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REVIEW.-SHAKSPEARIAN DICTIONARY-THEOLOGICAL LIBRARY. 239
of the rise and progress of a small volume So far as this work extends, it will be
, with some account of their de. found of considerable assistance to the adcline and fall,” is highly amusing, and we mirers of our great dramatist, but numerous feel half inclined to think, that many a passages that might be added, are permitted modern poet, on perusing it, will be really to repose in silence, and very many importto exclaim, “ I suspect that in this sketch, ant topics remain unmentioned and unthe author of the Old Portfolio had his eye touched. To have introduced more, the fixed on me." “ The two sides of the author indeed, must have extended his repicture,” is a respectable imitation of Dr. searches far beyond the limits of this voFranklin's whistle ; and the lessons, which lume, but this we conceive would have it teaches, may, if duly improved, be found been more than compensated, by the nearer instructive in every department of life. approximation to completion, which his
But we have neither time nor inclination labour would then have assumed. to particularize all these tales. Some have It will readily be admitted, so profusely truth for their basis, others are so obscured does the bard of Avon abound in beauties, by the appendages of art, that their origin, that, to transplant them all, would be to import, and application, cannot easily be publish a new edition of his works. Yet ascertained, while another class must claim we cannot but think, that many passages fancy for their parent, and imagination have been omitted, which, from their promust supply the atmosphere in which they minent character, exalted sentiment, and breathe.
intrinsic poetical excellence, were highly That all these tales furnish amusement deserving of a place in this volume. It will no one acquainted with them can for a be obvious from these remarks, that we do moment doubt; and although several among not blame the author for any thing he has them commit the most glaring outrages on done, but regret that he has not done more. probability, the author must be acquitted of We accuse him of omissions, not of errors, any attempt to undermine the foundations for so far as this general index extends, its of virtue, to render religion contemptible, value cannot fail to ensure due appreciation. or moral principle questionable or insecure. On the contrary, many of the sketches satirize with much pungency some of the prevailing follies of the age; and it is REVIEW. – The Theological Library. pleasing to add, that this is not done in a No. 1. Life of Wiclif, by Charles Webb way better calculated to invite imitation
Le Bas, M.X. 12mo. pp. 470. Rivingthan to deter from practice, but in such a
ton. London. 1832. manner as to exhibit a picture, on which Tas volume is the commencement of a nothing but frivolity can look with admi. series, the exact limits of which are not ration.
specifically announced. Several subjects,
however, are named for the succeeding Review.-The Shakspearian Dictionary, Divines; the Consistency of the whole
volumes, such as, the Lives of British forming a general Index to all the Popu. scheme of Revelation with Itself and with lar Expressions, and most striking Pas- Reason; the History of the Inq sages in the Works of Shakspeare, &c. History of the Principal Councils ; Lives of &c. By Thomas Dolby, 12mo. pp. 372.
the Continental Reformers; the latter Days Smith, Elder, and Co., London, 1832.
of the Jewish Polity ; History of the Church In some respects, this volume is, to the in Ireland; History of the Reformed Religion works of Shakspeare, what a Concordance is in France; Illustration of Eastern Manners; to the Bible. In others, however, it is very Scripture Phraseology, &c.; History of different; for while the Concordance refers Sects; Sketch of the History of Liturgies ; to the same word, in its various occurrences, History of the Church in Scotland ; the this refers to subjects, alphabetically ar Life of Grotius. From this transient survey ranged under heads that are almost innu. of the promised land, we may gather, that merable, together with the expressions, if it does not flow with milk and honey, it both in prose and verse, that are scattered presents an ample field, rich in vineyards through the writings of this immortal bard. and olive gardens, from which the indusIn the margin of each page we are referred trious reaper will gather a valuable harvest. to the play, the act, the scene, in which the In the Life of Wiclif, which is the subject topic is introduced in its various combina- of this volume, but little original matter is nations; and occasionally directed to titles, to be found, nor was much reasonably to be which are nearly synonymous, for further expected. The character of this parent of expression and elucidation.
