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no sooner does it sink in the west, than light, and the subsequent formations of this night returns, with all its gloom ; and even matter and this light into orbs and lumi. the unclouded horizon, blest with the rays naries, in a manner similar to the creation of myriad astral orbs, compared with the and formation of this universe, we should lunar splendours, is night to man.

be borne out by the text, which on the day “ Elohim formed two magnificent lumi. of the erection of the sun into a luminary, naries-the grander, ascendant of day; the asserts the same of the stars also. But, inferior, of night; and the stars also.” notwithstanding all the light which then Having treated at large upon these two existed, from previous creations, in space, luminaries, we now treat of, “The stars such was in the beginning the declared also.” The planets of the solar system, by darkness of that portion thereof, which was reflecting the sun's rays, are stars to us; destined to receive our system, that a new and because they each move in an orbit, creation of light, to subserve all its purposes, thus wandering about the universe, they was deemed as necessary as if light had not form a contrast with those which we deno- existed in space at all. The darkness of our minate fixed stars, (of which hereafter :) night, in the absence of the moon, notwiththus have we a central sun, wandering standing the action of the sun is incessant, stars, and a revolving moon, each at once and even at midnight, we have only the useful and ornamental to our system. The shade of the earth between us and the sun's planets always shine, like stars to us, when rays—and also have a plenum of latent they are not eclipsed by each other, by the light above and around us, to be acted sun, or by our earth or moon, both of upon by the astral rays—must convince us which are planetary stars to them also. that, in the absence of all these, darkness For the rotary motion of these planets does itself would have reigned in this portion of not cause alternations of light and darkness space, as it did in the beginning, maugre to us; however they may turn away one all the astral light in existence. The uniface and present another to the sun, being versality and plenitude of light, so obvious spheres, they perpetually reflect the sun's in and so necessary to the well-being of

into space, many of which continually the universe, never could have been supreach us. Thus appropriately does the plied from such distant sources as the stars, Great Creator call our attention, at once, to --the want was at once beheld and supthe whole host--central, primary, and se- plied by a creation of light. condary, of diffusers of light throughout the Into whatever portion of space we turn universe.

our eyes, in a clear evening, there we be. We proceed, finally, to “The stars also.” hold the stars, at nearer or greater disThose spheres which we behold far and tances, differing each from each in wide through space, whose light evidently radiance, but all shining forth, and forming proceeds, like the light from our sun, from in the concave of heaven one lustrous themselves—those suns of systems nume- whole. But in that portion of space which rous and grand, of whose creative day we we denominate the milky way, multitudiknow not, formed long ere time with us nous stars, clustered thick, arrest our vision, began his note; yet each of import equal; and form a galaxy of light so brilliant, that yea, perhaps, more vast than midst this the contemplating soul, carried out of itself, universe aught appears : all these were not, is amazed at the stupendous grandeur of until He willed, who called forth all our the scene. Yet if, in addition to the eye, spheres, for here the record stands, Elohim a telescope is resorted to, myriads, erst hidmade the stars also.

den, greet the extended vision, star beyond The creation recorded by Moses so mi- star, far and yet farther, amidst the boundnutely, is that of a single star, namely, our less canopy, appears; and a yet more powsun, with all its accompaniments ; the no- erful telescope still launches into space, distice, therefore, given on the day, when the closing at every step, whole hosts of grandeur of this star was consummated, radiance, countless, immeasurable, apthat Elohim created all the other stars, proaching infinite. Thousands, yea, milleads us up to the astral regions, most op- lions of these glittering orbs rear thus withportunely, there to contemplate the majestic in our ken, and by analogy, millions more, works of God; and surely here we may, yet farther on, exist effulgent: all numewith every propriety, be employed, to ad- ration ceases, in opening fields of light, and, vantage, on the detail of these radiant lost in wonder, the enraptured soul exorbs.

