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to make any adequate allowance; and tion-without once halting, or pausing—without

repeating, recalling, or mistaking a word; defects where opposite agents are exerting their

which frequently deform Mr. Peel's speeches. influence, the effects produced will lead Brougham speaks as a good reader reads from a him to infer an inconsistency of character,

book. Nevertheless, it seems to me that you per

ceive only extraordinary talent, formidable pungent or a constitutional instability, which will be wit, and rare presence of mind :-the heart-warmat once erroneous in principle, and inap- ing power of genius, such as flows from Canning's

tongue, he possesses, in my opinion, in a far lower plicable to the people. These are among degree.”—vol. i. p. 20. the anomalies to which all tourists are

To enumerate the various topics to wbich liable, and against which, nothing but a

the author turns his attention, would transpermanent residence and habitual observa

form this review into a catalogue. His tion can fully guard.

mind and eye must have been continually Making for these imperfections no more

on the alert, to catch the evanescent specthan fair and rational deductions, we view this production of an enlightened foreigner, tice; yet among this great variety there is

tacles which presented themselves to his noas a work of superior merit, replete with sound sense, diligent research, and rational scarcely one that we could wish he had reflection. of the author's talents, style, tom-house is thus described.

omitted. The character of an English cusand manners, our readers will be able to form some estimate from the following

“In the middle of the second night we anchored extracts, the first of which is deserving of just below London Bridge, the most unfortunate

circumstance that can happen to a man. deep attention.

sequence of the severity of the custom-house, he is

not permitted to take his things on shore before A larger mass of varied and manifold enjoy- they are inspected, and the office is not opened till ments may certainly be found in England, than it ten in the morning. As I did not choose to leave is possible to procure with us. Not in vain have my German servants alone with my carriage and wise institutions long prevailed here.

effects, I was compelled to pass the night, almost cially soothes and gladdens the philanthropist is, dressed as I was, in a miserable sailor's tavern close the spectacle of the superior comfort, and more ele- to the river. In the morning, however, when I was vated condition in the scale of existence, univer- present at the examination, I found that the golden sally prevailing. What with us are called luxuries key, which rarely fails, had not lost its efficacy here, are here looked upon as necessaries, and are dif- and saved me from long and tedious delays. Even fused over all classes. Hence arise, even in the a few dozen of French gloves, which lay all in smallest and most ordinary details, an endeavour innocence upon my linen, seemed to be rendered after elegance, an elaborate finish and neatness; in invisible ;-nobody took any notice of them."a word, a successful combination of the beautiful vol. iv. p. 43. with the useful, which is entirely unknown to our lower classes."-vol. i. p. 4.

Of these very entertaining volumes we

must now take our leave. We have surIn the paragraph subjoined, the author's descriptive abilities appear to great advan- veyed their multifarious contents with more

than common interest, and, on comparing tage.

the observations of this enlightened tourist “I will first lead you to the seven sources of the on similar scenes in foreign parts,

with Thames, which rises two or three miles from Cheltenham. After a long ascent, you come to some those in our own country, we cannot avoid solitary grassy hills; on the top of these, under the

exclaiming, in the language of Cowper, shade of two or three alders, is a little group of plashy springs, which trickle away, forming, as far

England, with all thy faults, I love thee still." as the eye can follow them, an insignificant brook. Such is the modest infancy of the Thames. I felt the tide of poetry come over my mind, as I thought,

REVIEW.— The Double Trial, or the Conhow, but a few hours ago, and but a few miles hence, I had seen these same waters covered with sequences of an Irish Clearing. A Tale a thousand vessels; how this glorious stream, in its

of the present Day. In 3 Vols. 12mo. short course, bears on its bosom more ships, more treasures, and more human beings, than any of its pp. 288-309-312. Smith and Elder. colossal brethren; how the capital of the world lies London, 1832. on its banks, and by her omnipotent commerce may be almost said to rule the four quarters of the The narrative, which, like a parti-coloured globe. With reverential admiration I looked down

yarn running through a cable, is almost too on the gushing drops, and compared them-one, while with Napoleon, who, obscurely born in

diminutive to be seen, loses a considerable Ajaccio, in a few years made all the thrones of the portion of its interest, by the digressions, earth to tremble ;-then with the avalanche, which; episodes, and excursions with which it is in five minutes buries a village ;-then with Roths- interrupted. Its materials are dealt out child, whose father sold ribbons, and without whose

with a sparing hand, but all its incidents are assistance, no power in Europe seems now able to carry on war."-vol. i. p. 6.

