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Fresh as the fountain under ground

aviary without its song. In addition to this, he chose When first 'tis by the lapwing sound.'

his subjects badly, and was always most inspired by the But if for me thou dost forsake

worst parts of them. The charms of paganism, the Some other maid, and rudely break

merits of rebellion, these were the themes honoured

with his particular enthusiasm ; and, in the poem just Her worshipp'd image from its base, To give to me the ruin'd place;

recited, one of his most palatable passages was in

praise of that beverage of the unfaithful, wine ; "be Then fare thee well--I'd rather make

ing, perhaps," said he, relaxing into a smile, as conMy bower upon some icy lake

scious of his own character in the Haram on this When thawing suns begin to shine,


one of those bards, whose fancy owes all its Than trust to love so false as thine!

illumination to the grape, like that painted porcelain, so curious and so rare, whose images are only visible

when liquor is poured into it." Upon the whole, it There was a pathos in this lay,

was his opinion, from the specimens which they had That, e'en without enchantment's art,

heard, and which, he begged to say, were the most Would instantly have found its way

tiresome part of the journey, that-whatever other Deep into Selim's burning heart;

merits this well dressed young gentleman might posBut breathing, as it did, a tone

sess—poetry was by no means his proper avocation :

“and indeed,” concluded the critic, "from his fondTo earthly lutes and lips unknown,

ness for flowers and for birds, I would venture to With every chord fresh from the touch Of Music's Spirit,-'twas too much!

suggest that a florist or a bird-catcher is a much more Starting, he dash'd away the cup,

suitable calling for him than a poet.” Which, all the time of this sweet air,

They had now begun to ascend those barren His hand had held, untasted, up,

mountains, which separate Cashmere from the rest As if 'twere held by magic there,

of India ; and, as the heats were intolerable, and the And naming her, so long unnam'd,

time of their encampments limited to the few hours " Oh NOURMAHAL! oh NourmaHAL!

necessary for refreshment and repose, there was an Had'st thou but sung this witching strain,

end to all their delightful evenings, and Laila Rookh I could forget-forgive thee all,

saw no more of FERAMORZ. She now felt that her And never leave those eyes again."

short dream of happiness was over, and that she had

nothing but the recollection of its few blissful hours, The mask is off-the charm is wrought

like the one draught of sweet water that serves the And SELIM to his heart has caught,

camel across the wilderness, to be her heart's reIn blushes, more than ever bright,

freshment during the dreary waste of life that was His NOURMAHAL, his Haram's Light!

before her. The blight that had fallen upon her And well do vanish'd frowns enhance

spirits soon found its way to her check, and her ladies The charm of every brighten'd glance;

saw with regret—though not without some suspicion And dearer seems each dawning smile

of the cause—that the beauty of their mistress, of For having lost its light awhile ;

which they were almost as proud as of their own, And, happier now for all her sighs,

was fast vanishing away at the very moment of all As on his arm her head reposes,

when she had most need of it. What must the King She whispers him, with laughing eyes,

of Bucharia feel, when, instead of the lively and “Remember, love, the Feast of Roses !"

beautiful Lalla Rooky, whom the poets of Delhi had described as more perfect than the divinest

images in the House of Azor, he should receive a pale FADLADEEN, at the conclusion of this light rhap- and inanimate victim, upon whose cheek neither body, took occasion to sum up his opinion of the health nor pleasure bloomed, and from whose eyes young Cashmerian's poetry,—of which, he trusted, Love had fled,—to hide himself in her heart! they had that evening heard the last. Having recapi

