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de conduite tracée par des hommes graves, à leurs Thy perfidy, still worse than auglit
successeurs, et consignée dans des statuts." Thy own unblushing Sarpi taught.
The cases in which assassination is ordered by THE spirit in which these maxims of Father Paul these statutes are as follow :are written, may be sufficiently judged from the in- “Un ouvrier de l'arsenal, un chef de ce qu'on apstructions which he gives for the management of the pelle parmi les marins le menstrance, passait-il au Venetian colonies and provinces. Of the former he service d'une puissance étrangère, il fallait le faire says :-“ Il faut les traiter comme des animaux féro- assassiner, surtout si c'était un homme réputé brave ces, les rogner les dents, et les griffes, les humilier et habile dans sa profession."-(Art. 3, des Statuts.) souvent, surtout leur ôter les occasions de s'aguerrir. “Avait-il commis quelque action qu'on ne jugait Du pain et le bâton, voilà ce qu'il leur faut; gardons pas à propos de punir juridiquement, on devait le l'humanité pour une meilleure occasion."
faire empoisonner."-(Art. 14.) For the treatment of the provinces he advises thus : “Un artisan passait-il à l'étranger en v exportant “Tendre à dépouiller les villes de leurs priviléges, quelque procédé de l'industrie nationale : c'était enfaire que les habitans s'appauvrissent, et que leurs core un crime capital, que la loi inconnue ordonnait biens soient achetés par les Vénitiens. Ceux qui, de punir par un assassinat.”—(Art. 26.) dans les conseils municipaux, se montreront ou plus The facility with which they got rid of their Duke audacieux ou plus dévoués aux intérêts de la popula- of Bedfords, Lord fitzwilliams, etc. was admirable ; tion, il faut les perdre ou les gagner à quelque prix it was thus : que ce soit : enfin, s'il se trouve dans les provinces “Le patricien qui se permettait la moindre propos quelques chefs de parti, il faut les exterminer sous un contre le gouvernement, était admonété deux fois, et pretexte quelconque, mais en evitant de recourir a la à la troisième noye comme incorrigible.-(Art. 39.) justice ordinaire. Que le poison fasse l'office du bourreau, cela est moins odieux et beaucoup plus profitable."
Page 205, line 77.
Refexions on reading, etc.
The “Conjuration de Nicolas Gabrini, dit de RiBy the infamous statutes of the State Inquisition, etc. enzi,” by the Jesuit de Cerceau, is chiefly taken from
M. Daru bas given an abstract of these Statutes, the much more authentic work of Fortifiocca on the from a manuscript in the Bibliothèque du Roi, and it same subject. Rienzi was the son of a laundress. is hardly credible that such a system of treachery
Page 206, line 9. and cruelty should ever have been established by any
Their gilded gonfalons. government, or submitted to, for an instant, by any
"Les gentilshomines conjurés portaient devant lui people. Among various precautions against the in- trois étendarts. Nicolas Guallato, surnommé le bon trigues of their own nobles, we find the following
diseur, portait le premier, qui était de couleur rouge, “ Pour persuader aux étrangers qu'il était difficile et et plus grand que les autres. On y voyait des caracdangereux d'entretenir quelque intrigue secrète avec tères d'or avec une femme assize sur deux lions, les nobles Vénitiens, on imagina de faire avertir mys-tenant d'une main le globe du monde, et de l'autre térieusement le Nonce du Pape (afin que les autres une Palme pour representer la ville de Rome. ministres en fussent informés) que l'Inquisition avait C'était le Gonfalon de la Liberte. Le Second, de autorisé les patriciens à poignarder quiconque essaie-fonds blanc, avec un St. Paul tenant de la droite une rait de tenter leur fidélité. Mais craignant que les Epee nue et de la gauche la couronne de Justice, était ambassadeurs ne prêtassent foi difficilement à une porté par Etienne Magnacuccia, notaire apostolique. délibération, qui en effet n'existait pas, l'Inquisition Dans le troisième, St. Pierre avait en main les clefs voulait prouver qu'elle en était capable. Elle or- de la Concorde et de la Paix. Tout cela insinuait le donna des recherches pour découvrir s'il n'y avait dessein de Rienzi, qui était de rétablir la liberté, la pas dans Venise quelque exilé audessus du commun, justice, et la paix." —Du Cerceau, liv. 2. qui eût rompu son ban; ensuite un des patriciens qui étaient aux gages du tribunal, recut la mission d'as
Page 206, line 63. sassiner ce malheureux, et l'ordre de s'en vanter, en
That Ghost of Her, disant qu'il s'était porté à cet acte, parce que ce banni
The world's Imperial Mistress. était l'agent d'un ministre étranger, et avait cherché This image is borrowed from Hobbes, whose words à le corrompre.”—“Remarquons," adds M. Daru, are, as near as I can recollect :-“ For what is the “que.ceci n'est pas une simple anecdote ; c'est une Papacy, but the Ghost of the old Roman Empire mission projetée, délibérée, écrite d'avance; une règle sitting crowned on the grave thereof ?"
FABLES FOR THE **** ****
tu Regibus alas Eripe.