claims, “O Lord, our Lord, how excellent Were we to contend that all the stars is thy name in all the earth! who hast set were formed prior to our own, by the cre- thy glory above the heavens. When I con. ation of matter, in the first instance, and of sider thy heavens, the works of thy fingers 3 the moon and the stars, which thou hast as a tent to dwell in : hast thou not known, ordained; what is man, that thou art mind- hast thou not heard, that the everlasting ful of him ? and the son of man, that thou God, the Lord, the Creator of the ends visitest him?"

of the earth, fainteth not, neither is weary? Contemplating each of these stars, similar There is no searching of his understanding: to our own, to be central suns, and furnish- in his works, then, behold your God I” ed with revolving planets a system each, Isaiah xl. within itself, fraught with verdure and with Yet there are stars which wander, yea, life, we are led up to innumerable millions more eccentric these than planetary orbs, of beings-beings of intelligence, meet for within this universe ; and not within, alone, these fields of light, whose Father is our do these wander, but, wide and far, from Father—the Father of earths and heavens, systems into space. There may be truth in over all in providence and grace, God the annexed lines, blessed for ever. Who, that thus views

“Behold, to all connecting mean, Him, in the exercise of his glorious bene.

Vast wandering stars of glaring sheen, ficence, feeding and upholding all these,

With luminous trail-huge comets speed,

System to system; as the reed, can receive his good, and withhold the sole

Woof binds to warp, uniting fair return of praise ? “ Praise ye Him, all ye System to system, midst the air." stars of light, and all ye sons of men!" These eccentric orbs, the comets, while

Amidst the milky way, the clustering their portentous glare often affrights whole stars seem too thick set to admit of pla- nations, do not appear to possess light netary systems, and therefore numbers of within or around themselves, like our sun, these are deemed by astronomers to be but to derive light and heat by near aphabitable worlds, furnished with luminous proaches to the sun, on their periodical appendages, like our sun, revolving round, returns to that luminary. We may even and, if not round, near each other. Yet be- conjecture, as above, that from sun to sun wildered amidst their immensity, each to these wander, deriving light from each and each shining equally as to us, in the obli- heat, heralds of space to systems numerous, quity of the range of vision, we may be, and witnesses to all of His Almighty power and I apprehend we are, deceived, as to who called them forth, and onward bears the distances of these orbs from each other, them in their course, by laws created for and as to the space required for a system. their sole guidance, durable as time. A planetary system does not require a “ And Elohim surveyed the whole, and, sphere, the diameter of which is equal to behold, it was beautifully perfect. The the diameter of the orbit of its utmost beauty and perfection of light is obvious : planet, with its atmosphere, on its equalor, the most learned philosopher appreciates but a broad ring or cylinder, in space, for these, amidst his profoundest researches ; the action of its orbs; and these cylinders and this beauty and perfection are every may, in parallel ranges, be so disposed that where so evident and splendid, that men of they appear to us, at this immense, this every grade behold them with adınication. immeasurable distance, much nearer than If this is true of light, it is by no means they really are. Thus worlds to worlds less so the luminaries which were this may roll by us unseen and unimagined day called into existence by the omnific amidst that field of light which, radiant Word : their beauty, their perfection, their above all, illumines heaven : and if there, glorious ascendancy on high, even to this elsewhere also ; for what is the utmost day, bear unimpaired testimony to the stretch of our most extended vision? It is, sublime truths expressed by Elohim on this in infinite space, a mere point, compared occasion ; and to which we say, Amen. with the immeasurable whole. In the con- “ The evening was, and the morning was, templation of such vastness, our utmost the fourth day !” This day, diverse to all faculties shrink back upon themselves, former days, completes the solar system : rather than soar aloft, afraid to tempt the the robe of light, heretofore worn by Elogiddy height, and fall. Yet, “ Lift up him, is girded upon the central orb; and your eyes on high, and behold who hath it, in his stead, becomes the sun of the created these things, that bringeth out their universe--the ascendant of day therein. host by number : He calleth them all by In this robe, the sun shines forth to worlds, names; by the greatness of his might, for the image of that uncreated light-that that he is strong in power, not one faileth. glory which perpetually emanates from It is He that sitteth upon the circle of the Him, who was, who is, and eternally will earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as be, Lord of all. grasshoppers ; that stretcheth out the hea

King Square, Feb. 15. 1832. vens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out:

W. ColdwELL. 2D, SERIES, NO. 20.-VOL. II.


164.--VOL. XIV.


