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groves in the day-time, and from the loftiest trees at Who, morn and even

night.”-Russel's Aleppo.
Hall their Creator's dwelling-place
Among the living lights of Heaven.

Page 61, line 88. “As to fire, the Ghebers place the spring head of it Before whose sabre's dazzling light, etc. in that globe of fire, the Sun, by them called Mithras, “When the bright cimeters make the eyes of ow or Mihir, to which they pay the highest reverence, in heroes wink.”—The Moullakat, Poem of Amru. gratitude for the manifold benefits flowing from its ministerial omniscience. But they are so far from

Page 62, line 18. confounding the subordination of the Servant with

As Lebanon's small mountain flood the majesty of its Creator, that they not only attribute

Is rendered holy by the ranks no sort of sense or reasoning to the sun or fire, in any

Of saintod cedars on its banks. of its operations, but consider it as a purely passive

In the Lettres Edifiantes, there is a different cause blind instrument, directed and governed by the im- assigned for its name of Holy. “In these are deep mediate impression on it of the will of God; but they caverns, which formerly served as so many cells for do not even give that luminary, all glorious as it is, a great number of recluses, who had chosen these remore than the second rank amongst his works, re- treats as the only witnesses upon earth of the severity serving the first for that stupendous production of of their penance. The tears of these pious penitents divine power, the mind of man.”—Grose. The false

gave the river of which we have just treated the name charges brought against the religion of these people of the Holy River.”—See Chateaubriand's Beauties by their Mussulman tyrants is but one proof among of Christianity. many of the truth of this writer's remark, “that calumny is often added to oppression, if but for the

Page 62, line 57. sake of justifying it."

A rocky mountain o'er the sea

or Oman beetling awfully. Page 60, line 72.

This mountain is my own creation, as the “stuThat enchanted tree which grows over the tomb of the mu

pendous chain" of which I suppose it a link does not sician Tan-Sein. “Within the enclosure which surrounds this mo- “ This long and lofty range of mountains formerly

extend quite so far as the shores of the Persian Gulf nument (at Gualior) is a small tomb to the memory divided Media from Assyria, and now forms the boun of Tan-Sein, a musician of incomparable skill, who dary of the Persian and Turkish empires. It runs Aourished at the court of Akbar. The tomb is over- parallel with the river Tigris, and Persian Gulf

, and shadowed by a tree, concerning which a superstitious almost disappearing in the vicinity of Gombaroon notion prevails that the chewing of its leaves will give an extraordinary melody to the voice."--Narra- (Harmozia) seems once more to rise in the southern tive of a journey from Agra to Ouzein, by W. Hun- through the centre of Meckraun and Balouchistan,

districts of Kerman, and, following an easterly course ter, Esq.

is entirely lost in the deserts of Sinde."-Kinnier's Page 60, line 77.

Persian Empire. The awful signal of the bamboo-staff. " It is usual to place a small white triangular flag,

Page 62, line 80.

That bold were Moslem, who would dare fixed to a bamboo staff of ten or twelve feet long, at

At twilight hour to steer his skiff the place where a tiger has destroyed a man. It is

Beneath the Gheber's lonely cliff. common for the passengers also to throw each a stone

“There is an extraordinary hill in this neighbour. or brick near the spot, so that in the course of a little hood, called Kohé Gubr, or the Guebre's mountain. time a pile equal to a good waggon-load is collected. It rises in the form of a lofty cupola, and on the sumThe sight of these flags and piles of stones imparts a mit of it, they say, are the remains of an Atush Kudu, certain melancholy, not perhaps altogether void of

or Fire Temple. It is superstitiously held to be the apprehension.”Oriental Field Sports, vol. ii.

residence of Deeves or Sprites, and many marvellous Page 60, line 84.

stories are recounted of the injury and witchcraft sufBeneath the shade, some pious hands had erected, etc.

fered by those who essayed in former days to ascend “The Ficus Indica is called the Pagod Tree and

or explore it."-Pottinger's Beloochistan. Tree of Councils; the first, from the idols placed under its shade; the second, because meetings were held

Page 62, line 103. under its cool branches. In some places it is believed

Still did the mighty flame burn on. to be the haunt of spectres, as the ancient spreading

At the city of Yezd in Persia, which is distinoaks of Wales have been of fairies : in others are

guished by the appellation of the Darub Abadut, or erected, beneath the shade, pillars of stone, or posts, Seat of Religion, the Guebres are permitted to have elegantly carved and ornamented with the most beau- an Atush Kudu or Fire temple (which, they assert, tiful porcelain to supply the use of mirrors.”—Pen- has had the sacred fire in it since the days of Zoro nant.

aster) in their own compartment of the city; but for

this indulgence they are indebted to the avarice, not Page 60, line 108.

the tolerance of the Persian government, which taxes The nightingale now bends her flight. them at 25 rupees each man."-Pottinger's Beloo"The nightingale sings from the pomegranatel chistan.

