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Mark the dens of caitiff Moors ;
Ah! the pirates seize their oars ;

-Fly the desecrated shores.
Egypt's hieroglyphic realm,
Other floods than Nile's o'erwhelm ;

-Slaves turn’d despots hold the helm.
Judah's cities are forlorn,
Lebanon and Carmel shorn,
Zion trampled down with scorn.

Greece, thine ancient lamp is spent ;
Thou art thine own monument;

But the sepulchre is rent.
And a wind is on the wing
At whose breath new heroes spring,
Sages teach, and poets 12 sing.

Italy, thy beauties shroud
In a gorgeous evening cloud ;

Thy refulgent head is bow'd :
Yet where Roman genius reigns,
Roman blood must warm the veins ;

- Look well, tyrants, to your chains.
Feudal realm of old romance,
Spain, thy lofty front advance,

Grasp thy shield and couch thy lance.
At the fire-flash of thine eye,
Giant bigotry shall fly;
At thy voice, oppression die.

Lusitania, from thy dust
Shake thy locks; the cause is just ;

Strike for freedom, strike and trust.
France, I hurry from thy shore;
Thou art not the France of yore ;
Thou art new-born France no more.

Sweep by Holland like the blast;
One quick glance at Denmark cast,

Sweden, Russia ; -all is past.
Elbe nor Weser tempt my stay ;
Germany, beware the day
When thy schoolmen bear the sway.

Now to thee, to thee I fly,
Fairest isle beneath the sky
To my heart as in mine eye!



I have seen them one by one,
Every shore beneath the sun,
And my voyage now is done.

While I bid them all be blest;
Britain thou’rt my home, my rest;
My own land, I love thee best.13

MONTGOMERY. 1. What historical facts are here re- sea to be calm, whenever it alights in ferred to ?

the waves ; when an adjective, it signi2. As far as the British West India fies calm or tranquil.”—McCulloch. Islands are concerned, this is no longer 7. What ancient division of India is true.

here referred to ? 3. Paraphrase these two lines.

8. What does the poet refer to ? 4. What twy oceans

9. Explain the historical allusions, 5. What is the meaning of mounting 10. What part of speech is keep here? Aurora's car

11. No longer true. 6. “ Halcyon is both a noun and an 12. What poet in particular is referred adjective. When a noun, it is the name to ? of a bird, which the poets say causes the 13. Best, what part of speech ?

XXI. THE NORTHERN SEAS. In the arctic regions total darkness lasts about six weeks, but the sky is enlivened by all sorts of brilliant lights, by meteors or flashes of light, darting through the sky, as we sometimes see in the heavens of our country, and also by the lights called the Aurora Borealis, or Northern Dancers-lights which assume all sorts of shapes, and the most lovely colours; and when these fade they have the stars. Derivations. Etymology.





Things, v. 2, 1. 3.


Fathoms, v. 3, 1. 4.


Echoes, v. 4, 1. 3.

Up! up! let us a voyage take,

Why sit we here at ease ?
Find us a vessel tight and snug,

Bound for the Northern Seas.
I long to see the Northern Lights,

With their rushing splendours fly ;
Like living things with flaming wings,

Wide o'er the wond'rous sky.
I long to see those icebergs vast,

With heads all crowned with snow;
Whose green roots sleep in the awful deep,

Two hundred fathoms low !

I long to hear the thund'ring crash

Of their terrific fall,
And the echoes from a thousand cliffs,

Like lonely voices call.
There shall we see the fierce white bear,

The sleepy seals aground,
And the spouting whales that to and fro

Sail with a dreary sound.
There may we tread on depths of ice,

That the hairy mammoth hide,
Perfect as when in times of old,

The mighty creature died.
And while the unsetting sun shines on

Through the still 2 heaven's deep blue,
We'll traverse the azure waves, the herds

Of the dread sea-horse 8 to view.
We'll pass the shores of solemn pine,

Where wolves and black bears prowl ;
And away to the rocky isles of mist,

To rouse the northern fowl.
And there in wastes of the silent sky,

With silent earth below,
We shall see far off to his lonely rock,

The lonely eagle go.
Then softly, softly will we tread

By inland streams to see,
Where the cormorant of the silent north,

Sits there all silently.
We've visited the northern clime,

Its cold and ice-bound main;
So now, let us back to a dearer land
To Britain back again !


