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pictures were not enough to identify him you believe there is a hell ?-a hell?" laywith the action, he caused medals to be ing a strong emphasis upon the last word struck, an impression of one of which now as he repeated it.--" I certainly do,” I relies before the writer. It is about the size plied. “I know there is,” rejoined he, of an English half-crown; on the obverse, « I know there is, for I feel it here ;-laying a bust of the pope, with the inscription, his hand upon his breast-I feel it here;

Gregorius XIII. Pont. Max. An. I.;" on the worm that can never die, the fire that the reverse, an angel, crowned with a can never be quenched, eternal punishment, glory, in the left hand a cross lifted up, in endless torments—I feel them, they have the right a sword, with which he thrusts, as begun to be my portion even in this world.” he advances : before him, numerous persons, I suggested to him that the mercy of God some fleeing, some slain : the inscription was infinite, and would be extended even is, “Ugonottorum Strages, 1572:"(Slaughter to the vilest sinner, upon repentance.of the Hugonots.)

“ Repentance,” said he, catching my However, having mentioned the revoca- words, “ repentance ! I cannot repent; the tion of the edict of Nantz, in connexion with time of repentance is gone for ever! I the slaughter on St. Bartholomew's day, it can reflect on my treatment to my wife, on is proper that a distinction should be made my dreadful abuse of my children, on my between the pope, who probably insti- loss of respect, honour, and every noble feelgated, but certainly applauded, the latter ing, and still not be moved - not be penievent; and him who ruled the popedom in tent. The day of repentance is past—there the time of Lewis. He wrote, indeed, a is no hope; I am lost-I am lost !" Horletter to the French king, to compliment ror-struck with his expressions of despair, him on the revocation; but he openly con- and with the agony depicted in the coundemned the method of gaining the heart by tenance of his wife, and the bursts of grief holding a poniard to the throat. The from his children, I knew not what to say. reproach that must ever accompany the He lay silent for a few minutes, and again atrocities which were perpetrated on that burst forth into the most blasphemous exoccasion, atrocities too infamous for utter- pressions of horror and despair; and these ance, falls chiefly on the monastic orders ; were followed by a cry, as if coming up and it is certain, that, when some Jesuits from the world of wo, for rum: "Give me were afterwards reproved by some of their some rum ! give me some rum ! Fearing own church, for suffering such actions in that in his paroxysm of rage he might those whom they alone could have re- spring from his bed, and do injury to those strained, they made sport of it. C. around, as he had on similar occasions

exhibited more than human strength, I

ordered it to be given him. His wife DEATH OF A DRUNKARD.

brought it to his bedside. Raising himself The following account of the awful death

upon his pillow, and seizing the tumbler, of a drunkard, is extracted from the corre- with a convulsive grasp, in both his hands, spondence of an American paper.

he made an ineffectual attempt to carry it “ He had once been a sober and a to his mouth. Enraged at his repeated happy man. His business prospered, his failures, occasioned by the high excitement prospects were flattering, his family—as of his nervous system, he uttered a dreadful lovely a family as ever existed this side of oath, and called upon his wife for assistheaven-were all that he could wish. The

She turned from soothing the dissun never shone on more love, peace, and tress of their youngest child, a beautiful happiness, than were found around this fire- little girl of some four or five years old, side. But in an evil hour he tasted the whose excessive grief had drawn the atpoisonous cup, and all was lost. He be- tention of the mother even from the dying came a drunkard. Oh that last hour!-the husband--to afford him her aid ; but, ere last hour of the destroyer of himself, the she could reach the bed, with a fiendish hopes of his friends, and the prospects of laugh, and a more than hellish spite, he his family,—of him who had deliberately dashed from him the tumbler, and, mutbrought a blighting curse upon all that was tering Damnation! damnation! fell back, beautiful around him-it was awful ! and expired.”

As he lay upon his bed groaning under the burden of a guilty conscience, and his

A FACTORY CHILD'S TALE. family--they were still lovely, although reduced to beggary by his infernal appetite-- "I work at Bradley Mills. A few days gathered weeping around his bed, I came since I had threewratched cardings,' into the room. Doctor,” said he,“ do about two inches long.