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eastern ocean, shifting to leeward from island to While on that altar's fires

island, with the variations of the monsoon. In some They sworc.

of their customs this singular race resemble the na“Nul d'entre eux n'oserait se parjurer, quand il a tives of the Maldivia islands. The Maldivians anpris a témoin cet élément terrible et vengeur."-En- nually launch a small bark, loaded with perfumes, cyclopedie Francais.

gums, flowers, and odoriferous wood, and turn it

adrift at the mercy of winds and waves, as an offering Page 63, line 78.

to the Spirit of the Winds; and sometimes similar The Persian lily shines and towers.

offerings are made to the spirit whom they term the "A vivid verdure succeeds the autumnal rains, and King of the Sea. In like manner the Biajus perthe ploughed fields are covered with the Persian lily, form their offering to the god of evil, launching a of a resplendent yellow colour."-Russel's Aleppo. small bark, loaded with all the sins and misfortunes Page 65, line 3.

of the nation, which are imagined to fall on the unLike Dead-Sea fruits, that tempt the eye,

happy crew that may be so unlucky as first to meet But turn to ashes on the lips.

with it. Dr. Leyden on the Languages and Litera

ture of the Indo-Chinese Nations. “They say that there are apple-trees upon the sides of this sea, which bear very lovely fruit, but

Page 65, line 37. within are all full of ashes.”Thevenot. The same

The violet sherbets. is asserted of the oranges there.—See Witman's Travels in Asiatic Turkey.

“The sweet-scented violet is one of the plants most "The Asphalt Lake, known by the name of the which they make of violet sugar.”Hasselquist.

esteemed, particularly for its great use in sorbet, Dead Sea, is very remarkable on account of the con

“The sherbet they most esteem, and which is siderable proportion of salt which it contains. In drank by the Grand Signor himself, is made of vio. this respect it surpasses every other known water on lets and sugar.”—Tavernier. the surface of the earth. This great proportion of bitter-tasted salts is the reason why neither animal

Page 65, line 39. nor plant can live in this water."-Klaproth's Chemi

The pathetic measure of Nava. cal Analysis of the Water of the Dead Sea, Annals “ Last of all she took a guitar, and sung a pathetic of Philosophy, January, 1813. Hasselquist, however, air in the measure called Nava, which is always used doubts the truth of this last assertion, as there are to express the lamentations of absent lovers.”—Per. shell-fish to be found in the lake.

sian Tales. Lord Byron has a similar allusion to the fruits of

Page 65, line 107. the Dead Sea, in that wonderful play of genius,

Her ruby rosary. his Third Canto of Childe Harold,-magnificent be- " Le Tespih, qui est un chapelet, composé de 99 vond any thing, perhaps, that even he has ever written. petites boules d'agathe, de jaspe, d'ambre, de corail,

ou d'autre matiere précieuse. J'en ai vu un superbe Page 65, line 9.

au Seigneur Jerpos; il était de belles et grosses perWhile lakes that shone in mockery nigh.

les parfaites et égales, estime trenté mille piastres.” "The Shuhrab or Water of the Desert is said to be - Toderini. caused by the rarefaction of the atmosphere from ex

Page 69, line 16. treme heat; and, which augments the delusion, it is a silk dyed with the blossoms of the sorrowful tree Nilica. most frequent in hollows, where water might be ex

“ Blossoms of the sorrowful Nyctanthes give a pected to lodge. I have seen bushes and trees re- durable colour to silk.”—Remarks on the Husbandry flected in it, with as much accuracy as though it had of Bengal, p. 200. Nilica is one of the Indian names been the face of a clear and still lake.”Pottinger. of this flower.-Sir W. Jones. The Persians call it

" As to the unbelievers, their works are like a va- Gul.—Carreri. pour in a plain, which the thirsty traveller thinketh

Page 71, line 54. to be water, until when he cometh thereto he findeth

When pitying heaven to roses turn'd it to be nothing."-Koran, chap. 24.