If any thing could have charmed away the melantulated the epithets, “ frivolous"_“inharmonious"

choly of her spirits, it would have been the fresh airs “nonsensical,” he proceeded to say that, viewing it and enchanting scenery of that Valley, which the in the most favourable light, it resembled one of those Persians so justly called the Unequalled.' But neiMaldivian boats, to which the Princess had alluded ther the coolness of its atmosphere, so luxurious after in the relation of her dream, –a slight, gilded thing, toiling up those bare and burning mountains neither sent adrift without rudder or ballast, and with nothing the splendour of the minarets and pagodas, that shone but vapid sweets and faded flowers on board. The out from the depth of its woods, nor the grottos, herprofusion, indeed, of flowers and birds, which this mitages, and miraculous fountains, which make every poet had ready on all occasions,-not to mention spot of that region holy ground ;-neither the count. dews, gems, etc.—was a most oppressive kind of less water-falls, that rush into the Valley from all those opulence to his hearers; and had the unlucky effect high and romantic mountains that encircle it, nor the of giving to his style all the glitter of the flower-gar- fair city on the Lake, whose houses, roofed with den witnout its method, and all the futter of the flowers, appeared at a distance like one vast and varie

gated parterre ;—not all these wonders and glories 1 The Hudhud or Lapwing, is supposed to have the power of the most lovely country under the sun could steal of discovering water under ground. 9 See page 65.

1 Kachmire be Nazeer.- Forster

her heart for a minute from those sad thoughts, which not feel with transport. To LALLA Rooki alone it but darkened and grew bitterer every step she advanced. was a melancholy pageant; nor could she have ever

The gay pomps and processions that met her upon borne to look upon the scene, were it not for a hope her entrance into the Valley, and the magnificence that, among the crowds around, she might once more with which the roads all along were decorated, did perhaps catch a glimpse of FERAMORZ. So much honour to the taste and gallantry of the young King. was her imagination haunted by this thought,

that It was night when they approached the city, and, for there was scarcely an islet or boat she passed, at the last two miles, they had passed under arches, which her heart did not flutter with a momentary thrown from hedge to hedge, festooned with only fancy that he was there. Happy, in her eyes, the those rarest roses from which the Attar Gul, more humblest slave upon whom the light of his dear looks precious than gold, is distilled, and illuminated in fell.—In the barge immediately after the Princess was rich and fanciful forms with lanterns of the triple- FADLADEEN, with his silken curtains thrown widely coloured tortoise-shell of Pegu. Sometimes, from a apart

, that all might have the benefit of his august predark wood by the side of the road, a display of fire- sence, and with his head full of the speech he was works would break out, so sudden and so brilliant, to deliver to the King, “concerning FERAMORZ, and that a Bramin might think he saw that grove, in whose literature, and the Chabuk, as connected therewith.” purple shade the God of Battles was born, bursting They had now entered the canal which leads from into a flame at the moment of his birth.-While, at the Lake to the splendid domes and saloons of the other times, a quick and playful irradiation continued Shalimar, and glided on through gardens ascending to brighten all the fields and gardens by which they from each bank, full of flowering shrubs that made passed, forming a line of dancing lights along the the air all perfume; while from the middle of the horizon; like the meteors of the north as they are canal rose jets of water, smooth and unbroken, to seen by those hunters, who pursue the white and blue such a dazzling height, that they stood like pillars of foxes on the confines of the Icy Sea.

diamond in the sunshine. After sailing under the These arches and fire-works delighted the ladies arches of various saloons, they at length arrived at of the Princess exceedingly; and, with their usual the last and most magnificent, where the monarch good logic, they deduced from his taste for illumina- awaited the coming of his bride; and such was the tions, that the King of Bucharia would make the most agitation of her heart and frame, that it was with difexemplary husband imaginable. Nor, indeed, could ficulty she walked up the marble steps, which were LALLA Rookh herself help feeling the kindness and covered with cloth of gold for her ascent from the splendour with which the young bridegroom welcom- barge. At the end of the hall stood two thrones, as ed her;—but she also felt how painful is the gratitude, precious as the Cerulean Throne of Koolburga, on which kindness from those we cannot love excites; one of which sat ALIRIS, the youthful King of Buand that their best blandishments come over the heart charia, and on the other was, in a few minutes, to be with all that chilling and deadly sweetness, which we placed the most beautiful Princess in the world.can fancy in the cold, odoriferous wind that is to blow Immediately upon the entrance of LaLLA ROOKH over the earth in the last days.

