« ForrigeFortsæt »
various leading scripture topics, such as the 19. A Help to Professing Christians in garden of Eden; the temptation of Eve; judging their Spiritual Stute and Growth Cain and Abel; Noah building the Ark; in Gruce, by the Rev. John Barr, (Simpthe deluge; the tower of Babel, &c. &c. kin, London,) is the production of a pious Each dialogue is preceded by a neally mind, well acquainted with the workings of finished wood-cut, representing the leading the human heart, with the theory and influfeatures in the subject of the conversation ence of christianity, and the powerful opewhich follows. It is an inviting and in- ration of divine grace. It is a work that structive book for young persons.
will be read with great spiritual advantage 15. Writings of Edward the Sirth, by all who are inquiring the way to Zion William Hugh, Queen Catherine Parr, with their faces thitherward. Ann Askew, Lady Jane Grey, Hamilton, 20. Plain Rules for Improving the and Balnaves, Religious Tract Society, Health of the Delicate, Preserving the London,) is a very interesting volume. It Health of the Strong, and Prolonging the contains much valuable information respect- Life of all, by William Henderson, M.D., ing the illustrious individuals themselves, (Whittaker, London,) would, we are fully and presents us with a mirror of the times persuaded, if regularly followed, be proin which they lived. Popery, however, al- ductive of all the advantages which the ways appears with the same features, the author anticipates. It is a work wbich, difriend of despotic power, the crusher of the vested of scientific technicalities, takes its rights of conscience, the disgrace of the stand on the ground of common sense. christian church, and one of the grand ene. Intemperance in various ways, indigestion mies of mankind.
arising from the want of moderation, air, 16. Instructions for Children, &c., by and exercise, Mr. H. justly thinks to be the the Rev. Rowland Hill, A. M., (Page, prolific source of most human maladies. London,) in addition to much good advice, Those who wish to benefit by his instrucand many friendly admonitions, hold forth tions must follow his rules. The effect several examples of early piety, which in- cannot be enjoyed by any who disregard the vite imitation. The copy before us is of efficient means which he recommends. the eighth edition, so that this little book is 21. An Almanack (for 1832 ) by William well known.
Rogerson Greenwich, Kent, (Stephens, 17. The Instructive Reader, containing, London,) we have, during several years, Lessons on Religion, Morals, and General had occasion to notice, with approbation. Knowledge, &c., by Ingram Cobbin, A. M., It contains the common materials of an (Westley and Davis, London,) is a kind of almanack, without disgracing its pages with demi-hieroglyphic composition, in which the fooleries of prognostication. It also objects, obvious to sense, are exhibited in includes much useful information respecting familiar representations. This portion, commerce, legislation, stamps, postage, however, occupies only a small part of the fares, and taxes, in addition to the aslessons, and occasionally the wood engrave tronomical and meteorological observations ings are omitted altogether. It is of more which every month demands. importance to the learner to have the history 22. A Topographical History of the and uses of things explained, and the words County of Leicester ; the Ancient part from spelt as they are actually pronounced. These Parliamentary and other documents; the are excellencies which meet in this volume, Modern from actual Survey, by the Rev. and render it a valuable acquisition for J. Curtis, (Simpkin, London,) comes benurseries and elementary schools.
fore us with a commanding aspect, and with 18. Sermons by the Rev. Griffith Jones, all the credentials of great utility. We learn, Founder of the Welsh Circulating Schools, from a part of the title-page which we translated from Welsh Manuscripts by the have not quoted, that this volume is “ the Rev. John Owen, vol. I., (Hamilton, Lon- first of a series of the Counties of England don) will be as much indebted to the and Wales, on the same plan.” The prebenevolence of the author's character, as to sent attempt is a noble effort; and should their intrinsic excellence, for the degree of the future labours of the author be distincelebrity they may obtain. With the ex- guished by the same indefatigable industry, ception of phrases and terms peculiar to the the same unwearied research, and the same author's creed, we highly approve of these successful investigation that characterize the discourses. But such is the overwhelming octavo now before us, the result of his diliinflux of works of this description, that the gence will be an important acquisition to the public have more prognostics of an inunda- topographical literature of our country. The tion, than the publisher has of a reimburse. reverend author's apology for foxhunting ment.
entitles him to the gratitude of the kennel.
