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LESSON 152_Continued. IMPORTANT TOWNS.-New York, at the mouth of the Hudson, is the most important city and the seat of immense trade. Brooklyn, on Rhode Is., is an important suburb. Washington, on the Poto'mac, in the district oj Columbia, is the capital. It is a commodious and beautiful city. Richmond, on the James River, in Virginia, is famous for tobacco. It was the head. quarters of the Confederate army during the war (1861-4). De'troit, on the Št. Clair, in Michigan, is famous for ship-building. Chi-ca'go (she-kah'-go), on L. Michigan, is the largest depôt for corn in the world. It was nearly burnt down in 1871. St Louis, on the Mississippi, has immense trade. U'tah, on Salt Lake, is the seat of the Mormons.
The POPULATION is about 35,000,000, composed of settlers from Europe, chiefly British, and a few American Indians.
The United States were originally British colonies. On July 4th,
1776, thirteen states declared their independence, which was acknowledged by England in 1782. Hence the 13 stripes in "the star-spangled banner,” the national flag, and the stars for the other states.
Lesson 153.-Wednesday Morning. Work these Sums.
Find the value of (1) 2.09125yd.; £.94375 ; *0625cr. (2) 3•765ml. ; 4•725ac. ; 3·025cwt.; 3.125f. (3) 0125qr. ; 9.375bu. ; 1625°; 21.1258. (4) 21:358. ; *0375cwt. ; .96ac.
Lesson 154.-Thursday Morn. Grammar. Learn and Write.
And sure I heard the Naïad say,
Thy waters lovely, cool, and fair.'-(Shenstone.) Ex. 86. What do you mean by a part of speech, by inflection, and by conjugation ?
Ex. 87. COMPOSITION.-Paper: Substances used instead of paper-bark of trees, skins, tablets of wax. What made from ; and how; kinds of paper, and uses.
Lesson 155.-Friday Morning. Work these Sums.
Reduce to VULGAR FRACTIONS(1) -2, -3, -6, 36, 45, 09.
(2) •142857, +384615, 047619. History.-Write and Learn.-GEORGE 11.—(Continued).
THE SEVEN YEARS' WAR-(Continued). (2) IN EUROPE. - The French took the island of Minorca (1727), which
then belonged to England. Admiral Byng was sent to attack the French fleet, and was afterwards shot because he was unable
to prevent Minorca being taken.
(3) IN NORTH AMERICA.-- Here the war broke out respecting the 1759
boundaries between the respective colonies of France and
England. The English, under General Wolfe, took Quebec. The year 1759 was perhaps the most glorious year of victories that
England has ever seen. 1763 The war was concluded by the Treaty of Paris (1763, George III.).
England gained Canada, several West India islands, and some
possessions in Africa. Robert Walpole and William Pitt were the chief statesmen during this reign.
THE SPANISH ARMADA- (Continued). And haughtily 29 the trumpets peal, 30 and gaily dance31 the bells. (20) As slow upon the labouring32 wind the royal blazon 33 swells.
Look how the lion of the sea lifts up his ancient crown,
Bohemia's plume, 37 and Gen'-o-o's bow, 38 and Cæsar's eagle shield:39 (25) So glored 40 he when at Agincourt41 in wrath he turned to bay.
And crush'd and torn beneath his claws the princely hunters+ 2lay. 29. Proudly. 30. Sound. 31. Ring. 32. The stormy wind. 33. The flag of England on which the royal arms (the lion, the unicorn, and the lilies were worked in colours. 34. The “fleurs-de-lys," the arms of France : at this time on the flag of England representing our claim to France since the reig of Edward III. 35. Marched proudly. 36. Battle of Crecy, in Picari (France), 1346. Edward III. 37. The crest of three ostrich feathers with the motto "Ich Dien," belonging to the King of Bohemia, who was slain at Crecy 38. The bowmen of Genoa who began the battle. 39. The standard of the “Holy Roman Empire" carried by the King of Bohemia. 40. Looked fiercel 41. Fought 1415, Henry V. 42. The nobles of France. Lesson 157.-Tuesday Morn. Geography. Write and Learn
INDIA. A 32--Cal-cut'-ta, on the R. Hoog'ly, is the capital of British India.
The country is about 12 times the size of the British Islands, and contains about 200,000,000 of people.
Coal, iron, copper, gold, and diamonds are found in various parts.
The principal trees are teak (used for shipbuilding), cocoa, banyan, and palms.
Rice, sago (the pith of a kind of palm tree), ginger (the root of a plant). pepper (the seeds of a plant), indigo (a blue dye obtained from the leaves and stalks of certain plants), cotton (a woolly substance obtained from the “ pods" of a plant), sugar cane and opium (the juice obtained from the seeds of the white poppy), are all largely cultivated
Among the wild animals are the lion, the tiger, the panther, the leopard, and many kinds of monkeys.
