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with those of my other relations, who are Heaven, and that was not confined to time laid side by side. I visited the grave in or place : and so that I could obtain that thoughtful musing silence. I stood before wherewith the body might be supported, it, and read over the names upon the now I sought no more. time-worn slab. First came my brother Those truths which I felt so supporting George ; this carried me back to my early and encouraging to my own case, I endeadays : I recollected putting my hand upon voured to impart to others. And I trust I his cold cheek, and bitterly did I weep as was made the means of blessing more than I remembered the buoyancy of spirit which one poor soul among the native peasantry I then possessed, compared with my now with whom I lived. In this retirement, I depressed state of mind. I seemed to my- was seized with a most violent fit of illness: self to be bearing a heavy load of grief, which brought me very near the grave. such as I could not long sustain, and of I almost longed for death : I fear I did not which death alone would unload me. I feel sufficient resignation to the divine will. passed on to Maria, and my mind recurred O Lord, pardon these sins, for my Saviour's to the anguish of my beloved parents; sake. Ten months was I confined by this “Now," said I triumphantly, “for ever illness : and it was a much longer period over !” Next came my kind, affectionate, ere I regained my perfect health and beloved mother : many were the tears I strength. Soon after this, I received a shed, as I recollected acts of kindness from letter from a friend in England, desiring her, so numerous that I could not recount me to return without delay, and informing them; so dear, that time has not yet effaced me of a part of my property having been them. I passed on to my dear father, and recovered. I had a great desire once more sweet yet melancholy were the recollections to behold the dear spot where all I loved he inspired!

on earth was interred, and I wished also Next came that beauteous bud, and full- to lay my bones among them : so I reblown blossom, so lately plucked. O what turned immediately. I found the property a blessed sight could I see, these all hymn- recovered amply sufficient for my mainteing the praises of their Redeemer !

nance, so I settled near the spot where I Close beside these was the vault, where formerly resided, in a humble house in the were deposited the remains of my beloved village, of which I had before been chief friend Theophilus, and his parents. There possessor. It was a great trial to me to is now in the midst of my departed family see the places so endeared to my heart by just room for me to lay my bones, which I my early friendships. I entered the house shall shortly do; and at that great day, that was formerly mine : there was the spot when all shall be laid open, shall we all in which I used to play in my earliest arise to stand at the right hand of God. infancy ; there was the corner in which my Who shall separate us from the love of beloved mother used to sit at her usual Christ? No, none ever shall !

occupations ; in that spot stood the table Well, sir : death had now done his round which we all once sat, a blooming, worst, and now I was left to other foes.

smiling band ! Hitherto I had possessed worldly prospe

I walked down the beautiful dell, through rity : my estate was not only the support which, forty-five years before, I had walked of my family, but the employment I found with beloved Theophilus! How strongly in the management of it had been a solace did his words recur to my memory, “Meet to my wo: this solace I was not long left me in that day at the right hand of God!" to enjoy. Circumstances which I need not Not a stone was altered : the rocks now detail, deprived me of every thing. seemed to echo back the sounds they then But now life had lost its charms for me; heard : the babbling waterfall was still I regretted not my loss : the slender rem- flowing, crossed the road, and disappeared nant which was left me was not sufficient through the same cavity as before. At last for even my little wants, and necessity I came to the very spot where we had stood drove me abroad. I was at this time forty- still, and wept on each other's necks : old seven years of age ; the war was now over, as I was, I could not forbear weeping, but and I repaired to the south of France, now I wept alone! 0 I shall soon cease where I lived in retirement. And now, if to water my couch night and day with aught on earth could contribute to my happiness, I might have found a quiet resting- I visited the church-yard : that too had place. But I could not linger in the pass- undergone few alterations : the mounds on ing scene below, and feel myself at

peace :

its surface were much thicker than before, no; all places were now alike to me, so when I last beheld them : but otherwise it that thence I could hold communion with seemed exactly as it was when I last saw it, 2D. SERIES, NO. 15.-VOL. II.

