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LESSON 72–Continued. ON THE EAST COAST.-Montrose, on the R. Esk, imports a great quantity of corn, and has flax-spinning and shipbuilding. Ab'er-deen, between the mouths of the Dee and Don, is the fourth largest city in Scotland. It is the seat of a university, has valuable granite quarries, and numerous shipyards. Bal'moral (bal-mo-ral), a residence of the Queen, lies 45 miles to the west of Aberdeen. In-ver-ness', at the mouth of the Caledonian Canal, is often called the capital of the Highlands. Charles Edward, the Young Pretender, was defeated at Culloden Moor (cul'-lo-den), near Inverness, in 1746. Wick, on the N.E. coast, in Caithness, is the chief seat of the herring fishery.
EUROPE.--FRANCE-POLITICAL. B 15—MANUFACTURES.- France ranks next to England as a manufacturing and commercial country.
The important manufactures are wine and brandy, silk, cotton, woollen, and linen, hardware, and jewellery.
Champagne (sham-pane) and Burgundy wines are grown in the eastern
Cotton, woollen, and linen are made in the north-east, at Lule (lēēl) and Rouen (roo-en).
The POPULATION is about thirty-six millions, and the GOVERNMENT at present is a Republic under a president. The religion is Roman Catholic, but all forms are tolerated.
The most important foreign possessions of France are Al-ge'-ria, in the north of Africa, the chief town of which is Al-giers'; and Bour-bon or Re'-union, an island to the east of Madagascar. Fránce has also small possessions in Hindostan, Cochin China, the West Indies, South America, and Oceania.
THE SEAS, &c., OF ASIA-(Continued). C 15—(7) The China Sea is separated from the Indian Ocean y Si-am', the Malay Peninsula, the islands of Sum-a-tra, and Ja'-va, and from the Pacific by Bor-ne-o and the Phil'-ip-pine Is. It receives thé R. Me'-kop.
(8) The Yellow Sea receives the Ho-hang' Ho, and the Yang-tse-kiang', the largest river in Asia, 3,200 miles long.
(9) The Sea of Ok-otsk receives the R. A-moor', which rises south of the Al-ta'-i Mts.
CLIMATE, SOIL, PRODUCTIONS.—The north is very cold, the central parts are generally cold and dry, and the south hot. In the centre and west are large deserts, and in Si-be-ri-a is much barren land, but the south is fertile. Gold, silver, lead, and copper are got from the Altai Mts., and diamonds are found in India. Coal is found in India, China, and Siberia.
Tea is got from China and India, and coffee from Arabia. The elephant, the lion, and the tiger are found in the south.
There are more than 600 millions of people in Asia, or about half the people in the world, China having the greatest number.
Lesson 73.-Wednesday Morning. Work these Sums. MULTIPLICATION of Vulgar Fractions.
(7) 5 x 111 (5) 88 x
(8) 35 x 45 x 11 (6) 7
(9) 83 x of }
Lesson 74.—Thursday Morn. Grammar. Write and Learn.
And may at last my weary age
And every herb that sips the dew.-(Milton.-See Less. 136). Ex. 38. COMPOSITION.—Gold: where and how found; its value ; properties, and use ; why used for money.
Ex. 39. Write the plurals of-Goose, die, lady, knife, calf, ox, radius.
Lesson 75.-Friday Morning. Work these Sums.
Find the PRODUCT of(1) of x 4 (2) 16 x 336 of (3) 21 x 8 x 5 xs of a
(4) (73 + 3) x (74 - }) (5) (611 - 23) x (6} + 3}) History.-Write and Learn.-CHARLES I–(Continued). A.D. To protect the five members whom Charles wanted to arrest, the 1642 citizens of London took up arms.
Charles gathered his army at
parliamentarians were called Roundheads.
Roundheads (1644). NASEBY (Northamptonshire)—Oliver Cromwell
defeated the Royalists (1645). 1646 The king surrendered himself to the Scots, who were at Newark.
