,

3,506,965 Bonds and mortgages,

2,624,684 Stocks and promissory notes,

13,410,024 Bank fund,

137,392 Loss and expense account,

521,935 Overdrafts,

194,132 Specie,

7,418,928 Cash items,

7,465,090 Bills of solvent banks,

3,356,089 Bills of suspended banks,

2,826 Due from banks and bankers,

12,120,132 Add for cents,

517 Total resources,

$133,320,328

Liabilities. Capital,

$43,559,518 Profits,

6,206,668 Notes in circulation, (old emission,)

668,396 do. do. (registered)

25,201,735 Due Treasurer of the State,

1,421,770
Canal fund,

1,553,925
"
Depositors on demand,

34,457,341
4 Individuals,

1,212,454 Banks,

18,237,010 Amount due not included under other heads,

801,226 Add for cents,

285 Total liabilities,

$133,320,328 The situation of the New Orleans banks for 1847, is shown in the report of the board of commerce of that city :On the 25th day of December of the said year,

the aggregate circulation of those banks amounted to

$3,709,054 00 Their deposits to

8,308,332 74 Other liabilities

1,350,271 99

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Total

13,367,657 73

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