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son to be invited and encouraged to pay some attention to the progress of those diseases, which he may have an opportunity of observing, and to bring in with confidence, let them be right or wrong, his quota of discoveries to the common stock ?. I do not believe such a circumstance would be injurious to the health of the community, or discouraging to the regular praetitioner.-It is only by knowing the outlines at least of medicine, and of the sciences subordinate to it, that any person can estimate truly the value of a physician, or see the necessity of long instruction and much practice, to accomplish a man in this important art. Is it not the ignorance of the public on these points, that gives countenance to quackery ; and is it not, because the science is treated as a kind of mystery, that every antiquated female is possessed of some infallible nostrum ? In other arts or professions, the knowledge of Latin is not insisted on as a necessary qualification, and yet no person, not regularly brought up to them, presumes to intrude himself into these professions. In a word, let no man practise physic who shall not be regularly educated or

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instructed in it; but in the name of reason, what has the writing or speaking of Latin to do with the cure of diseases ?

I grant that some useful treatises in medicine are occasionally published in Latin, but these are few, and the argument will equally apply to the necessity of accomplishing the young physician, in all the European languages. In a word, let it be remembered, that I am not pleading against the utility of the dead languages, but in favour of their general utility, against the vulgar notion that they are only necessary to certain professions.

Of all branches of knowledge, the Law ought to be the plainest, and most easily understood. Praying in an unknown tongue is not a greater solecism, than the involving in mystery and obscurity those rules which are to govern the conduct of every individual citizen. How can I be expected to conform to

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. laws, with which I am to be unacquainted, or which I cannot understand - What indeed are the evils to which the inhabitants of this country are not exposed, on account of the complex and intricate nature of our laws? I must observe (and I do it with no intentional disre

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spect to the honourable and upright part of the profession) that all who are unfortunate enough to hold their property by any disputable titleg. or who have rashly exposed themselves in any way to the mischiefs of legal chicanery, are made the prey of one class of citizens; and it is almost proverbial, that of all English commodities, Justice is by far the most expensive. If any part of what I have urged on this topic is consistent with fact, ought a classical education to be considered as a necessary qualificaion for understanding what all ought to understand ?

It must be confessed, that with respect to the cultivation of the dead languages, society is at present in a very different state from what it was at the revival of Letters. At that period, all the science, all the history, all the taste which existed, were locked up in the volumes of the Antients;. there was no access to any branch of knowledge but by this path; it was necessary to be introduced into this enlightened school, or to remain in barbarism and ig

norance.

In the present state of literature it would be disingenuous to deny, that it is possible for 24

person not classically educated, to make a proficiency in almost any department of science ar literature.

In medicine and philosophy some persons might be named, of no inconsiderable eminence, with but a very slender portion of Greek or Latin. In law and politics also some instances might be adduced, was not a false pride unfor. tunately predominanty, which might construe into an affront, what is really a compliment.

. The ladies may be cited with less.ceremony on this occasion. · In history and philosophy we have a Macaulay ; in poetry. a Seward and a Williams; in morals a Burney; in dramatic

.; writing a Cowley and an Inchbald, all unacquainted with the languages and compositions of the antients. It does not, however, follow, from these splendid examples, that the shortest and easiest way to knowledge and excellence, is through the medium of our mother tongue, and that a classical education is of no utility what.. ever. One lesson indeed we may deduce from wbat has been advanced on this topic, and that is, to look with a less fastidious eye upon those, who without these advantages (for advantages,

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they certainly are) have made good their progress to eminence and fame.

In estimating the uses of a classical educa. tion, it is necessary to confine our views entirely to the present state of literature, for indubitably a few centuries ago its advantages were infi. nitely greater, it was indeed not ornamental, but essential to science. Discarding, therefore, as much as possible, every prejudice of every kind, the real uses of a classical education appear to be nearly as follow.

I. In the first place, grammar, and perhaps orthography, are assisted, by an early acquaintance with the dead languages. I would not be understood to assert, that a person may not be practically versed in both these branches, without any such assistance, but it is a question, whether almost an equal portion of time is not consumed in the attainment of them, through the ordinary medium of English gram.

Besides this, I am apprehensive that a complete, an enlarged, a scientific acquaintance with the principles of grammar,

is hardly to be obtained, without the knowledge of some other language than our own. The

mars, &c.

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