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sippi, Louisiana, Tennessee, Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Florida. By the returns of 1845, Kentucky produced 63,310,000 lbs.; Tennessee 37,100,000; Virginia 30,210,000; Maryland 17,920,000; Missouri 13,744,000 ; North Carolina 10,373,000; Ohio 7,576,000, &c. And the whole crop for 1845 was put down at 187,422,000 lbs. In 1840 the crop was estimated at 219, 163,319 lbs., or 182,636 hogsheads (1200 lbs. each).

The tobacco crop of 1847 is estimated at 220,164,000 lbs., worth at 5 cents a pound, $11,000,000.

Thus tobacco, a mere luxury, has become one of the largest and most important productions of the soil. It finds its way to almost every part of the world, and is enjoyed by people of all countries. Humboldt derives its name from the Haitine language, signifying the pipe used by the natives. Some curious facts are connected with its history.

In 1620, ninety young women were sent over from England to America, and sold to the planters for tobacco at 120 lbs. each.

In 1690, the pope excommunicated all who took snuff or tobacco in church. In 1719, the culture of tobacco was prohibited in Strasburgh, as tending to diminish the growing of corn.

In 1732, tobacco was made a legal tender in Maryland, at one penny a pound.

PATENTS.

The patent office of the United States has become one of the most interesting and useful departments of the government. From the transactions of the year 1847, the following tables have been extracted and published.

Finances of the Patent Office.
Balance from 1846, in the treasury, to the credit of the Patent
Office, on Jan. 1, 1847

$186,565 14 Amount of receipts from all sources during the year ending Dec.

63,111 19

31st, 1847

$249,676 33 Payments made from Jan. 1st, 1847, to Dec. 31st, 1847, as follows: For salaries

$16,350 00 Contingent expenses

8,657 77 Books for library

1,049 58 Temporary clerks

6,937 57 Agricultural statistics

465 00 Withdrawals

7,873 33 Restoring records and drawings

310 00 Money paid in treasury by mistake

135 00 Salary of district judge for signing patents, &c. 100 00 41,878 25 Leaving in the treasury, to the credit of the Patent office, on Jan. 1st, 1848

$207,798 08 The receipts for the year 1847, as above, are

$63,111 19 Expenses for the same period

41,878 25 Amount of revenue, over and above all expenses

$21,232 94

During the year 1817 there were 1,531 applications for patents. During the same period there were 533 caveats filed, and 576 cases were rejected. The patents granted were

495 Renewed patent

1 Extended do.

3 Disclaimers entered

3 Re-issued

13 Improvements to original patents

3 Designs patented

60

Making a total of patents issued

578 The cost of a patent in the United States is, to a citizen, $30; to a British subject $500; to all others $300—a caveat costs $20.

In Great Britain, patents must be obtained separately for England and Wales, Scotland and Ireland. The average ordinary cost is, forEngland and Wales

£110 Scotland

80 Ireland

130

30

320
Deposit required
Cost for the three kingdoms

350 A specification costs £15, and £l for every 1,080 words after the first 1,080. A patent, taken out in England, may include all the colonies and plantations abroad, at an extra expense of £7. The time of obtaining a patent is from four to six weeks. Patents are granted for fourteen years.

France.- Patents are granted for five, ten, or fifteen years. The tax prescribed is five hundred francs for fifteen years, to be paid by annuities of one hundred francs each, under penalty of forfeiture for a year's default. Foreigners may obtain patents; but the duration of a patent, already patented abroad, cannot exceed that of the foreign patent. The writings and description of the parent must be in French.

Austria.-Inventions from abroad are confined to those already patented abroad, and to the term of the foreign patent, and cannot exceed fifteen years, except by special grant. The cost or fees are ten guilders (forty-five cents each) each year for the first five years, and increasing five guilders each year afterward, so that the fifteenth year is sixty guilders, or for the whole fifteen years four hundred and twenty-five guilders; the

fee to be paid every'year in advance. Prussia.—Patents granted for from six months to fifteen years. Expense about one hundred and fifty dollars. The patentee must put his patent into use within six months.

Russia.-A foreign invention cannot be patented for more than six years. The fee to be paid is şixiy silver rubles (seventy-five cents each) for each year, making three hundred and sixty for the whole time.