159,- VOL. XIV.

my tears.


fourteen years before ! I came to the inscribed : not, thought I, more purely tombs, where—0, I need not again men- white than thyself now; for thou art tion their names. The tombs were falling arrayed in that fine linen, even the righrapidly to decay : my brother's name and teousness of the saints, which may well age were scarcely legible ; so also those of dazzle the eye of every beholder. my friend Theophilus : the others, though The inscription was as follows: less impaired by time, gave evidence that “ Sacred to the memory of Theophilus L-, only

Ilouse, they would not long record the names

child of Charles and Sophia , of

he expired on the 1st of July, 1783, in the of those whose ashes rest beneath thein.

15 h year of his age. “In a few years,” said I, “I shall also lay Vain are the blooming cheek and sparkling eye,

To plead for mortals who are born to die : my ashes here : years will roll on, and, in He slighted these, and sought that heavenly joy, a century, the domains where the beloved That will not fail him, and that cannot cloy.

Stop, traveller, read, and mark, and learn, and go : ones of my heart were born, will be in the The hand that laid this lovely lily low,

Will stretch thee soon beneath the verdant sod; possession of the grandsons of the present

O strive, like him, to live for ever with thy God." tenants, now unborn : to them it will be of little moment what was the name of the

It is strange, sir, how lasting are those family who possessed the estate before friendships which are cemented by that them; they will lightly regard these tombs; heavenly love, without which the closest they will pass unheeding by that dell where

union is as tow. That friendship which I

then formed has twined itself with clinging Theophilus and I wept together : in short, these names and ours will be perished tendrils round this heart of mine; but it has out of the land. Vanity of vanities; all is

taken root, oh! how much deeper, in the vanity.”

soul! And though for a time this heart I proceeded with a mournful heart to

shall lay aside its office, it shall again the church : I trod the time-worn aisle :

resume it, when it shall no more be defiled I saw the place where we used to sit and by these waves of sin and sorrow, which hear the blessed word of God; where often

now beat heavily and frequently against its we have prayed ; and where I sought, in

unstable foundations, and will at last be its the freshness of my wo, for that solace

destruction ! which the Lord alone can give. I glanced

Then shall our friendship be again down the aisle, and saw in the chancel the united, and there shall it again take root in monuments of our family and the 's:

that new heart, for no storm shall again they stand side by side. I stood, and read

shake it, no death shall again divide it, no them; those of our family were as follows:

sin shall again mar it,—but, oh! delightful “In a Vault near this Church lies interred the Body of

thought, there it shall flourish for ever, and George R-, eldest Son of Geo. R-, Esq. for ever!

Who died on the 21st of July, 1775, aged seven years.

Just below that is another :
Also, by his side are laid the remains of “Sacred to the memory of_Sophia, wife of Charles
Maria R-sister of the above, who expired

L-, of

House, Esq. who departed this on the 12th of January, 1792, aged 19 years.

life on the 10th Nov. 1783. Aged 38 years.
Sweetly and securely rest,
They that sleep on Jesus' breast :

Also, of Charles L., Esq.
Calm and peaceful down they lie,

who died on the 17th of August, 1785.
That in blessed Jesus die."

Aged 43 years.

This grave will shortly be a spot, On another stone, close beside this, was the By all who knew it once, forgot. following:

Stop, passing stranger, let it be,

A strong memorial unto thee. “In the same Vault with those of her children, are laid the mortal remains of Maria R-, who

On the opposite side of the chancel was was called away from this world of sin, to one where sorrow never comes, nor care, on the

one which had been placed there more 30th of April, 1794: aged 49 years.

recently, and it was with the most heart. “Also, those of George R-, of Hall, Esq. felt anguish that I turned to this second, who departed this life on the 12th of May, 1797, aged 55 years.

but not less ardently beloved branch of my Reader, canst thou tell us why,

family : the monument stood by itself, was In the gloomy grave we lie?

of plain white marble, with no other ornaKnow, the sting of death is sin, Turn a searching eye within.

nament than the dear names thereon
Fain we would that thou shouldst know
How to value things below:

inscribed :
Take this solemn warning home,
“ Flee thou from the wrath to come."

Beneath the turf are deposited the remains of

“ Theophilus RHere closed the record of the ravages of

a beauteous flower, nipp'd in the very bud.

