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in this paper.
mention of all is not intended or expected Homeopathy, located in Macon and
made it his permanent home, being al
ready established in a good practice with Dr. Wm. H. Banks, who was mentioned excellent prospects ahead. while speaking of Savannah as the part
COLUMBUS. ner of Dr. Gilbert, and afterward (1854 to The first Homøopathic physician I 1858) as the partner of the writer, was have heard of in Columbus was Dr. C. J. the first of any prominence to introduce Roosevelt, who settled there in 1848 or Homeopathy into Macon in about 1848. 1849 and continued there until he went He soon established a good practice, but, to Macon, as stated elsewhere. Then in 1852, was induced to join Dr. Gilbert came Dr. Shaffer in 1850 or 1851. Dr. in Savannah. Before doing so he pre- H. M. Cleckley succeeded the latter in Ocvailed upon Dr. C. J. Roosevelt, who was tober, 1853, and continued there until then ip Columbus, to form a partnership April, 1866, when he went to Augusta with him, and, after seeing him well in- and passed a few months with his brothtroduced, left bim in charge of the work. er, M. A., and then went to Charleston, S. Dr. Roosevelt continued there, higbly re- C., where he is still engaged in the pracgarded by many friends, until his death, tice of Homoeopathy. in about 1880. About two or three years Dr. J. A Whittlesey followed Dr. before his death he induced Dr. Wm. E. Cleckley and continued in practice for Dunwoody to leave Marietta, where he three or four years, when he died. had been practicing successfully for a Dr. W. J. Murrell located in Columbus number of years, and join him in a part in about 1863 and was successful there nership in Macon. Dr. Dunwoody con- for a year or two, when, having lost his tinues in practice there, although ad- wife, he concluded to return to his old vanced in years, and enfeebled in health. home, Mobile, Ala., where he made a fine
Dr. R. B. Strayer was for a time in Ma- record and continued in practice until con but left there several years ago.
his death last year. Dr. Sam. Virgin practiced there for Dr. Starr, an Allopathic convert, pracsome time, death putting an end to his ticed Homeopathy for some time before labors a few years ago.
his death in about 1861. A number of others have at different Dr. E. B. Schley commenced practice times entered the field there, but from in 1867, and, with the exception of a time personal or professional considerations when his brother, Dr. P. T. Schley, was remained but a short time. Dr. Knapp with him, has been and now is the only and Dr. Winslow were the most recent practitioner of our school in that city. of these.
As in other places there have been ocAbout a year ago, Dr. T. M. Strong, casional prospectors who remained for a for a number of years chief of staff of limited time. the Homeopathic Hospital at Ward's Island, New York, and also for many was for some time in the enjoyment of a years, as he continues to be, provisional Homeopathic physician in the person of secretary of the American Institute of
Dr. Wm. King, who has, however, been
out of the profession for some years and the representatives of the system; and is living in Atlanta.
this brings me to
ATLANTA, Rome has had a varied experience, at which, until recent years, was pre-emivarious times having had, since 1850, nent in this respect. While in Savannah different representatives of our school, and some other places the represenatives none having remained there very long. of our school have all been regular gradAmong those recalled are Drs. Ayer, uates, in this city a number of those who Horne, J. H. Enloe, Patrick and Wal- have undertaken to practice Homeotersdorf. I have recently been informed pathy have been of the disreputable that & new man, whose name I do not class—advertisers and unworthy preknow, has entered the field.
tenders. Their names need not be menMarietta has had a similar history, ex- tioned here. Of late matters have greatly cepting that Dr. Dunwoody did good work improved while there is still room for there for a number of years. Dr. C. E. improvement. Parasites, however, are Fisher, the “we” of the SOUTHERN JOUR- not peculiar to any one school. NAL OF HOMEOPATHY, was temporarily lo- Some excellent men were here for a cated there during his “honeymoon," time in the earlier days. Dr. Geiger left from which place he responded as a vol- Roswell and spent some time here before unteer to a call for aid during the epi- the war, but afterward went back to demic of yellow fever in Chattanooga in Baltimore, his old home, returning some 1878. As in other fields, while display- years later to Roswell, where he died ing great heroism, he made an excellent several years ago. Dr. Roswell King, record for Homeopathy.
man of great promise, studied here, but Roswell became largely Homeopathic went to Columbia, S. C., and the war comunder the auspices of Dr. Chas. A. ing on he engaged in it and was killed, Geiger many years ago. Since his death Many others have come and gone, died or his son occupied the field for some time, moved away. but is now in Brunswick.