" to venture down
23. A Discourse on the Death of the branches of natural history appear in its Rev. John Clowes, M.A., by the Rev. S. pages, and these are rendered more attractNoble, (Simpkin, London,) records the ive by the wood-cuts with which they are life and death of an exemplary minister accompanied. We cannot, however, apof Manchester, who strangely'embraced the prove of such unguarded expressions as the wild notions of Emanuel Swedenborg. This following. On the subject of lying, we are discourse is an apology for his conduct, and told, in page 29, that“ in Siam, he who for the sentiments he had imbibed.
tells a lie is punished by having his mouth 24.London Pugeants : Accounts of Fifty- sewed up." It is then added" This may five Royal Processions, and a List of appear dreadful, but no severity is too Lord Mayors' Pageants, (Nichols & Son, great against one who commits so great a London,) will be deemed very important sin.” We always rejoice, when we find by all interested persons; and will prove zeal tempered with knowledge. very entertaining to all such as prefer 28. Advice to a Young Christian, 8c., by amusement to utility:
a Village Pastor (Religious Tract Society, 25. A Vision of Hell. A Poem, (Hurst, London,) is an American publication, now London,) displays more imagination than reprinted in this country. The advice is judgment. No one, but Milton, has ever included in a series of twenty-nine letters, yet with any poetic gracefulness attempted written by the author to one of his congre. successfully
gation. Prefixed, is an introductory Essay
by Dr. Alexander, an American minister. The dark descent, and up to reascend."
The stylę, tone of feeling, and sentiments Many images of terror, the author of this inculcated, are all of an exalted character, poem has certainly combined, but they all and calculated to stimulate the reader to fall short of those dismal and indefinite aim at an elevated standard of piety. It is expectations which the subject never fails a little volume, of fair promise, and one to excite. In roaming through the infernal that we doubt not will be found useful to regions, he discovers numerous individuals, serious young persons. both of ancient and modern times, whom 29. Abridgment of the New Game Laws, he personally names. Among those of our &c., by Lieutenant-Colonel Hawker, (Longown country, he finds Charles I., to whom man, London,) will give much interesting he proposes this question :-
information to the companions of dogs and “ Dies not the prince by.justest doom, who arms guns. To hold his throne against the public will ?"
30. Remarks on the Cholera Morbus, On hearing this, the ghostly monarch con- &c. &c., by H. Young M. D)., (Smith cludes the visitant to be one of England's and Elder, London,) will, in the present sons," and inquires the news. This leads state of alarming excitement, command atthe author to touch on the French revolu- tention by its title, and secure approbation tion, lighted at the torch of American inde- by its contents. On this momentous subpendence, and on the great changes that ject, various opinions are exhibited by have taken place in Europe, through ambi- medical men to the world. Many of these tion, intrigue, and war. Elysium follows might appear to oppose each other; but if, Tartarus - but the whole is founded more on from the discord of theories, any genuine the machinery of the heathen mythology, information as to the symptoms, causes, than on the descriptions and declarations of and treatment of the disease, can be aca holy writ.
quired, some hopes may be entertained 26. Daily Light reflected from the that means will be devised to arrest its proSacred Scriptures, (Religious Tract So- gress, and avert its awful consequences. ciety,) shines with such steady lustre on the Mr. Young, having seen the ravages of this paths of man, that all who follow its guid- disease in India, and communicated with ance will be led into the way everlasting, the medical board at St. Petersburgh, comes This little book consists of passages selected before the public with strong claims to from the sacred writings, and of short practi- general confidence. On the merits of his cal comments on them, by numerous authors, pamphlet, we are wholly incompetent to whose names are inserted. In the selection decide. We can only say, that his obserof commentators, we rejoice to find that vations appear plausible, argumentative, and sectarian bigotry has not been permitted rational. either to dictate or to triumph.
31. Speech of P. C. Crampton, Esq., 27. The Child's Repository, and Infant President of the Hibernian Temperan Scholar's Magazine, Vol. V. (Stephens, Society, June, 1831, we should rejoice to London,) has a large circulation, but not put into the hand of every drunkard in the more so than it deserves. Many useful united kingdom.
GLEANINGS. Spicy Profits.- In the third voyage of the Company to the East Indies, one of the ships, the Consent, of 115 tons, sailed from the Thames in March, 1607, and procured a cargo of cloves. The prime cost was 2,9481. 15s., and they were sold for 30,9871.