turned to good account. In a collective point Of Lord Brougham, the reader will be

of view, we learn from these volumes how pleased to peruse the following character,

“ The sterling bullion of one English line,

Drawn in French wire may through whole pages from the able pen of this German tourist.

shine." “I had heard and admired Brougham before. No The accidental occurrences, however, man ever spoke with greater fluency,--hour after hour, in a clear unbroken stream of eloquence,

behind which this tale so frequently takes with a fine and distinct organ,-riveting the atten

shelter and finds

repose,

make no mean con

66

pensation for its suspension, although these basis ; but, alas ! melancholy truth asks no are sometimes carried to such an immoderate assistance from the imagination. length, that we feel half surprised, when, on “When I came here, three years ago, beyond a sudden, it starts from slumber, and be. these rising grounds, there was a pleasing village of comes reintroduced to our eyes and ears.

cabins, in their simple state as you see them about

the country; suppose three hundred inhabitants. But the digressive incidents with which these They had experienced, in the former year, a bad volumes are enlivened, in addition to their potato crop, and poverty pressed heavily upon them,

and soon brought a lingering and quick-spreading intrinsic interest, derive an advantageous

fever. We gave them, occasionally, medicine and iinportance from the exemplification of Irish money; and as the winter proceeded, the cabins manners which they display. The following

fell away, one by one, scarcely perceptible at first,

till, during a very inclement spring, having lost picture of security, at a principal hotel in sight of them, I found at length that the whole had the capital, is not badly drawn. Early in

disappeared. I mean to say, that, except a few

stragglers, more hardy, though, perhaps, not more the morning, after a half sleepless night, fortunate than the rest, the whole were destroyed by Mr. Elrington and his companions were famine, and by disease occasioned through famine.

“ These things are common in this country. disturbed by a sudden noise.

Unless the law aided us, we cannot prevent them. “ Immediately a tremendous discharge of fire

The effort of every one here employed is, to increase arms took place into the room. The door, at the

the rental of the great landlord ; according to that next instant, that led into the hall, was burst open.

increase, we all gain in emolument. It has been

now determined by my directors, that the patches of Mr. Elrington was by this time fully aroused, and upon his guard; while, to the horror of the barrister,

potato-crops shall be cleared away, and thrown into the unhappy and cautious appraiser dropped on

more regular farms. These poor ones are to have the floor. Three men rushed into the room, and

notice to quit. This is called the clearing system;

and if at the end of their term, they go not away one was about to seize Mr. Elrington, when he recognized that gentleman. The man was also in the

willingly, they will be made to go by the civil officers profession of the law, being one of those personages

in the first place; and if they oppose, the military

will be called to aid, and there will be a clearance who is called a peace-officer; applicable enough to the phraseology of the sister kingdom. He knew

made.”—p. 9. Mr. Elrington as a magistrate; and in a strange, We cannot enter further into these vovague, confused way expressed his surprise. *.What have you done?' said Mr. Elrington, 'you

lumes. Enough has been quoted to show have fired wantonly into this room, and shot an in- their character. They contain many excelnocent man, a stranger, an English gentleman, who

lent observations ; but, as a simple narracame here on business. Is this the way to execute the laws, to murder his Majesty's peaceable sub- tive of actual occurrences, they would have jects? The men expressed their astonishment, and

been more interesting, than in the novel declared that they were informed that the persons whom they were in search of, were in that room.

form which they have assumed. They ** That I deny,' said the landlord, who now for place the condition of the Irish peasantry the first time came in contact with Mr. Elrington ; *that I deny; I told you the right-hand room, and

in a pitiable light, not by the magic of desired you not to fire. Did I not, Murphy,' said declamatory language, but by the great he, addressing himself to one of the men.

variety of appropriate incidents, which the 16. Well, we must be after them,' said the leader, as if suddenly recollecting himself, and away they

author's resources and recollection of facts went in the contrary direction."-Vol. I. p. 36. supply. If this work shall be so fortunate Of Irish hyperbole, the following obser

as to procure what it fully deserves, it will vations may be considered as reasonable

have many readers, who cannot fail to find specimens.

in its pages something more valuable than

mere amusement. “Yes, Mr. Puffeter, and a contemptible opinion they have of the oratory of strangers. I heard a hackney-coachman reply to a stranger, who had asked hiin if his carriage was clean ? 'Clean, your honour, Review.— The Canadas, as they at preit would carry a bride, and her bride-maid, up and down through the whole city, and turn them out a

sent commend themselves to the Enterpretty deal cleaner than when they first came into

prise of Emigrants, Colonists, and it.'