He expired on the 18th of June, 1814. the last enemy in our once happy fainily:

Aged 14 years. I stood for a few moments absorbed in the

Death mark'd it to fall ere it blew,

And eagerly sought for the strife; reflections which naturally arose on such a

But sick of the contest, it flew, subject; then, turning my eye to the left,

To hide in the bosom of Life. I saw the purely white marble slab, on Also, those of Sarah, mother of the above, which the name of my beloved friend was

who expired on the 21st of December, 1814

Aged 35 years."


CONCILIATION, CHRISTIANITY, AND CIVILIZATION IN CEYLON. 115 Oh! said I, as I turned and gazed on waves, that I sink not; and finally receive them all—what a noble sight! Here are me into thine eternal rest! I hear, even now before me the only remaining records now, the blessed voice, exclaiming, “ Be of nine dear friends, -how unspeakably hold, I come quickly ; even so, come, dear !-and not only my friends, but Lord Jesus. Amen." friends of the living God! Here are the

W.G. B. records of nine, who have long been singing, more melodiously and more gloriously than the fabled Nine of old for what has

CONCILIATION, CHRISTIANITY, AND been the song ?-Worthy the Lamb! oh,

CIVILIZATION IN CEYLON. how gloriously shall that sound be one day Sir A. Johnston, while president of his heard in the renovated world-how shall majesty's council on Ceylon, thought, after that redemption be all the song, “ till, like a long consideration of the character and a sea of glory, it spread from pole to pole," manners of the natives, that the surest and all my joy now is, that I shall join way of making them respect the British the song with these my beloved ones, when government was, to take every means in we shall all appear together at his throne ! his power to enable them to understand the And now, sir, I would ask, Am I not a

principles and the evidence of the religion happy man? I have long dwelt a solitary which was professed by the members of man; I have long lived an afflicted man: the British government; to shew them, that I have continued my course, a despised those principles

, and that evidence, had a man, but am I not a happy man ? Yes; great influence upon the public conduct of for I am a freeman, whom the truth

those members, and that they were calcumakes free." And truly blessed of the lated to render those who professed them, Lord have I been, for in all the storms deserving of respect, and anxious to render which have broken over me, His hand the different natives, amongst whom those hath upheld me, His eye comforted me! principles, however differently modified, Sir, I set out on the journey of life with a prevailed, equally deserving of the respect large party of companions : my early of their countrymen. In order to attain morning was fine, but it has rained all

these objects, Sir Alexander adopted the day; and in the storms which broke over following plan. us, I have one by one lost all my com- 1st. Of circulating amongst the natives panions : but as evening approached, the of the country, such information as might clouds dispersed, and now, oh! what a lead them to understand the principles and bright ray of sunshine is breaking out from evidence upon which the christian religion beneath them !

is believed by Christians. It assures me my day will end in peace ! 2dly. To convince them, by all public

Surely the last end of the good man is acts, that the belief in this religion had a peace

!Olet me erase that word, powerful influence upon the public con“good :” none is good, save one, that is, duct of the British government. God; and oh! how good is he! Rather 3dly. To render all those who profess let me say “of the afflicted and mourning, the christian religion worthy of the public yet triumphant, Christian;" for surely his end and private respect of their countrymen. is peace : evening dews fall not

4thly. To remove all subjects of political gently on the ground, than the believing jealousy, with respect to those who profess Christian falls asleep in the arms of his Christianity, from the minds of those who dear Saviour ? Oh! yes, I am a happy professed other religions, in the island of man, and soon shall be a glorified spirit! Ceylon. Blessed Jesus, till that hour arrive, when With a view to the first point, Sir Alexearth and all its vanities shall go from my ander formed the first Bible Society which eyes as fleeting shadows; when all that was ever established in any part of Asia, before was substantial shall be so no at Columbo, and took means for having longer : till that hour, be my support ; that, correct translations of the Bible made into as I advance further along the narrow way, Palee, Cingalese, and Tamul, the three my footstep may be firmer, and my eye languages which are understood on Ceylon. clearer; and grant that no temptation may He caused, also, translations to be made draw me aside, and turn away my eyes into the same languages, of the summary of from the eternal city: and when that hour the evidence of Christianity, drawn up by shall arrive, when the “dark river of death the late Bishop Porteus, of London; after that is flowing between the fair city and me," having ascertained, from many Brahmins shall be crossed once and for ever ; O carry and priests of Buddhoo, that this summary me through, and bear me up above its cold was more intelligible and satisfactory than