Duelling in Merico.-There is a law in Mexico, that when any individual falls in a duel, the survivor is compelled to pay all his debts. If neither, or both fall, then the property of him who sent the challenge becomes responsible for the debts of the person chal, lenged. This law is enforced with rigour. We need scarcely add, that duels in Mexico are not of very frequent occurrence. Such an edict in England might be productive of very salutary effects.
Water in the Island of Ascension.-This uninhabited island, which lies nearly in the middle of the southern Atlantic ocean, has most generally been visited on account of the largeness, abundance, and excellence of the turtles which are to be found on its shores. But its being wholly destitute of water, except what descends from the clouds, has always given to it an uninviting aspect. Lately, an attempt was made to procure water, by boring, which, at a moderate depth was crowned with complete success.
From this source the voyager may now obtain a competent supply of this necessary article.
Sunday Schools.-At a meeting of individuals superintending Sunday Schools, in Manchester, last week, it was stated that there are in the kingdom upwards of 10,000 Sunday-schools, containing 1.500,000 scholars, under the superintendence of 100.000 conductors and teachers, whose services are given gra. tuitously. All this has been accomplished siuce their establishment, fifty years ago. It is supposed that there are about 30.000 children taught in the schools in Manchester, and that there are yet from 20,000 to 30,000 children proper objects of these benevolent institutions, who are at this moment allowed to grow up without restraint, in ignorance and vice, but whom it is the interest of the public at large to restrain and educate.
The Book of Armagh.-On Monday, great curiosity was evinced by the amateurs and literati of this city, with respect to the sale of this truly valuable and unique Ms. The MS, is the production of the seventh century, and is written on vellum in the pure Irish character, with Greek capitals intermixed; both sides of the membrane are written upon. It is of the small quarto size, about eight inches high, six inches wide, and abont three inches thick, It contains 442 pages, and is altogether perfect, except the first membrane, part of the Gospel of St. Matthew, and a few pages, which have been defaced by attrition. The cover, or case, is not the least singular part of the treasure. It is of thick black leather, having raised ornamental devices, hieroglyphics, and figures of animals upon it. It has also a very antique brass lock and hasp, part of which still remains. There were originally eight brass staples, which passed through the lid ; a bolt or pin passed through them under the hasp, like our modern portmanteaus. It sold for 3901. 'All were anxious to hear who was the purchaser of this gem of antiqnity, but no one knew. Some kind Asmodeus from the house of Cochrane and Co., of London, we understaud, has borne it off in triumph from its native shore.-Dublin, June 18, 1831.
The Dram Shop.-We fear that the working classes will never be thoroughly emancipated, until the vice of drinking ardent spirits is banished from among them. The reform bill may pass, the corn laws may be repealed, tbe burden of taxation may be removed, but so long as the dram-shop, is encouraged, just so long will the working man be degraded and miserable. He may have more money to take at the end of the week, but he will always reach that period with an empty pocket: home will be a desert, and his wife and children wretched. Influence in society, he will have pone, except what is mischievous; and the only thing to distinguish him from the brutes, will be his outward form.-Carpenter's Political Letter.
Strong Liquors.-It has, we understand, been ascertained, on the highest medical authority, that in the ravages of cholera morbus, those addicted to drunkenness become the first victims of this terrible visitation,
A Riddle.-There is a father with twice six sons, these sons have thirty daughters each, who are party coloured, having one cheek white, the other black, who never see each other's face, nor live above twenty-four hours. This riddle on the year," is attributed to Cleobulus, who was one of the seven wise men of Greece, who lived 570 years B.C. Riddles are of the highest antiquity: the oldest on record is in the book of Judges, xivth chapter, 14th and 18th verses. We are told by Plutarch, that the Gauls of his time worked at knitting and sewing, and the most ingenious of them made riddles.
Prices to see the Coronation.- For the galleries in the vaultings, the tickets were three guineas each, and for those underneath, four guineas each, and the first, or bottom tier, were let at five guineas each person. The grand stand in St. Margaret's churchyard was contracted for with the Dead of Westminster by the Sergeaut Trumpeter, and the seats were let at from two to three guineas. The prices at houses in the line of the procession were from two to three guineas, The price for a seat to see the coronation of the Conqueror was a blank; at Henry the first, it was a crocard; at Stephen's and Henry 11., it was a pollard; at Richard's and King Joho's, a suskin; at Henry 111., a dodkin; at Edward I., it rose to half a farthing; at Edward 11., a farthing; at Edward III., a halfpenny : at Henry IV., a penny; at Henry V. two penvies ; at Henry VIII., a groat; at Queen Elizabeth's, a tester; at Charles I., a shilling; at James II., half a-crown; at Queen Anne's, a crown); at George II., half-aguinea; at George III., a guinea; at George Iv., from one guinea to teu.