Virgil. Georg. lib. iv.
clip the wings
THE DISSOLUTION OF THE HOLY ALLIANCE.
As far as it is right or lawful
It seems to me extremely awful.
And lighted as the best on land are-
Given by the Emperor Alexander, To entertain, with all due zeal,
Those holy gentlemen who 've shown a
At Troppau, Laybach, and Verona.
Shivering in grand illumination-
Nor gave one thought to the foundation.
To all plebeian fears a stranger,
Had pledged her word there was no danger. So, on he caper'd, fearless quite,
Thinking him-,elf extremely clever, And waltz'd away with all his might,
As if the frost would last for ever.
Just fancy how a bard like me,
Who reverence monarchs, must have trembled, To see that goodly company
At such a ticklish sport assembled.
Were seized with an ill-omen'd dripping,
Their Holinesses took to slipping. The Czar, half through a Polonaise,
Could scarce get on for downright stumbling, And Prussia, though to slippery ways
So used, was cursedly near tumbling. Yet still 't was who could stamp the floor most, Russia and Austria 'mong the foremost. And now, to an Italian air,
This precious brace would hand in hand go; Now-while old ****** from his chair, Intreated them his toes to spare
Call'd loudly out for a fandango. And a fandango, 'faith, they had, At which they all set to like madNever were Kings (though small the expense is Of wit among their Excellencies,) So out of all their princely senses. But, ah! that dance—that Spanish dance
Scarce was the luckless strain begun,
Shot from an angry southern sun-
Astonishing old Father Frost,
“A thaw, by Jove !-we're lost, we're lost
In palaces without foundations?
Crowns, fiddles, sceptres, decorations,
With double heads for double dealings-
Out of their claws on all the ceilings !
1“It is well known that the Empress Anne built a palace of ice, on the Nova, in 1740, which was fifty-two feet in wength, and when illuminated had a surprising effect."Pinkerton
The Easterns, in a Prince, 't is said, Prefer what's call'd a jolter-head;' The Egyptians were n't at all partic'lar,
So that their Kings had not red hair This fault not even the greatest stickler
For the blood-royal well could beat A thousand more such illustrations Might be adduced from various nations; But, 'mong the many tales they tell us,
Touching the acquired or natural right Which some men have to rule their fellows, There's one which I shall here recite :
Is neither now my wish nor duty-.
By right of their superior beauty.
Of these great persons' chins and noses,
No history I have seen discloses.
Proud Prussia's double bird of prey,
Proclaims how great her naval skill isPoor ****** drowning fleurs-de-lys
Imagined themselves water-lilies.
But still more fatal execution-
Seem'd in a state of dissolution. The indignant Czar-when just about
To issue a sublime Ukase“Whereas, all light must be kept out"
Dissolved to nothing in its blaze. Next Prussia took his turn to melt, And, while his lips illustrious felt The influence of this southern air,
Some word like “Constitution," long Conceal'd in frosty silence there,
Came slowly thawing from his tongue. While ******, lapsing by degrees,
And sighing out a faint adieu To truffles, salmis, toasted cheese,
And smoking fondus, quickly grew
Himself into a fondu too; Or, like that goodly King they make Of sugar, for a twelfth-night cake, When, in some urchin's mouth, alas, It melts into a shapeless mass ! In short, I scarce could count a minute Ere the bright dome, and all within itKings, Fiddlers, Emperors—all were gone!
And nothing now was seen or heard But the bright river, rushing on,
Happy as an enfranchised bird, And prouder of that natural ray, Shining along its chainless wayMore proudly happy thus to glide
In simple grandeur to the sea, Than when in sparkling fetters tied, And deck'd with all that kingly pride
Could bring to light its slavery! Such is my dream-and, I confess, I tremble at its awfulness. That Spanish dance—that southern beamBut I say nothing—there's my dreamAnd Madame Krudener, the she-prophet, May make just what she pleases of it.
But so it was a settled case
Some act of Parliament, pass'd snugly, Had voted them a beauteous race,
And all their faithful subjects ugly.
As rank, indeed, stood high or low,
Some change it made in visual organs ; Your Peers were decent-Knights, so som
But all your common people gorgons !
That the King's nose was turn'd awry,
The judges doom'd that knave to die.
The people to their King were duteous, And took it, on his royal word,
That they were frights and he was beauteous The cause whereof, among all classes,
Was simply this these island elves Had never yet seen looking-glasses,
And, therefore, did not know themselves. Sometimes, indeed, their neighbours' faces
Might strike them as more full of reason, More fresh than those in certain places,
But, Lord! the very thought was treason! Besides, howe'er we love our neighbour,
And take his face's part, 't is known We never half so earnest labour,
As when the face attack'd 's our own. So, on they went—the crowd believing
(As crowds well govern'd always do,) Their rulers, too, themselves deceiving
So old the joke they thought it true. But jokes, we know, if they too far go,
Must have an end; and so, one day,
Raised to the throne, 't is strange to see
Men have required in royalty.
Have chosen their Sovereigns by the weight; Some wish'd them tall; some thought your dumpy,
Dutch-built the true Legitimate.'
