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of a bill, which haring passed the ing had in these, as well as in House, was carried to the House every other office which forms the of Lords on the 17th of June, and subject of this report, to the es. in the session of 1913, when the isting interests. same bill was carried to the House In the Exchequer, reasons of a of Lords on the 5th of April. like nature exist for dealing in the
The classification of the several same manner with the offices of offices, and some of the provisions Auditor of the Exchequer, of that bill, are followed and rc Clerk of the Pells, ferred to in the course of this re Four Tellers of the Exchequer : port, as the most convenient mode so that, whenerer vacancies shzil of conducting the inquiry relating occur in any of them, the salary to them.
payable to the principal in such The object of your committee office shall ceast, and become a was to ascertain, first, what offices saving to the public. may be reduced or regulated (after Warden of the C'inque Port*, the expiration of the existing inte Governor of the Isle of Wight: rests) without detriment to the The same rule applies to these public service. Secondly, under two offices, so that the salaries pay. what regulations such of those able at the Exchequer, or out of offices as it may be deemed proper any public funds, inay cease, and to continue ought to be adminis. become a future saving to the tered after the expiration of the public. existing interests. Thirdly, as it Commissary General of Musters is obvious, that whenever such —This office may be abolished with. regulations and reductions as are out inconvenience to the pubic contemplated by your committee service. shall be carried into effect, the Joint Paymaster-General.-The means of rewarding meritorious office of one of the Joint Pay. public service will be in great masters may also be abolistes. measure taken from the Crown, being wholly inefficient and use your committee deem it indispen- less, with regard to all business sable that provision should be connected with the army; but it made for enabling the Crown, un- must be recollected, that an ef. der proper regulations and restric. fective and very important situations, to afford a reasonable recom- tion, without salary, has been fiepense for the faithful discharge quently held, and is now held, to of high and effective civil ofhces. one of the Joint Paymasiers; filter
the discharge of which your conOFFICES IN ENGLAND.
mittee do not consider the salary The view which your committee of 2,0001. at present attached ta have taken of the two offices of the office of second paymaster, as Chief Justice in Eyre, North and more than adequate ; but they sub. South of Trent, is, that they may mit to the House, that it will be be abolished without detriment to more consistent with the system the public service, and the emo- which they wish to introdure, that luments thereof become a future the Vice-President of the Board of saving to the public; regard be. Trade should receive a sal iry as
such, than he paid indirectly as dom, and many of them resident one of the Joint Paymasters-Ge- abroad. It must be further obneral.
served, that though the salary of One Deputy Paymaster-General. this office, having been formerly — The office of Paymaster-General paid out of the produce of old being recommended to be exe stores, is now annually voted in Culled by one person, it follows, of the naval estimates, yet the apcuurse, that one deputy in the of- pointment is not vested in the tice will be sufficient; and that the Crown, but in the governors of salary now received by the second this charity. deputy should be saved.
Law Clerk in the Secretary of There are no longer any De State's Office.-It appearing ihat puty-Paymasters abroad acting by no duties whaterer are annexed to deputy; and the duties of all the this office, your committee recomDeputy- l'aymasters themselves, mend that it should be altogether during peace, are transferred to abolished. the comunissariat.
Collector and Transmitter of The office of Paymaster of Ma- State Papers. The same observarines is now discharged in person, tion applies as to the last office. under regulations adopted in 1813, The inconsiderable offices of without any deputy allowed, or Principal Housekeeper and Warepaid by the public; but as some housekeeper in the Excise Office, further inquiries may be neces Established Messenger in the War sary before your committee can Office, and some others, included finally report upon it, they defer in the table of the bill of 1819 and their obervations until the esti- 1613, were at that time held as mates for the Navy shall come be. sinecures : with regard to these, fure them, with which this office it is sufficient to lay down as a is immediately connected.
