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It is not contained in any of the in them is considerable, and the specified powers granted to Con- knowledge acquired in the magress ; nor can I consider it in.

chinery and fabric of all the most cidental to, or a necessary mean,

useful manufactures is of great viewed on the most liberal scale, value. Their preservation, which for carrying into effect any of depends on due encouragement, the powers which are specifically is connected with the high integranted. In communicating this rests of the nation. result, I cannot resist the obli “Although the progress of the gation which I feel to suggest to public buildings has been as faCongress the propriety of recom vourable as circumstances have mending to the States the adoption permitted, it is to be regretted of an amendment to the consti that the Capitol is not yet in a tution, which shall give to Con state to receive you. There is gress the right in question. In good cause to presume that the cases of doubtful construction, two wings, the only parts as yet especially of such vital interest, it commenced, will be prepared for comports with the nature and that purpose at the next session. origin of our institutions, and will The time seems now to have arcontribute much to preserve them, rived when this subject may be to apply to our constituents for an deemed worthy the attention of explicit grant of the power. We Congress, on a scale adequate to may confidently rely, that if it ap- national purposes. The complepears to their satisfaction that the tion of the middle building will power is necessary, it will always be necessary to the convenient acbe granted. In this case I am commodation of Congress, of the happy to observe that experience Committees, and various offices has afforded the most ample proof belonging to it. It is evident that of its utility, and that the benign the other public buildings are alspirit of conciliation and har- together insufficient for the acmony which now manifests itself commodation of the several executhroughout our Union, promises tive departments, some of which to such a recommendation the are much crowded, and even submost prompt and favourable re- jected to the necessity of obtaining sult. I think proper to suggest it in private buildings, at some also, in case this measure is distance from the head of the adopted, that it be recommended department, and with inconveto the States to include in the nience to the management of the amendment sought, a right in public business. Most nations Congress to institute, likewise, have taken an interest and a pride seminaries of learning, for the in the improvement and ornament all-important purpose of diffusing of their metropolis, and none were knowledge among our fellow more conspicuous in that respect citizens throughout the United than the ancient republics. The States.

policy which dictated the estab“ Our manufactories will re lishment of a permanent residence quire the continued attention of for the national government, and Congress. The capital employed the spirit in which it was com

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menced and has been prosecuted, provision which may be made will show that such improvement was not be great. thought worthy the attention of " It appearing in a satisfactory this nation. Its central position, manner that the revenue arising between the northern and southern from imports and tonnage, and extremities of our union, and its from the 'sale of the public lands, approach to the west, at the head will be fully adequate to the supof a great navigable river which port of the civil government, of interlocks with the western wa- the present military and naval ters, prove the wisdom of the establishments, including the ancouncils which established it. No- nual augmentation of the latter, thing appears to be more reason to the extent provided for, to the able and proper than that conve- payment of the interests on the nient accommodations should be public debt, and to the extinguishprovided, on a well-digested plan, ment of it at the times authorised, for the heads of the several depart- without the aid of internal taxes ; ments, and for the Attorney- I consider it my duty to recomGeneral ; and it is believed that mend to Congress their repeal. the public ground in the city, To impose taxes, when the public applied to those objects, will be exigencies require them, is an obfound amply sufficient. "I submit ligation of the most sacred chathis subject to the consideration of racter, especially with a free Congress, that such further pro- people. The faithful fulfilment vision may be made in it as to of it is among the highest proofs them may seem propes.

of their virtue, and capacity for “ In contemplating the happy self-government. To dispense situation of the United States, our with taxes, when it may be done attention is drawn, with peculiar with perfect safety, is equally the interest, to the surviving officers duty of their representatives. In and soldiers of our revolutionary this instance we have the satisarmy, who so eminently contri- faction to know that they were buted, by their services, to lay its imposed when the demand was foundation. Most of those very imperious, and have been sustained meritorious citizens have paid the with exemplary fidelity. I have debt of nature, and gone to repose. to add, that, however gratifying It is believed that among

it may be to me, regarding the vivors there are some not provided prosperous and happy condition for by existing laws, who are re of our country, to recommend the duced to indigence, and even to repeal of these taxes at this time, real distress. These men have a I shall nevertheless be attentive to claim on the gratitude of their events, and, should any future country, and it will do honour to emergency occur, be not less their country to provide for them. prompt to suggest such measures The lapse of a few years more, and burdens as may then be reand the opportunity will be for quisite and proper. ever lost: indeed, so long already

James MONROE. has been the interval, that the "Washington, Dec. 2, 1817." number to be benefited by any

the sur

SPANISH

SPANISH COLONIES.

a

land, with a crew composed of the The state of affairs in the Spa- natives of different countries ; but nish Colonies of North and South it was generally suspected that his America appears to have under motive was chiefly to secure gone little change in the present good port, whence he might carry year; one cause of which has been on a kind of piratical traffic with the mutual debility of both par- the persons with whom he was ties, which may be ascribed to the connected. After continuing for weakness induced upon each by a considerable time at Amelia, the savage manner in which war being disappointed, it is said, of has been carried on.

aid which he expected from BaltiBuenos Ayres, which from the more, M'Gregor and his wife left beginning of the contest has con the island on the 5th of Septemstituted the principal strength of ber, and sailed away in a brig. the patriot or insurgent cause, The Mexican (patriotic) flag was sent out a force under General hoisted in the same month, and San Martin, which was designed proclamations were issued, signto recover the province of Chili. ed by Aury, Commander-in-Chief, The General fell in with the Roy- and R. Hubbard, Governor. alists near Chabuco, and defeated The Buenos Ayres government them in a general action on the having felt themselves aggrieved 12th of February ; after which a by the numerous complaints made new government was organized in by foreign nations against the Santiago, the capital of Chili. The robberies committed by South former Spanish governor of the American privateers upon their province, Marco del Pont, was commerce, published, on Aug. 16, captured by the Patriots.