Russian Justice. The following story gives a lively idea of the Russian rule of Poland. A Jew met a Cossack in the forest; the latter robbed him of his horse. On returning to the town, he lodged a com. plaint with the Major in command, who was (with what truth we shall say) reputed to be a most rigorous disciplinarian. The Cossacks were paraded, the robber was pointed out, when, with the utmost effrontery, he declared he had found the horse. "How?" 'replied the Jew, "I was on his back." “Yes,” retorted the Cossack, ". I found you too; but having no use for a Jew, I did not keep you. The excuse was deemed sufficient, and the Jew lost his steed.
God of the Aborigines of New South Wales. -A correspondent of the Sydney Gazette relates the following dialogue · he had with an aged native black, named Moses, respecting Kon, the great spirit-"Why are the blacks afraid to die?” “Why shonld they be?" a usual answer to any question. Tell me why they are afraid ?"
“ Because of Kon." " Who is Kon? “Kon is a savage being." “Did you ever see him?" “ No," " Where then is he?" "He is in the woods every where ;” pointing with his hands. “Then, how is it that you have never seen him?” “Whenever he sees the blacks coming, (for he always looks about,) he goes down into the ground.'
*How can he go down? has he got a body like mine?” “No."
What he like?" “He is like the rainbow ; like your horse; he can go any where." " Who was his father? who is his mother?" " We do not know; he had none; he lived before us; all the blacks are afraid of him."
Shower of Earth at Sienna.-Op the 15th of May, 1830, at seven p. m., rain fell at Sienna, and in the neighbouring condtry, which stained red every substance it touched. At midnight, the earthy showers again took place. The weather had been calm for two days before, but the atmosphere was overcast by dense reddish clouds, The coloured earthy matter, collected from the leaves of a great number of plants in the botanic garden, was subjected to chemical analysis by M. Guili, Professor of Natural History, and found to contain-- 1. organic vegetable matter; 2, carbonate of iron ; 3. manganese;
4. carbonate of lime; 5. alumina; and, 6. silicia. These details are communicated in a letter from M. Guili, to the editors of the Annales de Chimie.
Formidable Snake.-A formidable snake was killed on Crimson-hill, within the parish of Curry-mallet, about a fortnight since; it measured in circumference eight inches, and in length four feet ten inches. Sherborne Journal, Aug. 13, 1831.
American Liberty: - One Mr. Washington Rohy advertises in the Washington Daily National Intelligencer thus-“Cash! Cash! Cash! The advertiser will give the highest prices for likely young negroes of both sexes, from twelve to twenty-five years of age. Any letters addressed to me, through the post-office, will be attended to." In the same paper, there are two other advertisements, offering “Cask for likely young negroes.
Instinct. There are several parts of a horse which he cannot reach with his teeth to scratch, when they itch: when these parts do itch, he usually goes to another horse, and bites him on the spot where he wishes to be scratched himself; the sagacious companion generally takes the hint, and performs the office for him. Dr. Darwin, who was an attentive and acute observer of pature, once observed a young foal bite its dam, to indicate its wish to he scratched, but the mare, not choosing to lose a mouthful of grass, which she was in the act of chewing, merely rubbed the place on the foal's neck with her nose ; so that, there can be little doubt but it was from reflection that she rubbed where she was bitten.-dnecdotes of Horses.