1 The Goths had a law to choose always a short thick man for their king.-Munster, Cosmog. lib. iii. p. 164.
1 "In a Prince, a joltor-head is invaluable."-Oriental Field Sports
Upon that coast there was a cargo
Of looking-glasses cast away.
'T was said, some Radicals, somewhere,
Had laid their wicked heads together, And forced that ship to founder there
While some believe it was the weather.
However this might be, the freight
Was landed without fees or duties; And, from that hour, historians date
The downfall of the race of beauties.
The looking-glasses got about,
And grew so common through the land, That scarce a tinker could walk out
Without a mirror in his hand.
Comparing faces, morning, noon,
dint of looking-glasses, soon
In vain the Court, aware of errors
In all the old, established mazards, Prohibited the use of mirrors,
And tried to break them at all hazards :
In vain-their laws might just as well
Have been waste paper on the shelves; That fatal freight had broke the spell;
People had look’d--and knew themselves
If chance a Duke, of birth sublime,
Presumed upon his ancient face (Some calf-head, ugly from all time)
They popp'd a mirror to his Grace
Enormous arches give beholders ;
With a whole house upon their shoulders
Or any such sufficient reason,
To wish it otherwise were treason;
Of course, knew all about the matter“Both men and beasts love monarchy :"
Which proves how rational-the latter
By slipping awkwardly his bridle :
In patent snaffles) downright idle.
That move my wrath, but your pretenders Your mushroom rulers, sons of earth,
Who, not like t'others, crown'a offenders (Regular gratia Dei blockheads, Born with three kingdoms in their pockets,) Nor leaving, on the scale of mind, These royal Zeros far behind, Yet, with a brass that nothing stops,
Push up into the loftiest stations, And, though too dull to manage shops
Presume, the dolts, to manage nations. This class it is that moves my gall, And stirs up spleen, and bile, and all While other senseless things appear To know the limits of their sphereWhile not a cow on earth romances So much as to conceit she dancesWhile the most jumping Frog we know of, Would scarce at Astley's hope to show offYour ****
*s and ****s dare,
any business, any where,
time that fools will let them.
Just hinting, by that gentle sign,
How little Nature holds it true, That what is call'd an ancient line
Must be the line of Beauty too.
From Dukes' they pass'd to regal phizzes,
Compared them proudly with their own, And cried, “How could such monstrous quizzes,
In Beauty's name, usurp the throne ?"
They then wrote essays, pamphlets, books,
Upon cosmetical economy, Which made the King try various looks,
But none improved his physiognomy.
And satires at the Court they leveli'd,
And small lampoons, so full of slynesses, That soon, in short, they quite be-devil'd
Their Majesties and Royal Highnesses.
At length—but here I drop the veil,
To spare some loyal folks' sensations : Besides, what follows is the tale
Of all such late-enlighten'd nations ;
Of all to whom old Time discloses
A truth they should have sooner knownThat Kings have neither rights nor noses
A whit diviner than their own.
And, even when they most condescended to teach, They pack'd up their meaning, as they did their
mummies, In so many wrappers, 't was out of one's reach. They were also, good people, much given to Kings Fond of monarchs and crocodiles, monkeys and
mystery, Bats, hieraphants, blue-bottle flies, and such things
As will partly appear in this very short history, A Scythian philosopher (nephew, they say,
To that other great traveller, young Anacharsis) Stepp'd into a temple at Memphis one day,
To have a short peep at their mystical farces. He saw a brisk blue-bottle Fly on an altar,' Made much of, and worshipp'd as something
divine ; While a large handsome Bullock, led there in a halter,
Before it lay stabb'd at the foot of the shrine. Surprised at such doings, he whisper'd his teacher
"If 't is n't impertinent, may I ask why Should a Bullock, that useful and powerful creature,
Be thus offered up to a blue-bottle Fly ?” “No wonder,” said e other, “you stare at the sight,
But we as a symbol of monarchy view it: That Fly on the shrine is Legitimate Right,
And that Bullock the poople that's sacrificed to it."
With which, at one imperial wipe,
He would all human rights expunge!
Sages with muskets and laced coats-
Down the poor struggling Spaniard's throats— I can't help thinking (though to Kings
I must, of course, like other men, bow)
Such blasphemy out-Benbows Benbox!
That you may roll in wealth and bliss ?"
With all due pomp, and answer “Yes!"
Suffering nor peace nor love to grow,
Look grandly forth, and answer “No!"-
Should'ring their way on, at all risks,
To heaven or earth most turn their disks?
CHURCH AND STATE.
Proem. "The moment any religion becomes national, or establishod, its purity must certainly be lost, because it is then im possible to keep it unconnected with men's interests; and, If connected, it must evidently be perverted by them."Soame Jenyns. Thus did SOAME JENYns—though a Tory,
A Lord of Trade and the Plantations-
Is stained by State associations.
Appeal'd to the benign Divinity,
All in the name of the bless'd Trinity;
In holy water dips the sponge,
1 According to Ælian, it was in the island of Leucadia they practised this ceremony-jusov Bovy T215 pus4.5.-De Animal. lib. ii. cap. 8.
? Ames, demi-ames, etc.