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the solar rays from the innumerable threads I gaz'd on the tempest-tost vessel of state,
Close reef'al, but scarce able to scuil ; of the above insect, which literally covered
While William the raster, and Grey the chief.mate, every portion of the close in which the writer
By the helm, in the hurricane stood. was walking, and appeared to be the work But still she most dreadfully pitched and rollid, of myriads of spiders.
And I thought every plank would be stove,
Till Galliler's Pilot came up from the hold, In connection with the above, a beauti
And carried her into Safe cove. ful phenomenon may be observed. In a
I saw in my reveries times of distress, clear autumnal morning, when the sun shines For Britain, Europa, the Globe ;
And treason and tumult, in every dress, with power, and the webs are wet with dew,
Requiring the patience of Job. the reflected rays appear tinged with the
A vision rush'd past me more fleet than a roe, prismatic colours.
Too rapid for fluxions to state ; Hoar frost was first noticed on the morn- His forelock was white as the new-driven snow,
But bald was the rest of his pate. ing of the 10th.
The clock in the steeple with ominous sound, On the afternoon of the 16th, a consider
Struck twelve, and I heavily sigh'd ;. able quantity of snow fell in the metropolis. The watchman patrolling the streets'in his round, This is considerably earlier than the first "All's well," in an instant replied ! appearance of snow in 1830; but much All's well, why (I mutterd) the fellow's in jest,
To tell such a palpable lie; later than the first fall of snow in the year
While faction and cholera lift up their crest, 1829, when it was noticed on the 7th of
And crimes are insulting the sky. October. In 1830, it was first seen on the I glanc'd on the future, I though on the past ; 12th of December.
The late and the new-begun year ;
And ere its nativity fairly was cast, Ice was first observed on the morning of
I sprinkled its birth with a tear. the 17th, and fog prevalent during the day.
I saw in my vision its earliest bud, On the morning of the 18th, icy effilo- But who can futurity scan?
For whether it ripen in blessing or blood, rescences were first seen on the windows.
At present is hidden from man.
While thus I was musing, a terrible cloud
And voices of thunder " Be humble, ye proud !"
In slippery places ye stand !" (A VISION.)
A voice for the monarch, the prelate, and peer, Respectfully inscribed to the Editor of the Imperial
A voice for the clergy and lay;
A voice for the senate, a voice for the seer ;
A voice for the wanton and gay. “ War, famine, pest, volcano, storm, and fire,
And quick to deciplier the mystical sound, Intestine broils, oppression, with her heart
My mind's cogitations were bent ; Wrapt up in triple steel, besiege mankind.”
The thunder I may not, I dare not expound,
The echo resounded—" Repent !"
I saw the Almighty come out of his place,
The palace of mercy sublime ; And snow-drift lies deep in the dell.
To punish the sins of an obstinate race,
For nations are punish'd in time. For Winter is come with a sceptre of frost,
I heard the wild wailings, I saw the wide woe, To reign in a region of snow; The light of the earth, half his lustre hath lost,
Like flames the dıy stubble consume ;
But soon to my vision a covenant bow,
Arose on the terrible gloom.
The rebels of order, of altar, and throne,
Shrunk paralyz'd down at the sign ; Sach Britain but seldom has read.
The blood bouids of anarchy gave a deep groan,
All crush'd in sedition's dread mine.
Aud bope, like a star on the forehead of night, The record of justice is only a tract
A night the most dismal and dark, of mercy, a folio tome.
Across the deep gloom shed a silvery light,
A dove to the desolate ark.
Faith saw the fair cross on an altar of gold ;
The law near the mercy-seat stood ; dod kneel at a merciful throne.
And near it the covenant newly unrollid
All sprinkled with Jesus's blood.
And channels of mercy, and chambers of prayer, Yet then of my waking reflections I dream'd,
Were open'd to all who repent : Dark visions surrounded my bed.
Mild love was the lictor; the rods that he bare,
To purge, not to punish, were sent.
