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In 1850, if the population of the United States shall have increased, as is probable, in the same ratio as during the ten years ending 1840, the total number will be about 22,500,000, of which number the slaves will amount probably to not more than three millions, as no slaves are imported, and as the slave population has not increased in the same ratio as the free. The numbers of the male and female slaves at present are about equal. The following table exhibits the population of the several states up to the last census.

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Maine.
N. H.
Vt.
Mass.
R. I.
Conn.
N. Y.
N. J.
Penn.
Del.
Md.
D. C.
Va.
N. C.
S. C.
Ga.
Ala.
Miss.
La.
Ark.
Tenn.
Ky.
Ohio
Mich.
Ind.
IN.
Mo.
Wis.
Iowa
Fla.
Texas

96,540 151,719 228,705 298,335 399,955 501,793 141,899 183,762 214,360 244,161 269,328 284,574 85,416 154,466 217,713 235,764 280,652 291,948 378,717 423,245 472,040 523,287 610,408 737,699 69,110 69,122 77,031

83,059 97,199 108,830 238,141| 251,002 262,042 275,202 297,665 309,978 340,120 586,750 959,949 1,372,812 1,918,608 2,428,921 184,139) 211,949! 249,555 277,575 320,823 373,306 434,373 602,365 810,091 1,049,458 1,348,233 1,724,033

59,098 64,2731 72,674 72,739 76,748 78,085 319,728 341,548 380,546 407,350 447,040 469,232

14,0931 24,023 33,069 39,834 43,712 748,308 880,2001 974,622 1,065,379 1,211,405 1,239,797 393,751 478,103 555,500 638,829 737,987 753,419 249,073 345,591 415,115 502,741 587,185 594,398 82,548 162,101| 252,433 340,987 516,823 691,392

20,8451 127,901 309,527 590,756 8,850 40,352 75,548 136,621 375,651 76,556 153,407 215,739 352,411

14,273 30,388 97,574 35,791 105,602 261,727 422,813 681,904 829,210 73,077 220,955 406,511 564,317 687,917 779,828 45,3651 230,760 581,434 937,403 1,519,467

4,762 8,8901 31,639 212,267 4,875 24,520 147,178 343,031 685,866

12,282 55,211 157,455 476,183 20,845 66,586 140,445 383,702

30,945

43,112 34,730 54,477

3,929,827 5,305,9257,239,814 9,638,131 12,866,920 17,062,566

[Under the head of agricultural statistics, will be found the estimate in detail, by the commissioner of patents, of the population of each state, in 1847, received too late to be inserted in its appropriate place.]

In connection with these statistics of population, we give the popular vote for President at the election of 1844, and ihe estimate of ihe electoral vote of the States in 1848.

Presidential Election of 1844.

STATES.

Scattering.

Clay.

Polk.

.

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Maine
New Hampshire
Vermont
Massachusetts
Rhode Island
Connecticut
New York
New Jersey
Pennsylvania
Maryland
Virginia
North Carolina
South Carolina, elected by Legislature
Georgia
Alabama
Mississippi
Louisiana
Tennessee.
Kentucky
Ohio.
Michigan
Indiana
Illinois
Missouri
Arkansas

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Recapitulation of Presidential Elections.
YEAR.

NO. OF VOTES.
1844

2,702,549 1840

2,402,658 1836

1,501,298 1832

1,290,498
1828

1,162,418
Majorities of Electoral Votes.
Polk over Clay in 1844

65
Harrison over Van Buren in 1840

174 Van Buren over Harrison in 1836

97 Jackson over Clay in 1832

170 Jackson over Adams in 1828

95 Presidential Election of 1848. The number of the States of our Union is thirty, and when Wisconsin is organized and elects Senators and members of the House of Representatives, which will be shortly done, the Senate of the United States will be composed of sixty Senators, and two hundred and thirty Representatives will form the popular branch of Congress. Each State, in 1848, will be entitled to a Presidential electoral vote equal to the number of its Senators and Representatives in Congress.

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The electoral vote of the States in 1848 will be as follows:-
NO. VOTES.
NO. VOTES.

NO. VOTES. 1. Maine 9 | 12. Pennsylvania. 26 23. Alabama

9 2. N. Hampshire 613. Delaware

3 24. Missouri

7 3. Massachusetts 12 14. S. Carolina

925. Arkansas

3 4. Rhode Island. 4 15. Georgia . 10 26. Michigan 5. Connecticut 6 16. Kentucky

12 27. Florida

3 6. Vermont 6 17. Tennessee. 13 28. Texas

4 7. Maryland 8 18. Ohio 23 29. Iowa

4 8. Virginia 17 | 19. Louisiana

6 30. Wisconsin . 4 9. N. Carolina 11 20. Mississippi 6 10. New York. . 36 21. Indiana

12 Total electoral votes 290 11. N. Jersey. 7 22. Illinois.

91
Recapitulation of the popular Presidential vote of 1844.
Polk's majority over Clay, exclusive of S. Carolina 39,340
Majority of Polk and Birney over Clay

101,663
Majority of Clay and Birney over Polk

22,983 No. Electoral Votes for each Candidate or Party at the last five Presidential Elections.

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.

.

.

.

.

1828.

1832.

1836.

1840.

1844.

States.

Jack- Adams. Jack- Whig. Van Whig. Harri- Van

Polk. Clay. son.

son.
Buren.

son. Buren.

