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and whose paternal solicitude it has pose in it, and coinciding with its constantly occupied since the year opinion respecting the abolition of 1814.

the traffic in slaves, and co-ope.

rating with the King of Great DECREE RELATIVE TO TOBACCO. Britain by a solemn treaty, em

The Madrid Gazette of July the bracing all the points of reciprocal 3d, contains a long decree respect- interest involved in this important ing the culture of tobacco at the transaction, and determining that Havannah. This article has been the time for tile abolition was arlong subject to a monopoly exer- rived, the interests of iny Amecised in the name of the govern- rican States being duly reconciled ment; which at length proceeded with the sentiments of my roval to such a degree of abuse, that the mind, and the wishes of all the whole manufacture of tobacco in Sovereigns, my friends and allies, the island of Cuba, noted for pro- I have decreed as follows :ducing it in the greatest abun Art. 1.–From this day forward dance, and of the best quality, was I prohibit all my subjects, both in likely to become a meie object for the Peninsula and in America, from home consumption. The king, at going to buy negroes on the coasts the instance of M. Garay, minister of Africa, north of the line. The of finance, has given almost full negroes who pay be bought on the liberty to every branch of agri- said coasts shall be declared free culture and industry connected in the first port of my dominions, with this product ; and the expor- at which the ship in which they tation of the tobacco of the Ha- are transported shall arrive. The vannah to all foreign countries ship itself, together with the rewill be permitteil, provided it be mainder of its caigo, shall be confis. in Spanish vessels.

cated to the Royal Treasury, and the ABOLITION OF SLAVE TRADE.

purchaser, the captain, the master,

and pilot shall be irrevocably con. The hing of Spain has at length demned to 10 years' transportation published an edict for the abolition to the Philippines. of the slave trade throughout his Art. 2.-The above punishment doninions, to cominence north of does not attach to the trader, the the line immediately, and south of captain, the master, and pilot of the line on the 30th of May, 1890, the vessels, which may sail from After an exculpatury report re- any port of my duminions, for the specting all previous traffic of this coasis of Africa, north of the line, kind, which is said to have in. before the 99d of November of the creased prodigiously the number present year; to which I grunt, of indigenous as well as of free besides an extension of six months, negroes, his Majesty proceeds to counting from the above date, to say that "Having collected all these complete their ex, edition. copious materials, and having ex. Article 3.-From the soch of amined the proposition which the May, 1920, I equally prohibit all proper supreme tribunal laial be. my subjects, as well in the Penin. fore me in its delibera'ion of the fula as in America, from going to 15th of February, 1816, an-werpurchase negroes nlong those parts ing to the cunhylence which I re- of the coast of Africa which are to


se math of the line, under the intendants of the Indies, the aduse penalties imposed in the first jacent islands, the Philippines,

te of this decree: allowing that they keep, fulfil, execute, Larwise the space of five months and cause to be kept, fulfilled, &c. to the above date to complete this my decree," &c. de voyages that may be under Madrid, Dec. 1817. balra before the above-mentioned sub of May, in which the traffic

PORTUGAL asses shall cease in all my do. The union, during the last year,

ses, as well in Spain as in of the kingdoms of Portugal and penca.

Brazil, with the decided preference A... 4.-Those who, using the shown by the sovereign of the two Tussion which I grant till the countries to his transatlantic possek of Mar, 1820, to purchase sessions, has conferred upon the ne, on that part of the coast of latter at least an equal title to doAfra which lins south of the minion ; for which reason we shall Lx,shall not be allowed to carry henceforth consider them as indiPre slaves than five to two tons visibly united under a single crown. of be tonnage of their vessel : and The irruption of a Portuguese as persoas contravening this en- army from Brazil, into Montevi. tarnt shall be subjected to the deo, was mentioned among the penalty of losing all the slaves on events of the concluding month berd, who shall be declared free of the last year. In January two u the first port of my doininions proclamations were issued to the mshah the ship arrives. Spanish inhabitants; one of them

Are 5 - This computation is by Carlos Frederico Le Cor, lieuEnde without a reference to those tenant general of the army of his bo may be born during the voy- most Faithful Majesty, addressing

. or to those who may be serv. the people of Montevideo, and ez on board as sailors or servants. promising to them the guarantee