The slubber,




Joseph Riley, saw them, shewed them to the Zealand group, into the Greenland seas ; me, and asked me if this was good work. and many who know both that and the I said, “No.” He then, in the billy gait, Atlantic, would consider the latter as a took a thick round leathern thong, and steam-vessel canal trip, when compared with wailed me over the head and face, for, I the former. In those seas I have seen Him think, a quarter of an hour, and for all my

"Take up the ruffian billows by the top, cheek and lips were bleeding, he wailed Curling their monstrous heads, and hanging them me on, then sent me to my work again,

With deaf'ning clamours on the slippery rocks :' and I worked till a quarter past seven.

while the monsters of the deep sported in I went to the mill at half-past five in the the surges, and played around our weathermorning : he wailed me a bit past one in beaten bark. A man who was the afternoon. I worked in my bloodas drowned, once cast away, and often in I worked, the blood dropped all in the dangers by sea and land, is seldom found piecening gait. My right cheek was torn to be coward, dreading a bucket of water, open, swelled very much, and was black. or fearing a capful of wind. Should God, My lips were very much torn ; and each with any rational evidence, open the way, of them were as thick as three lips. He and say, even in the gentlest whisper, lashed me very hard over my back, too, in Adam, go!' I think I would say, 'I come, all directions, but the skin was not torn, Lord. Te duce, ibo.' because I had my clothes on. He has “ Please to give my love to Mrs. E. and many a time strapped me before till I have your colleague, and assure your connexion been black; he has often struck me over


heartiest well-wishes.
the head, with the billy roller, and raised “I am, reverend and dear sir,
great lumps with it. At one time, when I

“ Yours affectionately, had thrice little flyings, which I could

“ ADAM CLARKE." not help, he took me out of the billy gait, lifted me into the window, tied a rope round my body, and hung me up to a long

THE LITTLE GIRL, AND HER PROFANE pole that was sticking out of the wall, and there the left me hanging about five feet from the floor. I cried very much, and so The late Mr. Solomon Carpenter, while in about ten minutes he took me down." holding a religious meeting in a private The above true account was last week house in Sussex county, New Jersey, the taken, verbatim, from the lips of a poor owner of which was much addicted to prochild, aged ten years, by Mr. R. Oastler, fane swearing and other vices, in the course and has by him been communicated to the of his exhortation expressed himself as folLeeds Intelligencer. If this be not INFANT lows : “I have often thought, when reading SLAVERY, what is ? - June 4, 1832. the account of the rich man and Lazarus,

that the rich man must have been a great swearer,

and that his tongue, that unruly

member which he had used in uttering AMERICA ?

profane language, was on this account

particularly punished, for we read that he The following extract of a letter from Dr. cried for a drop of water to cool his tongue, A. Clarke to the senior publisher of N. Y. it being tormented in the flame." Upon Chr. Advo. will be read with peculiar inte. this, a little daughter belonging to the rest.

family, placed herself behind the door, and Heydon Hall, Pinner, Middlesex, began 10 weep bitterly. Her father, hear

October 8th, 1831. ing the noise, went to his child, to know 6 Rev. and Dear Sir : - You inquire the cause, and to quiet her. “My daughabout my going over to America, and ask, ter," said he, “why do you weep so, and • Is it yet too late ? That depends on the disturb the meeting? At first she made no quantum of life that God may have allotted reply; but being pressed for an answer, at

I shall have the will; and though length said, “ Father, you hear what Mr. bearing the load of more than seventy Carpenter says about the rich man. I am years, yet I would not shrink from the task. afraid you will also go to hell, because you I have made, twice, a more difficult voyage. swear every day.” The father now tried I have, for the sake of my Lord and more than before to hush the child, but all Master, and for the sake of the souls he in vain. At last he told her if she would has bought, gone into the dangerous North quit crying, he would not swear any more. seas, not in the very best time; and during my " Well,” said she, “ if you will promise last voyage, I circumnavigated the whole of never to swear again, then I will be quiet.”