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Maine
N. H.
Vt.
Mass.
R.I.
Conn.
N. Y.
NJ.
Peon.
Del.
Md.
Va.
N.C.
S. C.
Ga.
Ala.
Miss.
La.
Tenn.
Ky.
Ohio
Ind.
III.
Mo.
Mich.
Ark.

11

11

9

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Note.-In 1832, the electoral votes of Vermont (7) were given for Mr. Wirt, and those of South Carolina (11) for Mr. Floyd--all the rest for Jackson and Clay.

In 1836, the votes of Massachusetts (14) were given for Mr. Webster, those of TenDessee (15) and Georgia (11) for Mr. White, and those of South Carolina (11) for Mr. Mangum--all the rest for Harrison and Van Buren.

In 1828, 1940, and 1844, there were but two candidates.

STATISTICS OF COTTON.

The cultivation, growth, and uses of cotton have become more important than the production of any other raw material, except iron.

The use of cotton was not known in Europe until the tenth century. It is indigenous in Africa, but it was not woven into cloth until the fifteenth century. In Asia, its use was understood in the days of Herodotus. In America, it was cultivated before the discovery by Columbus, who exchanged with the natives, beads and brass for cotton yarn. Cortez sent from Mexico to Spain presents of " cotton cloth of exquisite fabric."

Cotton was not cultivated by Europeans in America as an article of mer. chandize until the middle or end of the seventeenth century. In 1726, it formed a staple export from St. Domingo. In 1733, it was raised in Surinam by the Dutch. Cotton patches were common in the settlements of Carolina about the end of the seventeenth and beginning of the eighteenth century. In 1783, an American vessel carried to England eight bales of cotton of American production. In 1791, the export was sixty-four bales of 300 pounds each. In 1792, the cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney, of Massachusetts, which gave a powerful impetus to the production of cotton. The following iable shows the increase of the crop for several successive years

Cotton crop of the United States since 1825. In 1825, 560,000 bales.

1,360,725 bales. 1826, 710,000

1837, 1,422,930 1827, 937,000

1838,

1,80 1,497 1828, 712,000

1839, 1,360,532 1829, 857,744

1840, 2,177,835
1830, 976,845

1841, 1,634,945
1831,
1,038,848

1842, 1,683,574
1832, 987,477

1843, 2,378,875 1833, 1,070,438

1844, 2,030,409 1834, 1,205,394

1845, 2,395,000 1835, 1,254,328

1846, The cotton crop of 1847, is estimated at 1,026,500,000 pounds, and worth about $75,000,000.

The exports of cotton from the United States to Great Britain from September, 1828, to September, 1829, were 498,000 bales, and to France, 184,821. Of the crop of that year, 120,593 bales were manufactured at home.

We present a statement of the value of the exports and amount consumed in this country since that period.

In 1836,

Year.

Bales consumed Value exported.

Year.

Bales consumed. Value exported.

1829 1830 1831 1832 1833 1831 1835 1836 1837

118,853 126,512 182,142 173,800 194,412 196,413 216,888 236,733 222,540

$1,259,457

1,318,183 1,126,313 1,229,574 2,532,517 2,085,994 2,858,681 2,255,734 2,831,473

1838
1839
1840
1841
1842
1843
1844
1845
1846

246,061
276,018
295,193
297,288
292,360
325,000
347,000
389,000

$3,758,755
2,975,033
3,549,607
3,122,546
2,970,690
3,223,550
2,898,780
4,327,928
3,545,481

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The exports, up to the latest dates, have been as follows:

Exported to

Exported to Total Exports to Great Britain

France

Foreign Ports Ports March. since Sept. 1.

since Sept. 1.

since Sept. 1. 1847. 1846. 1847. 1846. 1847. 1846. New Orleans, 18 237,103 166,276 113,712 48,936 462,407 258,114 Mobile, 18 76,144 52,698 52,288 17,259 145,796

80,790 Florida, 16 10,718 8,950

14,482

11,276 Texas, 11

772 543 Georgia

24 43,660 84,709 5,177 7,558 50,248 92,611
South Carolina, 25 76,571 85,007 27,068 39,621 109,691 131,764
North Carolina, 25
Virginia,

1
18 150

258

150 New York, 28 46,818 36,733 37,307 26,662 113,172 86,919 Other ports, 25 3,764 947

1,412 425 5,644 1,864 Total bales,

494,826 434,870 236,964 140,461 902,470 664,031 Total last season, 434,870

140,461

664,031 Increase, 59,956

96,503

238,439 The receipts at the ports named, were 1,617,302 bales, being 187,942 bales more than the prior season, and the shipments to the northern ports of the United States were 347,902 bales, being an increase of 6,317.

It is estimated that our manufacturers consume now about $12,000,000 worth of cotion, producing $84,000,000 worth of goods.

In 1945, Great Britain exported to the United States, £1,056,240 worth of cotton manufactures, including cotton yarn, and in 1846, £1,133,657 worth of the same articles.

The imports into Great Britain in 1847, 1846 and 1845, with the stock in the ports at the close of each year, are stated to be as follows:

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Liverpool,
214,800 60,110

22,660 65,960 363,530 London,

620
640

47,740 49.000 Glasgow, &c. 22,435 679 3,491 11,974 38,579 Total—1847, 237,855

61,429 26,151 125,674 451,109 1846, 302,900 28,130 57,290 157,470 545,790 1845, 690,450

58,700 67,740 238,380 1,055,270 Exported from the Kingdom in 1847, 218,000 bales—ditto in 1846, 194,000 bales.

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