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INTERNAL COMMERCE OF THE UNITED STATES.

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It is impossible under this head, within the limits of our present number, to find room for all the statements within our reach.

The trade of the upper lakes is of itself a vast field. A portion of it passes through the Welland Canal to Canadian ports, a part by the way of Lake Ontario, but the largest portion to Buffalo, through the great Erie Canal.

In 1835, the whole exports from the west came principally from the northern or lake portion of Ohio. The amount which passed through Buffalo to tide-water, via the Erie Canal, of the principal articles, consisted of the following:Flour bbls. 86,233 Provisions

bbls.

6,562 Wheat

bu.
98,071 | Ashes

casks 4,419 Staves lbs. 2,565,272 Wool

lbs. 140,911 Corn

bu.

14,579 | Butter, cheese and lard " 1,030,632 In 1845 and 1846, Ohio and the other states around these lakes, sent to eastern markets, through the same channel, the following articles :

In 1845. Flour bbls. 717,466 | Provisions

bbls. 68,000 Wheat

bu.
1,354,990 | Ashes

casks 34,602 Staves lbs. 88,296,431 | Wool

Ibs. 2,957,761 Corn

bu. 33,069 | Butter, cheese and lard · 6,597,007

In 1846. Flour bbls. 1.280,897 | Provisions

bbls. 99,339 Wheat bu. 3,611,224 Ashes

casks 22,465 Staves lbs. 65,958,932 | Wool

Ibs. 3,762,829 Corn

bu. 1,119,689 Butter, cheese and lard" 12,713,662 The entire amount of flour, wheat and other grain exported by the Western States, through the lakes in 1846, for Canada and our own markets, reduced to bushels, will exceed 15,000,000 of bushels.

James L. Barton, Esq., of Buffalo, to whom we are indebted for the foregoing tables, makes the following statement.

“The ascertained value of the business of Buffalo and Black Rock done on the Erie canal, and which came from and went on to the lakes, is a little short of

$40,000,000 "To which add the immense quantities of building materials, coal, raw materials for our manufactures, provisions of all kinds for the supply of the city and local markets, nearly the whole of which come from the lakes, and the large business done on the rail roads and other sources to and from the lakes may, with great safety, be placed at

10,000,000 Making a total of

$50,000,000 as the amount of commerce of Buffalo alone; to which must be added the amount done through all the other ports on the lakes, and the large amount of intermediate commerce between the different ports, all of which I consider equal in amount to that done through Buffalo, the whole forming an aggregate of $100,000,000 as the money value of the commerce of the upper lakes in 1846, against $66,000,000 in 1845; and this without taking into account the large sums of money carried over the lakes either year.

Colonel Abert, in his topographical report, puts down the consolidated returns of exports and imports of the lake harbors for 1846 at $123,829,821.

The commerce of Buffalo is stated at $48,989,116.
The American tonnage of the lakes is estimated at 106,836 tons.
The British tonnage is estimated at 46,575 tons.

The number of passengers on the lakes in 1846, 250,000, and mariners, 7,000

He states the steamboat tonnage on the Western rivers for the same period, 249,055 tons. Flat-boats, 300,000 tons.

Exports and imports of New Orleans, $53,366,993.
Value of the commerce of the Western rivers, $163,611,725.
The tonnage of canal boats is estimated at 420,000 tons.

In 1847, the tonnage through on the Western Railroad, from Albany to Boston, was 274,591 tons, and the number of barrels of flour carried to Boston and intermediate places, was 702,500. The receipts for freight on this road for the year 1847, were $785,346, and all the eastern rail roads more than $5,000,000.

The whole western trade which came to tide-water in that year (1847) through the New York canals, is thus stated in the Albany Journal.

“We have procured from the canal department the following interesting statistics, compiled from tables prepared for the annual report of the commissioners of the canal fund, in relation to the canals of this state. It will be seen by reference to the statements, that the increase in the article of flour, compared with the year 1846, is 889,531 barrels; in wheat, 1,193,194 bushels': and by reducing the latter to flour, it shows an excess equal to 1,128,170 barrels of Hour.

“In corn, the excess is 4,443,696 bushels; in barley, 95,067 bushels, and in rye the decrease is 26,680 bushels.