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116 CONCILIATION, CHRISTIANITY, AND CIVILIZATION IN CEYLON. any other work that had been submitted to With a view to the third point, Sir Alexthem, upon the same subject.

ander encouraged education amongst all He also caused some of Hannah More's denominations of Christians in Ceylon, by Sacred Dramas to be translated into the giving them an opportunity of displaying same languages, having previously ascer. their talents and knowledge in public, as tained, that dramatic representations had jurymen, in the protection of the lives, the been, from time immemorial, as well on liberty, and the property of their countrythe island of Ceylon as on the continent men, and by causing their distinguishing of India, the most popular mode of circu- themselves as jurymen to be a sure road lating, amongst the natives of the country, to public preferment; thereby making it such religious and moral doctrines as were worth the while of every Christian to be. intended to influence their moral and poli- come respectable, and attaching an idea of tical conduct.

respectability in the minds of the people of With a view to the second point, Sir the country to the character of a Christian. Alexander introduced the form of making With a view to the fourth point, Sir the king's judges, at the commencement of Alexander took every opportunity to shew, every criminal session, and just before they that the religious belief which a man probegan the business of the session, pro- fessed was no impediment or drawback to ceed, in a public procession, from the his enjoyment of any political privilege, or court-house to the public church; and his attainment of any public office. He there, after having attended divine service, therefore took care that no distinction whatand heard an appropriate sermon preached

ever should exist between any man on acupon the occasion, solemnly take the sacra- count of his religion in the enjoyment or ment, in the presence of all the jurymen, exercise of his right of a juryman: and other natives, of all the different reli- Every juryman, whatever religion he gious persuasions, who attended the sessions. might profess, being on a footing of perfect

Sir Alexander also encouraged the estab- equality as to his rights in this capacity, lishment of the Wesleyan and the Ame- and as to the pretensions he might have for rican missionaries in different parts of the holding any office, either in a court of jusisland, in order to afford an easy and a tice, or under government; Sir Alexander cheap means of education and religious strictly adhered to this rule, conceiving, instruction to all those who professed that the best way of preventing a Christian Christianity. He also encouraged the Wes- being made an object of political : jealousy leyans to republish Baldeus's account of the to those who profess a different religion state of Christianity in his time in the pro- from himself, was, by preventing those vince of Jaffna, in order that the attention persons, of other religion, from feeling that of the British government and the British the difference of their persuasion hindered public might be induced to take measures them, notwithstanding their respectability, to restore the different Protestant churches, from enjoying the same political privileges and the different Protestant schools, to the and public appointments as a Christian. flourishing state to which they had been It is clear, from the addresses which brought by the Dutch government, in the were presented to Sir Alexander Johnston seventeenth century.

on his leaving Ceylon, in 1817, by the Sir Alexander also introduced the regula- whole of the population professing the tions of 1806, putting an end to all the Hindoo and the Buddhist religion, that the odious and unjust restrictions under which line of conduct which had been adopted by the Catholics had been placed, on account him, in reference to the Christians on that of their religious belief, by the policy of the island, so far from exciting the jealousy of Dutch government, in order to convince either the one or the other of the numerous the natives, that the English government bodies who profess the Hindoo and the was really actuated, in its public conduct, Buddhoo religion, had cominanded their by the principles of charity and benevo- respect in the highest degree; and it is lence taught by the religion which they therefore important, as an example of what professed ; a fact that the natives of other may be done by a public officer in that persuasions had theretofore doubted, not respect in India. conceiving it possible, that, were they really The more a Christian in public office in influenced by the charitable principles they India shews respect towards his own reliprofessed towards all men, they could per- gion, and for those who profess it, the more secute, with so much rigour, other Chris- he endeavours to explain the evidence upon tians, merely because they differed with which the truth and beauty of his religion them upon some of the tenets of their re- are founded, and to shew how his belief of ligion.