Harry Jones the mason, he heard with de(Founded on fact.)

light the merry voice of the old man's "God moves in a mysterious way,

daughter, vying with the lark, as he beat His wonders to perform;

the morning air with rapid wing, and He plants his footsteps in the sea,

soared beyond the scene of mortal eye-And rides upon the storm. Deep, in unfathomable mines

and as he returned in the evening, John Of never-failing skill,

knew no creed of politeness which should He treasures up his bright designs, And works his sovereign will."

prevent him from peeping through the win

dow, and listening to the same sweet voice Ar a time of general sorrow, amid accumu

reading to her aged parents the word of lated distress and devastation, such as storin

God. He sought opportunity, and hesitated and tempest leave behind in their career of

not to tell her he loved :-ere the sun had confusion, destruction, and death, an iso finished his annual race, Jane was in posseslated case is easily passed over ; and the sion of his heart and his hopes, and, with heart, in its pity for the suffering mass, can scarcely confine itself to one, however high fisherman's wife.

the ready consent of her parents, became the

«. The house is not very the climax of woe may rise. Notwithstand- nice now,” said John when he took his ing, there are persons to be found who can

bride to her new home, “but I know you behold individual woe prominent in wretch

will soon make all shine like a shilling.” Jane edness, without feeling emotions of sympathy speedily planned many improvements; and awakened in their icy bosoms; yet it is presumed that few, if any, can read the follow- caught her to his throbbing bosom, and, as

as she was telling John her little plans, he ing brief narrative, though not a tale of she returned the gentle pressure, each whisyesterday, with indifference. John Thomas was the only son of Richard pered, “Shall we not be happy?" and they

were happy. Content in the situation in Thomas, an industrious and skilful fisher

which a benevolent Providence had placed man; who, after plodding through three- them, and happy in the possession of each score and seven years, quitted “this vale

other, of tears,” to take possession of “an house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens." "They thought, they felt, they wish'd the same,

They seem'd for each to live ; In less than twenty years, from the death of

And yet a hand was sent to strike his father, John, with the fruits of his pro What mercy seem'd to give." fession, and the gleaning of a transaction

Only a month and a few days had glided unknown to the writer, erected a small but

away, since the morning of their nuptials, convenient cottage, in one of the most

when, on the evening which preceded the beautiful and picturesque creeks in the west tempest, the recollection of which will never of England.

be effaced from the memories of the inhaIn this sequestered spot where

bitants of the west, John, as usual, secured piled by God on high, his boat, and returned to his home; and as The giant mountains almost touch the sky,

he sat with his spouse at their plain but amhe lived in the possession of Agur's wish, ple repast, the hollow rush of wind without a stranger to “ vanity and lies," and neither

gave indications of a coming storm. “Louder poor nor rich. He had a worthy sea-boat and louder still,” said John ; “ if it continues well furnished, and sufficient furni- in this way much longer, I shall wish my ture for his house, a faithful dog, the con

boat hauled up.” They bent their knee at stant companion of his nautical labours, and the family altar, and retired to rest; but as an affectionate sister, who for several years the storm continued to increase between performed the simple domestic occupations two and three o'clock, he quitted his bed, at of his humble mansion. A sister beloved

the same time observing to his wife, “The indeed,

tide is coming in, and if I don't get my and few are such,

boat up, she'll go to pieces.” “But there is Or torn by death away."

danger, do not go, my dear,” said Jane;" the In the autumn of 1817, Mary Thomas night is so dark and terrible, that I am afraid left time, to appear before the tribunal of some harm will befall you." God. John was not insensible to his loss; replied the affectionate husband, “ don't but while he wept, he rejoiced that his be- alarm yourself, I am not afraid of storm loved sister had finished her course, and bade and tempest. Is not my life in the hands adieu to the world, “in sure and certain of my Maker ? Is it not my duty, and hope of the resurrection to eternal life.” interest too, to save my boat? I go then Time rolled on, and the fisherman pursued in the path of duty, under the providential the “ noiseless tenor of his way." Often at care of Him who doeth “all things well.” the dawn of day, as he passed the door of “ May our heavenly Father be with you, and

“ Jane,"


protect you," said she, as John and his faithful Swim. Again she gazed — trembled faithful Swim departed.