The people are called Hindoos. They are nearly all idolaters, and live chiefly on rice.
The chief trade of the country is with Great Britain and China.
The loads are very poor. There are now several lines of railway. Large parts of the country are covered with thick forests or jungle.
EUROPE --TURKEY AND GREECE.-PHYSICAL. B 32—Turkey and Greece form the third large southern peninsula of Europe.
BOUNDARIES.-North, by Russia and Austria; west, by the Adriatic and the Ionian Sea; south, by the Mediterranean; and east, by the Ar-chipel'-a-go, the Dar'-da-nelles, the Sea of Mar'-mo-ra, the Bos'-pho-rus, and the Black Sea..
GREECE lies to the south of Turkey. Greece has a very irregular coast-line, and is nearly cut in two by the Gulf of Le-pan'-to. It is joined to the mainland by the Isthmus of Cor-inth.
SURFACE.-In the north-east is a large plain, through which the Danube flows. The Bal'-kan Mts. run across the country from east to west. The Pin'-dus Mts. run south from them into Greece Greece is covered with mountains and hills.
RIVERS.-The Danube, with its tributaries, the Save and the Pruth, flowing into the Black Sea, and the Ma-ritz'-a flowing into the Archipelago. Greece has no important rivers.
MEXICO AND CENTRAL AMERICA. C 32–The whole district between the United States and S. America is in a very unsettled state. It is divided into the republics of Mex'-i-co, Hon-du-ras, Guat-e-ma'-la (gwat-ě-mah'-la), San Sal-vă-dor, Nic-a-rag'-u-a, Costa Rica (kostà ree'-kă).
Mexico consists chiefly of a tableland sloping to the Gulf of Mexico, and on the west of which rises a chain joining the Rocky Mountains with the An'-děs of S. America. The whole of the mountains are of volcanic origin, and amongst them is the volcano of Po-po-cat-a-pet'-1 (smoking mountain). Earthquakes are frequently felt.
The rivers are numerous but small, and the whole country, bei burning, except on the mountains, suffers from want of water.
MINERALS are very important productions, especially silver, which is abundant. Large quantities of gold and copper are also found. In addition to the metals, logwood, mahogany, and hides are exported.
CHIEF Towns.-Mexico is the oldest city in America, it was founded by the Aztecs in the 14th century. Vera Cruz (veră cruss) (the true cross), and Tăm-pi'-ca (tam-pee -ka), are ports on the Gulf of Mexico, In BRITISH HONDURAS is Be-lize', valuable for its exports of mahogany and dye wood.
In Mexico is the Peninsula of Yuc-a-tan' which separates the Gulf of Mexico from the Caribbean Sea, it is one of the few peninsulas which point northward.
Lesson 158.–Wednesday Morning. Work these Sums.
(1) What number divided by 16.4 will give 18.03?
(4) Find the decimal fraction equal to (23 x ) = (33 X 43). Lesson 159.-Thursday Morn. Grammar. Write and Learn.
Ex. 88. Analyse and Parse-"Thus are Harold and his attendants represented in the famous tapestry at Bayeux. Nor are the tombs of ladies without their falcon; for this diversion, being of less danger and fatigue than the chase, was shared by the delicate sex."-( Hallam).
Ex. 89. The infinitive mood can often take the place of a noun. Give six examples.
Ex. 90. COMPOSITION.-Write a letter to your mother about your studies at school. Lesson 160.-Friday Morning. Work these Sums.
*(1) Find the value of .05 of £3 3s. 6d., and reduce the result to the decimal of £1.
*(2) Multiply the sum of 2.021 and 3.56 by •202, and divide the product by .008.
*(3) If 13 horses eat 4 quarters of corn in 11 days, how many would eat 12 quarters in 30 days? History.-Write and Learn.-GEORGE III. A.D. George III. (1760-1820), grandson of George II. His reign is the 1760 longest and the most glorious of all the English sovereigns.
The following are a few of the most important events in this reign--
This led to the
THE SPANISH ARMADA(Continued).
joyously-ye breezes waft her wide; (30) Our glorious “Sem'-per B-å-clem 18 the banner of our pride.
The freshing breeze of eve unfurl'd that banner's massy50 fold, The parting gleam of sunshine kiss'd that haughty scroll of gold 15Night sank upon the dusky beach, and on the purple sea
Such night in England ne'er had been, nor e'er again shall be !52 43. Deep in the ground that it may stand firmly. 44. The sheriff. 45. A discharge of guns and cannons in honour of the queen. 46. Brave men. 47. Swords. 48. The flag of England. 49. Latin, “Always the same "-the motto on the banner. 50. Massive, thick, heavy. 51. The motto on the flag in gold letters. 62. No such excitement as the coming of the Armada, and the sending warning throughout the country caused.
