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forth, and began to dance and throw here complete a telescope for his own use. Into self into the maddest postures imaginable; one end of a leaden tube he fitted a specand in this manner she kept on the whole tacle glass, plain on one side and convex on day. Towards evening, she began to let the other; and in the other end he placed fall her silver ornaments from her neck, another spectacle-glass, concave on one side arms, and legs, one at a time, so that in and plane on the other. He then applied the course of three hours she was stripped to his eye the concave glass, and saw obof every article. A relation continually keptjects“ pretty large and pretty near hiin." going after her as she danced, who picked They appeared three times nearer, and nine up the ornaments, and afterwards delivered times larger in surface than to the naked eye. them to the owners from whom they He soon after made another, which reprewere borrowed. As the sun went down, sented objects sixty times larger; and, she made a start with such swiftness, that sparing neither labour nor expense, he the fastest runner could not come up with finally constructed an instrument so exher; and when at the distance of about two cellent, as “ to shew things almost a thouhundred yards, she dropped on a sudden, sand times larger, and above thirty times as if shot. Soon afterwards, a young man, nearer to the naked eye.” on coming up with her, fired a matchlock There is, perhaps, no invention that over her body, and struck her upon the science has presented to man so extraorback with the broad side of his large knife, dinary in its nature, and so boundless in its and asked her name : to which she an- influence, as that of the telescope. To the swered, as when in her common senses- uninstructed mind, the power of seeing an a sure proof of her being cured ; for, dur- object a thousand miles distant, as large as ing the time of this malady, those afflicted if it were brought within a mile of the obwith it never answer to their Christian server, must seem almost miraculous; and

She was now taken up in a very to the philosopher even, who thoroughly weak condition, and carried home; and a comprehends the principles upon which it priest came, and baptized her again in the acts, it must ever appear one of the most name of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost; elegant applications of science. To have which ceremony concluded her cure. Some been the first astronomer in whose hands are taken in this manner to the market- such a gift was placed, was a preference to place for many days before they can be which Galileo owed much of his future recured, and it sometimes happens that they putation. No sooner had he completed his cannot be cured at all. I have seen them telescope, than he applied it to the heavens ; in these fits dance with a bruly, or bottle of and, on the 7th of January, 1618, the first maize, upon their heads, without spilling day of its use, he saw around Jupiter three the liquor, or letting the bottle fall, although bright little stars, lying in a line parallel they have put themselves into the most ex- to the ecliptic, two to the east, and one to travagant postures."

the west of the planet. Regarding them as ordinary stars, he never thought of estimating their distances.

Immediately, on the following day, when In the year 1609, the same year in which he accidentally directed his telescope to Kepler published his celebrated commen- Jupiter, he was surprised to see the three tary on Mars, Galileo paid a visit to Venice, stars to the west of the planet. To produce where he heard, in the course of conver- this effect, it was requisite that the motion sation, that a Dutchman, of the name of of Jupiter should be direct; though, acJansens, had constructed and presented to cording to calculation, it was actually rePrince Maurice an instrument, through trograde. In this dilemma, he waited with which he saw distant objects magnified and impatience for the evening of the 9th, but rendered more distinct, as if they had been unfortunately the sky was covered with brought nearer to the observer. This re- clouds. On the 10th he saw only two stars port was credited by some and disbelieved to the east, a circumstance which he was by others; but, in a few days, Galileo re- no longer able to explain by the motion of ceived a letter from James Badovere, at Jupiter. He was, therefore, compelled to Paris, which placed beyond a doubt the ascribe the change to the stars themselves; existence of such an instrument. The idea and, upon repeating his observations on the instantly filled his mind as one of the utmost 11th, he no longer doubted that he had disimportance to science, and so thoroughly covered three planets revolving round Juwas he acquainted with the properties of piter. On the 13th of January, he, for the lenses, that he not only discovered the prin- first time, saw the fourth satellite.- Dr. ciple of its construction, but was able to Brewster's Life of Newton.

INVENTION OF THE TELESCOPE.

