« ForrigeFortsæt »
15. The Veracity of the Evangelists demonstrated, by a Comparative View of their Histories, 12mo., 1816.
16. A Glossary, or Collection of Words, Phrases, Names, and Allusions to Customs, Proverbs, &c., occurring in English Authors, 4to., 1822.
17. A Volume of Sermons on Faith, and other Subjects, 8vo., 1825.
In addition to the above, Mr. Nares assisted in the completion of Bridges' History of Northamptonshire, and wrote the preface for that work. He also wrote several occasional pamphlets, well calculated to check the torrent of revolution and infidelity, which at the time threatened to involve the nation in ruin.
With an eye to the same object, in connexion with Mr. Belóe, he commenced in 1793, the “British Critic,” a review, which for a long season had a considerable influence on politics and literature. Of this periodical, the editorship was entrusted to the judgment, sagacity, learning, and acuteness of Mr. Nares ; and the vigour and perseverance with which it was conducted through difficult and dangerous times, are too well known to require elucidation. To each of the half-yearly volumes, was prefixed a preface, always written by Mr. Nares, in which he recapitulated the leading features that appeared in letters within the given period. With this work he proceeded till the end of the forty-second volume, and then consigned the management to others.
An edition of Dr. Purdy's Lectures on the Church Catechism, may also be added to the works of Mr. Nares. To this he prefixed a biographical preface, giving some account of the author, and of his two friends, the Rev. T. Butler, and Lawson Huddleston, Esq. men of distinguished worth and talent.
In the formation of the Royal Society of Literature, established by his late Majesty George IV. Mr. Nares took an active part, and in forming its rules, selecting the most suitable individuals to enjoy the royal bounty, and the honours of the Society, his exertions appear in a highly favourable light. The difficulties to be encountered, he surmounted with triumph; and discharged with fidelity, the duties which the arduous task entailed. In transacting the various concerns belonging to this institution, the principal management was committed to the Bishop of Salisbury, who, among all his assistants, had no coadjutor who rendered him efficient service equal to Mr. Nares. It was, therefore, as a tribute of respect for his diligence, and an acknowledgment of his valuable services, that he was elected VicePresident in 1823. In all its councils nd proceedings, he took a warm interest during the remaining part of his life; and contributed to the first volume of its Transactions, an interesting paper, entitled, “ An Historical Account of the Discoveries that have been made in Palimpsest (or Rescript) Manuscripts.”
The late Dr. Vincent, the learned dean of Westminster, always spoke of Mr. Nares as a profound scholar, and a most able critic; yet unassuming amidst his great acquirements, and wholly destitute of-pedantry and ostentation. In private and domestic life, his manners were vivacious yet simple; and it has been thought that his innate modesty prevented him from attaining a higher ecclesiastical distinction than that to which he was preferred. With these estimable qualities, we feel no surprise at hearing, that “his intimacy was zealously courted, and that he ranked among his most constant friends, a number of the foremost men of the times which he himself lived to adorn.”
For many particulars included in this memoir, we acknowledge our obligations to Part XX. of Fisher and Co.'s National Portrait Gallery.
ALLAN MACULLOCH; OR, CHARACTERS
something to drink. When his wants had CONTRASTED.
been supplied, he fell asleep, and awoke after a long rest, very much refreshed. In
a short time he appeared out of immediate Εάν πεινά και εχθρος σου, ψώμιζε αυτόν. danger; and they then learned from him εάν διψά, πότιζε αυτόν τούτο γάρ ποιών,
the attempt that had been made upon άνθρακας πυρός σωρεύσεις επί την κεφα- his life. λήν αυτού.-ΡΩΜ. 1 β'. ή.
“My name," said he, “is, Allan Ma
culloch.” “ Allan Maculloch ?” exclaimed “He is dead,” said Mary, as she bent his host, with an emotion in his counte. over him, the tender tears falling fast upon
nance which he strove to conceal.