rule, that no person in future l'pon the oflice of i'aymaster of should be allowed to hold any inWidou s' Pensions, although no ferior office of this description, strong objections occur to your without performing the duty in committee against uniting it with person; and where nu duty is the foregoing office, yet so long as attached (as in the case of Carit continues at the low scale of taker to his Majestv) all such expense at which it is now fixed, nominal ofhces should be supit does not scem expedient to re- pressed. (1) mrod any alteration for the The offices of Joint Postmasterpurpose of effecting a saving, which General in England and Ireland would, if any, be very inconsider- do not appear to your committee able. The annual charge is no to come under the general demire thin 680l. and ample secu- scription of those which form the nity is then, ainounting 1020,0001. subject of this report. They are, frir the mor ry in charge, and for therefore, not prepared at prevent the punctual payment of nearly to suggest to the House any alte70,0001. in very small sums, to rition in this mode of conducting 9,!, widous, scattered over this important department of the every part of the l'nited King- public service. if, on the one
ing the alteration fairly, it is ne. settlement by estate, it is obvious, cessary to direct the attention of besides the question of value, the House to the sort of questions which, in case of purchase, must which arise out of each of the amount bona fide to 301, involves heads of settlement proposed to be necessarily some of the most intriabrogated.
cate questions respecting real pro In the case, for instance, of a perty and testamentary bequests settlement being supposed to be and devises. The committee are acquired by renting a tenement of persuaded they need do no more the annual value of 101, the ques- than refer to these several heads tion in dispute generally respects of litigation to shew its extent ; the value. If it may be really not and that minor alterations in any far from that suin, and the family of the-e, while each head of set. of the pauper be numerous, the tlement is retained, would only interests of the contending parishes, lead to new questions. It has, for supported by the contlicting opie instance, been suggested, that the nion of their respective surveyors, rent of the tenement should be leads to the utmost expense and substituted for its value ; but the extremity of litigation.
question would then be shiftel, But this question of fact has not and every agreement for a rent a been the only subject of dispute. little above or a little below 10%. The kind of tenement, and the would be impugned as collusive. nature of the tenure, will be found, Raising the sum from 101. to 901. by a reference to the reports of has been also suggested, and would the King's Bench, to have given have its advantages by diminishing rise to the most difficult and nu- litigation; but it would at the nierous questions; the same re. same time increase the difficulty ference will afford a still greater of changing a settlement, and, variety of intricate questions, and consequently, of permitting skill of conflicting decisions, respecting and labour to find ils best inuket, hiring and service; as to who may It has been proposed also to the be hired as servants; what the committee from various quarters, contract of hiring, whether gene- that under the head of hining and ral, special, customary, retro- service, a contract of hiring should spective, conditional, personal; be dispensed with, and service for hiring' service in different places, a year confer a settlement. But with different masters; of marriage your committee fear, that the same during the service; and absence ineuns which are now successfully fron service.
adopted to prevent a sttlement The settlement by serving an from being obtained under this apprenticeship has also its various head, would in that case operate decision: , arising out of the nature more prejudicially to the labeurer, of the binding, the time of the by preventing his remaining a service, the place of the service, year .n one place ; at present le the discharging the indentures, can dev so, under successive har and the service with different mas- ings, for a shorter period. If these ters, the execution of indentures, apprehensions are well fourdeal, and stamps. The last head of the change would be most prestie
dicial to him, and so impolitic in only execute in sessions, of makits effects, as to counteract anying orders of maintenance on near advantage which could be derived relations. from such diminution of litigation. That a power should also be These are among the reasons for given to enable overseers to rewhich the committee suppose that cover, by a summary process, the no alteration, sbort of that which possession of tenements which they venture to propose. would they may have rented and used for have the effect of removing the the accommodation of the poor, evil of litigation incident to the without being driven to the tediprenent law of settlement. But it ous and expensive proceeding by is to the labouring class of the wav of ejeciment. community that they conceive this Yourcominittee moreoverthink, great