TO EMIGRATE,

committee formed of all the adult members. HINTS TO RELIGIOUS PERSONS INTENDING

Until this period of the first contract, the

capitalist would justly claim the control of MR. EDITOR,

the whole party, assisted by the counsel SIR,—Two questions naturally present of those he might choose. From the close themselves, in reference to this subject; of the said original contract, every family 1st, Is such a step necessary to the welfare and individual should share the profits, of my family?. 2d, What is the best plan according to the value of his or her serto secure that welfare?

vices, of which correct accounts should be To the first, I answer: A case of neces- kept.-Innocent and profitable amusements sity is made out, when no reasonable hope and pleasures should be provided both for is left, that I can any (or much) longer adults and children ; and every act and support, educate, and assist my family, in deed of the community be directed by the procuring for themselves all that man abso- laws of God, and enlightened reason. lutely requires, as an inhabitant of this, and The objections, if any, to such a commuas a candidate for the next, world.

nity are insignificant, when compared with To the latter question I answer thus,- its advantages ; especially in regard to the That if I were possessed of fifteen or twenty education of children, freedom from anxious thousand pounds, (such is my ardent desire cares of the world, the furtherance of the for a community of temporal interests gospel amongst the settlers, and the certain among religious families,) I would invite a support, comfort, and equal advantages to number of poor, but pious and talented widows and orphans, (save the loss of the men, and their families, to emigrate with parent,) as though the head of the family me to such place as might raise them from existed. poverty, perfect their characters, and render When the first contract should be closed, them useful to others. I would select of lite- I would turn my capital to further imrary and scientific men, a few; and a larger provement in manufactures, with the same number of useful tradesmen, and agricul. views as in the first instance : namely, for tural labourers; hire a ship for their exclu- the ultimate benefit of the whole, and in sive accommodation ; procure a few intro- neither case require interest for its use, save ductory letters ; purchase the best land, my share in the general profits. And if and every material for the support, and im- near a navigable stream, (as would be a mediate employment, of the community; principal object in the choice of the settleand while caring for their every possiblement,) build ships or boats to transport comfort, prepare temporary habitations surplus produce to the best markets. proceed with a permanent erection, upon a I need not particularize. plan suitable to the great purposes con

Now, sir,—could not all that has been templated.

stated above, be done by several capital. I would provide a large store of all ists ? and is there in reality a tenth the necessary raw materials, and cause an im- hazard, as there is in the use of capital in mediate return of my outlay by in-door any branch of trade in this country? Can work, and sale of stores to surrounding one hope to succeed in overcoming diffisettlers ; in such transactions, set an ex- culties so well as ten united families? In ample of integrity and disinterestedness; the one, there is comparatively little money, proceed with the training of the children, wisdom, and power : surely, a union of inand when the permanent should be ready, interests is the wisest plan emigrants can take boarders from the families of settlers adopt. and others, and thus contribute to raise the But it is a misfortune to the English chatone of public morals ; also by public reli- racter, that they will seldom take an imgious meetings in the institution, and dis- portant step until they are driven to it by tant preachings, seek a general influence : the force of circumstances; and when their this is much wanted among a large number capital is nearly wasted, they sit down in of settlers.

despondency, and bewail their hard fate. To secure myself I would bind every Let any man exercise his reason a little, as family to abide with me until my outlay to the present position of England, not forshould be returned, (meantime I clothe, getting the general influence, and the cereducate, and supply food to the whole, in tain tendency of the national debt to a return for their labour,) then the whole of general bankruptcy, and, before it be too the land, buildings, and stores, should be- late, unite his capital with others, as here come the joint property of the party, and advised. if any should wish to separate, a fair share I should be happy to receive intimations of the property would be awarded by a from a few such capitalists, of their wish to

great end.

FILTER BY ASCENSION.

proved

join, (letters post paid,) and would confer But Elizabeth, though well inclined to the with them at a meeting. They should measure, was deterred from giving it her state the amount of the capital they could countenance, in consequence of the treaty subscribe. No other but truly religious then pending between England and Spain. families should engage, because the union She therefore contented herself with ; reis not merely to live, but to live to some ferring the memorial to her privy council,

I am, Sir, which made a favourable report; and, in Your obedient servant,

H.G. the course of the same year, John Milden. 4, Bridge Row, Pimlico.

hall, a merchant, was sent overland, by the route of Constantinople, on an embassy to the Great Mogul.