into the saloon, the monarch descended from his The marriage was fixed for the morning after her throne to meet her; but scarcely had he time to take arrival, when she was, for the first time, to be pre- her hand in his, when she screamed with surprise and sented to the monarch in that Imperial Palace be- fainted at his feet. It was FERAMORZ himself that yond the lake, called the Shalimar. Though a night stood before her!-FERAMORZ was, himself, the of more wakeful and anxious thought had never Sovereign of Bucharia, who in this disguise had acbeen passed in the Happy Valley before, yet, when companied his young bride from Delhi, and, having she rose in the morning, and her ladies came round won her love as an humble minstrel, now amply deher, to assist in the adjustment of the bridal orna- served to enjoy it as a King. ments, they thought they had never seen her look The consternation of FADLADEEN at this discovery half so beautiful. What she had lost of the bloom was, for the moment, almost pitiable. But change and radiancy of her charms was more than made up of opinion is a resource too convenient in courts for by that intellectual expression, that soul in the eyes this experienced courtier not to have learned to avail which is worth all the rest of loveliness. When they himself of it. His criticisms were all, of course, had tinged her fingers with the lenna leaf, and placed recanted instantly; he was seized with an admiration upon her brow a small coronet of jewels, of the shape of the King's verses, as unbounded, as, he begged worn by the ancient Queens of Bucharia, they flung him to believe, it was disinterested ; and the followover her head the rose-coloured bridal veil, and she ing week saw him in possession of an additional proceeded to the barge that was to convey her across place, swearing by all the Saints of Islam that never the lake ;-first kissing, with a mournful look, the had there existed so great a poet as the Monarch, ALIlittle amulet of cornelian which her father had hung Ris, and ready to prescribe his favourite regimen of about her neck at parting.

the Chabuk for every man, woman, and child that The morning was as fair as the maid upon whose dared to think otherwise. nuptials it rose, and the shining lake, all covered with Of the happiness of the King and Queen of Bucha. boats, the minstrels playing upon the shores of the ria, after such a beginning, there can be but little islands, and the crowded summer-houses on the green doubt; and, among the lesser symptoms, it is recorded hills around, with shawls and banners waving from of Lalla Rooky, that, to the day of her death, in their roofs, presented such a picture of animated re- memory of their delightful journey, she never called joicing, as only she, who was the object of it all, dialihe King by any other name than FeraMORZ

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Page 27.

is the following lively description of “company of THESE particulars of the visit of the King of Bu- maidens seated on camels.” charia to Aurungzebe are found in Dow's History of “They are mounted in carriages covered with Hindostan vol. iii. p. 392.

costly awnings, and with rose-coloured veils, the Page 27, line 16.

linings of which have the hue of crimson Andem-'

wood. Leila. The Mistress of Mejnoun, upon whose story so

“When they ascend from the bosom of the vale,

they sit forward on the saddle-cloths, with every many romances, in all the languages of the East, are founded.

mark of a voluptuous gaiety. Page 27, line 16.

“Now, when they have reached the brink of yon

blue gushing rivulet, they fix the poles of their tents Shirine. For the loves of this celebrated beauty with Khos

like the Arab with a settled mansion." rou and with Ferhad, see D'Herbelot, Gibbon, Ori

Page 27, line 60. ental Collections, etc.

A young female slave sat fanning her, etc.
Page 27, line 16.

See Bernier's description of the attendants on Rau-

chanara-Begum in her progress to Cashmere.
“ The history of the loves of Dewilde and Chizer,
the son of the Emperor Alla, is written in an elegant

Page 28, line 13 poem, by the noble Chusero.Ferishla.

Religion, of which Aurungzebo was a munificent protector.

This hypocritical Emperor would have made a
Page 27, line 47.

worthy associate of certain Holy Leagues.—" He Those insignia of the Emperor's favour, etc. held the cloak of religion (says Dow) between his “ One mark of honour or knighthood bestowed by actions and the vulgar; and impiously thanked the the Emperor, is the permission to wear a small kettle- Divinity for a success which he owed to his own drum, at the bows of their saddles, which at first was wickedness. When he was murdering and perseinvented for the training of hawks, and to call them to cuting his brothers and their families, he was building the lure, and is worn in the field by all sportsmen to a magnificent mosque at Delhi, as an offering to God that end.”-Fryer's Travels.