They gave him up to the parliament for £400,000. He was charged with treason, for making war on his subjects, and was condemned and executed (1649).
Thou fix them 60 on the earth as fast:
Spare fast, 6l that oft with gods doth diet, 62
And add to these retired Leisure, 66
(50) That in trim66 gardens takes his pleasure : 56. Ecstacy. 57. Become fixed as marble in thy thoughts. 58. Dull, sad. 59. Casting or looking downwards with the eyes. 60. The eyes. 61. Scanty food. 62. Live. 63. The nine Greek goddesses who presided over arts and sciences. 64. Always, for ever. 65. (Pronounce lězh'-ŭr. pronunciation now is lee'-zhůr). 66. Orderly, tidy, well-arranged.
The most proper
Lesson 77.--Tuesday Morn. Geography. Write and Learn.
same race as the English.
Iron and coal are the most important minerals. Granite and slate are found in the Highlands, especially near Aberdeen.
Until 1603 Scotland was a separate kingdom under kings of its own, but on the death of our Queen Elizabeth, James VI. of Scotland became our king, and since then the two countries have been united.
The Scotch are nearly all Protestants, and the established form of religion is Pres-by-te'-rian.
Scotland sends 16 peers, chosen for each Parliament, to the House of Lords, and 60 members to the House of Commons.
EUROPE.-FRANCE.-POLITICAL. B 16—CHIEF Towns. - Paris, the capital, is the most splendid city in the world, and the largest city in Europe after London.
On the North and East coast are the towns of Cal'-ais (kal'-ay), Bou'-logne (bob-long), Dieppe (děpp), Ha'v-re, all ports ; Cher'-bourg (share-bourg), a strong fortress ; Brest, a naval station. Nantes, at the mouth of the Loire, has great trade. Bor-deaux' (bor-dő) is the second largest port.
On the Mediterranean are Marseilles (mar-sales'), the chief port, and Tou-lon (too-long), the chief naval station. Nice (nees) is a noted place for invalids, having a delightful climate.
Rheims (rēēms), on a tributary of the Seine, has a famous cathedral, where the kings of France were formerly crowned. It is a great depôt (dă-po') for wines. Or'-le-ans, on the R. Loire, was besieged by the English in 1428, and delivered by Joan of Arc, the Maid of Orleans. Tou-louse (too-looz), on the Garonne, is the largest city in the south of France.
1. A-si-at'-ic Tur'-key... SMYR'-NA... On the x-ge-an Sea.
In the Interior, 4. Af-ghan-is-tan'.. CA-BOOL'
In the Interior.
B. of Bengal'.
R. Ir-ra-wad'-dy. 8. Si-am' (se-am').... BAN-KOK..
R. Mei'-nan (mē-nan). 9. A'-nam HU-E' (you-a')
Coast. 10. Chinese Empire PE-KIN'
R. Pei'-ho (pāy-ho.)
In the Interior.
1. of Ni'-phon.
Lesson 78.-Wednesday Morning. Work these Sums.
(1) Divide 14 by li (5) Divide 3* by 18
(7) 5% (4)
Lesson 79.–Thursday Morn. Grammar. Write and Learn. Ex. 40. Analyse and Parse fully
"And when above the surges
They saw his crest appear,
Could scarce forbear to cheer.”—(Macaulay). Ex. 41. COMPOSITION.-Pottery: what it is ; how made, and what from ; where made; kinds, and their uses.
Ex. 42. When are verbs called regular and when irregular? Give six examples of each,
Lesson 80.-Friday Morning. Work these Sums.
Find the QUOTIENT of-. (1) (1 of }) = (1 of 1) (2) (24 of 34) = (1} of 3}) (3) = (1 of 3).