The death-flames that beneath him burn'd.
Page 65, line 20.

Of their other Prophet, Zoroaster, there is a story A flower that the Bidmusk has just passed over.

told in Dion Prusaus, Orat. 36, that the love of wis. "A wind which prevails in February, called Bid-dom and virtue leading him to a solitary life upon a musk, from a small and odoriferous flower of that mountain, he found it one day all in a flame, shining name.”—“The wind which blows these flowers com- with celestial fire, out of which he came without any monly lasts till the end of the month.”—Le Bruyn. harm, and instituted certain sacrifices to God, who,

he declared, then appeared to him.-See Patrick on Page 65, line 22.

Exodus, iii. 2. Where the sea-gipseys, who live for ever on the water.

Page 76, line 54. " The Biajus are of two races ; the one is settled on They were now not far from that Forbidden River. Borneo, and are a rude but warlike and industrious " Akbar, on his way, ordered a fort to be built upon nation, who reckon themselves the original possessors the Nilab, which he called Attock, which means, in of the island of Borneo. The other is a species of the Indian language, Forbidden; for, by the superstisea-gipsies or itinerant fishermen, who live in small tion of the Hindoos, it was held unlawful to cross covered boats, and enjoy a perpetual summer on the that river."-Dow's Hindostan.

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promoting a circulation of air, extremely refreshing Resembling, she ofen thought, that people of Zinge. in those sultry climates."-Richardson.

“ The inhabitants of this country (Zinge) are never “ The swings are adorned with festoons. This pas. afflicted with sadness or melancholy: on this subject time is accompanied with music of voices and of inthe Sheikh Abu-al-Kheir-Azhari has the following struments, hired by the masters of the swings."distich :

Thevenot. “Who is the man without care or sorrow (tell) that

Page 78, line 16. I may rub my hand to him.

as if all the shores, “ (Behold) the Zingians, without care or sorrow, Like those of Kathay, utier'd music and gavo frolicksome, with tipsiness and mirth."

An answer in song to the kiss of each wave. "The philosophers have discovered that the cause This miraculous quality has been attributed also to of this cheerfulness proceeds from the influence of the shore of Attica. “Hujus littus ait Capella conthe star Soheil or Canopus, which rises over them centum musicum illisis terræ undis reddere, quod every night.”—Extract from a geographical Persian propter tantam eruditionis vim puto dictum.”Manuscript, called Hest Allin, or the Seven Climates, Ludov. Vives in Augustine, de Civital. Dei, lib

xviii. c. 8. translated by W. Ouseley, Esq.

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The basıl iuft that waves
Putting to death some hundreds of those unfortunate lizards.

Its fragrant blossoms over graves. “ The lizard Stello. The Arabs call it Hardun.

The women in Egypt go, at least two days in The Turks kill it, for they imagine that by declining the week, to pray and weep at the sepulchres of the the head, it mimics them when they say their prayers.” dead; and the custom then is to throw upon the Hasselquist.

tombs a sort of herb, which the Arabs call rihan, Page 76, line 98.

and which is our sweet basil.”-Maillet, Lett. 10. About two miles from Hussun Abdaul were those Royal

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Gardens.

The mountain herb that dyes
I am indebted for these particulars of Hussun Ab-

The tooth of the fawn like gold. daul to the very interesting Introduction of Mr. El

Niebuhr thinks this may be the herb which the phinstone's work upon Caubul.