for his assistance to him in the civil wars. He acted “Those on whom the King has conferred the pri- as high-priest at the consecration of this temple, and vilege must wear an ornament of jewels on the right made a practice of attending divine service there, in side of the turban, surmounted by a high plume of the humble dress of a Fakeer. But when he lifted the feathers of a kind of egret. This bird is found one hand to the Divinity, he, with the other, signed only in Cashmere, and the feathers are carefully col- warrants for the assassination of his relations."lected for the King, who bestows them on his nobles." History of Hindostan, vol. iii. p. 235. See also the -Elphinstone's Account of Caubul.

curious letter of Aurungzebe, given in the Oriental

Collections, vol. i. 320.
Page 27, line 52.
Khedar Khan, etc.

Page 28, line 15. “ Khedar Khan, the Khakan, or King of Turques

The diamond eyes of the idol, etc. tan beyond the Gihon (at the end of the eleventh cen- “The Idol at Jaghernaut has two fine diamonds lury,) whenever he appeared abroad was preceded by for eyes. No goldsmith is suffered to enter the seven hundred horsemen with silver battle-axes, and Pagoda, one having stole one of these eyes, being was followed by an equal number bearing maces of locked up all night with the Idol.”—Tavernier. gold. He was a great patron of poetry, and it was he who used to preside at public exercises of genius,

Page 28, line 19. with four basins of gold and silver by him to distri

Gardens of Shalimar. bute among the poets who excelled.”Richardson's See a description of these royal Gardens in “ An Dissertation prefixed to his Dictionary.

Account of the present State of Delhi, by Lieut.

W. Franklin."-Asiat. Research. vol. iv. p. 417.
Page 27, line 54
The gilt pine-apple, etc.

Page 28, line 26. ** The kubdeh, a large golden knob, generally in

Lake of Pearl. the shape of a pine-apple, on the top of the canopy “In the neighbourhood is Notte Gill, or the Lake over the litter or palanquin."-Scott's notes on the of Pearl, which receives this name from its pellucid Bahardanush.

water."—Pennant's Hindostan. Page 27, line 59.

“Nasir Jung, encamped in the vicinity of the Lake The rose-coloured veils of the Princess's litter. of Tonoor, amused himself with sailing on that clear In the poem of Zohair, in the Moallakat, there and beautiful water, and gave it the fanciful name of

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Motee Talab, 'the Lake of Pearls,' which it still re

Page 28, line 86. tains."—Wilke's South of India.

The shawl-goat of Tibet.

See Turner's Embassy for a description of this Page 28, line 30.

animal, “ the most beautiful among the whole tribe Described by one from the Isles of the West, etc.

of goats." The materials for the shawls (which is
Sir Thomas Roe, Ambassador from James I. to carried to Cashmere) is found next the skin.
Page 28, line 45.

Page 28, line 107.
Loves of Wamak and Ezra.

The veiled Prophet of Khorassan. “The romance Wemakweazra, written in Persian

For the real history of this Impostor, whose oriverse, which contains the loves of Wamak and Ezra, ginal name was Haken ben Haschem, and who was two celebrated lovers who lived before the time of called Mokanna from the veil of silver gauze (or, as Mahomet."-Notes on the Oriental Tales.

others say, golden) which he always wore, see D'

Herbelot. Page 28, line 45. or the fair-haired Zal, and his mistress Rodahver.

Page 28, line 111.

Flowerets and fruits blush over every stream.
Their amour is recounted in the Shah-Nameb of
Ferdousi; and there is much beauty in the passage

“The fruits of Meru are finer than those of any which describes the slaves of Rodahver, sitting on other place; and one cannot see in any other city the bank of the river, and throwing flowers into the such palaces, with groves, and streams, and gardens." stream, in order to draw the attention of the young Ebn Haukal's Geography. Hero, who is encamped on the opposite side.—See

Page 28, line 120.
Champion's Translation.

For, far less luminous, his votaries said,
Page 28, line 46.

