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foreign corps, in British pay, templation of a long continuance
. . 133,505 of peace; and although many cirIn 1817, total number,
cumstances are materially changed omitting corps ordered
by events which have subsequently home from India, and the
taken place, so as to prevent any corps for reduction in
exact parallel from being drawn 1817, and also omitting the
between the two cases, especially corps for service in India
in the amount of pecuniary charge, and in France .
92,606 yet they submit, that as near an Difference or diminu
approximation to that low scale of tion in 1817, upon the
establishment and expense as may force chargeable to the
be found consistent with our more United Kingdom .
... 40,899 extended possessions, and with the Next follows a comparison be augmented rates of various fixed
disbursements, would be highly tween the establishment of the army in 1814, and in 1817 ; from dens, and in supporting the public
advantageous in relieving the burwhich it appears that, in 1814, credit of the country. we had, in cavalry, infantry, fo
The difference in numbers bereign corps and embodied militia,
tween the estimate of 1792 and a force of ...
the present estinate is, for Great In 1817, a force of 122,952
Britain, 14,011. Decrease in 1817, as
Of these, 3,000 are on account compared with 1814....221,794 of reliefs for the foreign service,
We have then a comparative which is very considerably inview of the sums voted for army creased by the distant possessions services in 1815 and 1816, with acquired during the war. The the sums estimated for 1817. The difference for Ireland is 12,000. votes for 1815 were, 13,435,3921.: The numbers estimated to be in 1916, 8,727,9941.: in 1817, kept up in the colonies and foreign 6,969,4981. making a decrease for dependencies, for the last six 1917, of 1,738,4961.
months of the year 1792, amounted This comparative view is suc to 12,650 rank and file. The numceeded by the particulars of the bers allotted to the estimate for charge of a regiment of infantry the current year, for the same fofor 1792 and 1817; and it appears reign service, amount to 20,416. that, by forming ten battalions of The numbers maintained in the 800 rank and file each, the present foreign possessions newly annexed ordinary establishment, instead of to the Crown, amounted, for the 20 battalions of 400 rank and file, last year, to 18,200 rank and file ; as in 1792, a saving is effected of and they are for the current year 74,3261.]
12,600. It is observable, that Your committee, in making a this last number is almost exactly reference to the year 1792, desire the same numerical force as was to call the notice of the House to spread over the whole colonies and the low establishments of the latter foreign possessions of the Crown of part of that year, which were Great Britain previous to the war. deemed sufficient for all national It may be further remarked, purposes at that time, in the con that in the estimates for the year
1816, these newly acquired pos dent Lieutenant-governor at Gisessions bore the proportion of braltar, are no longer included in two-thirds to the force employed the estimate for the staff pay of in the old colonies; but in the es their military rank, their civil aptimates for the current year, the pointments in time of peace being force in the former is intended to considered adequate to the support be 12,600, and in the latter 20,416; of their respective situations. so that the force in the former is Your committee cannot leave the relatively somewhat more reduced subject of governments abroad, than in the latter.
thus incidentally brought before A charge of 5,000l. in the regi- them, without expressing a wish mental contingencies (page 13) for that some means may be devised repairs at the Horse-guards, in- for rendering the foreign possescluding the salary of the surveyor, sions of the Britsh empire niore belongs properly to the army ser efficient towards defraying the exvices; but all expenses of that penses of their own military prokind should in future be carried tection, since their value to the on under the direction of the parent state must be greatly diBoard of Works, by which regu- minished by their continuing a lation the office and salary of a lasting drain on its resources. separate surveyor for this depart The subject here adverted to ment will be rendered unnecessary. may well deserve the attention of The present surveyor appears to the House hereafter ; but the have been appointed by the Se- papers and information before your cretary at War, and his salary Committee are not at present suffifixed in the manner recommended ciently ample to afford the means by the Commissioners of Military of pursuing such an inquiry, durInquiry, in their 8th Report, p. ing the present session, to any 165 and 166.
useful result; they content them
selves, therefore, with giving a P. 14 (No. 2.)
very short general summary of the The expenses of the staff exhibit documents which the Colonial a considerable saving.