It does not appear that this measure, Ir is only of late years, that the progress

however well intended, produced any faof scientific inquiry has proposed any

vourable results; indeed, the obstructions means for ensuring a supply of pure water

thrown in the way of the ambassador for family purposes, and to obviate the such, that he failed in reaching Agra, of obmany injurious effects which arise from the taining an interview with the Emperor, till use of this fluid, as furnished by the differ

the year 1606: but the mercantile spirit of ent water companies of the metropolis.

England was not therefore repressed. On It is generally conceded by practical the contrary, fresh applications were made inquirers, that the remedy cannot be ap

to Elizabeth for that license, without which plied but in the cistern, or just before the it was considered hopeless to embark in so Auid is required for use. The mode by gigantic an undertaking; and her own inwhich the separation of the mechanical clinations happening to coincide with the and chemical exuviæ is effected, is, in the

views of the privy council, the boon so earprincipal part of the machines now in use, nestly solicited was obtained. On the 13th completely successful; but from a defect of December, 1600, the petitioners were in the principle of their construction, after

erected into a corporation, under the title being a short time in use, they either be- of “Governors and Company of Merchants come inefficacious, or worse than useless, of London trading to the East Indies.” — because the ingredients are clogged so

They were vested, by charter, with the much as to prevent the percolation of the power of purchasing lands without any water. Through this defect, from the limitation; they were enjoined to commit accumulation of the noxious matters, sepa

the direction of their commerce to a go. rated in previous processes, there can be

vernor and twenty-four persons in comno doubt that a gaseous or extremely mittee; and the first governor, Sir Thomas soluble combination of the elements of Knight, was specially named in the act. organized bodies, (similar to what was so Upon the Company, their sons when of satisfactorily pointed out by Dr. Lambe, age, their apprentices, servants, and factors in his analysis of Thames water) is formed in India, was conferred, for the space of which renders the water more vapid, and

fifteen years, the privilege of an exclusive impregnates it with properties even more

trade “into the countries and parts of Asia injurious than before. This is remedied in and Africa, and into and from all the a filter recently introduced to public notice, islands, ports, towns, and places of Asia, where the ascension of the water through Africa, and America, or any of them, bethe purifying strata, admits of the machine yound the Cape of Bona Esperanza or the being cleansed with great facility.

Straits of Magellan, where any traffic may be used, to and from every of them.”

Such were the feeble commencements of a power which now holds sovereign sway

over the entire continent of India, with the It was no sooner known in London that islands immediately contiguous. Two the Dutch had penetrated beyond the Cape hundred and fifteen persons, with the Earl of Good Hope, than the English merchants of Cumberland at their head, composed determined, at all hazards, to keep pace the company to which this charter was with their rivals. An association was originally granted, and the capital with formed in 1599, and a fund raised by sub- which they prepared to engage in their scription, the management of which was novel enterprise amounted barely to 70,000l. entrusted to a committee of fifteen persons; divided into shares of fifty pounds each. whilst a second application was made, with With this they fitted out a fleet consisting greater earnestness than before, for the royal of four ships and a pinnace, which they sanction upon the company's proceedings. freighted with cloth, lead, tin, cutlery, and

ORIGIN OF THE EAST INDIA COMPANY.

HISTORY.

ILLUSTRATIVE OF SACRED
BY ANCIENT MASTERS.

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glass, and, adding to the cargo the value of No. 117, by Buonen, has a brilliancy of 28,7421. in bullion, they committed the colouring from candlelight, which no words whole to the management of Capt: James can adequately express. Lancaster. On the 2d of May, 1601, the Judith with the Head of Holofernes, squadron sailed from Torbay --Family No. 122, by Boonen, is a picture which Library, No. XV. Gleig's History of also will be recollected with vivid adIndia.

miration.