The history of Homeopathy of late At different times Drs. H. P. Gatchell, years in Atlanta is known to others, and Sr., since deceased, Mrs. Gatchell, H. T. the object of this paper being principally Gatchell and Horace Gatchell have prac- to give my recollections of the Homcoticed in different parts of our State, none pathists of the past in the State, I will of them being at present in practice desist from further reference to present within our borders. So with many others conditions, but cannot refrain from exwho have come for health, or to reside pressing the hope that our system of for a season, all of whom can of course practice will not in the future be encumnot be named.
bered as it has been in the past with the There have, unfortunately, been many burden of discreditable representativesupstarts in the profession, who, without with such as have not had the usual proper medical education have essayed course of medical instruction: indeed, the to represent the Homeopathic practice laws will not allow it. of medicine, much to the detriment of All told-good, bad and indifferent-
there are now about ten physicians who for them, but must have something are professed Homeopathists in Atlanta. wherewith to bridge over the “starva
It is worthy of remark, as showing a tion period.” Further, they must have feature in the history of Homeopathy in mettle, "grit," and must come determined Georgia-which corresponds to a consid- to stick, notwithstanding all assaults, erable extent with that of other States- open and covert, of "our friends the enthat a majority of the physicians men- emy,” who, while declaring for "uuity,” tioned in this paper, of course all of the display a manifest sectarian unity in opolder set, were graduates of Allopathic posing any one who has learned a better
, institutions. Many of them were con- way than their own. verts from the old practice, while others, But do not advise any one to write for although Homeopathists, received their information, even with a stamp enclosed. education before there were Homeo- Scores of such letters have been written pathic colleges established (the first or- and answered to no avail. Let prosganized was in 1848) or offered the best pectors come out at once and survey the facilities, as they now do, for obtaining ground for themselves and make their general and special medical education. selection. Then, having acted upon their
It might furnish something for our old own judgment, let them with lofty moschool. brethren to reflect upon to con- tives and brave heart, with loyal intensider that it was from converts from the tion and earnest endeavor, cast their lot old method exclusively that has grown with us for good! the system that now has twelve thousand The facts given in this paper are practitioners in this country, with sixteen largely those presented by its request to colleges and a large number of prosper.
"The Atlanta Medical Club," a society of ous institutions, and wbich can point to Homeopathic physicians which was orthe wonderful modifications in mode of ganized and reported to the American general practice which have taken place Institute of Homoeopathy in 1882. While since the work of these converts com- not large it is growing, and may at some menced. Think of it, a little over forty day, when necessity or convenience years since the first Homeopathic col- renders it desirable, form the basis of a lege was established and the whole State society. So far the “magnificent course of medical practice revolutionized! distances” between the places of residence With the same rate of progress and im- of our colleagues, and the peculiar deprovement, what may we not expect for mands upon them, making it almost imthe benefit of humanity in the course of possible to leave their patients, have in. the next half century ?
terposed an impediment to general meetGeorgia has room for a number more ings. The necessity has not arisen for practitioners of our school, but there are action in organized form toward influencno "openings.” These must be made, ing medical legislation, for we now have, Thoroughly qualified physicians of good as for about ten years past, a registration character will always be well received; law which is fair alike to all schools and the field is open to the world. They which admits to practice any one holding must not expect that a rush will be made (swoin to) a diploma legitimately obtained
from a medical college chartered by any of the States, which we consider the best and most stable obtainable form of medical law. What a good thing it would be if all the Southern States were as fortunate!
LEGISLATION IN TENNESSEE.
BY J P. DAKE, M. D., NASHVILLE, TENN.
S usual the General Assembly of Tennessee has had several bills in reference to the practice of medicine before it this session.
One was for the repeal of the law enacted two years ago creating a board of medical examiners.