He renewed the promise, and the child powerful and magic influence over their was still. After the meeting, she seemed habits, plans, and mode of procedure ; but almost frantic with joy ; she came to her I cannot refrain from acknowledging, that mother, and exultingly said, “Ah! mother, my attachment to many things which existed I know something, and father knows some. in olden time, is at once glowing and inthing." Well, my child, what is it? creasing. And this remark will most appro. Come tell me.” “ Ah," said the little girl, priately and powerfully apply to a consider“I know, and father knows;" and then able number of distinguished writers, particontinued to manifest her joy. At last she cularly on theological subjects, who then came and whispered to her mother, that her poured their fresh and beauteous lustre on father had promised her to swear no more. the world, and who now shine most clearly

The father kept his promise ; he was and resplendently as bright stars of vigorous never heard to utter an oath after that even. intellect and splendid piety, in their numering. The unexpected reproof he received ous and inestimable productions. Hence I from his child, deeply impressed his mind, cannot do otherwise than regret most deeply, and brought him sincerely to reflect upon that there is so trifling a share of attention the consequences of profane swearing, and discovered, particularly in the present enthe many other follies of his life. Through lightened and intellectual period, to the the co-operating influence of the Divine productions of men whose understandings Spirit upon his heart, he soon became an

were so capacious, whose judgment was so humble penitent; reformed his life, con masculine, whose fancy was so rich, and nected himself with the church, is now a sparkling, and luxuriant, and whose devoruling elder, and a burning and shining tion was so pure and elevated. light in the Christian community with which The multitude of light, airy, frivolous he is connected.- New York Observer. productions that now issue from the press;

the variety of sportive, beauteous, and splendid pieces which are formed by the fancy and the imagination, that are con. stantly given to the world ; the disposition

of the majority of readers to form an acOF OUR OLDEN WRITERS, AND ESPECI quaintance with such works principally or

exclusively; the want of sufficient reflec“ If you forget any writers, do not forget the authors tion; the unattractive qualities of many of olden time. There were giants in those days. The intellectual beauty, energy, and reach of

volumes of the olden writers, the frequent thought, which they discover, excite perfect circumlocutions, the boundless digression,

the ruggedness of phrase, the numerous Anonymous.

mixtures and extravagancies of metaphor; THERE are many persons who uniformly the unqualified manner in which they tell us, with the utmost confidence and com uttered their opinions; the peculiarity of placency, that all old things are incompara- spelling; the coarseness and often indelibly the best. Old principles and maxims cacy of allusion; the closeness and solem. are, in their estimation, by far the most ex- nity of their appeals to the heart and concellent. Old paintings are sketched with science; are more than enough to deter greater boldness and freedom, and finished hundreds from entering on their perusal, with more exquisite beauty than any modern much less dispassionate and rigid investigaproductions. Old customs and manners tion; though, at the same time, their extenpossess peculiar and resistless charms. Old sive acquaintance with scripture; their faces are expressive of more characteristic richness and discursiveness of fancy; power meaning, power, and originality. Any thing of expression ; happiness and freshness of that is old, whether it be material or intellec- allusion ; beauty of metaphor; originality tual, strikes them as being possessed of and energy of thought; and vein of prosome indescribable and transcendent virtues. found and lofty piety-would, in the estiThere is a charm in the word antique, mation of a man of penetrating judgment which nothing modern, however interesting, and vigorous mind, not only compensate or attractive, or strongly recommended, can for any minor defects, but fill him with the possibly dissolve. The aged do not cling liveliest admiration, and impart the most to life with more deep-rooted tenacity, than refined and exquisite delight. they do to every olden excellency and It is readily conceded, that the divines of almost peculiarity.

the modern school discover greater refineI am not one of those who unhesitatingly ment of manner; greater niceness and acadopt this maxim-who adhere to it un. curacy of discrimination; greater elegance varyingly, and who discover that it exerts its of taste; a more delicate perception of


astonishment. We stand like dwarfs before them."