I woke, and the reverie vanish'd from view,
And with it my hope and my fear ; With breakers of every form.
But whether my vision be fiction or true,
I wish thee a happy new year ! And a ship I descry'd in that foamy wild wave;
J. MARSDEN. A noble Three Decker* was she, And every plunge in the billows she gave,
Keighley, Nov. 30, 1931, Deep buried her prow in the sea.
• Great Britain.
LINES ON THE CHOLERA MORBUS. of discourses, which might afterwards be
expanded, and rendered suitable for publi“When thy judgments are in the earth, the inhabitants of the world will learn righteousness." cation. It is not improbable that both of
Isa. xxvi. 9.
these objects might have been kept in view, Vengeful is the Lord's right arm,
and, if Mr. Hall's life had been prolonged, Jealous is the God of heaven,
and his health would have allowed, that Filling kingdoms with alarm,
those who heard them from the pulpit, would
from the press. In their present state they
resemble the headlands, promontories, and Europe now has felt the scourge,
bold projections of an intended map, having Long to Asia contined,
their latitude, longitude, and elevation deSpreading like a rapid surge,
termined with accuracy, without tracing out Driven by the tempest wind. Walks the pestilence at night,
the bays, and creeks, and rivers, which ocWastes the ruin at noon-day,
cupy the intermediate parts. Swiftly flies the pois nous blight, Scattering death and wild dismay,
That the subjects are superlatively grand, Russia of her children fails,
may be easily inferred from a few of their Deep in agony and woe;
* * titles, namely, on the being and name of Slaughter's Hungary bewails
Jehovah; the spirituality of the divine na-
ture; outline of the argument of twelve lecWrithes beneath the sickening foe;
tures on the Socinian controversy; on Christ's Austria the cup has tasted,
divinity and condescension; on angels; on Germany and Holland too.
the personality of Satan ; on the end of O ye nations, take the warning, Deep in ignorance entomb'd,
man's existence, &c. These, and topics like Lest these lesser judgments scorning, these, in the hands of Robert Hall, may well Ye be totally consum'd.
excite considerable expectation; and it is The prophet of the East must fall, And Babylon her sorceries cease,
pleasing to add, that the cherished anticipaEre gospel light is seen by all,
tion will not be disappointed. Ere Jesu's sceptre's sway'd in peace.
The letters, though miscellaneous in their
appropriation, all sustain one general chaWaiting but jehovah's word,
racter. They have a religious bearing, disTo fulfil His high command;
tinguished by the local adaptations which Let a solemn fast be made, Let a mighty cry be heard,
called them into existence, and display a And, as Nineveh was sav'd,
mind capable of accommodating itself to the So may England be preserv'd.
diversified claims that were made on its May some pleading Abraham, For the land be found to sue,
powers. Asking that the great I Am
In the style and manner apparent in these Would spare it for the righteous few.
embryo discourses and letters, it may not Haste then Christians to bis throne,j Pour your supplications there,
be unworthy of remark, that no laborious God will your entreaties owi,
effort is visible. They set before us the God still lives, to answer prayer.
emanations of an elegant and vigorous mind, Margate, Nov. 10, 1831.
just as they issued from their intellectual Review.—The Works of the Rev. Robert footsteps of a giant, impressed upon nearly
source. Throughout the whole, we trace the Hall, A. M. Published under the super.
six hundred pages. intendence of Olinthus Gregory, L.L.D., F. R. A. S. Vol. V. 8vo. pp. 580.