---clasped her hands-looked up, “The Jane made no efforts to sleep; with many Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away, prayers for his safety, she accompanied her blessed be”- she would have finished the John, in imagination, along the path of sentence, but the words died away on her danger, and each gust of wind to her ap- quivering lips-her eyes closed, and she peared to increase in violence, as the period sunk down in a state of insensibility. of his absence lengthened. She calculated The fisherman's cottage and boat were the distance he had to go-allowed for de. destroyed on that dreadful morning; and lays-doubled that period—and her husband old Jones's house is again inhabited by her returned not. Wearied with watching, she whose voice was wont to vie with the lark's. arose, and saw the awful night departing, But when shall it be heard to utter notes of leaving to the doubtful morning the legacy rejoicing again? When she shall rejoin her of its terrors. Her fears now increased, for husband in that place, where “God shall as she gazed, she saw only one drear tu. wipe away all tears from the eyes " of his multuous watery expanse ; and the confused people, and cause them to dwell where rush of wind and waves, which swelled upon is there shall be no more death, neither her ear, convinced her that the waters had sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be become a mighty destroying flood. A few any more pain ; for the former things are hasty thoughts darted through her mind, passed away.” and she resolved to share her husband's

Polperro, May 15th, 1832. F. H. danger, and, if it might be so, his grave. She quickly dressed, and, drawing her cloak close around her, with hasty steps proceeded towards the place where she knew the boat

AMERICAN NEGRO COLONY, ESTABLISHED was kept; but ere she had gone a hundred yards, her way was stopped by the rising The following article, which furnishes some waters. Before her lurked certain destruc- gleams of hope to the progeny of Ham, tion, and why should she return to the soli- will be perused with much interest by every tary misery of her home?

friend of negro emancipation. In their While yet she paused in an agony of report for the year 1831, the Pennsylvanian doubt and fear, the quick barking of a dog Colonization Society thus introduce this was heard—again the same sound, but more important subject. loud, caught her ear, and she recognized the “Slavery, and its inconsistency with the voice of Swim. She turned toward the spot; dictates of Christianity, have long been the wind and rain continued in unabated freely acknowledged and deeply lamented violence—the lightning gleamed fearfully by the people of the United States,—and on the foaming billows of the deep, reveal its removal, is the great problem which has ing in quick succession heaps of floating occupied the altention of her best and masses, and the loud thunder in repeated wisest men. peals proclaimed the terrors of agitated “ So far back as 1698, the Assembly of nature.

Pennsylvania, to put an end to the introAgain she heard the voice of Swim ; his duction of slaves, laid a duty of £10 per bark was

now brief, and followed by a head, upon their importation, but this belengthened howl, which seemed to pause nevolent law, together with about fifty of only because the power of utterance was similar tenor, which were passed by the nearly past—it seemed to speak to her of neighbouring colonies up to the period of danger certain and unalleviable by mortal their Revolution, were all refused the sanchand. She cast her streaming eyes towards tion of the mother country. The introducheaven, “ Father of mercies,” she cried, tion of slaves was one of the great causes “thy will be done !” and in breathless of complaint, which led to their Declaration apprehension sunk on the ground. At of Independence, dated July 4th, 1776. length the storm in a measure subsided, and Scarcely had that struggle ceased, when the increasing light rendered the scene a colony on the coast of Africa, similar to around her partially visible. She rose, and that of Liberia, was proposed; but the prothe first sight that met her view, were the secution of the slave-trade, by every civibodies of a man and a dog, in the water, lized power, defeated these benevolent entangled in the rigging of a boat, the views. In 1796, the plan was again revived latter holding the leg of the man's trowsers in a series of luminous essays by Gerard firmly in his teeth, but the man was dead. T. Hopkins, a distinguished friend in BaltiJane looked at the fearful sight for a mo- more; and shortly afterwards, the legisla. ment, and knew it to be her John, and his ture of Virginia, a state containing nearly

