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Mark the dens of caitiff Moors;
Judah's cities are forlorn,
Lebanon and Carmel shorn,
And a wind is on the wing
Italy, thy beauties shroud
Look well, tyrants, to your chains.
Shake thy locks; the cause is just;
France, I hurry from thy shore;
Sweep by Holland like the blast;
Elbe nor Weser tempt my stay;
THE NORTHERN SEAS.
I have seen them one by one,
While I bid them all be blest;
1. What historical facts are here referred to?
2. As far as the British West India Islands are concerned, this is no longer
3. Paraphrase these two lines. 4. What two oceans?
5. What is the meaning of mounting Aurora's car?
6. "Halcyon is both a noun and an adjective. When a noun, it is the name of a bird, which the poets say causes the
sea to be calm, whenever it alights in the waves; when an adjective, it signifies calm or tranquil."-McCulloch.
7. What ancient division of India is here referred to ?
8. What does the poet refer to?
9. Explain the historical allusions.
XXI. THE NORTHERN SEAS.
In the arctic regions total darkness lasts about six weeks, but the sky is enlivened by all sorts of brilliant lights, by meteors or flashes of light, darting through the sky, as we sometimes see in the heavens of our country, and also by the lights called the Aurora Borealis, or Northern Dancers-lights which assume all sorts of shapes, and the most lovely colours; and when these fade they have the stars.
10. What part of speech is keep here? 11. No longer true.
12. What poet in particular is referred to? 13. Best, what part of speech?
UP! up! let us a voyage take,
I long to see the Northern Lights,'
With their rushing splendours fly;
I long to see those icebergs vast,
With heads all crowned with snow;
I long to hear the thund'ring crash
And the echoes from a thousand cliffs,
There shall we see the fierce white bear,
There may we tread on depths of ice,
And while the unsetting sun shines on
Through the still heaven's deep blue,
We'll pass the shores of solemn pine,
Where wolves and black bears prowl;
To rouse the northern fowl.
And there in wastes of the silent sky,
We shall see far off to his lonely rock,
Then softly, softly will we tread
Where the cormorant of the silent north,
We've visited the northern clime,
1. Another name for Northern Lights? 3. Another name for the sea-horse? 2. Still, what part of speech?
XXII. THE DOWNFALL OF POLAND.
IN 1772 the three powers, Prussia, Austria, and Russia, dismembered Poland, taking the greater portion of it to themselves, and the courts of London and Paris permitted this act of arbitrary power and spoliation to pass unnoticed. "A small part was reserved to Poland, but a second dismemberment took place in 1793, when the three
THE DOWNFALL OF POLAND.
allied powers divided the remaining provinces between them; and what remained of Poland was finally divided between the royal spoliators in 1795, who were, at that very period, protesting against the doctrines of the French Revolutionists. The champion of the Poles, on this last partition, was General Kosciusko, who, heading a small body of patriots, made a stand for the liberties of his ill-fated country, but he was defeated, wounded, and taken prisoner by the Russians. Praga, the great suburb of Warsaw, was stormed by the Russian general Suwarrow, and all the inhabitants put to the sword; Warsaw itself capitulated, and nothing was left for the Poles but absolute submission. The king of Poland, deprived of his title, subsisted at Petersburg upon a pension."- Tytler's Gen. History.
OH! sacred Truth,' thy triumph ceased awhile
Presaging wrath to Poland -and to man!
Oh! Heav'n-he cried,-my bleeding country save!
He said, and on the rampart-heights array'd
In vain, alas! in vain, ye gallant few!
The sun went down, nor ceased the carnage there,
Departed spirits of the mighty dead!
And make her arm puissant as your own!
1. Why sacred Truth?
2. What does the poet mean by representing Hope as the sister of Truth? 3. What are pandoors and hussars ? 4. What is the correlative of her? 5. What dread name?
6. In what sense is horrid to be understood?
7. What is gained by the change from the past tense, at the former line, to the present in this?
8. Where are these two battle-fields.
XXIII. THE DYING GLADIATOR.
"THE first Christian emperor may claim the honour of the first edict which condemned the art and amusement of shedding human blood; but this benevolent law expressed the wishes of the prince, without reforming an inveterate abuse which degraded a civilized nation below the condition of savage cannibals. Several hundred, perhaps several thousand, victims were annually slaughtered in the great cities of the empire, and the month of December, more peculiarly devoted