Belgium.—Patents are granted for five and ten years, and may be extended. Fee, for five years, one hundred and fifty florins (a florin is about forty cents); ten years, three or four hundred forins; fifteen years, six hundred or seven hundred and fifty florins. In introducing a foreign patent the articles fabricated must be made within the realm. The patent must be put into use within the time fixed by law.

The patent laws of Holland are the same as in Belgium.

AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS.

After the census of 1840 was taken, the commissioner of patents commenced a series of tables and calculations, for the purpose of determining the amount of the agricultural productions of each state of the Union. These tables are probably, in the main, correct, though, in some particulars, their accuracy may be questioned.

Estimate of the crops of the United States in 1845, in bushels.

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N. Y.
N. J.
Penn.
Del.
Md.
Va.
N. C.
S. C.
Ga.
Ala.
Miss.
La.
Tenn.
Ky.
Ohio
Ind.
Illinois
Mo.
Ark.
Mich.
Florida.
Wisc.
Iowa
D. C.

502,000 1,912,000 8,613,000 185,000 273,000 1,564,000 647,000 1,828,000 3,714,000 425,000 123,000 1,942,000 241,000 3,098,000 3,028,000 594,000 162,000 1,856,000

5,000 731,000 650,000 47,000 51,000 200,000 114,000 2,649,000 1,694,000 1,010,000 26,000 1,646,000

854,000 1,728,000 4,926,000 321,000 51,000 3,593,000 16,200,000 13,250,000/21,986,000 3,560,000 3,574,000 23,700,000

1,050,000 7,314,000 1,757,000 2,954,000 8,500 4,912,000 12,580,000 17,126,000 5,497,000 11,929,000 141,000 19,826,000

440,000 2,713,000 155,000 53,000 4,500 828,000 4,884,000 3,723,000 705,000 944,000 2,700 1,691,000 11,885,000 27,272,000 1,899,000 1,441.000 84,600 8,888,000

1,969,000 14,887,000 2,711,000 217,000 3,600 2,673,000 1,168,000 8,184,000 2,520,000 48.000 3,600 700,000 1,571,000 13,320,000 1,536,000 64,000 11,800 833,000

980,000 16,650,000 1,635,000 76,000 7,200 1,527,000 378,000 2,167,000 3,040,000 21,000 1,800 1,189,000

8,360,000 1,299,000 2,000 8,340,000 70,265,000 2,256,000 384,000 5,500 8,625,000 4,769,000 54,625,000 1,508,000 2,548,000 15,400 13,091,000 13,572,000 57,600,000 4,120,000 798,000 219,600 24,447,000 7,044,000 30,625,000 2,680,000 221,000 35,200 13,902,000 4,563,000 25,584,000 2,631,000 143,000 101,200 12,597,000 1,525,000 15,625,000 875,000 81,000 11,000 5,466,000 2,427,000 8,250,000 642,000 12,000 900 436,000 7,061,000 4,945,000 4,555,000 77,000 197,200 4,815,000 733,000 255,000

8,000 971,000 672,000 938,000 5,000 20,000 1,200,000 793,000 2,028,000 516,000

8,000

25,000 681,000 15,000 35,000 41,000 7,000

12,000

106,548,000 417,899,000 88,392,000 27,175,000 5,160,600 163,208,000

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50,000

69,000 1,877,000

944 300,000 N.H. 154,000 526,000

1,2101 2,200,000 Mass. 126,000 530,000 123,000

47,1101 500,000 R.I. 4,000 46,000

1,250 Conn. 444,000 458,000 794,000

220,000 Vt. 300,000 1,139,000

13,740 10,000,000 N. Y. 3,347,000 3,703,000

7,850 14,500,000 N. J. 900,000 282,000

6,240 Pa. 3,322,000 1,527,000 535,000

41,370 1,600,000 Del. 13,000 19,000

5,500 Md. 109,000 56,000 17,920,000 6,000

10,240 Va.

296,000 30,218,000 2,412,000 2,500 9,260 1,700,000 N. C.

67,000 10,373,000 40,000,000 3,000,000 8,850 9,000 S. C.

16,000 40,000 45,000,000 66,500,000 7,620 30,000 Ga.

13,000 195,000 205,000,000 14,500,000 8,430 350,000 Ala.

15,000 341,000 145,000,000 280,000 7,890 12,000 Miss.

1,000 193,000 235,000,000 975,000 300 La.