Art. 6.-Foreign ressels which of their property, and a free trade may ut port negrues into any port with all nations, in the name of de zv dominions shall be subject- the king of Portugal; another ed to the regulations prescribed in from Sebastian Pintos de Aranjo Du derter, and in case of con- Correa, governor of Montevideo, trenir.g thein, shall be subjected and superintendant of the provinto the penalties contained in it. ces on the east side of the river

And my roral pleasure being, Plate, decreeing severe punishthat the above decree should cir- ment against all who shall insult eutate in my dominions of America another for his foriner political and Asia, fur its punrtual observ- opinions, and assuring every insee I communicated it to my su- dividual, whatever public office he . pone council of the Indies, sign- may have held under the different

with my own hand, under date governments, of perfect security of the old of September last past; under the protection of the PorI therefore command all my vice- Tuguese arıy. turs, presidents, audiences, com The conduct of the Brazilian Ertants, general governors, and government did not fail, however,


of drawing the attention of the but meet with the entire approbagreat powers of Europe, who tion of the cabinets to which the ihou zhi themselves bound to in- court of Spain has adulressed herterpose in favour of Spain, who self: and animated with the desire was little able to protect itself of preventing the fat al consequenfrom hostile aggression. Accord. ces that might result from the ingly, the several courts of Aus- present state of atfairs, the courts tria, France, Great Britain, Prus. of Austria, France, Great Britain, sia, and Russia, presented a note Prussia, and Russia, equally the to the Marquis d'Aguiar, secretary friends of Portugal and Spain, of state to his most Faithful Mao after having taken into considera. jesty, to the following effect. tion the just claims of the latter

Paris, March 16. power, have charged the underThe occupation of a part of the signed to make known to the caSpanish possessions on the river binet of his most faithful Majesty Plate by the Portuguese troopis of That they have accepted the Brazil was no sooner known in mediation demanded of ihein by Europe, than it was the object of Spain. official and simultaneous steps That they have seen with real taken by the cabinet of Madrid, pain, and not without surprise, with the courts of Vienna, Paris, that at the very moment when a London, Berlin, and St. Peters. double marriage seemed to bind burgh, in order to protest sulemn. more closely the family ties already ly against this occupation, and to existing between the houses of claim their support against such Braganza and Bourbon, and when an aggression.

such an alliance was to render the Perhaps the Court of Madrid relations between the two coun. might have thought herself en- tries more intimate and more titled to recur at once to the means friendly, Portugal has invaded the of defence which Providence has Spanish possessions on the river placed in her hands, and to repel Plate, and invaded them without force by force : but, guided by a any explanation whatever, and spirit of wisdom and moderation, without any previous declaration. she was desirous first of employe That the principles of equity ing the means of negotiation and and justice which direct the counpersuasion, and -he preferred, not cils of the five courts, and the firin with-tandling the lisadvantage that resolution they have adopted to might re-uit to her possessions preserve, as much as is in their beyond sea, addressing her self to power, the peace of the worked, the tive undormentiuneri pouers, purchased by such great sacrifices, in onlirto in ameible adju-imert hare vielerinined thrin to take cog. of her d tieriences with the couri of nizance and part in this affor in Brazi, and to avoid a rupture, the intention of terminating it in tle co sequerees of shun might the most equitable manner, and be equall. disa !10.s to re two mist conformable to their desire Cuatriis. and might disturb the of maintaining the general tran. re; ose o' bath bomispheres. quillitv. So noisle a revolu!: 'n coiid not Tnit the said courts do not dis.


sie that a difference between of Madrid received this intelligence Phot and Spain might disturb may be conjectured from the fol. *** pesce, and uccasion a war in lowing announcement in the GaLa **, wheb might be not only zette of Madrid, on the date of durvas to the two countries, May 13. 5.: xmpatible with the interests Letters from Gibraltar announce E betranquillity of other powers. that the Portuguese army of Rio

Ta in cun:equence they have Janeiro has possessed itself of the and to make known to the fortress of Monte Video, which rement of his Most Faithful has for a long time groaned under *, their sentiments on this the tyrannical yoke of the insur