The friends of this bill hardly expected its passage, inasmuch as it had to contend against the votes and influence of about a dozen of the old school doctors, members of the general assembly, and against the board itself, whose members were acting as very earnest lobbyists in their own behalf. While the medical members all stuck to the board system, the lawyers generally favored it out of courtesy toward the trades-union of the "learned professions."
This method of censorship is so slick, so effective, in enabling a lot of men first on the ground and started in business, to limit competition and keep out "irregulars," it will not be surprising in a few years to see one or two of the largest religious bodies resorting to the same tactics. And why not?
If one school of medical men, or two or
three, can take hold of the governmental arm and use it successfully in suppressing others-if they are allowed to set up standards and compel every practitioner to conform to them-if they can dictate what shall be the creed and practice of every healer of the sick, why may not the resident clergyman in a State do likewise as to new comers in their line?
It would seem to be very nice to have every preacher finely educated in Greek, and Hebrew, and Sanscrit, and the technicalties of theology, as taught in the recognized schools, and to have a uniformity in religious ceremonies all over the State. Why not fine and imprison or drive out every preacher not able or willing to answer all questions propounded by a board of religious examiners?
However, the purpose of this writing is not to argue the matter but simply to report what has been done in Tennessee this winter toward medical regulation by law.
The only bill enacted is one amending the present law so that medical practitioners in the State may have a further time (till July 1st,) in which to report themselves and get certificates of registration at the office of a county clerk. Any physician, male or female, with or without a diploma, is allowed to claim the rights of a resident practitioner and a license from the clerk by stating his or her name, residence and practice or business.
The bill further amends the penal clause, making a violation of the provision of the law a misdemeanor, punishable by fine or imprisonment.
The law still requires a representation of the three schools of medicine, the Allopathic, the Homœopathic and the Eclectic on the board of examiners. And it provides that applicants claiming to belong
to a particular school shall be examined and practical success have not been guaror approved by the members on the board anteed by the license of any such examinrepresenting that school. In reality the ers, and that the greatest inventions and result is as favorable as would be the ac- improven ents in the art of healing have tion of these separate boards.
sometimes come from persons without It is a funny incident, though not so such endorsement and occasionally from very surprising perhaps, that when the those having no professional titles or question of abolishing the board was un- special medical training. der discussion before the judiciary com- In other words I am opposed to a medimittee of the House, the one Eclectic mem- cal caste, or aristocracy in imitation of ber who had always before opposed the that of the old world, in this free country, creation of boards and the exercise of a political censorshis, and the single THE PRESENT SITUATION IN Homeopathic member, representing a
ALABAMA, school in the State that has always opposed boards strenuously, each gentleman in
BY GEORGE G. LYON, M. D., MOBILE, ALA. turn declared the board plan to be the proper one and that it was working well HAVING visited Montgomery on two and should be continued !
occasions during the meeting of the In fact, at the committee hearing, the
General Assembly to look after the inmembers of the board and their particular terests of our school, and do everything friends had a regular love feast, and the possible to defeat the Allopathic Medical extreme harmony was broken only by the law, let me report results. The last speech of the present writer. Before both time I was there, was on January 21st, committees I took the position that, if the
when I met Dr. Dake of Nashville, and board system was to be continued there
Dr. Ballard of Birmingham. We appearshould be at least three Homoeopaths and
ed before the Judiciary Committee, and three Eclectics in position with six Allo- although the chairman and majority of paths, seven members being required for a
the Committee was opposed to us they quorum. I am pleased to say that the listened with interest to Dr. Dake's able workings of the Tennessee board bave arguments for fair play. There were been impartial and fair, so far as I am in
twelve or fifteen Allopaths present, but formed, toward all schools and all appli- Dr. Cochrane their censor was the spokescants.
man of the crowd. He talked about one The gentlemen composing it are upright hour and from his speech showed that he and honorable men, as far from abusing was uneasy about his pet law. He said their trust, probably, as any others who that we ought to join his Society and let might occupy their places. My objections the law stand, that they would take us in are not personal, but against the idea of if we would only drop our names "Homassumed standards and a catechetical ex- @opath, Eclectic, &c.” Mr. Quarles asked amination instituted to determine who him why he was afraid of a name and he shall be allowed to bring relief to the sick. replied that it was against their code of
My observation has shown me that skill ethics for a physician to advertise, and