Smoking.-We are often asked, if the use of tobacco The First Number of a new and very splendid pebe injurious? Viewing the question in the abstract, riodical, to be called The Ladies' Cabinet of Fashion, we should answer, Yes. To a person in full-health, Music, and Romance. nothing is required but pure air, food, and drivk; A New Edition of Herbert's Priest of the Temple, every thing else is superfluous, and, consequently, or, the Country Parson; his Character, and Rule of oppressive to the constitution. A powerful narcotic Holy Life ; with the Church Porch, &c.: and a substance must be more than oppressive, because it Sketch of his Life, from Walton. Royal 32mo. Cloth. makes a direct attack on the nervous system. It Ou the Miraculous Gifts of the Primitive Christians, affects the stomach and the brain. But, viewing and Modern Pretensions to their Exercise. A Dis man as a creature of civilization, subjected hourly to course delivered at Stepney Meeting, Nov. 27, 1831. excitement, foreign to his nature, and injurious to his By Joseph Fletcher, D.D. health, narcotics, by allaying nervous excitability, The Continental Annual, and Romantic Cabinet, may, in certain circumstances and constitutions, be for 1832. Edited by Wm. Kennedy, Esq. really useful. We would not, therefore, deprive the Geographical Apvual, or Family Cabinet Atlas. smoker of his consolation, but we would keep the Bible Illustrations, or Manners and Customs pecupractice from excess. We would guard especially liar to the East. By the Rev. Bourne Hall Draper. against that of unnecessary potations, to which the Hymns and Evangelical Songs for Sunday Schools. practice so frequently leads. Drinking is a great and By John Bulmer. positive evil; smoking, at best, but a slight good. If The Church Revived, without the Aid of the Unthe two must be associated, banish them, as decidedly known Tongues. A Sermon preached in the Scots inimical to health and reason. Smoking can never be Church, Swallow-street, London. By R. Burns, D.D. proper, before the middle period of life. For young A Letter to a Friend, on Subjects that Trouble the men to parade the streets in the evening, with cigars
Church. By Charlotte Elizabeth. in their mouths, is either affectation or something The Pilgrim's Progress, by John Bunyan ; with worse:
- Thrackrah, on the Effects of Employments on upwards of One Hundred 'illustrative Engravings on Health and Longevity.
Wood. By G. W. Bonner; and Explanatory Notes,
by W. Mason. Idolatry in India. There are many temples in Ivdia, from which the East India Company receive
The Literary Jewel; or Diamond Cabinet Library,
in Prose and Verse. tribute; of which, the principal are, Gya, Allahabad,
Two Sermons, on occasion of the Death of the Rev. and Tripetty. The total amount of revenue received from all these sources is unknown; but that supplied
c. Glascott, late Vicar of Hatherleigh, Devon. By from the following four temples, amounts to a pro
the Rev. T. H. Kingdon, and Rev. G. P. Richards. digious sum. Mr. Poyoder estimates it as follows:
A Sermon preached at Hull, 13th Nov. 1831, on the
Unknowu Tongues. By Wm. Jones, Bolton. Clear profit for the seventeen years ending
The First Number of the Temperance Herald. 1829, exclusively, for Juggernaut • £99,205 15 0 Clear profit for the sixteen years ending
A Treatise on Pulmonary Consumption. By Joho
Murray, F.S. A., &c. in 1829, inclusively, for Gya 455,980 15 0 Clear profit for the sixteen years ending in
A Sermon, occasioned by the Rio:s in Bristol. By
W. R. Baker. 1829, inclusively, for Allahabad 159,429 7 6
Family Classical Library, No. XXIV. Plutarch, Clear profit for the seventeen years ending
Vol. II. in 1829, inclusively, for Trippetty 205,599 18 6 The Etymological Spelling-book and Expositor. By Total tribute received from idolatrous
Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopedia, vols. 24, 25. siog of a family in Nether Largo, in Fifeshire, who Moral Reform; a Sermon. By Wm. Naylor. reside in the house in which he was born. The A Charge addressed to the Rev. Jas. Reid Brown, former is in admirable preservation, although, at
Scots Church, Swallow street, London. By Robert least, one hundred and twenty-three years old. It is Burns, D.D., &c. made of cedar, is strongly built, and very massy.
Four Discourses on the Signs of the Times. By The initials, A. s., are rudely carved on its lid. The
Josiah Redford. latter is the shell of some kind of nut, which probably
A Seasonable Admonition. By J. Peacock. grew on the island. The late Mr. Constable, of Edin- Digest of all the Precepts contained in the New burgh, caused it to be much adorned and beautified, Testament. By Joseph Turnbull, A. B. by giving it a new pedicle, and having its edge sur- Anti-Slavery Reporter, No. 91. mounted with silver, on which a suitable inscription Legends and Stories of Ireland. By Sam. Lover. is given.