the Reformers was too conspicuous to be
overlooked by the biographers of his day, neated with a masterly hand; while the and the triumphs of the Reformation which fraternity descended from Æsculapius, and succeeded, in the sixteenth century, rather pretending to cure every complaint, although illuminated than eclipsed the splendour of their patients are daily dropping into the his name. In succeeding periods, every grave, are portrayed with a more than ordirecord connected with his writings or his nary degree of satirical humour. exertions, has been minutely examined ; In addition to the poet's pen, the celeand the result of inquiry already before the brated George Cruikshank has lent his world has left very little, that is new, to magic pencil to ornament the present edi. enrich the biography of this venerable man. tion; and, in the combination of sedan
The industrious author of the present chairs, doctors, patients, physic, hairdressers, volume, availing himself of the researches of routes, gambling, description, and pictoral his predecessors, and of his own personal representation, a very curious medley apacquaintance with the writings of Wiclif, pears to court our attention, and excite our has concentrated in “ No. I. of the Theolo- risible muscles. Taken altogether, it is as gical Library,” all the information which comic a scene as can well be imagined ; and the incidents of his eventful life, and the those who honour this fashionable watering diversity of his writings, can supply. It place with their presence, on taking a genegives a frightful picture of the times in ral survey of its characters, associations, and which this venerable Reformer lived,“ when grouping, must acknowledge that the feaabstinence from blasphemies was deemed tures and likeness are admirably pre. one sure symptom of Lollardy," and repre. served. sents him almost like Milton's Abdiel,
With this edition of the New Bath “ Among the faithless, faithful only he;
Guide, a biographical, and topographical Among innumerable false, unmoved,
preface, is presented to the reader, includUnshaken, unseduced, unterrified. His loyalty he kept, his love, his zeal ;
ing anecdotal annotations, by Mr. John Nor number, nor example, with him wrought, Britton, F.S.A., whose intimate acquaintTo swerve from truth, or change his constant
ance with architectural antiquities has mind, Though single."
rendered his name familiar to every friend A beautifully engraved portrait of Wiclif life and writings of the author, with re
of topographical research. His essay on the is prefixed to this volume; a volume, which, marks on Bath, communicates much inteembodying all that research can furnish or reason require, is every way deserving the resting information; and his annotations, decoration it has received, and the patron
and historical observations, by elucidating
events connected with times and circumage it expects.
stances, will give additional zest to the incidents recorded in the poetical epistles which
follow. REVIEW.- The New Bath Guide ; or,
Memoirs of the **** Family, in a series
12mo. pp. 338. Simpkin & Co. London.
1832. This work having been more than half a century before the world, is so well known, Whatever resemblance, in sound, the title that little needs to be said, either of its of this book may bear to the renowned merits or defects. More than twenty edi- Arthur, his Knights of the Round Table, tions, from its first appearance, have thrown and the days of chivalry, we can most sintheir copies into circulation, but its fame cerely assure the reader, that there is none still remains undiminished, and will proba- in reality. This is a Round Table which bly continue so, until genuine humour shall some industrious ladies are supposed to cease to charm, and Bath shall no longer be encircle, where, while plying their needles, visited with invalids.
they beguile the night with the stories The series of poetical epistles, of which which are here presented for our perusal. this volume consists, are light, playful, and By whom these tales were ritten, we entertaining; familiar in expression, yet are not expressly told, any further, than not grovelling in sentiment, abounding in that they are by the author of The Distrokes of humour, and pungent remarks, versions of Hollycot,' 'Clan-Albin,' •Eliof which every reader can perceive the force zabeth De Bruce,' &c. &c.” with which and application. The freaks and fancies, books, the writer presumes, every reader mad schemes, and imaginary illness, of mul must be intimately acquainted. It is added titudes who frequent this city, are deli- in the title-page, that this is the first series,
and immediately afterwards we learn that vegetable productions, claim a natural relaa second is near at hand, and that it will tionship to each other; and the numerous contain “The Quaker Family, or Modes tribes of wild animals, which inhabit these of Discipline; The two Scottish Williams; territories, seem to say in language that and The Little Ferryman.” The first vo cannot be mistaken." It was India that lume comprises seven tales, which bear the gave us birth.” If we turn to the aboriginal following titles : " When I was a Little race, whose persons, manners, modes of life, Girl; the Spitalfield's Widow; the Royal and prevailing characteristics, the author has Chapel of Windsor; the Magic Lantern; minutely described, the Asiatic likeness is the "Curate's Tale; Fashion and Personal strikingly portrayed. They seem, indeed, Omaments; and High Life.”
