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semble that a difference between of Madrid received this intelligence Portugal and Spain might disturb may be conjectured from the fol. that peace, and occasion a war in lowing announcement in the GaEurope, which might be 'not only zette of Madrid, on the date of disastrous to the two countries, May 13. but incompatible with the interests Letters from Gibraltar announce and the tranquillity of other powers. that the Portuguese army of Rio

That in consequence they have Janeiro has possessed itself of the resolved to make known to the fortress of Monte Video, which government of his Most Faithful has for a long time groaned under Majesty their sentiments on this the tyrannical yoke of the insursubject, to invite him to furnish gents. Whatever truth there may sufficient explanations upon his be in this intelligence, the federaviews, to take the most prompt tive system, whose object it is to and proper measures to dissipate secure the peace of Europe, the the just alarnis which his invasion intimate union of the king our of the American possessions of master with all the other soveSpain has already caused in Eu- reigns, the wisdom of the mearope, and to satisfy the righis sures taken by his majesty tu supclaimed by the latter power, as port the honour of his throne and well as those principles of justice the inviolability of his states, the and impartiality which guide the noble sentiments of the king of mediators. A refusal to yield to Portugal, and the new ties that such just clemands would leave no have more intimately connected doubt with respect to the real in together the two august housestentions of the cabinet of Rio Ja all these considerations taken toneiro. The disastrous effects that gether, excite a hope that the pubmight result to the two hemi- lic, in learning this intelligence, spheres would be imputed entirely instead of feeling any disquietude, to Portugal; and Spain, after will wait with entire confidence having seen all Europe applaud the issue of an event which has her wise and moderate conduct, become the object of paternal sowould find in the justice of her licitude to a Prince who equally cause, and in the support of her loves all his subjects allies, sufficient means of redress Before this period, however, an ing her complaints.

event took place on the Brazilian The undersigned, in acquitting territories which proved that the themselves of the orders of their signal of revolt had extended to il courts, have the honour to offer portion of that country. to his Excellency the Marquis In the government of Pernamd’Aguiar the assurance of their buco, the governor, on the 5th of high consideration.

March, after having expressed (Signed) VINCENT,

much affection to the people of the

place, f.rivately drew up a list of perSTUART,

sons proscribed in his secret cabinet, Goltz,

which included the most spirited Pozzo Di BORGHO: youths of the country, as well as The manner in which the court some of the bravest officers of the





army. On the following day this began with the artillery, and th order was to be put in execution; action lasted till night in the and the prisons were thrown open course of which the insurgents for the reception of the most de- dispersed, and were pursued hy termined leaders of the intended several royal detachments In the conspiraey. Of these, the Brazil- morning were found on the field ian officers of the regiments of of battle five pieces of cannon, a Olinda and Recife were the most carronade, quantities of ammunidistinguished. Several of these tion and provision, and the miliwere apprehended; but a colonel, tary chest with nearly a million of going first to the barracks for the reis. Many prisoners were taken, purpose of executing the order, and great numbers were killed was killed by one of his own cap- and wounded, of whom a contains. An aide-de-camp of the siderable part were officers. governor met with the same fate; After this action, intelligence and the whole of the regiments having been received that the insided with their officers. The go- surgent Martins was advancing at vernor with his personal staff and the head of a column on Șerina few other officers quitted the haem, a body of troops under the town, and retired to Fort Bran, at command of a captain of militia a short distance. On the follow was sent against him, which coming day the fort was delivered up pletely routed his force, taking without resistance, and the go many prisoners, among whom was vernor with his officers were made Martins himself, the celebrated prisoners, and shipped for Rin leader of the revolution. Janeiro.

Not long after the intelligence This insurrection was limited had been received of the entire deto the district of Pernambuco; feat of the insurrection in Brazil, and its triumph only lasted till a a plot was discovered for effecting body of troops could be drawn to a revolution in Portugal, the purgether capable of resisting it. On pose of which was to make an May 12th, intelligence reached entire change in the government. Serinhaem that the insurgents in On the first of June, Lisbon was tended to attack the advanced made acquainted with the nature guard of the royal army, posted and extent of this conspiracy, near the works of Civiro Caval which we shall communicate in cante: The army in consequence

the words of the public paper in marched, and took up its positions which it appeared. in the works of Pendoba Grande “Thegovernor of Portugal having and Peguena. On the 15th Major been informed that there existed a Salvador marched with a force conspiracy in the country, whose destined to occupy the Pojuca, object was to overthrow the gowhich he accomplished, but was vernment, and to substitute for it exposed to all the fire of the ene a revolutionary government; and my. At half.past five in the after that, in order to attain their noon the main body of the army object, the conspirators employarrived, and came to action in a ed such means as they thought place called Guerra. The firing most calculated to mislead the


national mind, by transforming governors of the kingdom coninto proofs of his Majesty's in- ceived that they owed it to the tention to abandon Portugal all monarch who had intrusted them those political events which had with the government of the kingoccurred for some time, and the dom, to the inhabitants themselves, popular rumours consequent upon to their own characters, and to them : and his excellency having the preservation of public order, learnt from some of the accom to prevent without delay those plices, that at the head of this in- consequences with which all were fernal plot was the Lieut.-Gen. threatened ; and it was with this Gomez Freire de Andrade, aided object that their excellencies deby the Baron d'Eben, and that termined to arrest, without loss of they altogether had directed, and time, on the night between the continued to direct, all their efforts 25th and 26th of May, not only to seduce all they could of the the two general officers before troops and other classes of the in- named, but other persons also who habitants : and as it was no longer were known to be acquainted and possible to doubt the existence of inaplicated in the horrible project. a plot after the fortunate seizure All possible efforts were made to of some proclamations, all ready learn every circumstaffce, and to printed, in the name of a self- procure every proof, in order to styled regenerating council (such proceed forthwith according to was their assumed title) ; in con law, to execute justice on the sideration of these discoveries, the guilty.