San the following official notice, adMartin, who arrived at Santiago dressed to all such complainants.on April 11, was employed in “For some time past the foreign completing his conquest. The re papers have been filled with commaining royal forces were strongly plaints against our cruisers, for posted in the harbour of Talcahu- acting contrary to the laws of ano, where five vessels were detain- nations; but as those complaints ed for the removal of the troops, must refer to other parts of should it be found necessary.

South America as well as to The Portuguese troops were ours, this government waits for still at Montevideo.

information less vague as to the Early in the year there arrived authors of those excesses, in order by sea a person named Gregor to give entire satisfaction to neu. M'Gregor, a native of Scotland, tral and friendly powers. The who took possession of an island injustice of Spain has placed us on called Amelia, and entitled himself a precipice, and involves our name General of Brigade of the Armies in acts repugnant to our feelings. of the United Provinces of New The evil originated from little Granada and Venezuela, and Ge- caution used by the former Goneral-in-Chief of the Arinies des.

vernment in granting letters of tined against the Floridas. He marque, little suspecting then that established himself in Amelia is- bad use would be made of them ;

but

but the present administration has island of Margaretta, and sent a taken care to regulate every thing column of his troops to attack according to the law of nations. Porlamar, of which they took Latterly, one of our privateers possession, after a desperate recaptured two Portuguese vesselssistance. Three hundred of the under the mistaken idea that we Patriots were killed, and many were at war with that power. were wounded and made priThey shall be immediately re soners. The survivors fled to the stored, in order to show that we mountains. The island was surhave no other interest in the pri- rounded with twenty Spanish ships vateers than in so far as they con- of war ; and several of the insurtribute to our national defence ; gent families who endeavoured and that we have no other enemies to escape had already been taken. but Spaniards, against whom our A dispatch from Don Francisco whole efforts are to be directed. de Orantia to Viceroy Don Juan At present, the Supreme Govern- Ruez de Apodaca, dated from Siment has appointed a commission, lao, in the government of Mexico, which is acting incessantly in order October 27, contains an account to put a stop to the future abuses of his having taken prisoner Mina, of our privateers.

We hold no

the nephew of the celebrated gething more sacred thán honour, neral against the French, with and no time shall be lost in re- twenty-five other persons, in the moving all occasion for those ca- pass of Venadito, where Mina was lumnies raised by our enemies. at the head of 200 men, nearly the Neither anarchical nor sans culotte balf of whom are killed. This capideas exist in South America. We ture appears to have been condid not declare our independence sidered as of great importance by until interior order was completely the Spanish government, which established.”

could not remain indifferent as to The Royal General Morillo, on the possible success of the enterthe 14th of July, landed on the prise.

VOL. LIX.

м

CHAP

CHAPTER XV.

East India Affairs,

In en

a dispatch was sent from Ma- in killed and wounded was comjor Lushington, commander of the puted at not less than 7 or 800 4th regiment of Madras light ca men, besides a great number renvalry, to the hon. Mr. Elphinstone, dered incapable of following their British resident at Poonah, giving plundering excursions for want of an account of his expedition against horses. The only casualty left for the Pindarces. These people had the Major to report was, that of made their appearance at Sogaum Captain Drake, a gallant officer, early on the 25th, on which ac who fell by a thrust of a spear. count the Major had advanced his A Calcutta Government Gazette regiment towards that place on of the 10th of April states, that the 26th. He reached Sogaum at accounts from the banks of the seven in the morning, where he Nerbudda of the middle of March learned that a body of Pindarees, mention that the intrepid Captain cons.sting of between two and Caulfield had again distinguished three thousand, had attacked So- himself in a successful attack on gaum on the morning of the 25th, the Pindarees. Having received and being beat off, had taken the accurate information of the enroad to Kame. Major Lushington, campment of their leader, Shoikh after making the necessary ar Doleah, at the head of a large rangements for the protection of body of horse, he marched to the his gun-troops and rear-guard, spot with two companies of the proceeded with 330 rank and file tenth infantry, and a squadron of to Kame, where he arrived at cavalry, and came upon them unnoon, being a march of twenty perceived near Hendia. The Pinmiles. He halted for a short time darees immediately rushed into to refresh his men and horses, and the Nerbuddu with the hope of then pushed on to Pepree, where fording that river ; but in the athe was informed that the Pindarees tempt a very considerable number were at Cowah, taking their meal. were cut to pieces or drowned, Moving on at a brisk pace, the and the chief was supposed to have Major surprised the enemy when fallen on this occasion. within a thousand yards of them; The immediate cause of these and though they were on horse- disturbances appears to have been back, within two minutes, they the irruption of a party of mawere instantly flying in all direc- rauders, supposed to have been tions. The pursuit was conducted from the Mahratta frontier, which with so much ardour during a had entered the Cuttack district

through

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