to be distinct in appearance and peculiari. There is nothing in these tales of a very ties from the surrounding tribes, and to live romantic nature, but every reader will per as remote from the influence of example, as ceive that they have been manufactured for from all intercourse with merchants and trathe occasion. They contain no incidents vellers, through whom they might become which real life may not be supposed to known to the nations of Europe. supply; and yet, perhaps, it will be ex The appearance of these people, whom ceedingly difficult to find any one individual the author calls Tudas, be describes as very in whom the whole have ever been actually prepossessing, being generally above the concentrated. The author appears to have common height, athletic, well-made, with summoned for inspection a great variety of bold, open, and expressive countenances, characters, from which has been selected which denote them to be of a different race such features and portions, as were best to their neighbours. On their heads they adapted to the tale. These are ingeniously never wear any covering, whatever may be combined, and exhibited as the production the state of the weather, but their hair grows of actual life. This in the abstract may be to an equal length of six or seven inches, literally correct, but, in descending to indi- parted from the crown, and formed into viduality, fiction will be found to supply natural bushy circlets, which, at a little disthe place of fact.
tance, resembles an artificial decoration. In the morals of these tales we find With a large, full, and speaking eye, a nothing particularly objectionable, nor have Roman nose, fine teeth, and a pleasing we discovered any thing to command pro- contour, having occasionally the appearance found admiration. They spring up in what of great gravity, but ever ready to melt into may be called the atmosphere of fashion. the expression of cheerfulness and good huable society, life, and amusements, and mour, they are prominently distinguished teach us more about theatres than churches, from all the other known inhabitants of more concerning actors than ministers, India. while personal ornaments appear of higher In describing their persons, habitations, importance than mental acquisitions. employment, intercourse with others, dress,
We, however, readily allow that these modes of life, marriage ceremonies, funeral stories contain nothing to offend the ear of rites, and superstitious observances, the au. female chastity, nothing to raise a blush, of thor has been very minute. Nothing that which modesty must bear the expense. Yet can be deemed necessary to the illustration we cannot avoid thinking, that an accommo of their customs, development of character, dating laxity too frequently displays its per or elucidation of their local peculiarities, vading power, and that the standard of has escaped his notice. The whole volume excellence is erected with much convenience is an extended picture of an aboriginal race, for those whom these tales will chiefly abounding in features of originality, and
drawn with a commanding pencil.
From the description given, it appears
that the manners of the Tudas are very Review.-A Description of a singular simple and patriarchal. To the grosser
Aboriginal Race, inhabiting the Summit vices which dishonour more enlarged and of the Neilgherry Hills or Blue Moun
refined communities, they seem to be entire tuins of Coimbatoor, in the Southern strangers. The glory of murdering their Peninsula of India. By Captain Henry fellow-creatures, under the deceitful name Harkness, of the Madras Army. 8vo. of they leave to civilized man, being pp. 180. Smith, Elder, $ Co., London. content, in bequeathing to posterity their 1832.
native mountains, unstained with human This volume is in every respect Oriental in blood. Of theft they have never been its character. The country, including its known to be guilty, nor does it appear that mountains, its valleys, its passes, and all its they are ever haunted with any suspicion of 20. SERIES, NO. 17.-VOL. II,
such a vice. Hence, we are told, that they experimental philosophy, with which we have no weapon of defence, and no fasten have been so highly pleased, as to give it ing to their dwellings sufficient to exclude our most cordial recommendation. the nightly plunderer. On this branch of, 2. The Eighth Report of the Committheir moral character, Mr. Harkness makes tee of the Society for the improvement of the following observations.