Russia.---Regulation for the Discharge of the Public Debt.- Facilities

granted to Mercantile Men.- The Emperor quits his Capital, having first published a Decree for the Regulation of Proprietors and Colonists.Sweden.- Conspiracy against the Crown Prince, and his Audress to the Citizens of Stockholin.- Procla nation by the King respecting Economy. -His Address to Prince Oscar.-Speech read by the Prince.--Vienna.

- Berlin.



and without having injured the

public credit. Now that peace is NEW regulation has lately restored, finding that the gradual

been published at Peters- extinction of the debts of the emburgh by the committee created in pire is as necessary to the gene1010, for the discharge of the ral welfare, as indispensable to public debt of the state. The strengthen the confidence in the ukase of his Majesty the Emperor engagements of the government, which accompanies it is of the we have ordered our Minister of Fifollowing tenor.

nance to present to the Council of “We, Alexander I. by the grace State, for its examination, a plan of God, Emperor and Autocrat of for additional measures, which all the Russias, &c. &c.

shall complete the regulations The measures announced by made on this subject ; and after the ukases of 1810 and 1812, for having examined it, with the adthe successive payment of the debts vice of the Council of State, we of the state were suspended by the have thought fit to ordain what events of a war, as fatal in its follows: origin, as glorious in its result : 1. For the payment of the debts the taxes which were decreed of the state, the imperial treasury solely for this purpose were divert shall, in the course of the present ed from it by the indispensable year, place at the disposal of the necessity of employing them to comunittee for the payment of the wards the expences which the de debt, the sum of forty millions of fence of the country required. It roubles. was impossible, imidst the rapid 2 Dating from the year 1818 course of military events, to think there shall be annually assigned of raising the credit of the state ; fur the same ubject sixty millions the system of which had not yet out of the revenues of the domains been able to consolidate itself: all of the crown, till the total extincthat could be done was to main tion of the debts, and till the niass tain it By the aid of the Almighty, of paper currency shall be reduced this war has been concluded with to the prop:rtion of what is re. out an augmentation of the taxes, quisite for circulation.

3. The principles lately adopted, Imperial Commercial Bank. In and lately completed, to make a consequence of this resolution, we foundation for the extinction of have commissioned the minister of the debts of the state, are laid finance to lay before the council of down in the general regulation of state, for its consideration, all the the committee of the sinking fund, plans necessary to be prepared on which we have confirmed. This this subject. Now, having taken regulation is to be carried into the advice of our council of state, full effect from the first of Sep we decree as follows : tember in this year.

1. Thirty millions of rubles of 4. As all the debts of the go- the capital of the crown are placed vernment are concentrated in the at the disposal of the Commercial committee of the sinking fund, all Bank. [Here follows the statethe branches of the administration ment of the items of which this are expressly prohibited, from this capital is to be formed.] day forward, from making by II. The Commercial Bank is to themselves new debts under any be allowed to take money, 1. On pretext whatever, and this under interest for circulation, according the personal responsibility of those to the same principles as in the who are at the head of them; but loan bank. 2. To deposit and if there should arise in future some transfer from one person to anunforeseen circumstances which other the sums inscribed by priwould make it necessary to open rate persons, according to the a loan to cover extraordinary de- book of the bank. mands, exceeding the usual re III. The Commercial Bank sources of the public treasury, in gives loans on Russian goods, acthis case the loan cannot be made cording to the principles of the except in conformity with the discount office, and accepts bills, principles laid down in the regu- but in this case taking the perlation of the said committee. centage according to the course of Giren at Petersburg,

commercial operations. April 16, 1817.

IV. Half of the directors to A subsequent operation of the consist of public officers, and half imperial court was for the purpose of merchants. of extending the facilities of mer V. The Commercial Bank shall cantile men in their several deal. be opened on the first of January ings. The Emperor Alexander, in a next year. paper dated from Petersburgh May VI. At the same time we here. th, gives the following notice : by issue the regulations of the

Desiring to afford to the mer Commercial Bank, confirmed by chants greater means for the faci. us: we take it under our proteclitating and extending their com tion, and guarantee with our immercial operations, have perial word the integrity of the thought fit, instead of the new capitals which shall be intrusted to existing discount bank, whose in- it by private persons; as also that fluence, on account of the small the rights of every person to the ness of its capital, and the several same shall reinain inviolate. With defects ubserved in its constitution, the opening of the Commercial is of no visible use; to establish an Bank, we shall not fail to increase VOL. LIX.




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