His the lifeless corpse beneath her : "oh! if guest did not seem to have observed it, we had but come out a little sooner, we and he soon recovered his equanimity. might perhaps have saved his life.” “Yes,” said the other :" Allan Maculloch!
« There is hope still,” said her father, and a bad name it is, too; if the possessor lifting the head from the ground; “run, of it by one of the most wicked wretches Mary, run, and bring assistance as quickly on earth, can make it so. Trouble, that I as you can.” The tender girl made off as well deserved, drove me, with a small sum fast as she was able ; while the good Sa- of money in my possession, to take shelter maritan endeavoured to staunch the blood with many others in this country : and bethat flowed from a wound in the side of fore I had landed three days, I fell into the sufferer.
company with a man of the name of It was on the borders of one of the thick Williams, who invited me, to accompany and extensive woods of Canada, that Mary him in search of employment, and I had and her father lived. They had just settled reached this place in his company, when, down to their evening meal, when they suddenly turning upon me, he demanded were alarmed by the unwonted sound of all my money. I refused him, and he fire-arms : her father went to the door of threatened to take away my life; at the their house, to listen : he thought he heard same time pulling from his pocket a small a faint shriek; it was sufficient : be re- pistol. I made a spring at him, and enturned, equipped himself, and, taking a deavoured to seize the hand that held it : blunderbuss in his hand, he set out, fol- but he was too sharp for me, and, retiring lowed by Mary, in the direction in which three paces, he fired, and I fell. I rememthey heard the sound : they had hardly ber nothing more, till I found myself upon advanced one hundred yards into the wood, the couch in your house. How shall I when they heard a deep groan, and, a little repay you the kindness which you have on the right of the narrow pathway, they shown me? In what manner can I repay saw a man weltering in his blood : and you for my life? Poor as I am, I fear I now and then uttering a feeble moan, that must be infinitely your debtor, till I shall seemed to be the last ebbing of vitality. be able to render a similar service to you."
While Mary ran to fetch assistance, her His hospitable entertainer declared that he father lifted up the poor victim, and, un. required no recompense; that his maxim doing his clothes, discovered that the ball was, to “do good, and lend, hoping for had entered his right side, just above the nothing again;" and added, that the prinelbow : and the blood flowing copiously ciples of humanity would neither suffer him from the wound, had literally soaked the to take away the life of another, nor let any ground beneath : there was, however, still a one perish when it was in his power to weak pulse : and when they had removed preserve him. Here Allan sighed very him from the spot, by the assistance of two deeply. labourers 'who lived in a small hut near In about six weeks he was so far recotheir cottage, and worked for them, they vered as to be able to walk well without laid him upon a couch in their parlour; assistance; and he determined, unless his and, having succeeded in stopping the flow services as a labourer could be useful to of blood, there seemed some hope of his his benefactor, to leave him, and wait for ultimate recovery.
some other opportunity of showing his graThey watched by his side the whole of titude.—Mary's father was one who feared the night; and though he often groaned God. He had seen much affliction in his heavily, he continued still insensible. How- younger days, for he was now about forty ever, having forced down his throat some years old, though early sorrow had written warm liquor that Mary had prepared, he many wrinkles upon his forehead. The revived so much as to open bis eyes ; but loss of all that was dear to him in his nawas too weak to speak : he made signs for live country, had driven him into an asy
lum in the colonies, to which he had Aed least prepared the ground of his heart for with his young daughter : their residence the reception of the gospel. here had been a very peaceful one; Mary But the time came when he had deterknew no temporal joys beyond the pleasing mined to depart.