Eastern alchymists look to as a means of making Page 76, line 107.

gold. “Most of those alchymical enthusiasts think As the Prophet said of Damascus, “ It was too delicious." themselves sure of success, if they could but find * As you enter at the Bazar without the gate of colour to the flesh of the sheep that eat it. Even the

out the herb, which gilds the teeth and gives a yellow Damascus, you see the Green Mosque, so called be- oil of this plant must be of a golden colour. It is cause it hath a steeple faced with green glazed bricks, called Hascabschat ed aab." which render it very resplendent; it is covered at top with a pavilion of the same stuff

. The Turks teeth of the goats at Mount Libanus are of a silver

Father Jerom Dandini, however, asserts that the say this mosque was made in that place, because Ma- colour; and adds, “ this confirms me in that which I homet being come so far, would not enter the town, observed in Candia ; to wit, that the animals that saying it was too delicious.”Thevenot. This re- live on mount Ida eat a certain herb, which renders minds one of the following pretty passage in Isaac their teeth of a golden colour; which, according to Walton: “When I sat last on this primrose bank, and looked down these meadows, I thought of them my judgment, cannot otherwise proceed than from

the mines which are under ground."-Dandini, as Charles the Emperor did of the city of Florence,

Voyage to Mount Libanus.
that they were too pleasant to be looked on, but only
on holidays.'

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'Tis I that mingle in one sweet measure, Would remind the Princess of that difference, etc.

The past, the present, and future of pleasure. “Haroun Al Raschid, Cinquieme Khalife des Abas- “Whenever our pleasure arises from a succession sidese, s'étant un jour brouillé avec une de ses mai- of sounds, it is a perception of complicated nature, tresses nommée Maridah, qu'il aimait cependant jus- made up of a sensation of the present sound or note, qu'a l'exces, et cette meséntelligence ayant déja duré and an idea or remembrance of the foregoing, while quelque temps, commenca a s'ennuyer. Giafar Bar- their mixture and concurrence produce such a mystemaki, son favori, qui s'en appercut, commanda a Ab- rious delight, as neither could have produced alone. bas ben Ahnaf, excellent poete de ce temps-la, de And it is often heightened by an anticipation of the composer quelques vers sur le sujet de cette brouil- succeeding notes. Thus Sense, Memory, and Imagilerie, Ce poete exécuta l'ordre de Giafar, qui fit chan- nation are conjunctively employed.”—Gerrard on ter ces vers par Moussali, en présence du Khalife, et

Taste. ce Prince fut tellement touché de la tendresse des

This is exactly the Epicurean theory of Pleasure, vers du poete et de la douceur de la voix du Musicien as explained by Cicero :-“Quocirca corpus gaudere qu'il alla aussitot trouver Maridah, et fit sa paix avec tamdiu, dum præsentem sentiret voluptatem ; anielle."-D'Herbelot.

mum et præsentem percipere pariter cum corpore e

prospicere venientem, nec præteritam præterfluere Page 78, line 6.

sinere." Where the silken swing.

Madame de Stael accounts upon the same principle "Tho swing is a favourite pastime in the East, as for the gratification we derive from rhume :—“ Elle

held a feast

est l'image de l'espérance et du souvenir. Un son that is, azure is put in press, on account of the man. nous fait désirer celui qui doit lui repondre, et quand ner in which the azure is laid on.”—“They are every le second retentit, il nous rapelle celui qui vient de now and then trying to recover the art of this magical nous échapper."

painting, but to no purpose."-Dunn. Page 81, line 69.

Page 84, line 100. 'Tis dawn, at least that earlier dawn,

More perfect than the divinest images in the House of Azor Whose glimpses are again withdrawn. “ The Persians have two mornings, the Soobhi father to Abraham. " I have soch a lovely idol as is

An eminent carver of idols, said in the Koran to be Kazim

and Soobhi Sadig, the false and the real day- not to be met with in the house of Azor."--Hafiz. break. They account for this phenomenon in a most whimsical manner. They say that as the sun rises

Page 84, line 112. from behind the Kohi Qaf (Mount Caucasus,) it

The grottos, hermitages, and miraculous fountains. passes a hole perforated through that mountain, and that darting its rays through it, is the cause of the inhabitants has multiplied the places of worship of

“The pardonable superstition of the sequestered Soobhi Kazim, or this temporary appearance of day. Mahadeo, of Beschan, and of Brama. All Cashmere break. As it ascends, the earth is again veiled in is holy land, and miraculous fountains abound.”. darkness, until the sun rises above the mountain and Major Rennell's Memoirs of a Map of Hindostan. brings with it the Soobhi Sadig, or real morning.”Scott Waring. He thinks Milton may allude to this, called Tirnagh, which signifies a snake; probably

Jehanguire mentions "a fountain in Cashmere when he says,

because some large snake had formerly been seen Ere the blabbing Eastern scout

there."-" During the lifetime of my father, I went The nice morn on the Indian steep

twice to this fountain, which is about twenty coss From her cabin'd loop-hole peep.