beautiful ; periods are more finely rounded ; and fearless in character ; lofty and powerthere is more precision in the choice of ful in mind ; rich and beauteous in illustraterms; greater chasteness of expression, and tion; pure and sublime in devotion. beauty of illustration, are perceivable ; What are all the digressions; the circumluxuriances are more rigidly pruned ; and locutions; the quaintnesses ; the roughness, considerably more marked attention is dis- coarseness, and frequent vulgarity of the covered, with regard to heightening and in- old divines—when one thinks of the incalcreasing embellishments. But it has often culable benefit to be enjoyed from perusing been observed, that when very minute atten- and investigating the writings of Howe? so tion is manifested to the choice of terms, profound, so sublime, indeed heavenly for the disposition of words, the structure and their devotion, and so lofty as it regards harmony of sentences, and the rhythm and “ the scale of mind” which they discover; melody of periods—thought is forgotten, or or of Jeremy Taylor, so gorgeous for their cannot be supplied.

splendour, so copious, beautiful, and magniIn perusing, for instance, the great writers ficent for their illustrations, and so exhaustwho shone like so many suns of intellectual

less for the intellectual treasures they pour beauty and splendour in the age of Elizabeth, forth ; or of Barrow, so precise, so clear, who can help admiring most enthusiasti- so nervous, so mathematical for arrangecally—with all their ruggedness, uncouth- ment, distribution, and discrimination; or ness, inaccurateness, want of fastidious. of Charnock, which discover the utmost delicacy or niceness, circumlocutions, and depth, the loftiest grandeur, and the most frequent barbarisms of language-that mag- striking originality of conception; or of nificence and richness of fancy, that lofti- Bates, all is music, so soft and melodiness of mind, that energy of conception, ous; where the beauty is so chaste; where and power of expression, which nearly all the light is so mild and silvery; where the their productions discover ? O what an ill eloquence is so rich and persuasive; or of compensation for their glowing and gigantic Baxter, who is rough and coarse, but enerwritings is made by the neat language, the getic, vehement, and glowing, in the very elegant periods, the harmonious composi- highest degree; or of Flavel, whose devotion, and the polished taste, of the modern tion and ingenuity at once interest, excite, school! There is now much more surface, and improve? The works of these men but little depth ; a large collection, but few praise them in the gates of every city, and valuables and rarities. Where is the vein will ever reflect on their memories the of towering intellect? Where is the mine of richest and the most attractive lustre. golden ore? Where is the substratum of If young ministers, especially, would pay vigorous thought, which characterized the profound and unceasing attention to these writings of our olden worthies ? and, there- deep, and sagacious, and most devotional fore, I cannot help wishing that a little less writers, it is almost incalculable what advan. attention were paid to grace, and more to tages would accrue. If the time devoted by strength; that less regard were discovered many to the perusal of teeming periodicals; to taste and beauty, and more to real power a great number of which are volatile and and comprehension of mind.

unsubstantial, discovering little vigour or How desirable and advantageous it would solidity of thought, and only viewing a subbe, if the present generation would discover ject superficially and partially; were emmore marked and devoted attention to the ployed in diligently and habitually studying pious, gifted, and erudite divines of past the massive theological productions of the days! Were this habit formed, and a feel- conformist and non-conformist divines, the ing of attachment and veneration awakened, change produced in the habits would be the highest, indeed, inestimable, benefit inestimably beneficial. They would be would be reaped. A most clear and en- better qualified to explain and elucidate larged view of the Holy Scriptures would difficult and mysterious subjects; to conbe furnished ; a deep and an extensive in- tend against the deist and sceptic; to sight into the principles, the feelings, the preach the gospel in all its beauteous simerrors, and depraved propensities of the plicity, and overflowing fulness, and evanhuman heart would be gained ; there would gelical richness. be a much bolder and more comprehensive