There was one appaof her father; and no temporal sorrows rently insurmountable obstacle; he had no beyond his frown: and he, though early money. Mary's father had scraped togewoe had chilled his affections, felt that he ther a few pounds, which he had deterlived only for his 'Mary. Both set their mined to keep, as a means of support in hearts upon the eternal joys which await scarcity or illness. Here was, however, a the redeemed, in a city which hath foun. fellow-creature in need of it; and without dations, whose builder and maker is God: hesitation he consigned it to him, knowing and both lived in earnest expectation of that “the Lord will provide.” that time when he should be pleased to Mary had been preparing him a few call them thereto.
articles of clothing, against his departure; Few incidents had diversified their resi- and thus, having equipped him to the best dence here : they seldom saw the faces of of their ability, they sent him forth. Mary's men, beyond those of their own household, father accompanied him by his own request and now and then a stray Indian ; or a for a few miles of the way; and they soon neighbouring settler perhaps came, to share fell into conversation. Allan began by their hospitality, while on his way to Que- blessing his benefactor for all his kindbec: otherwise they lived quite alone; and S; and assured him, that if ever it this event, together with its results, was the was in his power to oblige him, no diffimost remarkable circumstance that had culty on earth should daunt him. occurred during a resideuce of fifteen years. It is quite in your power now,” said
Mary's father had a whim, (and who the other : “I will consider all your oblihas not some whim or other ?) since he gations fully cancelled, if only you will had left the land of his nativity, his own believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and be name had never crossed his lips; even
saved.” Mary had not heard it; and the designa- "Ah !" answered he, “ you have asked tion by which he was known among his a hard thing : I have been every thing that neighbours was, “the new settler," which, is execrable, from my youth up till now: however inapplicable now, he still retained. my first great deed of wickedness, alas !
This warm-hearted and worthy man was my worst; and that so horrible, that pressed his guest very much to stay; but at this day I shudder to think of it. Hear after a residence of three months, finding my relation; and great will be your forthat he was rather a burden than otherwise bearance, if after it you do not curse me to his benefactor, he fixed the day for his from the earth. departure. During his sojourn, he had “I am a native of Argyleshire, in Scotgiven ample proof that his heart was as yet land : my father was a small farmer, and a heart of stone. His host had taken the at his death, at the age of twenty, I sucopportunity of his illness to converse much ceeded to the possession of his farm. with him upon the subject of religion, and Soon after this, I fell in love with a young laboured hard to turn his eyes to the eter. woman, who possessed every thing that nal city : but he remained callous. There charms the heart or pleases the eye. Oh! was one thing that made a very deep im- my aching heart bleeds at the recollection; pression upon him, and that was, the exem- alas ! she returned not my love, but plary life which these two Christians led: avowed a preference for a near neighbour shut out from converse with the world, they of mine, whose name was Robert Macleod; came out of it in the spirit as well as the and, burning with disdain, I left her, and letter; they lived for God, and therefore soon she was married to my rival. I could with God. Oh! that is indeed a blessed not divest myself of a feeling of love ; but life; no trial can then, to real Christians, in me it almost amounted to madness: the seem grievous; no sorrows can then bow feeling grew upon me, till, upon the mendown their heart; none can make them afraid; tion of her name, I gnashed my teeth with no evil finally hurt them, "for they shall rage. In two years she had two fine chilbe mine," saith the Lord, “in the day when dren—a son, and a daughter; and envy I make up my jewels."
mingled with my frenzied love, or rather Allan often wondered whence it arose hate. One night, about this time, I lay that they were always happy, while that upon my bed, unable to sleep: I thought sensation was a stranger to his bosom : of my rejected love, and rage began to and if these feelings were of short duration, thicken in my breast. The fiend who is they were of frequent occurrence, and at always ready to prompt us to ill, whispered
in my ear a plan of revenge.