3. Another name for the sea-horse ?

1. Another name for Northern Lights ? 2. Still, what part of speech?

XXII. THE DOWNFALL OF POLAND. In 1772 the three powers, Prussia, Austria, and Russia, dismembered Poland, taking the greater portion of it to themselves, and the courts of London and Paris permitted this act of arbitrary power and spoliation to pass unnoticed. “ A small part was reserved to Poland, but a second dismemberment took place in 1793, when the three



allied powers divided the remaining provinces between them; and what remained of Poland was finally divided between the royal spoliators in 1795, who were, at that very period, protesting against the doctrines of the French Revolutionists. The champion of the Poles, on this last partition, was General Kosciusko, who, heading a small body of patriots, made a stand for the liberties of his ill-fated country, but he was defeated, wounded, and taken prisoner by the Russians. Praga, the great suburb of Warsaw, was stormed by the Russian general Suwarrow, and all the inhabitants put to the sword; Warsaw itself capitulated, and nothing was left for the Poles absolute submission. The king of Poland, deprived of his title, subsisted at Petersburg upon a pension.”— Tytler's Gen. History. Derivations.


Syntax. Triumph. Generous. Poured.

Waste. Oppression. Carnage.


Country. Tumultuous. Murmuring. Still as the breeze." Warriors. Presaging. Prevails.


Blood-dyed waters.
Destruction. Meteors.
Uudismayed. Puissant.

Distinguish between these words:
Poured and pored.

Dyed and died.
Tolled and told. Bade and bad.
Oh! sacred Truth,' thy triumph ceased awhile
And Hope, thy sister, 2 ceased with thee to smile,
When leagued oppression pour’d to northern wars
Her whisker'd pandoors and her fierce hussars,
Waved her dread standard to the breeze of morn,
Peal'd her loud drum, and twang'd her trumpet horn :
Tumultuous horror brooded o'er her van ;
Presaging wrath to Poland -and to man !
Warsaw's last champion from her * height survey'd
Wide o'er the fields a waste of ruin laid,
Oh! Heav'n-he cried,--my bleeding country save !
Is there no hand on high to shield the brave?
Yet, though destruction sweep those lovely plains,
Rise, fellow-men! our country yet remains !
By that dread names we wave the sword on high !
And swear for her to live !-with her to die !
He said, and on the rampart-heights array'd
His trusty warriors, few, but undismay’d;
Firm-paced and slow, a horrid 6 front they form,
Still as the breeze, but dreadful as the storm ;
Low, murm'ring sounds along their banners fly,
Revenge or death,—the watchword and reply ;
Then peal'd the notes, omnipotent to charm,
And the loud tocsin toll'd their last alarm !


In vain, alas ! in vain, ye gallant few !
From rank to rank your volley'd thunder flew :-
Oh! bloodiest picture in the book of time,
Sarmatia fell, unwept, without a crime,
Found not a generous friend, a pitying foe,
Strength in her arms, nor mercy in her woe!
Dropp'd from her nerveless grasp the shatter'd spear,
Closed her bright'age, and curb'd her high career :
Hope, for a season, bade the world farewell,
And Freedom shriek'd-as KOSCIUSKO fell!
The sun went down, nor ceased the carnage there,
Tumultuous murder shook the midnight air-
On Prague's proud arch the fires of ruin glow,?
His blood-dyed waters murmuring below;
The storm prevails, the rampart yields a way,
Bursts the wild cry of horror and dismay !
Hark! as the smouldering piles with thunder fall,
A thousand shrieks for hopeless mercy call !
Earth shook--red meteors flash'd along the sky,
And conscious Nature shudder'd at the cry!
Departed spirits of the mighty dead !
Ye that at Marathon and Leuctra 8 bled !
Friends of the world ! restore your swords to man,
Fight in his sacred cause and lead the van!
Yet for Sarmatia's blood atone,
And make her arm puissant as your own!
Oh! once again to Freedom's cause return
The patriot TELL—the BRUCE of BANNOCKBURN.


1. Why sacred Truth?

6. In what sense is horrid to be under. 2. What does the poet mean by repre- stood ? senting Hope as the sister of Truth: 7. What is gained by the change from

3. What are pandvors and hussars? the past tense, at the former line, to the 4. What is the correlative of her?

present in this ? 5. What dread name?

8. Where are these two battle-fields.

XXIII. THE DYING GLADIATOR. “ THE first Christian emperor may claim the honour of the first edict which condemned the art and amusement of shedding human blood; but this benevolent law expressed the wishes of the prince, without reforming an inveterate abuse which degraded a civilized nation below the condition of savage cannibals. Several hundred, perhaps several thousand, victims were annually slaughtered in the great cities of the empire, and the month of December, more peculiarly devoted

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