Biographical Sketches and Authentic Anecdotes of To restore Sour Wine. Take dry walnuts, in the
Quadrupeds. By Capt. Thos. Brown, F.L.S., &c.
Buchan's Domestic Medicine. 12mo, proportion of one to every gallon of wine, and burn them over a charcoal fire ; when they are well lighted,
Writings of John Fox, Bale, and Coverdale. Tract
Society. throw them into the wine, and bung up: in forty-eight bours the acidity will have been corrected.
The History and Prospects of the Church, from the
Creation to the Final Consummation. By James Spirits and Tea. There is five times as much spiri- Bennett, D.D. tuous liquor consumed in England as in France, but The Complete Works of Philip Doddridge, D.D. there is nearly one hundred times as much wine con- in two large volumes, sumed in France as in England. Nearly three times On Indigestion, &c. By Edward Jukes, Inventor as much beer is consumed in England as in all of the Stomach Pump. France, and a undred times as many pounds of tea. Luther's Table Talk. White Mice. -A considerable number of mice, as
Mental Recreation, or Select Maxims, &c. of Phiwhite as drifted snow, bave recently been discovered at losophers, Statesmen, Divines, &c. Great Whelnetham Hall, near Bury. In threshing Divines of the Church of England, No. XIX.out a barn of wheat, nearly as many of this sort as Bishop Hall's Works, Vol. II. of the common species were destroyed. It is believed Sermons. By the late Rev. Ed. Jos. Payson, D.D. that they were imported into this country with foreign
The British Preacher, Vol. II. corn. They increased in a very rapid ratio, some Sermon, preached at Hull, Nov. 13, 1831, on the litters being as numerous as fourteen.
Unknown Tongues. By R. M. Beverley, Esq.
A Translation of the Statutes of the Royal and
Hanoverian Guelphic Order. By J. Frost, F.S.A., &c. Literary Notices.
Modern Claims to Miraculous Gifts of the Spirit
considered. A Sermon. By Rev. W. Harness, A.M. Just Published.
Practical Remarks on the Inutility of the Hydro
static Test, in the Detection of Infanticide. By H. W. Part XI. of Baines's History of Lancashire.
Dewhurst, Esq., Surgeon, &c. Part XXXIII. of National Portrait Gallery :-Sir Report of the African Education Society. Thomas Plumer; Warren Hastings, Esq.; and Lord Report of the Pennsylvania Colonization Society. &c. Viscount Melville.
The Religionists designating themselves Uuitarians, Fisher's Drawing-room Scrap-book, a Quarto An- not entitled to the Christian name. By Richard Dual, with Thirty-six highly-finished Engravings; and Winter Hamilton, Mjuister of Albion Chapel, Leeds. a poetical illustration to each, from the pen of L. E. L. The Christian Pastor Visiting his Flock; and the
Visit to the South Seas in the years 1829 and 1830; Flock reciprocating their Shepherd's Care. By John
In the Press. preached before the University of Cambridge, in the month of November, 1831. By Rev.C. Simeon, M.A. Saturday Evening. By the Author of Natural
Sermons by the late Rev. Edward Payson, D.D. History of Enthusiasm. In 1 vol. 8vo.
Roligion. By Rev. Calvin Colton, of America, 12mo.
A New Edition of Brown's Self-Interpreting Bible, with a Life of the Author. By his Grandson.
Advice to a Young Christian, on the Importance of aiming at an elevated Standard of Piety. By a Village Pastor. • Mr. Samonelle's new work, The Entomological Cabinet.
Kidd's Guide to the “Lions” of London; or the Stranger's Directory, to St. Paul's, WestminsterAbbey, Zoological Gardens, &c.; with numerous Illustrations of the different places and objects. The whole designed and engraved by G. W. Bonner.
The Cabinet Annual Register, and Historical, Political, Biographical, and Miscellaneous Chronicle for 1832.
Cabinet Lawyer, an Enlarged, Improved, and Corrected Edition, being the Seventh, including all the recent legal alterations.
p Dedicated by permission to His Majesty, Britain's
Preparing for Publication.
A Letter addressed to John Wilks, Esq., M.P., suggesting what Principles are necessary to the Construction of a permanent Law for the more safe Protection and better Government of Friendly Societies. By James Wright.
Also, by the same Author, A Letter addressed to John Wilks, Esq., M.P., on Imprisonment for Debt.
