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THE BATTLE OF HOHENLINDEN.
III. THE BATTLE OF HOHENLINDEN.
It was near Hohenlinden, a village of Bavaria, on the 3rd of December, 1800, that one of the greatest battles took place, between the French and Bavarian army on the one side, and the Austrians on the other. The former, under the generalship of Moreau, gained a complete victory over the latter, under Archduke John. Besides killed and wounded, the Austrians lost 10,000 prisoners and 100 pieces of cannon. See Mc Culloch's Geographical Dictionary.
Distinguish between the following words:
Wave and Waive.
Morn and Mourn.
ON Linden, when the sun was low,'
But Linden show'd another sight,
Then shook the hills, with thunder riven;
But redder still these fires shall glow,
'Tis morn; but scarce yon level sun
Shout 'mid their sulphurous canopy.
The combat deepens :7 On, ye brave!
Few, few shall part where many meet!
1. When is the sun low?
2. What is meant by "fires of death ?" 3. What dreadful revelry? 4. The natural order of this verse, and what is gained by transposing it?
5. What war-cloud?
6. Does mid here seem unexceptionable?
7. Is deepen here used as trans. or intrans. verb?
"It was in the pass of Thermopyla, as every body knows, that, anno 480 B.C., the Spartan king Leonidas, with about 4,000 Greeks, resisted for awhile the whole force of the Persian army, invading Greece under Xerxes. After the Persians had succeeded in opening a passage by another route across the mountains, Leonidas, having dismissed almost all the other Greeks, devoted himself with 300 Spartans, in obedience to the laws which forbade Spartans under whatever disadvantage to fly from an enemy, and, agreeably to the answer of the oracle, a sacrifice to insure the independence of his country. (Herodotus, lib. vii., cap. 210-228.) This event has given Thermopyla all its interest, and will make it be held in "everlasting remembrance." After the final defeat of the Persians, a magnificent monument, the ruins of which still remain, was erected in honour of Leonidas and his heroic companions. It had an inscription, said by Cicero, by whom it has been translated, to have been written by Simonides (Tuscul. i., cap. 42), and which has been rendered into English as follows:
"To Lacedæmon's sons, O stranger, tell
'Twas an hour of fearful issues,
When the bold three hundred stood,
By that old Thessalian flood:
And O! that oath was nobly kept:
O, yes, that oath was nobly kept,
The foeman's fetters spurn;
V. KING CANUTE.
"CANUTE, the greatest and most powerful monarch of his time, sovereign of Denmark and Norway, as well as of England, could not fail of meeting with adulation from his courtiers; a tribute which is liberally paid, even to the meanest and weakest princes. Some of his flatterers, breaking out one day in admiration of his grandeur, exclaimed, that everything was possible for him; upon which the monarch, it is said, ordered his chair to be set on the sea-shore, while the tide was rising; and as the waters approached he commanded them to retire, and to obey the voice of him who was lord of the ocean. He feigned to sit some time in expectation of their submission; but when the sea still advanced towards him, and began to wash him with its billows, he turned to his courtiers, and remarked to them, that every creature in the universe was feeble and impotent, and that power resided with one Being alone, in whose hands were all the elements of nature, who could say to the ocean, Thus far shalt thou go, and no farther; and who could level with his nod the most towering piles of human pride and ambition."-Hume's History of England.
Compare the following Adjectives:
G. W. DOANE.
His throne was placed by ocean's side,
The waves their strife forbear :-
The briny deep its waves tossed high,
For in that wrathful glance they see