, to invite him to furnish gents. Whatever truth there may

ens ruplanations upon his be in this intelligence, the federa10. to take the most prompt tive system, whose object it is to re: rs measures to dissipate secure the peace of Europe, the

:** a'arms which his invision intimate union of the king our t... American possessions of waster with all the other sove

she already cause l in Eu- reigns, the wisdom of the meaname, and to satisfy the righ's sures taken by his majesty lu sup

i by the latier power, as port the honnur of his throrie and

as thirse principles of justice the inviolability of his states, the d'. cartility which guide the noble sentiments of the king of En 28. A refusal to yield to Portugal, and the new ties that

-18** reman:ls would leave no have more intimately connected stwith respect to the real in- together the two august housesas of the cibinet of Rio Ja- all these considerations taken to

The disastrous effects that gether, excite a hope that the pub3. result to the two hemi- lic, in learning this intelligence, *.??r would be imputeti entirely instead of feeling any disquietude,

Pjet'gal; and Spain, after will wait with entire confidence 4.2 T ken all Europe applaud the issue of an event which has

ve and moderate conduct, become the object of paternal so

tind in the justice of her licitude 10 a Prince who equally , and in the support of her loves all his subjects

, vattu sent meins of redress. Before this period, however, an :: het armplaint

event took place on the Brazilian Tecniersigned, in acquitting territories which proved that the olure of the orders of their signal of revolt bad extended to it 105. hare the honour to offer portion of that country. ., Excellency the Marquis In the government of Pernam43. the assurance of their buco, the governor, on the 5th of Cursa deration.

March, after having expressed 5) VINCENT

much affection to the preople of the RICHELIEL,

place, rivalely drew up a list of per. STUART,

sons poroscribed in his secret cabinet, Goltz,

which included the most fpirited Pozzo Di Borglo. youths of the country, as well as Te banner in which the court some of the bravest oficers of the


army. On the following day this began with the artillery, and th order was to be put in execution; action lasted till night in the and the prisons were thrown open course of which the insurgents for the reception of the most de- dispersed, and were pursued hy termined leaders of the intended several royal detachments in the conspiracy. Of these, ihe Brazil. morning were found on the field ian officers of the regiments of of battle five pieces of cannon, a Olinda and Recife were the most carronade, quantities of ammunidistinguished. Several of these tion and provision, and the miliwere apprehended; but a colonel, tary chest with nearly a million of going tirst to the barracks for the reis. Many prisoners were taken, purpose of executing the order, and great numbers were killed was killed by one of his own cap- and wounded, of whom a contains. An aide-de-camp of the siderable part were officers. governor met with the same fate ; After this action, intelligence and the whole of the regiments having been received that the insided with their officers. The go. surgent Martins was advancing at vernor with his personal staff and the head of a column on Serina few other officers quitted the haem, a body of troops under the town, and retired to Fort Bran, at command of a captain of militia a short distance. On the follow. was sent against hiin, which coming day the fort was delivered up pletely routed his force, taking without resistance, and the go- many prisoners, among whom was verpor with his officers were made Martins himself, the celebrated prisoners, and shipped for Rin leader of the revolution. Janeiro.

Not long after the intelligence This insurrection was limited had been received of the entire de. to the district of Pernambuco; frat of the insurrection in Brazil, and its triumph only lasted till a a plot was discovered for effecting body of troops could be drawn to- a revolution in Portugal, the pur. gether capable of resisting it. On pose of which was to make an My 12.h, inteligence reached entire change in the government. Serinhaem that the insurgents in. On the first of June, Lisbon was tended to attack the advanced made acquainted with the nature guard of the royal army, posted and extent of this conspiracy, near the works of Civiro Caval- which we shall communicate in can'e. The army in consequence the words of the public paper in marched, and took up its positions which it appeared. in the works of Pendoba Grande "The governor of Portugal hating and Peguena. On the 15th Major been informed that there existed a Salvador marched with a force conspiracy in the country, whose destined to occupy the Pojuca, object was to overthrow the gowhich he accomplished, but was vernment, and to substitute for it exposed to all the fire of the ene- a revolutionary governinent; and my. At half past five in the after that, in order to attain their noon the main body of the army object, the conspirators employ. arrived, and came to action in a ed such means as they thought place called Guerra. The firing most calculated to mislead the


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