Prison Discipline, 8c., (Arch, London, “I never saw a people, civilized or uncivilized,
with the genuine spirit caught from the imwho seemed to have a more religious respect for the mortal Howard, conducts us through the rights of themselves and others. This feeling is
gaols of England, Scotland, and Ireland, taught to their children from the tenderest age. The curiosity of the men, as well as of the women,
to survey the accommodations of their was strongly excited by the numberless things they wretched inmates, and then takes us into saw about our persons, or in our dwellings, all being foreign countries, to contemplate, in places new and wonderful to them; and they have frequently been in my rooms, during the absence of of confinement, the melancholy association myself and servants, without my ever missing the of misery and crime. In this volume, a smallest article.”—p. 18.
general view is presented to the reader, of But while the author thus exonerates them prisons, discipline, punishment, and the from the charge of dishonesty, and that of
means adopted to reclaim offenders, and to inflicting on each other the miseries of war, prevent delinquency. On the one hand, it he does not dress them in the garb of per- shows the depravity of human nature the fection.
criminals; and on the other, the benevolence “ We must not, however," he observes, “ picture of those who are solicitous for the welfare to ourselves a scene of Utopian felicity, or suppose of their fellow-creatures. them altogether strangers to the passions and vices incident to human nature. They call falsehood one 3. Punishment of Death, 8c., (Harvey, of the worst of vices, and they have a temple dedi- London,) is a collection of admirable cated to Truth; but I fear that both the temple and its object are but too often forgotten. Report also
articles, on the severity of our criminal speaks of their following some barbarous customs, code; and the chief object of their pubparticularly that of infanticide.”—p. 17, 18.
lication is, to awaken public attention to On the origin and source of this singular a subject in which the honour of our nation, race, no light whatever is thrown; even con
the feelings of humanity, and the dictates jecture is silent on these points; and, per- religion are so deeply involved. Public haps, all inquiry is useless, where no hope attention, when awakened, if followed by of information can be rationally entertained. an unequivocal expression of it, may call They appear to be an isolated branch of the forth legislative interference, which will, ultigreat human family, that, from time imme- mately, so far soften the rigours of punishmorial, had taken up an abode among the ment, that England will no longer be a mountains of India; and future researches disgrace to neighbouring states, nor have it may probably bring to light many more, said, that her laws, like those of Draco, are that European travellers have never yet written in blood. This pamphlet contains discovered.
several powerful appeals to justice, and Of these Tudas, the account given by humanity, by some of our more able legisMr. Harkness is full of lively interest; se. lators, who have shown a laudable anxiety veral plates delineate their persons, scenery, to wipe away the sanguinary stain. The and abodes; and to every reader who de- comparative view of the punishments an. lights in contemplating the human character nexed to crime in the United States of in all its branches, this volume will be found America and England, which Mr. J. both pleasing and instructive.
Sydney Taylor has taken, places our country in a disadvantageous light, and strongly urges the necessity of revising our code of criminal jurisprudence.
4. Illustrations of the Christian Faith 1. The Phenomena of Nature fami- and Christian Virtues, drawn from the liarly explained, translated from the Ger- Bible, by M. S. Haynes, (Longman, Lonman of Wilhelm Von Türk, (Wilson, Lon- don,) we have perused with an eye to the don,) is chiefly interded for the use of design for which they were written, namely, schools; and we may add, that many per “for the heads of families, in their instrucsons who are not avowed pupils of any tion of their servants.” The truths illustrated particular seminary, might peruse its pages are of an obvious description, presenting with considerable advantage. It is a book themselves on the surface of life through which, within a narrow compass, lays open popular argumentation, in language of the great arcanum of nature, running comprehensible simplicity. To. M. S. through her elements, and distinguishing Haynes, whom, we learn from an introher varieties. It is a familiar treatise of ductory preface, to be a female, we give
BRIEF SURVEY OF BOOKS.
