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It is not contained in any of the in them is considerable, and the specified powers granted to Con- knowledge acquired in the magress ; nor can I consider it in. chinery and fabric of all the most cidental to, or a necessary mean,

useful manufactures is of great viewed on the most liberal scale, value. Their preservation, which for carrying into effect any of depends on due encouragement, the powers which are specifically is connected with the high integranted. In communicating this rests of the nation. result, I cannot resist the obli Although the progress of the gation which I feel to suggest to public buildings has been as faCongress the propriety of recom vourable as circumstances have mending to the States the adoption permitted, it is to be regretted of an amendment to the consti that the Capitol is not yet in a tution, which shall give to Con state to receive you. There is gress the right in question. In good cause to presume that the cases of doubtful construction, two wings, the only parts as yet especially of such vital interest, it commenced, will be prepared for comports with the nature and that purpose at the next session. origin of our institutions, and will The time seems now to have arcontribute much to preserve them, rived when this subject may be to apply to our constituents for an deemed worthy the attention of explicit grant of the power. We Congress, on a scale adequate to may confidently rely, that if it ap- national purposes. The complepears to their satisfaction that the tion of the middle building will power is necessary, it will always be necessary to the convenient acbe granted.

In this case I am commodation of Congress, of the happy to observe that experience Committees, and various offices has afforded the most ample proof belonging to it. It is evident that of its utility, and that the benign the other public buildings are alspirit of conciliation and har- together insufficient for the acmony which now manifests itself commodation of the several executhroughout our Union, promises tive departments, some of which to such a recommendation the are much crowded, and even submost prompt and favourable re- jected to the necessity of obtaining sult. I think proper to suggest it in private buildings, at some also, in case this measure is distance from the head of the adopted, that it be recommended department, and with inconveto the States to include in the nience to the management of the amendment sought, a right in public business. Most nations Congress to institute, likewise, have taken an interest and a pride seminaries of learning, for the in the improvement and ornament all-important purpose of diffusing of their metropolis, and none were knowledge among our fellow more conspicuous in that respect citizens throughout the United than the ancient republics. The States.

policy which dictated the estabOur manufactories will re lishment of a permanent residence quire the continued attention of for the national government, and Congress. The capital employed the spirit in which it was com


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menced and has been prosecuted, provision which may be made will show that such improvement was not be great. thought worthy the attention of " It appearing in a satisfactory this nation. Its central position, manner that the revenue arising between the northern and southern from imports and tonnage, and extremities of our union, and its from the sale of the public lands, approach to the west, at the head will be fully adequate to the supof a great navigable river which port of the civil government, of interlocks with the western wa- the present military and naval ters, prove the wisdom of the establishments, including the ancouncils which established it. No- nual augmentation of the latter, thing appears to be more reason to the extent provided for, to the able and proper than that conve- payment of the interests on the nient accommodations should be public debt, and to the extinguishprovided, on a well-digested plan, ment of it at the times authorised, for the heads of the several depart- without the aid of internal taxes ; ments, and for the Attorney I consider it my duty to recomGeneral; and it is believed that mend to Congress their repeal. the public ground in the city, To impose taxes, when the public applied to those objects, will be exigencies require them, is an obfound amply sufficient.' 'I submit ligation of the most sacred chathis subject to the consideration of racter, especially with a free Congress, that such further pro- people. The faithful fulfilment vision may be made in it as to of it is among the highest proofs them may seem proper.