countenance, as she uttered the last words : dressed myself; and sallying forth, I her form then faded away, till there was reached the farm-house in which my rival only a gentle light, where she had seemed dwelt : the night was dark; but there was to stand : over it there arose a thick heavy a brisk wind, and all was still but that. cloud, that spread with great rapidity or " I obtained a short ladder, and set fire all sides, till it became utterly dark; and to the roof: and presently I heard the the sensation in my dream was horrible ! screams of the rousing inmates. The first A hideous being, whom I had not the couthat appeared was my former love, with rage to gaze upon, then approached, and her baby in her arms : she screamed on threw a net over me: he gave the signal, seeing me; and I drew a pistol from my and four of his slaves, very much like himside, and fired. The ball entered her right self, lifted me up, and hurried me with side; (just where I received my own fearful rapidity down a steep descent; they wound ;) she fell, and, exclaiming, “Oh! forced me onwards till I could discern at Allan, my poor babes," —she expired. a distance, a red glimmering flame, that
“Her husband followed close behind seemed to rise out of the very mouth of her, leading in his hand his little son. In hell. I gave a desperate struggle, in hopes the frenzy of my rage, I seized hold of the of getting free, and in the violent effort I innocent babe, and, plunging my dirk into awoke. The terror I was in, made me its breast, threw it at the feet of the ago. scream for assistance : several persons nizing father, and, smiling on him in mad. came running down, to see what had dened scorn, I turned my back, and happened ; and I was obliged to invent a walked away.
Returning reason shewed story about the night-mare, before they me the necessity of Alight, and, crossing the were satisfied. But from that time I have country with the utmost speed, I reached a had that never-dying worm in my bosom : seaport. Oh ! the horrors of that dreadful I have felt that hot flame burning in my night who can depict ? When all was still, breast, till life has become a burden too and the scene of death far behind, and my heavy for me to bear. blood cooled, then did the terrible feeling, “ When I reached America, I found a that I was a murderer, press upon my rea. description of my person had already preson, till it seemed to reel from its throne. ceded me, and my name was execrated. There was a voice ringing in my ears, a I had landed at New York, but I embarked voice I had once thought more tuneful than three days after as a sailor, in a ship that the lavrock, sounding in my ears,
was sailing to the South Sea. I assumed Allan, my poor babes! They were the the name of John Adams, and for some last words from those sweet lips, from time I escaped notice; but I went by the which, even in death, a bitter word could name of the melancholy man, never being not escape ; and they haunted me, till they able to shake off the deep feeling of guilt well nigh drove me to suicide. I embarked which clung to me. I was shipwrecked on board a ship just ready to sail, and once, and was saved by swimming to a thought myself happy in having eluded the desolate island with two others, where we arm of justice, Fatigued with the length had nothing to eat but the eggs of the turtles, of my flight, I fell asleep upon the floor of till a ship touching at the island in hopes of the cabin. I had a dream : I seemed to finding water, took us off, and I visited the be standing near the door of the house East Indies. Here I remained several where I had committed the murder, when years, and obtained a small post under my innocent victim appeared, dressed in a government, and amassed about two hunvesture of snowy whiteness, except that dred pounds, which I embarked in a merdown the right side there was a streak of cantile speculation : the ship was lost, and blood, which seemed to be of so pure a I was reduced to poverty. nature, that it hardly stained the beauty of “I again scraped together a little wealth, the garment.
and lost it again in a similar manner. “ Her countenance was lovely, beyond About a year after I arrived in India, I the power of language to express : and her married the widow of a serjeant, who had words seemed to drop as honey from her died about two years before ; and by her I lips, as she uttered them : Allan, you had two children. But the retribution of have hurried me, without a warning, to my God became manifest now : the first last great account; but I am happy perished by an accidental blow from through Him who died for me : oh! poor an elephant, and the second was sinner, beware of the worm that dieth not, ried off by a royal tiger. I remembered and the fire that is not quenched !”—There the murder of the innocent babe, and was a smile inexpressibly sweet on her writhed under a sentence of which I
could not deny the justice. Calamities name of his Saviour, as he had before in followed in quick succession. My wife the bitterness of his soul rejected it. They died; I lost my office; the little 'remains arose from their knees : Mary's father beof my property melted like snow before stowed a fervent blessing upon the parting
and I left India as I entered it, penitent, and Allan grasped with convulwithout a rupee in my possession. Thence sive emotion the hand of his benefactor. I went to England ; but not daring to “ To whom am I indebted for,”-he stay there, I soon found the means of stopped : for words were not made to setting off with a number of voluntary express a hope so sublime as that which exiles for Canada, and arrived as I before had now sprung up in his breast. Pressing related.