the fullest credit for purity of intention, 10. A Sermon delivered on the National and for a creditable performance of a task, Fastday, by a Clergyman of the Church of which we hope will not have been executed England, (Longman, London,) enforces in vain.
with commendable vigour this undeniable 5. Herbert's Country Parson, Church truth, that national crimes will bring down Porch, &c., (Washbourne, London,) is a national judgments, which timely repentlittle book of sterling excellence, which ance can alone avert. This is inferred from needs only to be known to be universally the history of nations now no more, and admired. It has been in circulation up from repeated appeals to the word of God. wards of two hundred years, and remains 11. Sin laid on Christ, (Simpkin, Lonbuoyant even to the present day. If every don,) is marked No. 1., whence we are led country parson had been such as Herbert to suppose that it is the commencement of here describes, and such as he exemplified a series, which bears the strange name of in his life, sectarianism would never have
“ Castorean Tracts,” but beyond this we assumed its present commanding aspect, have neither preface nor advertisement to because the established church would not guide our conjectures. It moves in the have been disgraced“ with cassock'd hunts track of the old tomahawk-school, and is men, or with fiddling priests."
not calculated to produce much effect on 6. The Spiritual Gleaner, (Seeley, any except those who believe in the author's London,) contains select passages from infallibility. numerous authors, both of ancient and 12. Prayers adapted for a Season of modern times. The extracts thus gleaned Suckness, suggested by the Circumstances of are pithy and sententious, and many among 1831-2, by J. H. Raven, M.A., (Simpthem may be treasured up in the mind as kin, London,) contain many very suitable axioms of intrinsic value.
petitions adapted to the occasion mentioned 7. The Pilgrim's Progress, by John in the title. They are few in number, yet Bunyan, (Harris, London,) always finds a sufficient to assist, in the discharge of an sufficient recommendation in its name. important duty, all those who bow before This edition appears in an abridged form the Almighty with a humble, lowly, penifor young persons. It is ornamented with tent, and obedient heart: many wood engravings, illustrative of the 13. Familiar and Practical Advice to events and incidents which occur in the Executors and Administrators, and Perallegorical narrative.
sons wishing to make their Wills, &c., by 8. Self-Discipline, by Henry Forster Arthur J. Powell, Gent., Attorney at Burder, D.D., (Westley, London,) is an Law, (Maxwell, London,) is a work, abridgment, by the author, of his own work, that, we doubt not, will be found of great which some time since appeared in a larger utility to numerous persons, in all the form. It relates to self-government, and common walks of life. It contains extracts extends to the desires, thoughts, temper, from our laws as they now stand, relative tongue, and conduct. For the primary to the disposal of property, with various authority of what this book inculcates, the remarks on cases that may be presumed author appeals to the word of God, but he frequently to occur. The appendix presents does not altogether neglect ethical principles to the reader several forms of wills, codicils, and relations. It is a book that may be attestations, probates, letters of administraread with much advantage by a great tion, duties, legacies, &c. &c. &c., in all of number of religious professors, both young which every member of the community is and old.
deeply interested. This volume takes a 9, A Sermon delivered at Finsbury Chapel, wide survey of this very important subject, Moorfields, Nov. 22, 1831, by the Rev. J. and, with a moderate portion of attention, E. Good, (Nisbet, London,) has more im- those who examine its contents may avaií. mediately for its object, humanity towards themselves of the useful information which the brute creation; and no person acquainted it communicates, and adjust the settlement with the cruelties practised in the metro of their temporal affairs, without any propolis on the animal tribes, can think such a fessional aid beyond what this book supdiscourse either ill-timed or misapplied. plies. The author enters with spirit into this im 14. Lectures on Carbon, Oxygen, anıl portant subject, and adduces specific facts Vitality, the three great Agents in the which are alike hostile to the laws of God Physical Character of Man, with Remarks
man, and repugnant to the best prin. on the Asiatic Cholera, by George Rees, ciples of human nature. We most sincerely M.D., (Highly, London,) is a well-written hope that this able advocate will not be pamphlet on the topics noticed in the title suffered to plead in vain.
page: It contains upwards of one hundred