Were e'en the gleams, miraculously shed

O'er Moussa's cheek.
The combat of Rustam with the terrible white Demon.
Rustam is the Hercules of the Persians. For the

“Ses disciples assuraient qu'il se couvrait le visparticulars of his Victory over the Sepeed Deeve, or l'éclat de son visage comme Moyse." —D' Herbelot.

age, pour ne pas éblouir ceux qui l'approchaient par White Demon, see Oriental Collections, vol. ij. p. 45.Near the city of Shirauz is an immense quadrangular

Page 29, line 7. monument in commemoration of this combat, called

In hatred to the Caliph's hue of night. the Kelaat-i-Deev Sepeed, or Castle of the White Giant, which Father Angelo, in his Gazophylacium des disciples de Hakem, que la couleur des habits,

“Il faut remarquer ici touchant les habits blancs Persicum, p. 127, declares to have been the most des coiffures et des étendards des Khalifes Abassides memorable monument of antiquity which he had étant la noire, ce chef de rebelles ne pouvait pas en seen in Persia.–See Ouseley's Persian Miscellanies. choisir une qui lui fut plus opposée.”—D' Herbelot. Page 28, line 53.

Page 29, line 10.
Their golden anklets.

Javelins of the light Kathaian reed. "The women of the Idol, or dancing girls of the “Our dark javelins, exquisitely wrought of Katha. Pagoda, have little golden bells fastened to their feet, ian reeds, slender and delicate.”—Poem of Amru. the soft harmonious tinkling of which vibrates in unison with the exquisite melody of their voices.”—

Page 29, line 12. Maurice's Indian Antiquities.

Filled with the stems that bloom on Iran's rivers. "The Arabian courtezans, like the Indian women, The Persians call this plant Gaz. The celebrated have little golden bells fastened round their legs, shaft of Isfendiar, one of their ancient heroes, was neck and elbows, to the sound of which they dance made of it.—“Nothing can be more beautiful than before the King. The Arabian princesses wear the appearance of this plant in flower during the golden rings on their fingers, to which little bells rains on the banks of the rivers, where it is usually are suspended, as in the flowing tresses of their interwoven with a lovely twining asclepias."-Sir hair, that their superior rank may be known, and W. Jones, Botanical Observations on select Indian they themselves receive, in passing, the homage due Plants. to them."-See Calmet's Dictionary, art. Bells.

Page 29, line 17.

Like a chenar-tree grove.
Page 28, line 68.
That delicious opium, etc.

The oriental plane. “The chenar is a delightful “Abou-Tige, ville de la Thebaide, ou il croit beau tree; its bole is of a fine white and smooth bark ; coup de pavots noir, dont se fait le milleur opium.”—is of a bright green.” — Morier's Travels.

and its foliage, which grows in a tuft at the summit, D' Herbelot. Page 28, line 78.

Page 29, line 47
That idol of women, Crislina.

With turban'd heads, of every hue and race, “ He and the three Ramas are described as youths Bowing before that veil'd and awful face, of perfect beauty; and the Princesses of Hindostan Like tulip bedswere all passionately in love with Crishna, who con- " The name of Tulip is said to be of Turkish er. tinues to this hour the darling god of the Indian traction, and given to the flower on account of its women."-Sir W. Jones on the Gods of Greece, Italy, resembling a turban." —Beckman's History of Inom and India


Page 29, line 57.

(tradition, thus adopted :-“The earth (which God had With belt of broider'd crape,

selected for the materials of his work) was carried And fur-bound bonnet of Bucharian shape. into Arabia, to a place between Mecca and Tayef, “The inhabitants of Bucharia wear a round cloth where, being first kneaded by the Angels, it was bonnet, shaped much after the Polish fashion, having afterwards fashioned by God himself into a human a large fur border. They tie their kaftans about the form, and left to dry for the space of forty days, or, middle with a girdle of a kind of silk crape, several as others say, as many years; the angels, in the mean times round the body.”--Account of Independent time, often visiting it, and Eblis (then one of the Tartary, in Pinkerton's Collection.

angels nearest to God's presence, afterwards the

devil) among the rest; but he, not contented with Page 29, line 108.

looking at it, kicked it with his foot till it rung; and Wav'd, like the wings of the white birds that fan knowing God designed that creature to be his supe