to his bosom the hand which he held, “ But even now the voice of blood cries “To whom," said he, “am I indebted ?" from the ground against me: that warning “To Robert Macleod,"'--said the other ! : dream, “ Beware of the worm that dieth not, and the fire that is not quenched”— still haunts me like a spectre, and points
AN ALLEGORICAL FABLE, FROM LAMOTTE, me to the life after death; reminds me of a worm, which, though it shall perpetually Labour, the offspring of Wunt, and the torment, shall never destroy; of a flame, mother of Health and Contentment, lived which shall for ever burn, but never con- with her two daughters in a little cottage sume : and I have had a fearful foretaste of by the side of a hill, at a great distance those horrors, dark as hell : I have felt that from town. They were totally unacquainted loathing of life, which makes me cry out with the great, and had kept no better “Oh! that I had never been born!" I feel, company than the neighbouring villagers : I feel, eternity is before me; an avenging but having a desire of seeing the world, God is above me; hell is beneath me; they forsook their companions and habiand torment all around me: oh! where tations, and determined to travel. Labour can I fly, to escape from the wrath to come! went soberly along the road, with Health My life is but a slow death; and, dreadful on her right hand, who, by the sprightlias it is, I can look for no relief in the con. ness of her conversation, and songs of summation. No; I am lost for ever- cheerfulness and joy, softened the toils of for ever. Shut out from all joy, I must the way; while Contentment went smiling eat the bread of sorrow, drink the waters on the left, supporting the steps of her of bitterness, and lie to rest upon a bed mother, and by her perpetual good humour of thorns, till hell shall fill up the cup of increasing the vivacity of her sister. In my everlasting woe: oh! the horrors of sin, this manner they travelled over forests, and who can express !"
through towns and villages, till at last they His companion endeavoured to still the arrived at the capital of the kingdom. At agitation of his mind, by pointing to the their entrance into the great city, the Saviour of sinners ; and though he could mother conjured her daughters never to not think of mercy for such a wretch as lose sight of her ; for it was the will of himself, it quieted the ravings of his wan- Jupiter, she said, that their separation dering fancy; and he listened calmly, while should be attended with the utter ruin of his kind friend explained the all-sufficiency all three. But Health was of too gay a of the atonement of Christ, and his willing- disposition to regard the counsels of Laness to receive all that would come unto bour: she suffered herself to be debauched him, even murderers; and his conversation by Intemperance, and at last died in the evidently made a deep impression upon child-birth of Disease. Contentment, in the poor sinner, who seemed on the very the absence of her sister, gave herself up brink of the lake of everlasting wo.
to the enticements of Sloth, and was never They had advanced above two miles heard of after. Labour, in the mean while, from the habitation, when Allan turned to who could find no enjoyment in solitude, bid his friend adieu. Mary's father knelt formed an acquaintance with Carelessness, down upon the sod, and Allan Maculloch and, quarrelling with Industry, went among knelt down beside him; and the former, the wealthy, the titled, and the gay, in search with streaming eyes, besought their hea- of her daughters; but meeting Disappointvenly Father to vouchsafe pardon and ment in her travels, she grew weary, and peace to the poor murderer; and while he sat down to mourn over her misfortunes. prayed, “ comfort came down, the trem- In this situation she was seized by Lassibliny wretch to raise ;” the Holy Spirit tude, robbed of her activity, and at last died beamed upon his heart in one bright efful- iņ misery. gence; and now he clung as fondly to the Preston Brook, 1832.