of their virtue, and capacity for In contemplating the happy self-government. To dispense situation of the United States, our with taxes, when it may be done attention is drawn, with peculiar with perfect safety, is equally the interest, to the surviving officers duty of their representatives. In and soldiers of our revolutionary this instance we have the satisarmy, who so eminently contri- faction to know that they were buted, by their services, to lay its imposed when the demand was foundation. Most of those very imperious, and have been sustained meritorious citizens have paid the with exemplary fidelity. I have debt of nature, and gone to repose. to add, that, however gratifying It is believed that among the sur it may be to me, regarding the vivors there are some not provided prosperous and happy condition for by existing laws, who are re of our country, to recommend the duced to indigence, and even to repeal of these taxes at this time, real distress. These men have a I shall nevertheless be attentive to claim on the gratitude of their events, and, should any future country, and it will do honour to emergency occur, be not less their country to provide for them. prompt to suggest such measures The lapse of a few years more, and burdens as may then be reand the opportunity will be for quisite and proper. ever lost : indeed, so long already

"JAMES MONROE. has been the interval,' that the Washington, Dec. 2, 1817." number to be benefited by any


not be the only defaulters, nor in accord with the principles of will the demoralizing effect be our Republican Government, and confined to them. It will evince in a manner to give them the most a relaxation and want of tone complete effect, and to advance in in the administration, which will all other respects the best intebe felt by the whole community. rest of our Union, will be the obI shall do all that I can to secure ject of my constant and zealous economy and fidelity in this im- exertions. Never did a Governportant branch of the administra- ment commence under auspices so tion ; and I doubt not that the favourable, nor ever was success Legislature will perform its duty so complete. If we look to the with equal zeal. A thorough ex- history of other nations, ancient amination should be regularly or modern, we find no example of made, and I will promote it. a growth so rapid, so gigantic;

“ It is particularly gratifying to of a people so prosperous and me to enter on the discharge of happy. these duties, at a time when the In contemplating what we United States are blessed with have still to perform, the heart of peace. It is a state most consiste every citizen must expand with ent with their prosperity and hap- joy, when he reflects how near piness. It will be my sincere duty our government has approached to preserve it, so far as depends to perfection ; that, in respect to on the Executive, on just princi- it, we have no essential improveples, with all nations, claiming ment to make: that the great obnothing unreasonable of any, and ject is to preserve it in the essenrendering to each what is its due. tial principles and features which Equally gratifying is it to witness characterize it; and that it is to the increased harmony of opinion be done by preserving the virtue which pervades our union. Dis. and enlightening the minds of the cord does not belong to our sys- people ; and, as a security against tem. ('nion is recommended, as foreign dangers, to adopt such arwell by the free and benign prin- rangements as are indispensable ciples of our Government, extend to the support of our independing its blessings to every indivi- ence, our rights, and liberties. If dual, as by the other eminent ad. we persevere in the career in which vantages attending it. The Ame. we have advanced so far, and in rican people have encountered to- the path already traced, we cannot gether great dangers, and sus. fail, under the favour of a gratuined severe trials with success. cious Providence, to attain the They constitute one great family, high destiny which seems to awith a common interest.

wat us. “ Experience has enlightened “ In the administrations of the us on some questions of essential illustrious men who have preceded importance to the country. The me in this high station, with some progress has been slow, dictated of whom I have been connected by by a just reflection, and a faithful the closest ties from early life, regard to every interest connected examples are presented which will with it. To promote this harmony, always be found highly instructie


and useful to their successor. by the experience of all nations From these I shall endeavour to we ought not to expect to be exderive all the advantages which empted, are advancing under a they may afford. Of my immedi- well-digested system, with all the ate predecessor, under whom so dispatch which so important a LEXDyttant a portion of this great work will admit. Our free goand successful experiment has been vernment, founded on the interest mate, I shall be pardoned for ex- and affections of the people, has presung my earnest wishes that gained, and is daily gaining, he may long enjoy in his retire. strength. Local jealousies are rameat the affections of a grateful pidly yielding to more generous, fantry, the best reward of ex. enlarged, and enlightened views mtai talents and the most faithful of national policy. For advantages and menwrious services. Rely. so numerous and highly importing on the aid to be derived from ant, it is our duty to unite in the other departments of the go. grateful acknowledgments to that vernment, I enter on the trust to Omnipotent Being from whom watch I have been called by the they are derived, and in unceasing suirages of my fellow-citizens, prayer that he will endow us with with my fervent prayers to the virtue and strength to maintain A.n.ghty that he will be gracious. and hand them down in their ut

preased to continue to us that most purity to our latest posterity. prutection which he has already “I have the satisfaction to inampicuously displayed in our form you, that an arrangement, favour.**

which had been commenced by

my predecessor, with the British 111*:DEST'S SECOND SPEECH.