Holdsworth and Ball. London. 1831. REVIEW. The Complete Works of the The first portion of this volume contains
Rev. Andrew Fuller, with a Memoir of what may not inaptly be called, the elemen.
his Life. By Andrew Gunton Fuller. tary principles of forty-one sermons. The
In five vols, 8vo. Holdsworth and Ball, remaining part comprises eighty-six letters,
London. 1831. written at various times, to the friends and THREE volumes of Mr. Fuller's works are acquaintances of their highly respected and now before us, and, as they have but just much lamented author.
reached our hands, it is presumed that the Nearly all the sermons are so very short, other two are not yet published. Each of that they rather appear as outlines of dis- those now under inspection contains upcourses, which were either taken into the wards of six hundred closely-printed pages; pulpit by their author, to arrest his attention and as it is fairly to be calculated, that those and refresh his memory, and to be enlarged which have not yet appeared, will correby thoughts and language presented to the spond in magnitude and intrinsic value, the mind during their delivery, or, as the seeds whole may be considered as an important
acquisition to the great library of Christianity, and to the creditable diligence of our modern divines.
Mr. Fuller appears to have been a man not disposed to take any thing on trust, even though sanctioned by the highest human authority. The sources whence his predecessors and contemporaries derived their in. formation being equally open to his own researches, he preferred drawing from the fountain-head, and tracing from acknow. ledged premises the process of reasoning leading to the conclusions which, without due examination, he hesitated to adopt. Throughout the whole, the energies of his mind, and his ardent love of truth, are alike so conspicuous, that we are at a loss which most to admire, the profundity of the divine, the piety of the Christian, or the intellectual acuteness of the man.
In the first volume, one hundred and sixty-six pages are devoted to a memoir of Mr. Fuller's life. The materials of this biographical sketch are chiefly drawn from his own diary, in which he has entered the labourings of his mind when perplexed with difficulties, the influence of evidence upon his views of numerous truths, and his readiness to admit conviction, and avow it, as light dawned upon his understanding. In all these inquiries and investigations, his mind invariably retained its independence, and never voluntarily submitted to any authority beyond that which he found in the book of God.
In prosecuting his inquiries on the great doctrine of Justification, the passages which follow may be considered as a fair specimen of his manner:
" It occurred to me, that whatever disputes had arisen on this subject, all parties that I had read agreed in considering justification as the opposite of condempation. What is condemnation ? Is it, said I, the decree of God finally to condemn a sinner? No; for every unbeliever, elect or non elect, is under condemnation; the wrath of God abideth on him. Believers weré by nature children of wrath, even as others; Saul, therefore, while a persecutor was a child of wrath, or was under coudemnation; yet God had not appointed him to wrath, but to obtain salvation by Jesus Christ. Hence, I concluded, if condemnation be not the decree of God finally to condemn, justification is not the decree of God finally to acquit.
** Further: does condemnation, said I, consist in any sense or persuasion which a sinner possesses that he shall be condemned ? No; for many who are under condemnation, according to the scriptures, have no such persuasion, but the reverse, as was the case with the Jews, who were persuaded that God was their father, while, in fact, they were of their father the devil; and others, who are not under condemnation, according to the scriptures, are yet at times under apprehension that they are so. But if condemnation, continued 1, consists not in a sense or persuasion, that we are or shall be condemned, justification consists pot in a sense or persuasion that we are or shall be justified.
On the whole, it seemed evident, that the sentence of justification was neither a purpose in the divine mind, nor a sense or persuasion in the human mind. The question then returned, What is it? Still keeping hold of my clue, I proceeded to inquire, Is not condempation that state or condition of a sinner in which, according to the revealed will of God in his holy law, all the threatenings and curses stand against him? Is
it not the same thing as being under the curse which all are who are of the works of the law, whether they be elect or non-elect? And if so, is not justification that state or condition of a sinner believing in Jesus, in which, according to the revealed will of God in the gospel, all the promises and blessings of the new covenant belong to him? Is it not the same thing as being under grace, and which is true only of believers The sentence of justification is not a revelation or manifestation of something to the mind which was true before, but unknown to the party, but consists in the voice of God, in the gospel, declaring that whosoever believeth shall be saved. In this court, believers in Jesus stand acquitted from all things from which they could not have been acquitted by the law of Moses."-p. xxxiii.
The above, the biographer adds, may be regarded as an elementary sketch of the writer's sentiments on this great subject, which the reader will find more amplified and exhibited in its several relations, in various parts of his works.