A London shoeblack would be contented to tell you that he could give a polish to your shoes, that

Capitalists. Compiled from Original you might see your face in them; and Day, Warren, Documents furnished by John Galt, Esq. Turner, and Hunt, have certainly sent forth wonders in the way of comparative brilliancy and bright

and other authentic Sources. By An. ness; but a Dublin polisher told me that the lord- drew Picken. With a Map. 12mo. lieutenant had not a plate glass in the Castle, though

pp. 426. Effingham Wilson. London. it had just been newly gilt and burnished, that shone like the polish from his essence of ebony. A

1832. master chimney sweeper declared, as an excuse for not sweeping a chimney clean ;-Why the thing On this vast portion of British territory, was out of the calculation of possibilities; for there the volume before us communicates a more was not a ray of intelligence from the top to the bottom, to throw a single beam into the spiral than ordinary share of useful information. curve;' i. e., as a common-place fellow would express To the emigrating labourer and mechait, there was not the least light in any part of the nic, it will be found of essential service, chimney.”- Vol. I. p. 45.

but by those who intend to colonize, and Who can read the following description others who have large capitals to advance, without sympathy? We should rejoice to its statements, calculations, and estimates, learn that in had nothing but fiction for its cannot be too highly prized.

It appears from a portion of the title- I can now save money very fast, and shall soon be

able to buy my own leather, which will be more page, that Mr. Galt was “late of the Ca

profitable."- Appendix, p. 35. nada Company, but now of the British

Several other letters are inserted, from Land Association." These situations enable him to judge concerning the quality glaziers, butchers

, day-labourers, brick

These all concur in one general of the land in different districts, to point testimony, highly favourable to emigration ; out its adaptation for various species of and furnish an almost indubitable assurculture, and, in connexion with his topo.

ance that he cai and industrious, graphical observations, to qualify him for

whether belonging to agriculture or the the important task which in this volume

mechanic arts, are sure to succeed. Lazi. he has undertaken to execute.

ness, without an abundance of money, In addition to the qualifications of the

should never emigrate, unless with a design author and compiler, as stated above, a

to starve, and thus rid the world of a nuiconsiderable portion of the documents pub

sance. lished in this volume are of an official

With the multifarious contents of this nature ; hence, they approach the reader volume we have been highly gratified. It with all the confidence which genuine au

presents important advice to all classes thenticity can inspire. We are therefore taught to view this work as the joint offspring stores, travelling expenses, and delays, it

who contemplate emigration. For passage, of ability and truth, which to all classes of

gives excellent directions, and happily acemigrants are qualities of the utmost im.

commodates its calculations to those whose portance.

means are limited to the sum of five or six It must, however, be obvious, from the

pounds. complexion of this volume, that agricultural pursuits are the principal objects which the compiler keeps in view, although the pros

Review.

History and Character of pects and interests of handicraftsmen and

American Revivals of Religion. By mechanics are by no means overlooked.

the Rev. Calvin Colton, of America. Soils, climates, capabilities, facilities, ob. stacles, intercourse, expenses, and capital

12mo. pp. 310. Westley and Davis:

London. 1832. required on any given scale, all enter into the general estimate. The means of tra- The author of this volume is a warm velling are also pointed out, and even the advocate for religious revivals, though he fares from place to place are distinctly spe- does not attempt to vindicate those wild cified. Nor is the humble husbandman excesses which are sometimes associated forgotten. On his arrival, he quickly finds with these very extraordinary excitements. employment, and is amply remunerated for Natural causes, he argues, are unable to his services. But W. Clements, a day- produce the phenomena which are frelabourer of Corsley, in Wiltshire, who emi- quently apparent; and, from the intrinsic grated to Canada, shall speak for himself. character of the effects, and the changes His letter is dated Port Talbot, Upper that are wrought in the lives of those who Canada, October 10, 1830.

are the subjects of these operations, he

infers, that it is only in Divine agency we “My dear father, I thank God I am got to the land of liberty and plenty. I arrived here on the

can find their primitive source. 9th of July. I had not a single shilling left, when He readily allows, that the Almighty I got here. But I met with good friends that took me in; and I went to work at six shillings a

takes occasion to work at times through day and my board, on to this day. And now I am subordinate instruments, and in these he to work on my own farm, of fifty acres, which I perceives the fulcrum on which may rest bought at 551., and I have five years to pay it in. I have bought me a cow and five pigs.”-Appendix,

the lever that seems destined to lift the

moral world. But his own words will best The following extract is from a letter

his meaning.