from the city of Cashmere. The vestiges of places Page 81, line 98.

of worship and sanctity are to be traced without

number amongst the ruins and the caves, which are In his magnificent Shalimar.

interspersed in its neighbourhood.”—Toozek Jehan" In the centre of the plain, as it approaches the geery.-See Asiat. Misc. vol. ii. Lake, one of the Delhi Emperors, I believe Shah There is another account of Cashmere by Abul Jehan, constructed a spacious garden called the Sha- Fazil

, the author of the Ayin-Acbaree, “who,” says limar, which is abundantly stored with fruit trees and Major Rennell, “ appears to have caught some of the flowering shrubs. Some of the rivulets which inter- enthusiasm of the Valley, by his descriptions of the sect the plain are led into a canal at the back of the holy places in it." garden, and, flowing through its centre, or occasion

Page 84, line 117. ally thrown into a variety of water-works, compose

Whose houses, roof'd with flowers. the chief beauty of the Shalimar. To decorate this

“ On a standing roof of wood is laid a covering spot the Mogul Princes of India have displayed an of fine earth, which shelters the building from the equal magnificence and taste; especially Jehan Gheer, great quantity of snow that falls in the winter season. who, with the enchanting Noor Mahl, made Kash- This fence communicates an equal warmth in winter, mire his usual residence during the summer months. as a refreshing coolness in the summer season, when On arches thrown over the canal are erected, at the tops of the houses, which are planted with a equal distances, four or five suits of apartments, each variety of flowers, exhibit at a distance the spacious consisting of a saloon, with four rooms at the angles, view of a beautifully chequered parterre.”Forsler. where the followers of the court attend, and the servants prepare sherbets, coffee, and the hookah. The

Page 85, line 12. frame of the doors of the principal saloon is com

Lanterns of the triple-coloured tortoise shell of Pegu. posed of pieces of a stone of a black colour, streaked

“Two hundred slaves there are, who have no other with yellow lines, and of a closer grain and higher office than to hunt the woods and marshes for triple polish than porphyry. They were taken, it is said, coloured tortoises for the King's Viviary. Of the from a Hindoo temple, by one of the Mogul Princes, shells of these also lanterns are made."-Vincent le and are esteemed of great value.”—Forster.

Blanc's Travels.
Page 83, line 20.

Page 85, line 22.
And oh, if there be, etc.

The meteors of the north, as they are seen by those hunters. “ Around the exterior of the Dewan Khass (a build- For a description of the Aurora Borealis, as it ing of Shah Allum's) in the cornice are the following appears to these hunters, see Encyclopædia. lines in letters of gold upon a ground of white marble—'If there be a Paradise upon earth, it is this, it is

Page 85, line 36. this.' "-Franklin.

The cold, odoriferous wind.

This wind, which is to blow from Syria Damas Page 84, line 67.

cena, is, according to the Mahometans, one of the Like that painted porcelain.

signs of the Last Day's approach. “The Chinese had formerly the art of painting on Another of the signs is, “Great distress in the the sides of porcelain vessels, fish and other animals, world, so that a man when he passess by another's which were only perceptible when the vessel was grave, shall say, Would to God I were in his place !" full of some liquor. They call this species Kai-tsin, 1 -Sale's Preliminary Discourse.

N

gold, and set with precious stones of immense value. Page 85, line 97.

Every prince of the house of Bhamenee, who posThe cerulean throne of Koolburga.

sessed this Throne, made a point of adding to it some “ On Mahommed Shaw's return to Koolburga (the rich stones, so that when, in the reign of Sultan Macapital of Dekkan) he made a great festival, and mood, it was taken to pieces, to remove some of the mounted his throne with much pomp and magnifi- jewels to be set in vases and cups, the jewellers valued cence, calling it Firozeh or Cerulean. I have heard it at one crore of oons, (nearly four millions sterling.) some old persons, who saw the throne Firozeh in I learned also that it was called Firozeh from being the reign of Sultan Mamood Bhamenee, describe it

. partly enamelled of a sky-blue colour, which was in They say that it was in length nine feet, and three in time totally concealed by the number of jewels.". breadth ; made of ebony, covered with plates of pure 'Ferishta.

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