that religion is made, both in his private

conduct and in the discharge of his public mind, to think ill of every one; and he duties, to influence his every action—the who indulges in this fatal propensity, soon more he commands the respect of Hindoos gives utterance to his sentiments in scanand Mahomedans in India; provided he dalous expressions. always, at the same time, shews the greatest Observe the conduct of these pests of toleration, and avoids every offence or dis. society, at our convivial meetings. You respect to their religion, and lets them may hear an absent individual named, and publicly know, and effectually feel, that some of his actions scrutinized; a suspicion their religious belief cannot influence him is then uttered by one of the company, a in excluding them from public office and doubt expressed by another ; a significant employment, should their talents and re- nod, or mysterious saying, by a third ; a spectability of character in other respects fit

fourth admits that such is the rumour, and them for the situation.

sorrowfully suspects that it is too true. This conduct cannot be made too public, Others immediately take it for granted, exbecause it is different from that of many aggerate the report, and, running to a public functionaries in India, who, though neighbour, relate the circumstance, upon good and religious men themselves, for fear the same conditions that it was told them; of alarming the prejudices of the natives, that is, it must not be circulated. Such is seem to wish to make them believe, by the deplorable state of a great part of mantheir public conduct, that they have no kind ; and the more public the character, particular anxiety about their own religion, the more liable is it to become the subject and that it is not supposed to influence their of conversational calumny. public conduct or their public views. This Frequently do we hear the reputation of is quite contrary to the policy and conduct an able minister of the gospel brought forof the Hindoos and Mahomedans them- ward by these detestable beings. The most selves, who invariably endeavour to shew worthy, and deserving of esteem, are unexrespect to every thing appertaining to their pectedly, yet severely, wounded by this respective religions, and to shew respect to pernicious infection of the tongue; and no every person of their religion; and, there. one is too good or great to escape its enfore, they conceive that we, by not fully venomed dart. looking towards the religion we profess, as The slanderer is always ready to give a they do to theirs, can feel very little of the full and degrading account of the pedigree influence of our religion, and can have little of any person mentioned in his presence. or no religious feeling for them; and, con- Even the grave itself is ransacked for prey, sequently, they cannot conceive us to be and the dead are insecure from his malihonest and good men.

cious detractions. Pride, hatred, and unAs an insertion of the public documents, charitableness are the principal characon which the preceding observations and teristics of slander; falsehood and envy, conclusions are founded, would extend this its parents; curiosity, its nurse; and innopaper to an undue length, we hope to re

cence, its victim. sume this subject in our ensuing number. It is astonishing how any professor of

religion can encourage a vice, which is too detestable to be acknowledged by the most wicked and abandoned part of mankind. Beware of a backbiter, allow him not to

gain your attention by speaking ill of " It is to be feared that the consequences to which evil-speaking tends, are but partially perceived, or

others. Should he succeed in unburdening wholly disregarded; otherwise, its dreadful appearance might prove beneficial to many by whom it is un

his envious mind to you, be assured he will thinkingly cherished : and were the tongue as liberal unburden it again to the next acquaintance in praise, as it is in censure, it might, in a small degree, counterbalance the direful effects of its ma- he may chance to meet, and, very likely, you levolence.”

will be the subject of his calumny. Every NotWITHSTANDING the many generations person, who values the honour of religion, which have passed away since the tongue his own reputation, and the peace and was discovered to be an unruly member, welfare of society, will carefully avoid we have to regret that the lapse of time has speaking unkindly of others. If we cannot made very little improvement in this mis- speak favourably of our neighbours, we can chievous epidemic." In every town and certainly remain silent ; well knowing that village, too, many slanderers are to be charity, which thinketh no evil, would rafound; and, although this detestable vice 'ther cast a veil over defects and blemishes, has been censured by heathens, yet it meets than wantonly expose them to public scorn. with encouragement from many who pro- The best antidote against this prevailing fess to be Christians. It is a failing of the vice, may be found in the prayer of the



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