“Whatever you do,” said one to a young judgment formed of many doctrines of the minister, “ do not forget the giants of olden word of God, which constitute its promi- time. Go, and examine their prominent nent characteristic, and its peculiar charm. and striking features ; attentively mark their There would be the greatest delight awaken- powerful and almost super-human energy. ed, from the perception of what was clear Get your library well stored with the proand capacious in the understanding; manly ductions of many learned, estimable, and




energetic writers of the present day, but do or that æther from which it is generated not fail in remembering those who shone that of the one being called oxygen, and of resplendently and diffusively, by their nu- the other hydrogen,—the former signifying merous, exquisite, and pious writings, as the the native principle of all acids; and the very lights of the world.'

latter, that native substance whence water is It is all well enough to pay attention to derived. composition; to clear, elegant, flowing, and With regard to the nature of the gas energetic language ; but let the trite maxim derived from oxygen, some of its properties never be unheeded, that language is only are peculiar to itself, and very wonderful. the vehicle of thought. I do not inquire so One of its peculiar properties is, its vitalizmuch what the vehicle is worth, but what ing influence, being, as it is, the actual it bears, who is in it? If a Newton or a principle of animal life. Without its stiJohnson were in a common cart, which mulating action on the system, every animal would be the most valuable ? We should function would become torpid ; in short, forget the vehicle; the mighty men of lite- we could not breathe an instant, without rature, and intellect, would occupy all our the faculty of respiration being excited by regard.

the agency of this wonderful stimulant. London, July, 12th, 1832. T. W. Hence, by the decree that called forth

nature itself into being, and, at the same time, miraculously foreordained all the provisions necessary for its subsistence, it was ordered, that this vital essence should be diffused throughout the air that was to

administer life, by means of breath, in just Until improvements and discoveries in such measure and such weight as was science, made within about the last fifty exactly suitable to life and health. years, proved the contrary, water was held Were there a greater proportion of oxyto be, not a compound body, but a sim- gen ether in our atmosphere than it uniple elementary substance, -one, indeed, of formly contains, it would, by its stimulating four elements, of which the whole universe quality, cause a fatal degree of irritability was supposed to be constituted; the other in the human frame? It would, in excess, three being, according to the doctrines of have a similar effect on animal nerves, to philosophers preceding the era above men- that of an ardent intoxicating spirit; and, tioned, earth, air, and fire. It is, however, not only would it act on the brain so as to now satisfactorily determined, that neither destroy all mental capacities, but, by its of the four is a simple element, the three over - stimulating effect on the corporeal first being compound bodies, and fire being system, it would speedily, also, cause its only an effect resulting from intensity of destruction. On the contrary, had the proaction in certain matter, and only to be portion been less than the air contains, the produced under certain restrictions. difficulty of respiration would have been so

On what mode of decision, then, it may great, that it could not have been long kept be asked, does that philosophy of only fifty up, and suffocation would be the conseyears' standing, rest its claim to credit, be- quence. --- How conspicuously, then, has yond that which it professes to have proved Divine Wisdom herein manifested itself, was a frailty, and would fain wholly super- that the exact measure and weight of this sede ?-We answer, on experiment,-that, essence of life should have, first of all, been henceforth, no philosopher has a right to compounded in the common air with such expect disciples, unless his principles are in marvellous precision, and that no local strict conformity with the laws of nature, peculiarity of climate should alter the prothat have fact for their basis; except indeed portion ordained—that no fluctuations of his analogies are directly deducible from seasons should add to, or diminish the experiments, or established facts.

quantity suitable to supply the organs of Having, by way of precaution against the respiration with their vital stimulant! fallacies of imagination, adverted to a long- Another peculiar and marvellous property predominant error, some allusion may now of this gas is, that no substance, how inflambe made to those essences which, in a state mable soever it be, can be made to burn of combination, constitute water; and these without its presence : and consequently it is are two ethereal substances, termed in mo- the means of our being able to produce dern science, gas. Each of these gases that effect which we call fire. It was bebeing derived from a distinct element, each fore stated, that fire is not a self-existent has been consequently characterized by the element, but dependent on certain matter generic term attached to its natural base, latent in various substances, for its produce

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