(4) (74 + 4) = (412 - 23) (5) (60 - 3) (45 + 64) History.-Write and Learn.-THE COMMONWEALTH (1649--1660). A.D. After Charles was executed, the “Rump”. Parliament, as it was
called, abolished the House of Lords, and appointed 42 persons, called the Council of State, to govern the country. The celebrated John Milton was foreign secretary, and Cromwell and Fairfax were in command of the army. Both the Irish and Scotch proclaimed
Prince Charles, son of the late king, but Cromwell suppressed the 1650 Irish, and then defeated the Scotch at Dunbar. 1651 The Scotch crowned Prince Charles. He raised an army and invaded
England, was defeated by Cromwell at Worcester, and after much
danger escaped to France. 1652 War commenced with the Dutch, principally caused through jealousy.
The English gained many victories. 1653 Cromwell dissolved the Long Parliament, and was soon made “LORD
PROTECTOR OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF ENGLAND. 1658 Cromwell died. He was a clever man, but stern and severe.
Richard Cromwell succeeded him, but he only reigned 5 months.
Less? 2 Phil'-7-mělia will deign a song? 4
checks her dragon yoke?? (60) Gently o'er the accustom'd oak. 78 67. Yonder. 68. A Hebrew word which means “Spirit of Love." A heavenly spirit. 69. (Pronounce in five syllables). Milton is supposed to refer to the vision of the fiery-wheeled throne guided by Cherubims in Ezekiel x. 70. Silence which is not broken by any sound. 71. Go quietly, keep silence. Here = bid silence come quietly with you. 72. Unless. 73. The Nightingale. 74. Condescend to sing. 75. Style, manner. 76. The moon. The twin sister of Apollo, and goddess of the moon aud of hunting. 77. A team of dragons. Milton here supposes the moon to be in a chariot drawn by dragons. 78. The oak under which she used, when hunting, to pull up her car to alight or to rest. Lesson 82.–Tuesday Morn. Geography. Write and Learn.
A 17–RAILWAYS OF SCOTLAND.-The railways centre in the two chief towns, Edinburgh and Glasgow.
(1) The North British. The chief lines run from Edinburgh to Berwick and Glasgow, to Dundee, to Perth, and to Stirling.
(2) The Caledonian joins Carlisle, Glasgow, and Edinburgh with Aberdeen, through Stirling, Perth, Forfar, and Stonehaven.
(3)_The Glasgow and South Western runs to Carlisle by Kilmarnock and Dumfries,
(4) The Highland Line, joining Perth with Inverness by Blair Athol, Kin-guis'-sie, and For'rės. THE NETH'-ER-LANDS: HOL'-LAND, AND BEL-GI-UM.—PHYSICAL.
B 17-BOUNDARIES.--North-west by the North Sea, south by France, and the west by the German Empire.
SURFACE.-The entire surface of Hol'-land is flat, and a great part is below the level of the sea, which is kept out by means of dykes or embankments, and sand-hills or dunes. The sea sometimes breaks in and does great damage. The south-east of Bel'-gi-um is hilly, and covered with large forests. This part is rich in minerals, as coal, iron, copper, lead, and building stone.
RIVERS.-The mouth of the R. Rhine, and' the R. Meuse or Maas, and the Scheldt (sheld or skelt).
When the Rhine enters Holland from Prussia, it is 2,000 feet wide.
It soon forms a large delta, dividing into a great many branches. CLIMATE AMD PRODUCTIONS.-The climate is cold, foggy, and damp; unhealthy near the sea. The south-east is the most temperate. The winters in Holland are often severe. The soil is fertile, and well cultivated. There is much pasture, and great attention is paid to the rearing of cattle. Ordinary English crops, together with hemp, beet-root, from which sugar is made, chicory, and tobacco are cultivated.
ASIA-CHINESE EMPIRE. C 17—This Empire, one of the largest in the world, consists of China, Co-re’-a, Tib'-et, Man-chooʻ-ria, Mon-go'-li-a, and the LOO-Choo' Islands, and includes a great part of the centre and east of Asia.
China Proper is the chief division, the rest, though having native rulers, are all dependent upon the Emperor of China, who sanctions their laws or imposes tribute.
The Chinese dislike foreigners, and we therefore know little about the interior of the country.