one-third of the black population of the

as moderate as those on which the governUnion, pledged its faith to give up all their ment of the Union extinguishes the Indian slaves, provided the United States could title to the soil within the United States, obtain a proper asylum for them. President embraces large tracts of fertile land, capable Jefferson negotiated in vain for a territory of yielding all the rich and varied produce either in Africa or Brazil ; but that great of the tropics, possesses great commercial state again renewed its pledge in 1816, by advantages, with an extent of sea-coast of a vote of 190 to 9, (most of the members from 150 to 200 miles, and enjoys a clibeing slave-holders,) upon which, Gen. C. F. mate well adapted to the negro constitution, Mercer, the Wilberforce of the American but providentially fatal to the whites. With Congress, opened a correspondence with the in that district the Society founded its colony, philanthropists of the different states, which under the denomination of Liberia, establed to the formation of the American lished towns, laid off plantations for the Colonization Society, on the 1st of January, colonists, and erected military works for 1817.

their defence. Annually, and as often as the “ The great objects of that Society, were pecuniary circumstances of the Society the final and entire abolition of slavery, would admit, vessels from the ports of the providing for the best interests of the blacks, United States have been sent to Liberia, by establishing them in independence upon laden with emigrants, and with utensils

, the coast of Africa; thus constituting them provisions, and other objects for their comthe protectors of the unfortunate natives fort. No difficulty has been experienced in against the inhuman ravages of the slaver, obtaining as many colonists as the means of and seeking, through them, to spread the the Society, were competent to transport ; lights of civilization and Christianity among they have been found, indeed, altogether the fifty millions who inhabit those dark inadequate to accommodate all who were regions.

willing and anxious to go. The rate of exFor the following particulars of this very pense of transportation, and subsistence interesting colony, we are indebted to Hin- during the voyage, per head, was greater in ton's History and Topography of the United earlier voyages; it was subsequently reduced States.

to about iwenty dollars, and is believed to “For this unhappy race, a star in the East be susceptible of considerable further reduchas appeared, and the dawn of a brilliant tion. The number of colonists, of both day has risen upon them.

sexes, amounts now to upwards of 2,000. “ Fourteen years ago, some benevolent “ The colony, in the first period of its individuals formed a society for establishing existence, had some collisions with the native a colony of free negroes on the shores of tribes, which rose to such a height as to Africa. Like other noble institutions, it has break out into open war. The war was had difficulties to contend with which have conducted by the late gallant Mr. Ashmun impeded its early progress. Very much has, with singular good judgment and fortune, however, already been effected by it-much and was speedily brought to a successful in point of number of individuals benefited close. It had the effect to impress upon —but infinitely more in the convincing the natives a high idea of the skill, bravery, proof afforded them, that, placed in circum- and power of the colonists; and having stances reasonably favourable, the negro is since become better acquainted with them, capable of forming a character which may perceived the advantages of the colony, and make the pride of distinction all his own. gradually acquired a taste for its commerce

“ One of the earliest acts of the Society and arts, no further misunderstanding with was, to despatch a competent agent to them is apprehended, and the colony is Africa, to explore its coast, and the countries daily acquiring a salutary influence over bordering upon it, and to select a suitable them. spot for the establishment of the contem- “ The colony has a government adequate plated colony. The Society was eminently to the protection of the rights of persons fortunate in the choice of its agent, as it has and property, and to the preservation of been generally in those whom it subsequently order. The agent of the Society combines engaged in its service.

A selection was the functions of governor, commander-infinally made of a proper district, and a chief, and highest judicial officer. The purchase of it was effected from the native colonists share in the government, and elect authorities in December, 1822, to which, various officers necessary to the administraadditions have been made, as the growing tion. They appoint, annually, boards or wants of the colony, actual or anticipated, committees of public works, of agriculture, required.

and of health, which are charged with the · The country so acquired, upon terms superintendence of those important interests.

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