express written by James Treasure, a journeyman

“A host of ardent, devoted revival-men have

been raised up in the school of former and later shoemaker. It is dated Yarmouth, Upper revivals, whose ranks are continually increasing, Canada, August 9, 1830.

p. 34.

and who are becoming more and more experienced,

and more and more successful. And every fresh “I plainly see there will be work enough, if I revival, of any considerable extent, multiplies canhad two or three more hands. I have a great deal didates for the ministry, who will never forget the more than I can do now, and they tell me it will day, nor the place, nor the circumstances, of their come in faster after harvest ; but there is no possi- new birth ; and who, after a suitable training and bility of getting hands. I have 13s. 6d. for making culture, themselves enter the field, and become a pair of Wellington boots, the leather being found active and efficient revival-men. The spirit of

This will go nearly as far again in provisions revivals is born into them, and bred with them, here as at home. The price for making men's and and makes their character. And so far as I know, women's shoes is both alike; 4s. 6d. for light, and the revivals which are now going over that country 3s. 6d. for strong. They find their own thread too. are principally brought about by such instru

me.

common

mentality. The exceptions to this rule, I believe, written entitle them to the character which are rare; and hence it may be expected, that they will continue and increase, till they shall have

they sustain.

In these familiar compooverspread the land; and, may it not be hoped,

sitions the attributes of the christian appear till they shall have overspread the nations and the

with brighter lustre than the resources of world ?"-p. 9.

the theologian, or the intellectual energies To meet the objections that have been, and

of the man. may be urged against revivals, Mr. Colton furnish evidence of internal wealth, always

Yet in many instances they has advanced many pointed and conclusive ready for use, but never betray any indiarguments. He very justly contends, that

cations of mental poverty. They are the the Divine operations on the human spirit productions of a mind which appears cannot be measured by any line of analo- vigorous, without putting forth half its gical reasoning that may be presumed to

strength. reach from earth to heaven. Theory, The meditations on sacramental occasystem, and public opinion, may all be

sions occupy a becoming station in the against revivals, and, on some occasions,

same humble, yet elevated region. They sense may complain that her penetrate the inmost recesses of the mind, territories are invaded; but, when these and develop motives, watch the birth of thought, other plausibilities have combined their and trace it through various labyrinths to force, they stand opposed by facts which no

distant issues, and apparently unconnected hardihood can deny, no sophistry evade.

consequences. In each of these the author's In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, mind seems to labour under the awful a flagitious sinner, remarkable only for his responsibility of its charge, and to feel an past iniquities, is cut to the heart, and, in

internal consciousness that nothing can an agony of soul, calls upon God for

secure the spiritual strength it requires, but mercy. Soon that mercy which he seeks is

an habitual dependence upon the power found, and he rejoices in the God of his

of God. salvation. The remainder of his life cor

But excellent as the letters and medita. responds with this transformation of heart, tions are, to the lectures on preaching they this moral revolution of character. Active

must yield the palm of superiority. In these in the cause of God, and obedient to his

we behold the pious Christian, the learned laws, he reaches the goal of his proba- divine, the able teacher, and the liberal tionary existence, and dies in a triumphant critic happily combined. They are not assurance of a glorious immortality.

extended to any immoderate length, but Till theory, system, and argument can they touch on almost every important topic, fairly confront such facts as these, Mr. Col- and contain observations which cannot be ton need not be ashamed of revivals in

too highly prized. The students to whom religion, whether they occur on the eastern

they were primarily delivered, must have or western side of the Atlantic ocean.

listened with deep attention, and correspondent interest, and many among them

most unquestionably retained their influREVIEW.The Devotional Letters and

ence to the end of their lives. Since their Sacramental Meditations of the late publication they have been rendered highly Philip Doddridge, D. D. with his Lec

beneficial to many young ministers, and tures on Preaching, and the Ministerial there can be little doubt that they will conOffice. 8vo. pp. 356. Gilbert. London, tinue to be so, while piety and learning can 1832.

command respect. No person acquainted with the writings of Dr. Doddridge, can for a moment doubt that he was an extraordinary man. His

Review.--Grammar of the English Lanintellectual powers were of the highest

guage, together with the Principles of order, his learning was extensive, his dili

Eloquence and Rhetoric. By Richard gence was indefatigable, and his piety was

Hiley. 12mo. pp. 310. Simpkin and of the most exalted character. All these

Marshall. London. 1832. distinguishing excellencies are conspicuous in his writings, and those who had the It is a trite observation, but one, neverthehonour of his personal acquaintance readily less, which is strictly true, that the radical bear testimony that his life was in perfect principles of all grammars are the same. In accordance with the productions of his pen subordinate particulars, they admit of con

The letters evince that his correspond- siderable variation, and allow, in a greater ence was very extensive, that it was held or less degree, latitude or exceptions, subwith persons who understood their value, ject to arbitrary rules, but the fundamental and that the subjects on which they were principles retain their immutability.