We have no time to particularize further,

and must therefore conclude by observing, EXETER HALL EXHIBITION OF PAINTINGS, that to every lover of sacred subjects, this

collection will furnish a source of much

rational entertainment. The pictures exhibited in this collection, are one hundred and twenty-seven. The subjects are enumerated in a catalogue, in M. PEMBERTON'S LECTURES, NOW BEING connexion with the name of the artist, the DELIVERED AT SAVILLE HOUSE, LEICESyear in which he was born, and when he TER SQUARE, LONDON. died.

We learn from a brief statement of this Among these paintings, many are highly gentlernan's design, that, in eight analytical characteristic, and all are exceedingly at- lectures, he intends to illustrate some of the tractive.

principal tragic characters of Shakspeare; The Entombment of Christ, No. 6, by and this not merely by recitation, but by Ludovico Caracci, is in all its parts covered assuming in his own person the passions, with such an air of solemnity, that the spec- attributes, and emotions of the individuals tator gazes in silent astonishment on the

whom he represents. This being the case, various objects presented to his contem

we can easily comprehend why a correct plation.

impression will not be received from any Christ Bearing his Cross, No. 24, by description which may be offered in a cirMorales, is sublime in its leading features, cular notice or advertisement." Reading and exquisite in the anatomical precision may communicate sentiments and ideas, which the artist has displayed. The whole, but action, tone, and gesture, can alone inhowever, has a foreign aspect, but nature, fuse into expression that powerful agitation in her universal dictates, appears to great of soul which can render it instinct with advantage, in the meekness and resignation life. which the countenance of the Saviour pre- Mr. Pemberton is a gentleman of talent, sents to the beholder.

and appears to be intimately acquainted In No. 31, St. John and the Lamb, by with the subjects he has undertaken to il. Cano, is beautifully coloured, but the lamb lustrate. We have heard him with astonishis most exquisitely natural in its form, po- ment, and are most decidedly of opinion, sition, and features.

that it is only by those who attend his lecSt. Peter Delivered from Prison, No. 37,

tures, that his varied powers can be fully by Steenwyck, is very fine. The perspective appreciated. commands admiration.

St. Sebastian Pierced with Arrows, No. 55, by Dalle Notte, might, with a small portion of aid from the imagination, be taken for a reality. There is not, perhaps, The mean temperature of April, was 49} in the whole collection, any one painting degrees of Fahrenheit's thermometer. The more calculated than this, to arrest and maximum, which was 58 degrees, took place rivet the spectator's attention.

on the 23rd, with a south-easterly wind; The Young St. John, No. 59, by Mengs, the minimum, which was 40 degrees, was is a luminous and lovely picture.

observed on the 7th, when the direction of The Holy Family, No. 73, by Bartolomeo the wind was north-easterly. The range of di St. Marco, is distinguished by its beau- the thermometer was 18 degrees; and the tiful colouring.

prevailing wind east. The direction of the The Last Supper, No. 78, by Balen, is wind has been easterly 71 days; northerly an exquisite representation of varied objects 43; north-easterly 4}; southerly 33 ; south. by candlelight.

westerly 3; north-westerly 3; westerly 2; St. John Preaching, No. 83, by Elshei- and south-easterly 2. mer, exhibits expressive countenances, and The former part of the month was partiadmirable grouping,

cularly dry, as no rain was observed until Herodias with the Head of St. John, the 12th. The east, north-east, and north

METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS.

erly winds were most prevalent during this period. From the 12th to the end, rain fell almost every day, and during this period the prevailing winds were the south, and north-west. Nine days have been accompanied with wind, principally after the 12th. The morning of the 16th was rather foggy ; and hail fell on the 19th and 26th.

On the 4th, butterflies were observed commencing their aerial rambles; also the lady-bird was noticed. The leafing of the lilac, willow, and rose had commenced on this day.

The blossom buds of the cherry were noticed on the 5th. On the 6th the blossoms of the currant and gooseberry began to unfold. On the 7th, the leaves of the damson, vine, and horse-chesnut were unfolding; also bees were noticed abroad. The leaves of the apple were unfolding on the 11th. The wall-flower was seen in blossom on the 14th, and also the tulip. On the 16th, a cherry blossom was observed unfolded. On the 18th, the leaves of the pear were unfolding. On the 20th, the damson blossoms began to unfold, and the decoration of the meadows, and banks of rivers, were noticed to have commenced by the flowering of various plants and herbs with which they abound. The fruit-buds of the vine appeared on the 21st, and the pear blossoms began to unfold on the 23rd.