“ In cheese, the excess is 5,283,882 pounds; in butter, 1,246,343 pounds, and in wool, 3,177,624 pounds.

"The aggregate quantity of property going from tide-water, is 288,267 tons, an increase over 1846, of 74,472 tons.

"The aggregate quantity of property arriving at tide water, is 1,744,283 tons, an increase over 1846 of 381,964 tons, which increase is distributed as follows: The forest 63,103 tons, agriculture 269,263 tons, manufactures 5,456 tons, merchandise 3,034 tons, and other articles 41,108 tons.

" The value of all the articles arriving at tide-water is $73,092,414, an increase over 1846 of $21,987,158.” STATEMENT showing the estimated value of each article which came to the Hudson river on all the canals during the years 1846 and 1847,

1846.

1847. Fur and Peltry

$1,021,385 $690,150 Product of Wood. Board and scantling

4,522,936 5,078,564 Shingles

244,378 405,548 Timber

251,096 169,160 Staves

1,513,432 1,239,677 Wood

59,160

79,986 Ashes

1,076,904 1,135,288 AGRICULTURE. Product of Animals. Pork

800,925 1,104,673 Beef

364,800

718,344 3,366,141 5,833,901 Rye

THE FOREST.

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Agriculture.

1846.

1847. Bacon

290,037 416,738 Cheese

2,844,587 2,860,354 Butter

3,220,633 3,408,751 Lard

498,810 434,780 Wool

2,571,415 3,599,963 Hides

42,613 21,611 Vegetable Food. Flour

15,470,271 27,057,037 Wheat

232,304 259,950 Corn

1,126,854 5,170,970 Barley

813,933 1,279,337 Other grain

710,474 977,967 Bran and ship stuffs

220,181 293,117 Peas and beans

96,800 106,088 Potatoes

114,686

51,755 Dried fruit

135,261 320,364 All other Agricultural products. Cotton

34,495

35,498 Tobacco

313,092 150,735 Clover and grass seed

76,608 231,518 Flaxseed

131,943 103,219 Hops

185,955 188,179 MANUFACTURES. Domestic spirits

313,840 473,651 Leather

928,918 965,204 Furniture

223,611 197,251 Bar and pig lead

19,592

19,288 Pig iron

182,574 340,496 Bloom and bar iron

265,222 660,896 Iron ware

48,830 123,808 Domestic woolens

1,923,390 2,369,187 Domestic cottons

719,787 740,901 Salt

180,035 133,836 Merchandise

276,872 517,594 Other articles. Stone, lime and clay

63,170

83,129 Gypsum

26,933

17,584 Mineral coal

47,116

81,453 Sundries

3,633,257 2,944,914 STATEMENT showing the aggregate value of the property which came to the Hudson river on all the canals in 1846 and 1847:

1846.

1847. The Forest

$8,589,291 $8,798,373 Agriculture

33,662,818 54,624,849 Manufactures

4,805,799 6,024,513 Merchandise

276,872 517,594 Other articles

3,770,476 3,127,080

.

Total

$51,105,256

$73,092,414

STATEMENT showing the total tons going from tide-water for the last fourteen years,

and also the total ions arriving at tide-water, and the aggregate value ihereof in

market, during the same period. Year.

Tons, from tide-water. Tons, to tide-water. Value. 1834

114,608

553,596 $13,405,022 1835

128,910

753,191

20,525,446 1836

133,796

696,347

26,932,470 1837

122,130

611,781

21,822,354 1838

142,808

640,481

23,038,510 1839

142,034

602,128

20,163,199 1840

129,580

669,012

23,213,573 1841

162,715

774,334

27,225,322 1842

123,294

666,626 22,751,013 1843

143,595

836,861

28,453,408 1844

176,737

1,019,094

34,183,167 1845

195,000

1,204,043

45,452,321 1846

213,795

1,362,319

51,105,256 1847

288,267

1,744,283 73,092,414

St. LAWRENCE CANALS.—The tolls on the Welland Canal have netted $120,000 this year—a great increase. Many new vessels have been added to the lake trade, of 200 to 400 tons burthen. Now that the Welland and St. Lawrence Canals are in a fit state to pass vessels of 400 tons from Lakes Michigan, Huron, Erie, or Superior, to the ocean, the inland trade will be likely to increase greatly.