A New Edition of Cruden's Concordance, with a Sketch of the Author's Life. By Wm. Youngman.
COMMERCIAL RETROSPECT, LONDON, 27TH DECEMBER, 1831.
The Year just closed bas proved unfavourable to those connected with commercial and manufac. turing pursuits; and, since our last Report, there have been no intervals of occasional improvement ; for, although we seemed, twelve months since, to have reached the lowest point of depression, yet many articles of produce and manufacture bave sunk still lower. This state of things may be ascribed partly to the disturbed condition of Europe-to the revolutionary movements in the infant states of America-and also to the agitation of that great measure at home, which has for its end the preservation of our Constitution by the infusion of new life and vigour into it.
It must not, however, be omitted, that in the track of the contending armies in the north, has followed that pestilential disease, which, having visited the capitals of central and northern Europe, has, by the establishment of sanatory cordons and other regulations, very much impeded the transit of gooils. Our own country has also been partially visited by this scourge ; yet, by the blessing of Providence upon the means adopted, we may venture to hope that its virulenice will be abated.
The prospects for our manufacturers are brighter than they were, and already very considerable contracts for Twist have been made for Russia, to be shipped in the spring.
It is pleasing to remark, that, in the great manufacturing districts of Lancashire and Yorkshire, the character of the working elasses seems to be materially improved, as the successful establishment of Temperance Societies will sufficiently evince ; and it will be further proved by the falling off of the excise duty on Spirits, and the increase on malt liqnor, a change equally favourable to the health as to the morals of that industrious class. Suuday Schools, and Mechanics Institutions, with their circulating libraries, will have the effect of enlightening their minds, and of purifying their morals.
In connexion with this subject, it may not be improper to remark, that the stupendous monument of human art, the Manchester and Liverpool Rail-way, has shown the practicability and importance of this method of communication and from the parliamentary notices of many similar undertakings, we may anticipate they will become very general, and that the expedition and facility of transit, combined with the moderate charge of carriage, will secure more advantages to the manufacturing interest than could have been contemplated.
The Iron trade, which at the commencement of the present century was quite insignificant, but has risen to such an eminence, as nearly to render us independent of foreign supply, (with the exception of that used in the making of steel,) has been under great depression ; but, with a better demand for the staple articles of cotton and woollen manufactures, it will greatly revive.
The import of Cotton Wool into Liverpool this year has been 775,838 packages: the price is generally nearly one penny per pound lower than at the same period last year : the sales have been 829,560 packages; and stocks are lighter than usual.
Sugars are also much lower; the stocks are less; the last Gazette price was 225. 84d. per cwt. inclusive of the duty of customs. The West India interest complains, with much reason, of the depressed state of this article.
Coffee bas risen in value from 50 to 60 per cent. ; the consumption is going on rapidly, and has increased yearly since the diminution of the duty. It now forms a very important part of the food of the poorer classes.
Dyeing-woods are nearly on a par with last year. Indigo has been declining all the year, and, being one of the cheapest articles of commerce, it may be expected to enhance in value.
Spices are very moderate in value.
The failure of the fisheries last year caused a great advance in the prices of Oil ; and, notwithstanding the ill-success of the fishery in the present year, yet prices of all kinds of Oil rule very low. Price in 1830.
200 Whilst foreign commerce was interrupted by the unsettled state of the Continent, and our internal trade much paralyzed, we have to record, that Divine Providence bas blessed this land with an abundant and early harvest : the quality has been generally excellent; in so much that the consumption of the new crop commenced a month or six weeks earlier than usual ; so that we may anticipate, that the foreign supplies, now under lock, will be wanted before the coming harvest.
The prospects for Britain are not discouraging; our Government seems resolved on the preservation of peace, and they have shown a disposition to lighten many of the burdens pressing upon industry. Next month the duty will cease on candles. We should, for ourselves, have been glad to have seen the impost on Soap taken off ; but the duty of 3d. per Ib. is too great a boon to be expected so soon-otherwise the health and cleanliness of the working ciasses would be much benefited by such a measure.
We doubt not, however, that the attention of Government will be directed to other measures of national benefit. The extension of the trade with China-a revision of the Corn Laws-a rerision of the Bank Charter-an extension of the Poor Laws to Ireland--and the condition of the Slaves, will probably have their consideration.
LONDON : PRINTED AT THE CAXTON PRESS, BY H. FISHER, SON, AND CO.