Lesson 162.—Tuesday Morn. Geography. Write and Learn.
OTHER POSSESSIONS IN INDIA. A 33-(1) Ceylon, capital Co-lom'-bo, on the west coast, is a fertile island to the south of India.
We get coffee, sugar, and rice from Ceylon. It has also a valuable
pearl fishery on the west coast. Galle (găl), on the S.W. coast,
is a station for steamers between Europe and the East. (2) Aden, on the S. coast of Arabia, near the Red Sea, is strongly fortified, and is used as a coaling station.
(3) Hong-Kong (=“fragrant streams”), an island at the mouth of the Can'-ton River, in China, is the head quarters of the British in China.
(4) British Bur'mah, capital Ran-Goon', on a mouth of the R. Ir-a-wad'-dy, on the east of India, yields cotton and teak, for ship-building.
(5) The Strait settlements, in the Strait of Ma-lac-ca, consist of the province of Malacca and the island of Sin-ga-pore'. The town of Singapore is a port, and warehouse for colonial produce.
EUROPE.-TURKEY AND GREECE.-POLITICAL. B 33—CLIMATE AND PRODUCTIONS.—North of the Balkan the climate is cold and often severe ; in the south it is warm and delightful. The soil is fertile, but agriculture, manufactures, and commerce are neglected. Wheat is grown in large quantities in the plains of the Danube in the north-east. There are large forests in various parts of the country.
The GOVERNMENT of Turkey is despotic, under å Sultan. The Turks are Mabommedans, but the greater part of the people are of the Greek Church. Greece enjoys a limited monarchy under a king.
CHIEF Towns. -TŮRKEY.-Con-stan-ti-no-ple, on the Bosphorus, is the capital ; it looks a beautiful city from the sea, but is very dirty. A-dri-an-o'-ple, on the Maritza, is the second city. Sa-lon'-i-ka is a chief port. Bel-grade, on the Danube, and Bu'-char-est are important towns in the north.
GREECE.-Athens, the capital, stands on the Gulf of Æ-gi'na. Pa-tras and Cor-inth export currants.
SOUTH AMERICA. C 33— SOUTH AMERICA is a very compact continent, broad towards the north and pointed in the south, somewhat like Africa. It has few indentations, and is nearly twice as large as Europe.
The continent of South America is almost entirely situated in the southern part of the Western Hemisphere.
It is nearly surrounded by the ocean, being bounded on the north by the Car-ib-be'an Sea, on the east by the Atlantic, and on the west by the Pacific The Isthmus of Pan-a-ma', 30 miles wide, joins it to North America.
A railway, 57 miles long, has been made across the Isthmus, and it has been proposed to join the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, by a canal from San Juan (Greytown), on the Caribbean Sea, passing through L. Nic-ar-ag'-ua (něk-or-agʻ-wăh), so that ships might be saved the long voyage round Cape Horn.
PARTS OF THE SEA.-Gulf of Dar'-ien, Mouth of the Am'-a-zon, Mouth of the La Pla -ta, Strait of Ma-gel'-lan, and Bay of Pan-a-ma'.
CAPES.-St. Roque (rock) on the east and Cape Horn on the south. Lesson 163.-Wednesday Morning. Work these Sums.
*(1) A person gave away }, }, and of £10 : how much was left ?
*(2) I gave away }, }, and of the money in my purse, and still had 5/- : how much had I at first ?
*(3) 29.21bs. of tea cost £4:33, find the cost of 50.23lbs.
*(4) If A could reap a field in 3 days, and B in 4 days, how long would they be in doing it together? *(5) Reduce *035 x .0027
• 2} * # x 35.
0007 Lesson 164.-Thursday Morn. Grammar. Write and Learn. Ex. 91. Analyse and Parse-
Marshalling all His terrors as He came
Life for obedience, death for every flaw.--Cowper).
What the ancients used instead of mirrors.
Lesson 165.–Friday Morning. Work these Sums.
(1) If A can reap a field in 3 days, and A and B in 2 days, how long will B take to reap it?
(2) Reduce (42:6 * •007) = ('63 x 3 of 5.406).
(4) If 57 yards cost $410, find the cost of 34 yards. History.-Write and Learn.-GEORGE III.- Continued). A.D. War declared with Spain for assisting France. England gained 1762 Canada, and several West Indian islands. 1765 The American Stamp Act, imposing a duty on the stamps affixed to
all law deeds. The Americans opposed it, and it was repealed. 1767 A bill was passed in the English parliament for imposing taxes on tea,
paper, glass, &c., on the American colonies. 1773 A mob destroyed all the tea in Boston harbour. The Government 1775 refused to repeal the tax, and the American War of Independence