The tolls collected on the canals and railways belonging to Pennsylvania, for one year, ending in 1847, were $1,587,995.

The coal and iron trade of that state is immense, and has been already specially noticed.

The following is the official statement of the quantity of coal sent to market in the years 1846 and '47.

1847.

1846.

Income. Reading Railroad

1,360,681 1,233,562 127,119 Schuylkill Canal

222,693

3,440 219,253 Pinegrove

67,457 68,926

8,531 Total

1,650,831 1,295,928 354,903 Lehigh

643,973 522,989 120,984 Lackawana

388,203 320,000

68,203 Wilkesbarre

284,398

192,503 91,895 Shamokin

14,904
12,572

2,332 Total

2,982,309 2,343,992 638,317 Of the quantity sent to market, Schuylkill County furnished 1,650,831 tons. All other regions

1,331,295 Excess in favor of Schuylkill Co. Increase for Schuylkill Co. in 1847 From all the other regions Of the whole quantity sent to market since the commencement of the trade, Schuylkill County has furnished

10,213,120 All other regions

8,580,480

319,536 354,903« 283,211 "

(6

Total

18,793,603"

The freight receipts of the Delaware and Raritan Canal, and Camden and Amboy Railroad Companies for the year 1847, were, $1,405,705. Through the canal there passed 700,408 tons of merchandise, and 540,200 tons of coal. Over the railroad were carried 53,688 tons of merchandise.

Amount of tolls received on all the New York State canals, in each of the following years, viz.:

Total to 1st Dec. 1840

$1,773,582 51 1841

2,033,261 77 1842

1,748,869 88 1843

2,082,145 60 1844

2,446,037 94 1845

2,646,117 55 1846

2,754,467 25 1847

3,634,847 53 The above statement embraces, we presume, the aggregate of the canal business of the late prosperous season, or as near thereto as will enable us to state with something like accuracy the increased revenue which the canals have poured into our treasury. The increase over the season of 1846 may be stated in round numbers at $880,000. To the gross amount Buffalo has contributed more than any other office on the line of the canal—the sum of $1,216,700about one-third of the whole.

The trade of the great Western rivers is commensurate with the capabilities of the vast and fertile country which they water. Steam power is producing wonderful results everywhere, but nowhere are its triumphs more complete than in the great valley of the West. Railroads are made and projected for the purpose of radiating over its surface in every direction, and the rivers are crowded with steamers. There arrived at the port of St. Louis, during 1847, 3,704 boats and barges, whose aggregate registered tonnage was 584,039. Fisteen were built at St. Louis during the same period, and nine more at other places on the river by the citizens of that place. There are now on the Western rivers about 1000 steamboats, and 5000 flatboats, carrying produce to New Orleans.

The commerce of St. Louis for the past year has been very large. From a table containing a statement of the receipts of the principal articles of merchandise, up to 1st Dec. 1847, we extract the following items:

Tobacco.-10,875 hhds.
Hemp.—83,392 bales, 30 tons loose.
Lead.—751,886 pigs.
Flour.-318,535 bbls., 747 half bbls.
Wheat.—39,538 bbls., 1,112,805 sacks.
Corn.-619 bbls., 481,247 sacks, 19,000 bushels in bulk.
Oats.—24 bbls., 108,967 sacks, 2,000 bushels in bulk.
Rye.-106 bbls., 2,914 sacks.
Pork.-245 casks and tierces, 43,316 bbls., 186 half barrels.
Beef.-5,258 tierces, 5,756 bbls.,' 120 half barrels.

Bacon.-10,969 casks, 2,213 bbls. and boxes, 129,156 pieces, and 587 tons, in bulk.

Lard.—1,982 tierces, 27,829 bbls., 467 half barrels, 10,577 kegs.
Whisky.—8 hhds., 26,821 bbls., 102 half barrels.
Sugar.-10,706 hhds. and tierces, 13,978 bbls. and boxes, 1,241 bags.
Coffee.-75,114 bags.
Molasses.- 1,580 hhds. and tierces, 12,509 bbls., 350 half barrels.

Cincinnati has increased with astonishing rapidity in population and bu. siness, within the past ten years, and has a position which commands the products of a vast region of únbounded fertility. It is becoming celebrated for

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