In those portions of the diary which rela te more immediately to his own personal experience, he discovers an intimate acquaintance with the workings of the human heart, and a readiness to expose the deceitfulness of his own. The following picture presents a mirror in which we may too easily discover our own likeness exhibited with melancholy accuracy.
“O what a horrid depth of pride and hypocrisy do I find in my heart. Surely I am unfit for any company. If I am with a superior, how will my heart court his praise, by speaking diminutively of myself, not forgetting to urge the disadvantages under which I have laboured, to excuse my inferiority; and here ista large vacancy left, in hope he will fill it up with something like this: Well, you must have made good improvement of what advantages you have enjoyed ! On the other hand, when in company with an inferior, how full of self am I! While I seem to be instruct. ing him, by communicating my own observations, how prone to lose sight of his edification, and every thing but my own self-importance---aiming more to discover my own knowledge than to increase his ! While I make these observations, I feel the truth of them. A thought has been suggested to write them, pot as having been the workings of my heart to-day, but only as discovered to day. Oh, horribly deceitful and desperately wicked heart! Surely I have little else in my religious exercises but these workings; I am afraid of being deceived at last.
If I am saved, what must the Son of God have endured ?"p. xxxvii,
The subsequent parts of Mr. Fuller's life we find chequered with heavy clouds, and gleams of sunshine. The care of his church, perplexing controversies, and occasional pecuniary embarrassments, furnished his mind with daily exercises of a trying nature. But these were trifling when compared with the more agonizing sufferings which arose from domestic sources. Yet, in the midst of all his troubles, the Lord was with him; and even from the fiery furnace wrought a way for his deliverance :
“ His final hour brought glory to his God. • My mind,' he observed, 'is calm; no raptures, no despondency. My hope is such, that I am not afraid to plunge into eternity.'”-p. cl.
Having devoted so much room to this biographical sketch, which is rendered peculiarly interesting by the dialogues, incidents, conversations, and occurrences with which it abounds, but a small portion remains to be appropriated to Mr. Fuller's works. This will be less necessary, as they
have been long before the public, by whose
under ground, and so numerous, that a hole cannot
be dug to the depth at which they are usually found, favourable opinion they have been fully
without striking them. They are generally bones appreciated.
of the buffalo.”- p. 80. It will be readily allowed by all who
The following abridged particulars rehave read Mr. Fuller's works, or may here. after read them, that in every part he evinces specting the discovery of human fossil rea more than common degree of shrewdness. mains in the state of Ohio, and given on the With the various subjects on which he authority of Mr. Atwater, will be read with
lively interest. writes, he displays an intimate acquaintance; but on most controvertible topics, he "I am credibly informed, that, in digging a well
at Cincinnati, an arrow-liead was found, more than only repeats, though in different words, the
ninety feet below the surface. At Pickaway plains, arguments and reasonings which have been
while some persons were digging a well, several long before the world. These may confirm years since, a human skeleton was found seventeen
feet six inches below the surface. The skeleton such persons as had previously embraced
was seen by several persons, and, among others, the tenets they are intended to support; but by Dr. Daniel Turney, an eminent surgeon. They
all concurred in the belief, that it belonged to a they are not much calculated to make new
human being. I have examined the spot where the proselytes.
skeleton was found, and ain persuaded that it was not deposited there by the hand of man. On the north side of a small stream called Hargus creek,
in digging through a hill at least nine feet below Review.— The History and Topography the surface, several human skeletons were disco
of the United States of America, by vered, perfect in every limb. These skeletons were John Howard Hinton, A. M. parts 21,
promiscuously scattered about, and parts of skele.
tons were sometimes found at different depths from 22, 23, 24, 25. Simpkin, London. 1831. the surface. Other skulls have been taken out of
the same hill, by persons who, in order to make a
road through it, were engaged in taking it away. Of this elegant work, we noticed most of These bones are very similar to those found in our the former parts as they issued froin the mounds, and probably belonged to the same race of
men; a people short and thick, not exceeding, genepress; and, respecting those now before us,
rally, five feet in height. The skeletons, when first we have little more to say than, that tliey exposed to the atmosphere, are quite perfect, but confirm the favourable opinion we have
afterwards moulder and fall into pieces. Whether
they were overwhelmed by the delage of Noah, or already expressed.