430

REVIEW.-A LAY MINISTRY-KEY TO HISTORY OF ENGLAND.

Although many excellent grammars of recommended.” This candid avowal, the the English language have been published reader, if wise, may turn to a profitable of late years, much room still remains for account, and gather from the book before improvement; and it appears exceedingly him, the advantages of experience, without doubtful, if all the combined exertions of the risk or the trouble of an experiment. the human intellect will ever carry gram. The author's design is to make useful, matical knowledge to such a state of per- not splendid, preachers; to lead them to fection, as to leave no room for further seek essential qualifications for the duties acquisitions.

they may be called to discharge, without On the use of passive verbs, it would the varnish of superficial decoration ; and have been desirable, if all our grammarians to inculcate an acquaintance with subjects had been more explicit, and if, in exam. which will make them workmen that need ples of construction and parsing, they had not be ashamed. An awful sense of mi. furnished greater variety. The subjunctive nisterial responsibility, the spirit of religion mood still remains undefined as to its ex- kept alive in the heart, frequency in prayer, tent, its rules, and the application of them, prudence in the choice of books, careful. and, perhaps, it may be doubtful, if all the ness in the improvement of time, earnestobscurity in which it is involved will ever ness in address, correctness of language, and be wholly done away:

punctuality in attendance, are among the grammar before us, Mr. Hiley subjects which he recommends. He adreadily admits, that he has availed himself mits, that the greater portion of local of what his predecessors and contemporaries preachers among the Wesleyan Methodists have advanced, but without adopting with occupy stations in the medium and lower servility the system or theory of either, any ranks of life, and that, from the circumfurther than it appeared to be supported by stances in which they are placed, a liberal idiom, analogy, the philosophy of speech, or education has been the lot of but very few, the dictates of common sense. In its general He, however, argues, and very justly, that, character, this grammar bears a stronger re- by industrious application, and unwearied semblance to Mr. Murray's than to any perseverance, these disadvantages may be other with which we are acquainted; but surmounted, and that, even in the most unthis has not prevented the author from de- favourable situations, mental cultivation is tecting errors, glancing at anomalies, and practicable, and much genuine knowledge guarding against the imperfections which he may be acquired. These facts he has illus. has discovered.

trated by the introduction of many charac. Appended to the great mass of com- ters of renown, who, from the most abject mon matter, we find many judicious obser- poverty, have risen to eminence, and illuvations, that are well worthy the reader's minated the world by the emanations of attention. The arrangements are good ;

their native intellectual energy. and, in general, the rules are simple and The object of this work, however, is not intelligible. Throughout the whole we to make literary or scientific men, but pious perceive much acuteness of investigation, ministers, whose labours God may be exand much maturity of reflection in bringing pected to own and bless. To accomplish it into actual service. In every seminary this important end, it contains much valuwhere the grammar of Murray has found able admonition. It is a book which most admittance, this will be an useful assistant; young preachers may peruse with great and where it has not, it will prove an able advantage, whether they belong to the substitute.

Wesleyan connexion, or to any other re

ligious community. Review.—An Essay on a Lay Ministry,

particularly that of Wesleyan Local Review.-A Companion and Key to the Preachers, &c. By William Robinson. History of England - Genealogical De12mo. pp. 190. Mason. London. tails of British Sovereigns, Alliances, 1832.

Families, Titles, Armorial Bearings, Dr. Franklin has said, that “ Experience

Charts, &c. &c. By George Fisher. keeps a dear school, but fools will not learn

Royal 8vo. pp. 769. Simpkin & Mar

shall. London. 1832. in any other.” In this seminary, the author informs us, in a brief and modest preface, This is a work of no common magnitude, that he has been taught, “having had to of no common research, and of no common struggle with most of the difficulties he has importance to every lover of English hisdescribed, and resorted to most of the tory. It embraces the ample field which expedients for their conquest, which he has stretches from the earliest period of our na

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