Office at present affords, so far as The total expense of the staff relates to the dependencies acfor Great Britain, as originally quired during the late war. estimated in 1816, was . 66,411 It
appears from these, that the For Ireland, in Irish cur
revenue of Malta, with its depenrency
48,040 dencies, for the year 1815, amountIn the present estimate, ed in sterling money to 114,1261. ; it stands for Great Britain at 39,030 and that the expenditure for 1816, For Ireland, in Irish cur
consisting principally of what are rency
24,406 denominated salaries and pensions In the staff upon foreign sta on fixed establishments, amounted tions, the reduction seems to be to 60,1191. carried to a still greater extent ; The funds in the Ionian islands, and your committee notice with under the immediate administramuch satisfaction, that the Go- tion of Great Britain, in July vernors resident at Ceylon and the 1815, left a favourable balance of Cape of Good Hope, and the resi- 20,6501.
Expenses are stated in this re Total Staff in Great Britain, turn as being incurred in the Jersey, Guernsey, and Ireland: island of Zante, by building a mole, Appointments in the years 1815, by the continuation of an aqueduct, 217--1816, 111—and 1917, 100. and in the making roads.
Foreign Staff in 1915, 329; in The revenues of the Mauritius 1916, 141; in 1817, 11l. for the year 1814, including those of the isle of Bourbon (since re
PUBLIC DEPARTMENTS. stored to France by the treaty of The detailed particulars of the peace) gave 206,860l.; and the public departments, printed by charges for the same islands order of the House in the present amounted to 119,900l.
session (No. 73.) led to an inThere being no later return for quiry into the necessity of keeping the Mauritius, in the Colonial the office of Commander-in-Chief Office, it will be proper that orders at its full establishment, under the should be sent out to the go circumstances of so large a reducvernor of this, as well as of every tion in the numbers of the army; in other foreign possession, to render which it appeared to your commitmore accurate information with tee, that no decrease of business in regard to the several heads of that office has yet taken place, the income and charge in each re- multiplicity of correspondence, of spectively.
applications and references, having The military expenditure of the been, in fact, for the present, islands of Mauritius, Bourbon, materially augmented. Some reand their dependencies, for the trenchment may reasonably be exsame year, 1914, amounted to pected in the number of persons em196,9121.
ployed, whenever this temporary The revenue, and other receipts, pressure of business shall cease, of the island of Ceylon, during and when the military establishthe year 1815, including also a ments shall have been settled upon balance in hand, amounted to the basis of a permanent peace. 640,4441. and the expenditure to The salary of the Secretary of 647,8481., a very large proportion the Commander-in-Chief was fixof which expenditure was incurred ed, in conformity to those of the for the military establishments of Under Secretaries of State, at the island, the whole of which, 2,000l. with an augmentation of with the exception of the King's one fourth after three years of pay of the European troops, is service ; which your committee defrayed out of the civil revenue. submit to the House as being too The native troops, at the period rapid a scale of advance to be fol. of this return, are stated to have lowed in any future appointment amounted to about 5,000 rank in any of those departments. And and file.
they further submit, as
an imThe revenue of the Cape of provement in this arrangement, Good Hope, for the year 1915, that the augmented rate of allowwas 229,4951., and the expenditure ance should not commence till 234,8321., including the pay of a after the expiration of seven years' native corps,
DEPARTMENTS OF THE ADJUTANT
GENERAL AND OF THE QUAR-
considerable time, in a great degree counterbalance the decrease of expense which would otherwise be occasioned by a reduction of
establishment, or a diminution of Your comunittee have ascertain the magnitude of the annual aced that a considerable reduction counts. has been made in both of these The Deputy and Assistant-Debranches of the military establish puty Paymasters-General abroad ment.
are intended to be abolished during The charge of the Adjutant-Ge- peace, and the duties of paying neral's Department appears to the troops on foreign stations are have been,
to devolve upon the Commissariat In the year 1815 10,3831.
