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"Or a truth, whosoever had, with the bodily eye, seen Hengist and Horsa mooring on the mud-beach of Thanet, on that spring morning of the year 449, and then, with the spiritual eye, looked forward to New York, Calcutta, Sydney Cove, across the ages and the oceans, and thought what Wellingtons, Washingtons, Shaksperes, Miltons, Watts, Arkwrights, William Pitts, and Davie Crocketts had to issue from that business, and do their several taskworks so, he would have said these leather boats of Hengist's had a kind of cargo in them—a genealogic mythus, superior to any in the old Greek, to almost any in the old Hebrew itself, and not a mythus either, but every fibre of it fact."-Carlyle.

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SON of the ocean isle !!

Where sleep your mighty dead?

Show me that high and stately pile

Is rear'd o'er Glory's bed.

Go, stranger, track the deep,
Free, free the white sail spread!
Wave may not foam, nor wild winds sleep,
Where rest not England's dead.

On Egypt's burning plains,

By the pyramid o'ersway'd,

With fearful power the noonday reigns,

And the palm-trees yield no shade.

But let the angry sun

From heaven look fiercely red,

Unfelt by those whose task is done!—

There sleep England's dead.3

The hurricane hath might
Along the Indian shore,

And far by Ganges' banks at night

Is heard the tiger's roar.

But let the sound roll on,

It hath no tone of dread

For those that from their toils are gone ;-
There slumber England's dead.

Loud rush the torrent-floods
The western wilds* among;

And free, in green Columbia's woods,
The hunter's bow is strung.

But let the floods rush on!
Let the arrow's flight be sped!

Why should they reck whose task is done ?-
There slumber England's dead.

The mountain-storms rise high
In the snowy Pyrenees,

And toss the pine-boughs through the sky,
Like rose-leaves on the breeze.

But let the storm rage on!

Let the fresh wreaths be shed!
For the Roncesvalles' field is won,-
There slumber England's dead."

On the frozen deep's repose

"Tis a dark and dreadful hour,
When round the ship the ice-fields close,
And the northern night-clouds lower.

But let the ice drift on!

Let the cold blue desert spread!
Their course with mast and flag is done,-
Even there sleep England's dead.

The warlike of the isles,

The men of field and wave,

Are not the rocks their funeral piles,
The seas and shores their grave?

Go, stranger, track the deep,

Free, free the white sail spread!

Wave may not foam, nor wild wind sweep

Where rest not England's dead.


1. Who is addressed under this title ?

4. What wilds?

2. Ellipsis?

3. Historical allusions?

5. Detail the particular allusions.




"THAT We should love the land of our birth, of our happiness, of that social system under which our happiness has been produced and protected, the land of our ancestors, of all the great names and great deeds which we have been taught most early to venerate, is surely as little wonderful as that we should feel, what we all feel, a sort of affection for the most trifling object which we have merely borne about with us for any length of time. Loving the very land of our birth, we love those who inhabit it, who are to us a part, as it were, of the land itself, and the part which brings it most immediately home to our affections and services. It is a greater recommendation to our good-will, indeed, to be a relative, or a friend, or a benefactor; but it is no slight recommendation, even without any of these powerful titles, to be a fellow-countryman, to have breathed the same air, and trod the same soil, and lent vigour to the same political institutions, to which our own aid has actively or passively contributed."Brown's Lectures.

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BREATHES there a man, with soul so dead,
Who never to himself hath said,

"This is my own, my native land !"
Whose heart has ne'er within him burned,
As home his footsteps he hath turned,

From wandering on a foreign strand!
If such there breathe, go, mark him well;
For him no minstrel raptures swell:
High though his titles, proud his name,
Boundless his wealth as wish can claim;
Despite those titles, power, and pelf,
The wretch, concentred all in self,
Living, shall forfeit fair renown,
And, doubly dying, shall go down
To the vile dust, from whence he sprung,
Unwept, unhonoured, and unsung.

O Caledonia! stern and wild,
Meet nurse for a poetic child!

Land of brown heath and shaggy wood,
Land of the mountain and the flood,
Land of my sires! what mortal hand
Can e'er untie the filial band,
That knits me to thy rugged strand!



IN the year 1314 the weak and worthless Edward II. invaded Scotand with the most formidable army that had ever left England, consisting of not less than 100,000 men, admirably equipped, and headed by the flower of English chivalry. King Robert Bruce met him on the banks of Bannockburn, at a short distance from Stirling, with only 40,000 Scots. The following poetical address is supposed to be spoken by Bruce on the approach of the enemy. The English were defeated; an immense slaughter followed; and Scotland was delivered from her invaders. Sir William Wallace, in the time of Edward I., had bravely, but not successfully, struggled for the freedom of his native country; it was now secured by Bruce.

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SCOTS, wha hae wi' Wallace bled,
Scots, wham Bruce has often led;
Welcome to your gory bed,
Or to victory!

Now's the day, and now's the hour,
See the front of battle lour;
See approach proud Edward's power,
Chains and slavery!

Wha will be a traitor knave?
Wha can fill a coward's grave?
Wha sae base as be a slave?
Let him turn and flee!

Wha for Scotland's king and law,
Freedom's sword would strongly draw,
Freeman stand or freeman fa',
Let him follow me!

By oppression's woes and pains,
By your sons in servile chains,
We will drain our dearest veins,
But they shall be free!

Lay the proud usurper low!
Tyrants fall in every foe!
Liberty's in every blow!

Let us do, or die!





"THE British Islands have also been singularly fortunate in respect of climate. If we desiderate the clear skies of Italy and the south of France, we also want the long-continued droughts and exhausting heats to which they are subject. Though exposed to sudden changes, we are exempted from all violent extremes of heat and cold.





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On the whole, the climate of the British Islands is, notwithstanding its defects, one of the best, if not the very best, in Europe. It requires, indeed, the most anxious and watchful attention on the part of the husbandman; but instead of being a drawback, that is an advantage. There is also much truth in the remark of Charles II., as quoted by Sir William Temple:-' He thought that was the best climate where he could be abroad in the air with pleasure, or at least without trouble and inconvenience, the most days of the year, and the most hours of the day; and this he thought he could be in England, more than in any other country of Europe.'"-McCulloch's Geographical Dictionary.

Rocks of my country! let the cloud
Your crested heights array,
And rise ye like a fortress proud,
Above the surge and spray!

My spirit greets you as ye stand,
Breasting the billow's foam:
O! thus for ever guard the land,
The sever'd' land of home!

I have left rich blue skies behind,
Lighting up classic shrines ;
And music in the southern wind;
And sunshine on the vines.

The breathings of the myrtle flowers
Have floated o'er my way;
The pilgrim's voice, at vesper-hours,
Hath soothed me with its lay.

The isles of Greece, the hills of Spain,
The purple heavens of Rome,-
Yes, all are glorious ;-yet again
I bless thee, land of home!

For thine the Sabbath peace, my land!
And thine the guarded hearth;
And thine the dead, the noble band,
That makes thee holy earth.

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