The flying Throne of star-taught Soliman. rior, took a secret resolution never to acknowledge This wonderful Throne was called, The Star of him as such.”-Sale on the Koran. the Genii. For a full description of it, see the Fragment, translated by captain Franklin, from a Persian

Page 33, line 44.
MS. entitled “ The History of Jerusalem :" Oriental Where none but priests are privileged to trade
Collections, vol. i. p. 235.—When Solomon travelled,

In that best marble of which Gods are made. the eastern writers say, " he had a carpet of green

The material of which images of Gaudma (the silk on which his throne was placed, being of a pro- Birman Deity) is made, is held sacred. “ Birmans digious length and breadth, and ient for all his may not purchase the marble in mass but are suffer. forces to stand upon, the men placing themselves on ed, and indeed encouraged, to buy figures of the Deity his right hand, and the spirits on his left; and that, already made."-Symes's Ava, vol. ii. p. 376. when all were in order, the wind, at his command, took up the carpet, and transported it, with all that

Page 34, line 93. were upon it, wherever he pleased; the army of

The puny bird that dares, with teazing hum,

W.thin the crocodile's stretch'd jaws to come. birds at the same time flying over their heads, and

The humming-bird is said to run this risk for the forming a kind of canopy to shade them from the sun."-Sale's Koran, vol. ii. p. 214. note.

purpose of picking the crocodile's teeth. The same

circumstance is related of the Lapwing, as a fact, to Page 30, line 7.

which he was witness, by Paul Lucas,- Voyage fait And thence descending flow'd

en 1714. Through many a Prophet's breast.

Page 35, line 38. This is according to D'Herbelot's account of the Some artists of Yamtcheou having been sent on previously. doctrines of Mokanna :-"Sa doctrine étajt que Dieu

“The Feast of Lanterns is celebrated at Yampto avait pris une forme et figure humaine depuis qu'il eut cheou with more magnificence than any where else: commande aux Anges d'adorer Adam, le premier des and the report goes, that the illuminations there are hommes. Qu’apres la mort d'Adam, Dieu était ap- so splendid, that an Emperor once, not daring openly paru sous la figure de plusieurs Prophetes et autres to leave his Court to go thither, committed himself grands hommes qu'il avait choisis, jusqu'a ce qu'il with the Queen and several Princesses of his family prit celle d'Abu Moslem, Prince de Khorassan, lequel into the hands of a magician, who promised to transprofessait l'erreur de la Tenassukhiah ou Métempsychose ; et qu'apres la mort de ce Prince, la Divinité port them thither in a thrice. He made them in the

night to ascend magnificent thrones that were borne etait passée, et descendue en sa personne."

up by swans, which in a moment arrived at YamtPage 33, line 5.

cheou. The Emperor saw at his leisure all the soSuch Gods as he,

lemnity, being carried upon a cloud that hovered over Whom India serves, the monkey Deity.

the city, and descended by degrees; and came back " Apes are in many parts of India highly venerated, again with the same speed and equipage, nobody at out of respect to the God Hannaman, a deity par

court perceiving his absence.”—The present State of taking of the form of that race.”—Pennant's Hin. China, p. 156. doostan.

Page 35, line 41. See a curious account in Stephen's Persia of a

Artificial sceneries of bamboo-work. solemn embassy from some part of the Indies to Goa,

See a description of the nuptials of Vizier Alee in when the Portuguese were there, offering vast trea- the Asiatic Annual Register of 1804. sures for the recovery of a monkey's tooth, which they held in great veneration, and which had been

Page 35, line 59. taken away upon the conquest of the kingdom of The origin of these fantastic Chinese illuminations. Jafanapatan.

“The vulgar ascribe it to an accident that happenPage 33, line 7.

ed in the family of a famous mandarin, whose daughProud things of clay,

ter walking one evening upon the shore of a lake, fell To whom if Lucifer, as grandams say,

in and was drowned ; this afflicted father, with his Refus'd, though at the forfeit of Heaven's light, family, ran thither, and, the better to find her, he To bend in worship, Lucifer was right.

caused a great company of lanterns to be lighted. This resolution of Eblis not to acknowledge the All the inhabitants of the place thronged after him. new creature, man, was, according to Mahometan with torches. The year ensuing they made fires upon

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