by some other, I know not; but one thing appears The plates, which are numerous, continue certain, namely, that water has deposited them
here, together with the hill in which, for so many to preserve their character, whether they de
ages, they have reposed. Iudeed, this whole country lineate works of art, or furnish representa- appears to have been once, and for a considerable tions of natural scenery. Of the former,
period, covered with water, which has made it one
vast cemetery of the beings of former ages."-p. 82. America cannot boast magnificence enshrouded in the hoary grandeur of antiquity; Of some fragments of antique pottery but in modern specimens of architecture, found in the Hionis salt-works, at the depth she need not blush on seeing them compared of eighty feet beneath the surface, a brief with those of the old world. In lakes, ri- account is also given; but this becomes vers, landscapes, mountains, elevations, and eclipsed by a description of the fossil “ variety, situate both in hill and dale,” the remains of the mastodon, an enormous United States are fertile in almost inexhaust- animal, of which, like that of the mammoth, ible resources. Of these the artists have the race at present appears to be extinct. availed themselves, and, in the result, exhi- Of the living animal, some conjecture may bited both taste and elegance combined. be formed, when we are assured, that,
The descriptions given of the natural pro- “at the posterior part, the head is thirtyductions are both animated and perspicuous, two inches across, the lower jaw two feet and in no case lengthened out into tedious ten inches long, and the tusks ten feet detail. Of fossil remains, both vegetable and seven inches long; and nearly eight inches animal, the accounts given far transcend in diameter at the base.” The other bones, those to which we have been accustomed. so far as they have been discovered, bear Speaking of fossil bones, the author observes a due proportion to the above, and create as follows:
astonishment in the mind which contem
plates the gigantic magnitude of this stu" This wonderful spot (a morass known by the characteristic name Bigbonelick, in Kentucky) is a pednous creature. small valley situated twenty miles south-west of But we must now take our leave of these Cincinnati, and two from the Ohio river. number of places, the ground is so soft for several interesting parts of this work, strongly rerods, that a pole may with ease be thrust down commending them to the attention of every many feet. In these soft places, saline and sul.
lover of natural history, as forming an inte phureous mineral waters rise: the earth round thern is dry and solid. Here are found the bones of the resting portion of the history and topomastodon, elephant, buffalo, elk, and other unknown
graphy of the United States of North animals. They are in immense quantities ; it is a complete charnel-house. The boues are generally
Review.–Narrative of the Ashantee War; This, and other acts of liberality on the
with a View of the present State of the part of the colonists towards the king of Colony of Sierra Leone. By Major Ashantee, was construed by the latter into Ricketts, late of the Royal African an acknowledgment of weakness and triCorps. 8vo, pp. 230, Simpkin, London, butary dependence, which led, on his 1831.
part, to (many deeds of savage despotism. A short but pathetic preface informs us, Among other manifestations of treachery, that this narrative was originally written in the chief of the Ashantees, after receiving Africa; that the author suffered shipwreck from the messengers of Sir Charles Mac on its shores, by which means many docu- Carthy the customary presents, employed ments were irrecoverably lost, the contents his agents to kidnap a mulatto man, a serof which he has been obliged to supply geant in the Royal African Corps, whom from other sources; and that he is the only they carried as a prisoner about fifteen miles surviving officer who witnessed most of the from the fort, and detained in irons. Shortly events which he describes.
afterwards, it was ascertained that a son of Every one knows, that the inhospitable the late king had been sent with an execuregions in which this colony is situated, tioner to put the unhappy sergeant to death, have furnished little more than a general and to send the jaw-bone, skull, and one sepulchre to multitudes of our valuable of the arms of the victim, to Osai, who countrymen. The insalubrity of the climate issued the command. is of itself too powerful for European con
The colonists, and such tribes as they stitutions to withstand ; but when to this is had engaged to protect, being thus con. added the hostility of the hordes of savages stantly annoyed and insulted by these sawith which the colony of Sierra Leone is vage disturbers of their peace, Sir Charles surrounded, the dangers multiply, as the Mac Carthy resolved on chastising their inmeans of preservation and defence dimi- solence, and avenging the death of the nish.