POETRY

THE SLAVE.

« ο εν Κυρίω κληθείς δουλος, απελεύθερος Κυρίου εστίν...

Κορ. Α. ζ'. κβ'.

And bade him stay, and sought to know
For whom it was his sorrows flow:
If father 'twas, or brother, lay
In his last dwelling in the clay?
No, Massa, no: no father I,

He died in my dear native land,
My brother from his home did fly,

Before the white man's murderous band:
Sister and mother, all are gone,
And I am lingering on alone:
But, Massa, when we both were free,
That negro was--my enemy!
“He tore me from my native home,

And sold me to the white-man crew,
That o'er our burning deserts roam,

To catch the wretched slaves for you.
He heard not then my farewell cry,
He cared not for my agony:
He drank my price, and left me then

To tigers in the form of men.
“I saw him pining 'midst the herd

Of strangers in the busy mart,
And vengeance had almost deferr'd

The kindlier feelings of my heart:
But when I thought of ills in store,
Upon this poor old man to pour,
I heard a blessed voice from heaven,
'Forgive, and thou shalt be forgiven.'
“I fed and kept him until now,

For in the blessed book I read,
That kindness to a cruel foe

Heaps coals of fire upon his head,
And long I strove for conquest here,
Not with my massy club or spear,
But with those arms they use above,
The never-failing darts of love.”
I blush for Britain: deeds as kind,

With motives pure and just as these,
How vainly might I try to find,

From Vectis to the Hebrides :
That love that has but dimly shone
In hearts that call themselves her own,
Has burnt within a negro's breast,
With light that dazzles all the rest!

March 22.

0.0.

ON THE MUTABILITY OF EARTHLY THINGS.

On western India's torrid shore,

Where human flesh is bought and sold,
A slave-ship brought some hundreds more

In that long bloody list enroll'd :
And in the crowded mart they stood,
Each giving comfort while he could ;
For friendship's cord, and kindred's tie,
Are severed soon in slavery.
A planter of that blood-stain'd soil

Had sent his negro servant then,
To fill those ranks of "tears and toil,”

And barter for his countrymen :
And there he met a poor old man,
Tottering with age, with sickness wan,
And when his purchase was dismiss'd,
He put him too upon his list.
He led him to his lowly cell,

He broke for him his daily bread;
He brought him water from the well,

By day his weary footsteps led,
By night he laid him down to rest
On straw, the softest and the best,
And screen'd him from the chill night air,
And tended him with filial care.
At length within his peaceful grave,
The

poor old negro man was plac'd : The planter met his faithful slave,

Returning from the spot in haste:

WHATE'ER we see in nature, calls to mind,
That life is fleeting as th' inconstant wind.
The Sun, bright rising from his eastern bed,
Steals forth, and tips his native hills with red,
Enlivens nature with his glad’ning ray,
And proudly soars, bright monarch of the day.
But, lo! how soon his glorious course must end,
His zenith reached, the mighty must descend,
He 'neath the golden west recedes from sight,
Owning the leaden sway of murky night.
The beauteous Flower sheds forth its sweet perfume,
But, oh! how transient is its fairy bloom!
For when the chilly wind of eve blows past,
Its beauty falls a victim to the blast.
Go view the Ocean—when the tempest raves,
High rise, and deep decline, the mountain waves;
They beat with maddened foam the rocky shore,
Recoil-and then their form is seen no more.
The Seasons ; genial spring must fade away,
And yield to summer's animating sway,
At laden autumn's voice shall summer fall,
And autumn yield to hoary winter's call.
Thus man on life's uneven sea is cast;
Each flitting moment threatened as his last ;
His sun must set, the beauteous flower decay,
And life's tempestuous wave must die away.
Man's gentle seed-time, spring, must fail, and, lo,
All-ripening summer shall its glories show,
Then harvest-autumn in its turn shall come.
And grey-haired winter, bending o'er the tomb.

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