Government, for the reduction of Wishington, Dec. 2. the naval force, by Great Britain Tbs day at 19 o'clock, the Pre- and the United States, on the sukent of the l'nited States trans. Lahes, has been concluded; by Etted to both Houses of Con- which it is provided, that neither C'ess, the following Vessage, by party shall keep in service on Lake Mr. Joseph Jones Monro, his se. i hamnplain more than one vessel; celary

on Lahe Ontario more than one ; Home of the Senate, and and on Lake Erie and the Upper > lb

mol Representatives, Lakes more than two; to be armed ** 4: no period of our political each with one cannon only; and 41 De had wc so much cause that all the other armed vessels of

Letr ourselves at the pros. both parties, of which an exact pro and happy condition of our list is interchanged, shall be disCE LETT. The abundant fruits of mantled. It is also agreed, that the earth bure diled it with plenty. the force retained shall be reAs itensive and profitable com- stricted in its duty to the internal Darbas really auginented our purposes of each party; and that srser. . l be public credit has as. The arrangement shall remain in and an extraordinary clevation. force until six months shall have 1783 pre pour alons for defence, in expired, after notice given by one rares ut future wars, from which, of the parties to the other of its

desire that it should terminate. tions, it remains for Congress to By this arrangement, useless ex- decide whether they will make pense on both sides, and, what is any other regulations, in conseof still greater importance, the quence thereuf, for the protection danger of collision between armed and improvement of our navivessels in those inland waters gation. which was great, is prevented. The negotiation with Spain,

“I have the satisfaction also to for spoliations on our commerce, state, that the Commissioners, and the settlement of boundaries, under the fourth article of the remains, essentially, in the state treaty of Ghent, to whom it was it held, by the communications referred to decide, to which party that were made to Congress by the several islands in the bay of my predecessor. It has been eviPassamaquoddy belonged, under dently the policy of the Spanish the treaty of 1783, have agreed Government to keep the negotiain a report, by which all the tion suspended, and in this the islands in the possession of each United States have acquiesced, party before the late war have from an amicable disposition tobeen decreed to it. The Com- wards Spain, and in the expectamissioners acting under the other tion that her Government would, article of the treaty of Ghent, for from a sense of justice, finally acthe settlement of the boundaries, cede to such an arrangement as have also been engaged in the would be equal between the pasdischarge of their respective du- ties. A disposition has been lately ties, but have not yet completed shewn by the Spanish Governthem. The difference which arosement to move in the negotiation, between the two Governments which has been met by this Governunder that treaty, respecting the ment, and should the conciliatory right of the United States to take and friendly policy, which has inand cure fish on the coast of the variably guided our Councils, be British provinces north of our reciprocated, a just and satisfaclimits, which had been secured by tory arrangement may be expectthe treaty of 1783, is still in ne. ed. It is proper, however, to regotiation. The proposition made mark, that no proposition has yet by this Government, to extend to been made, from which such a rethe colonies of Great Britain the sult can be presumed. principle of the convention of " It was anticipated, at an early London, by which the commerce stage, that the contest between between the ports of the United Spain and her colonies would be. States and British ports in Eu- come highly interesting to the rope had been placed on a footing United States. It was natural that of equality, has been declined by our citizens should sympathise in the British Government. This sub- events which affected their neigh. ject having been thus amicably bours. It seemed probable, also, discussed between the two Govern that the prosecution of the confiict ments, and it appearing that the along our coast, and in contigue British Government is unwilling ous countries, would occasionally to depart from its present regula- interrupt our commerce, and


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