26,000

195,000,000 3,800,000 1,570 175,000,000 Tenn. 26,000 42,000 37,109,000 48,000,000 9,000 30,110 520,000 Ky. 14,000 123,000 63,310,000 1,200,000 17,000 6,970 2,100,000 Ohio 950,000 1,251,000 7,576,000

39,370 3,900,000 Ind. 73,000 1,351,000 3,520,000

1,150 8,000,000 IIL 99,000 297,000 1,168,000 270,000

4,680 600,000 Mo. 19,000 77,000 13,744,000 200,000

290 450,000 Ark.

1,000

17,000,000 6,500 300 5,000 Mich. 260,000 214,000

1,900 3,000,000 Fla,

1,000 260,000 12,000,000 675,000 590 750,000 Wis. 25,000 84,000

401 300,000 Iowa. 14,000 26,000

150,000 D. C. 1,000

1,500

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Total 10,268,000|14,065,000|187,422,000 936,088,000 89,765,000 486,530 226,026,000 Aggregate Summary of the Estimates of the principal Crops—1840 10 1845—-- from the

Patent Office Reports.

Product.

1841.

1842.

1843.

1844.

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91,642,957 102,317,340 | 100,310,856 95,607,000 387,380,185 441,829,246 494,618,306 421,953,000 113,183,619 135,883,381 105,756,133 99,493,000

5,024,731 3,871,622 3,220,721 3,627,000 130,607,625 150,883,617 145,929,966 172,247,000 19,333,474 22,762,952 21,280,271 26,450,000

7,953,544 9,483,409 7,959,410 9,07 1,000 12,804,705 14,053,355 15,419,807 17,715,000 240,187,118 194,694,891 185,731,554 | 151,705,000 578,008,473 683,333,231 747,660,090 872,107,000 88,952,968 94,007,484 89,879,145 111,759,000

379,272 244,124 315,965 396,790 126,164,644 | 142,445,199 | 106,400,310 201,107,000

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We have been promised the report of the commissioner of patents for the year 1847 as soon as published. It has not come to hand in time for the present Statistical Register. We have, however, obtained from other sources, lables which purport to have been prepared by Mr. Burke, and are given on his authority. Although portions of them belong strictly to other subjects, we print them all under this head, as they present the amount of products, labor, landed and personal property, in the whole Union, with the population by whom the labor has been done and the property is owned. Tables, exhibiting an estimate of the value of the products of labor and capital in the United

States, for the year 1847.

Quantities
Articles.
in bushels.

Price.

Value. 1. Agricultural. Wheat

114,245,500 $1 20 $137,094,600 Indian Corn

539,350,000

40 215,740,000 Barley

5,619,950

80

4,519,960 Rye

29,222,500

65

18,994,625 Oats

167,867,000

25

41,966,750 Buckwheat

11,673,500

50

5,836,750 Potatoes

100,950,000

20

20,190,000 Beans

25,000,000

1 00

25,000,000 Peas

25,000,000

1 20

30,000,000

Tons.
Hay

13,319,900

8 00 106,559,200 Hemp and Flax

116,207 150 00

17,431,050 Pounds. Tobacco 220,164,000

11,008,200 Cotton

1,041,500,000

07

72,905,000 Rice

103,040,500

03

3,091,215 Sugar

324,910,500

06

19,496,430 Silk cocoons

404,000
2 00

808,000 Hops

1,510,977

10

151,097 Beeswax

766,530

22

168,636 Gallops. Molasses

13,000.000

25

3,250,000 Wine

152,075
1 00

152,175 Value of straw, chaff,

and residuum of the
crops

74,000,000 Value of the pasturage

after crops are taken
off

7,500,000

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$815,863,688 2. Products of the Orchards.-Value in 1840, $7,256,904; estimated increase of 22 per cent., $1,596,518; total, $8,853,422.

3. Products of the Gardens.-Number estimated 3,000,000; annual value estimated at $15 per garden ; total, $45,000,000.

4. Products of the Nurseries.—Value in 1840, $593,534; increase of 22 per cent., $130,577; total, $724,111. Total products of orchards and gardens, $54,577,503. 5. Live stock and its products :

Sheep.-Number in 1817, 25,000,000; estimated value of lambs and mutton sold, $12,500,000; wool, 60,000,000 pounds, at 30 cents per pound$18,000,000.

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