alteration would be must that the vertion and expense of beneficial. It would insure their removals might, in some instances, being maintained where they had be saved, by an arrangement for maintained themselves; where they postponing the execution of the would be more likely, if inerito. order, till after a final decision in nous persons, to experience in care of appeal. case of need the kindness of real It is also suggested, that the benevolence. It is beped also that power given by the Mutiny Act it might operate as an inducement (vid: 56 Geo. III. cap. 10, sect. to active and faithful service on 70,) " to any justice of the peace, the one hand, and on the other, to where any soldier shall be quarterpresent such service being inter- ell, in case such soldier have either rupted by an interested con-j. wife, child, or children, to exderation for parochial funils. And amine such soldier as to the place they propose this alteration with of his last legal settlement, and the more confidence, because they which requires him to give an atthereby recommend the restoration ressed copy to such soldier, of any of that law, which was coeval with affidavit made by him in this reparohial contributions, whether spect, in order to be produced oluntary or compulsory; and when required; and which probecause it is still the existing law vides that such attested copy shall in that part of the l'nited King. be at any time admitted in evin domn, Scotland, where the local dence, as to such last legal settlemanagement and maintenance of ment," be extended to any person the por has been best conducted. confined in any gaol or place of
There are some other sugges. safe custody in Great Britain, protons of inferior importance, which vided that such copy of the examihave not found a place in the fure nation shall not be admitted in Fring part of the Report, to which evidence after the discharge of nr committee would refer be such prisoner. fure they conclude their observa By the act 99 Geo. III. c. 83, it theins.
is provided, that when any appli. It appears desirable, that jus. cation shall be made to a justice tices out of sessions should have of the peace for relief, such justice the power, which they can now shall not summon the guardian,
unless application shall have been riod of depression and distress first made by the applicant to the may bring out more prominently guardian, and if he refuses redress, the weak and unsound parts of to the visitor. In incorporated the system, it is obvious that the parishes, the visitor is frequently application of the most effectual from ten to fifteen miles distant remedies is at such a monent of from the residence of the pauper, more than ordinary difficulty. and frequently absent from home. And if it should be the pleasure of Some alteration in the law appears the House that the consideration necessary to obviate this incon- of this subject should be resumed venience.
in the next session of parliament, Your committee have thus stated no inconsiderable advantage will tu the House the result of a la- be derived from that mass of inborious investigation, which has formation contained in the returns been protracted to a period of the in 1815, to which they have not session which precludes their pro- yet had access, and from a further posing at present such legislative valuable accession of detailed acenactments as it might be thought counts of the admirable practice fit to adopt. They cannot, how- of Scotland. ercr, regret this circumstance; July 4, 1817. for, conceiving that the House expected at their hands a general revision of the whole system of The Committee appointed to examine our Poor Laws, in which, though the several Petitions, which have it be not difficult to point out in
been presenied tothe Mouse against conveniences and mischiefs, yet the Employment of Boys in sweepthe task of providing practical re ing Chimneys; and who were emmedies is so arduous that your powered to report the same, with committee is persuaded, that even
their Opinion and Observations more time and labour would not
thereupon, together with the Mihave been inispent in considering
nutes of the Evidence taken before further the various provisions of
then ;-having examined Evithe law, and the numerous pro dence upon the sulject, have agreed posals which, from different quar to the following Report. ters, have been submitted to their judgment. The House also will Your committee have felt it not be called upon to adopt any their duty, in the first place, to of the suggestions of this Report, inquire into the laws that at pretill an ample opportunity will have sent regulate the trade of chimneybeen afforded to correct any errors sweeping ; and they find, that in in the judgment of your commit the year 1788 an act of parliament tee, or to confirm their opinions : (28 Geo. III. chap. 48.) was passand this delay will above all be sa ed, entitled, “ An Act for the betlutary, if the lapse of time, aided ter regulation of Chimney-sweepby a more favourable season, ers and their Apprentices." To should restore the kingdom in the preamble of which, they wish some degree to its wonted and to direct the attention of the healthy state. For, though a pe- House :- Whereas the laws now