Department: the saving of ex1816 9,5251. pense upon this head will be, for
the And the estima for the pre- the last, 8,5281. which is the dif
present year, as compared with sent year is 8,3091. ; being a diminution of 2,0741. as compared tion of the expense of this branch
ference between the actual reducwith the year 1915.
The charge in the departinent of the department, and the allowof the Quarter-Master-General ap- gulation of 12th July, 1816, fix
ances granted according to a repears to have been,
ing the rate of such allowances. In the year 1915 8,6951.
These allowances amount to one1816 9,8491.
fourth of the pay of those DeAnd the estimate for the present puties who received 31. or Xl. per year is, 5,981l. ; being a diminu- day, and to one-third to all Depution of 3,8681. since the reduction ties who received il. 10s. and to
Your committee assistants in all cases) to onehave had the further satisfaction fourth of their pay; which allowto find, by a comparison of the ances, considering the great trust present establishment of this office and responsibility imposed on those with that of 1792, that the num officers, your committee do not ber of persons now employed ex think unreasonable. ceeds only by one, the number Your committee observe, that borne on the establishment of many of the clerks who have been 1792.
added during the war for conduct
ing the increased business of this PAY OFFICE,
departnent, have been admitted as In the Paymaster-General's de- temporary or extra clerks, withpartment, the business has in some out being put upon the establishrespects necessarily increased by the ment; in consequence of which, cessation of the war, which occa no permanent expense can be sions a very considerable augmen- thrown upon the public, whenever tation of the number of claimants the diminution of business will for half-pay, and other retired al- allow a reduction in the number lowances ; and which may, for a of the persons employed.
of the army.
a salary of 1,500l. per annum, On directing their attention to the with an increase of 500l. a year, official establishment of the War after a continuance in his office of Office, your committee could not 10 years, will be sufficient; and avoid remarking several articles, they also venture to recommend which, although sanctioned by the 1,0001. as a proper salary for the estimates of former years, appear first and principal clerks. to them to call for observation. In addition to the establishment
The extra allowances made to of this department, which, in. clerks for preparing the annual cluding 19,5261. the charge of the estimates seem unfit to be conti- branches employed in the examinued, as the duty performed con- nation of accounts for the period stitutes a part of the regular and in arrear, amounts to 60,8021.; ordinary business of this office. the compensations and retired al
The number of messengers is lowances, enumerated in p. 67, also very large, amounting to 29, and forming the sum of 6,7711. several of whom receive above must be regarded as a very large 100l. a year.
burden incidental to the charge of But your committee wish par- this office. ticularly to observe on the retired Your committee, however, have allowances possessed by two clerk considerable satisfaction in conin this office on account of their trasting the state of the current having filled the situation, in accounts of this office with that of succession, of Private Seeretary the period when the Committee on to former Secretaries at War, Public Expenditure, in the year by authority from those Secre- 1811, noticed “ the disordered taries at War themselves, when and disgraceful state in which the they çeased to fill that office. Such accounts of this great branch of allowances are certainly unusual, public expenditure has been for so if not without example; and there- many years suffered to remain." fore, on account of the precedent, In the current accounts the arrear wholly unfit to be continued, more is inconsiderable, and by the more especially as those two individuals modern and judicious arrangestill retain their situation in the ment, a considerable portion of office.
the establishment had been transYour coinmittee observe that ferred (without any interruption these two cases have been remarks of the current business) to the ed upon in the 6th Report of the examination of the periods in arCommissioners of Military Inqui- rear; by which means nearly the ry, pp. 293 and 294 ; and the whole of the outstanding accounts practice of making such grants has froin the year 1784 to the year been discontinued in pursuance of 1797 have been settled ; and the the suggestions contained in that committee have reason to expect Report.
that the settlement of those now Your committee conceive, that outstanding for the period bein any future appointment to the tween the years 1797 and 1810 office of Deputy Secretary at War, will take place with as mich ex