This determination Among those who have fallen victims to was soon known to the king of Ashantee, the barbarians of Africa, the late Sir Charles who, relying upon his own resources, preMac Carthy has a peculiar claim on our pared to meet his antagonists, and threatsympathy. When the intelligence of his ened to drive them into the sea. Affairs death, and the defeat of the forces under now assumed a very serious aspect, and his command, reached England, it created an awful crisis was fast approaching, which a very general and very mortifying sensa.
our author thus describes : tion. That savages should gain a victory
“ About two o'clock, the enemy, who were said to over well-appointed and disciplined troops, be considerably more than ten thousand men, instead
of being divided, as was reported, were collected towas an event so remarkable and unexpect- gether, armed with muskets, and having a large de ed, that the fact was received with unplea- scription of knives stuck in their girdles, they were sant surmisings, and circulated with dis- ing and drums beating, and when they came within honourable insinuations.
ordered the band of the royal African corps, which The work before us draws aside the veil had accompanied him, to play. God save the King,
and the bugles to sound, he having heard, through in which the melancholy mystery was for a some channel in which he placed coufidence, that long season enveloped, and triumphantly opportunity to come over to him. The Ashantees
the greater part of the Ashartees only wanted an vindicates the character of all who suffered played in return, which was alternately repeated
several times, and then a dead silence ensued, interin that disastrous campaign. On this occa- rupted only by the fire of our men at the enemy, sion, it will be sufficient for us to state, in
who had by this time lined the opposite bank of the
river, which was here about sixty feet wide; having the language of Major Ricketts, the causes marched up in different divisions of Indian file through which involved the colonists in war with
the woods, with their horns sounding the names or
calls of their different chiefs. A black man, who had the Ashantees, and the calamitous issues
been at Coomassie, was able to name every Ashantee
chief with the army, by the sound of their respective which subsequently followed.
“ The action now commenced on both sides with “The natives of Cape Coast were never conquered by determined vigour, and lasted till nearly dark. It was the Ashantees: they have enjoyed freedom under the reported, about four o'clock, that our troops had exprotection of the British flag for nearly two centuries, pended all their ammunition, consisting of twenty although in some instances they have been permitted or rounds of ball cartridges, besides leader slugs which advised to make free gifts to the king of Ashantee, who were contained in small' bags suspended by a sling demanded, in 1820, sixteen hundred ounces of gold round the men's necks, and loose powder contained dust from the Castle, and as much from the inhabi. in small kegs, carried also by the men themselves,
To the first, a refusal was given; but on a Application was made to Mr. Brandon, who arrived second demand on the people, whose inability to pay in the middle of the action, for a fresh supply of amsuch a fine being fully known to the Governor and munition, he having received his Excellency's orders Council, they lept them two hundred ounces, well to have forty rounds of ball cartridges packed in kegs knowing the inconvenience that would result to them for each man, ready to be issued. This was done to from a dispute with the king of Ashantee, with whose lighten the men, who had to carry respectively their power they were anable to contend ; and although own provisions for many days, as well as to preserve they would have found protection within the range the ammunition from being damaged by the 'swamps of the castle guns, yet, in the event of a war, they and rain : but Mr. Brandon said that it had not yet must have withdrawn from the interior, abandoned arrived, and that he had only a barrel of powder and their village and plantations, and become dependent one of ball with him, which were immediately issued, on exterior supplies for the necessaries of life."-p. 22. He had left Assamacow with about forty natives car2D. SERIES, No. 13.-VOL. II.